Bio

Bio


Maya Rossin-Slater is an Assistant Professor of Health Research and Policy at Stanford University School of Medicine. She is also a Faculty Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic and Policy Research (SIEPR), a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and a Research Affiliate at the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). She received her Ph.D. in Economics from Columbia University in 2013, and was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of California, Santa Barbara from 2013 to 2017, prior to coming to Stanford. Rossin-Slater’s research includes work in health, public, and labor economics. She focuses on issues in maternal and child well-being, family structure and behavior, and policies targeting disadvantaged populations in the United States and other developed countries. She is the recipient of the National Science Foundation CAREER Award, and has published articles in a variety of peer-reviewed journals, including the American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, Journal of Health Economics, Journal of Public Economics, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • CAREER Award, National Science Foundation (2018-2023)

Publications

All Publications


  • Racial and ethnic disparities in access to and use of paid family and medical leave: evidence from four nationally representative datasets MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW Bartel, A. R., Kim, S., Nam, J., Rossin-Slater, M., Ruhm, C., Waldfogel, J. 2019
  • Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic. Journal of health economics Gensowski, M., Nielsen, T. H., Nielsen, N. M., Rossin-Slater, M., Wüst, M. 2019; 66: 27–36

    Abstract

    This paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals' educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases the likelihood of early retirement and disability pension receipt at age 50, paralytic polio survivors are more likely to obtain a university degree and to go on to work in white-collar and computer-demanding jobs than their non-paralytic counterparts. Our results are consistent with individuals making educational and occupational choices that reflect a shift in the comparative advantage of cognitive versus physical skills. We also find that paralytic polio patients from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are more likely to die prematurely than their non-paralytic counterparts, whereas there is no effect on mortality among polio survivors from more advantaged backgrounds.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

    View details for PubMedID 31100634

  • Paid Family Leave, Fathers' Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Bartel, A. P., Rossin-Slater, M., Ruhm, C. J., Stearns, J., Waldfogel, J. 2018; 37 (1): 10–U44

    Abstract

    Using difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference designs, we study California's Paid Family Leave (CA-PFL) program, the first source of government-provided paid parental leave available to fathers in the Unites States. Relative to the pre-treatment mean, fathers of infants in California are 46 percent more likely to be on leave when CA-PFL is available. In households where both parents work, we find suggestive evidence that CA-PFL increases both father-only leave-taking (i.e., father on leave while mother is at work) and joint leave-taking (i.e., both parents on leave at the same time). Effects are larger for fathers of first-born children than for fathers of later-born children.

    View details for PubMedID 29320808

  • The Transition to Parenthood as a Critical Window for Adult Health AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST Saxbe, D., Rossin-Slater, M., Goldenberg, D. 2018; 73 (9): 1190–1200

    View details for DOI 10.1037/amp0000376

    View details for Web of Science ID 000452426700019

  • The transition to parenthood as a critical window for adult health. The American psychologist Saxbe, D., Rossin-Slater, M., Goldenberg, D. 2018; 73 (9): 1190–1200

    Abstract

    Becoming a parent is a transformative experience, marked by hormonal changes and neuroplasticity as well as shifts in self-concept, social roles, and daily routines. Although the arrival of a new baby is often a joyful event, the postpartum period can also be a time of heightened psychosocial stress and health behavior changes, including significant sleep disruption and decreased physical activity. Markers of allostatic load, such as physiological stress and inflammation, may also become dysregulated during this time. Given these neurobiological, psychosocial, and behavioral changes, the transition to parenthood may shape health trajectories in midlife. For many mothers and fathers, the transition to parenthood represents an inflection point for obesity, such that perinatal weight gains are retained long-term. Similarly, many individuals experience their 1st episode of major depression during the postpartum period. In sum, the transition to parenthood may represent a critical window for determining both mental and physical health in midlife and beyond. Physical and mental health problems over the transition to parenthood may be exacerbated for parents without access to protected, paid time off from employment. Known disparities in mood disorders, obesity, and allostatic load may be linked to risk factors stemming from the perinatal period. This article relates the importance of the transition to parenthood to population health and discusses parental leave policy as an example of an initiative that can support parents and relieve stress during the perinatal period. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

    View details for PubMedID 30525801

  • Parental responses to child support obligations: Evidence from administrative data JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS Rossin-Slater, M., Wust, M. 2018; 164: 183–96
  • Does Managed Care Widen Infant Health Disparities? Evidence from Texas Medicaid AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-ECONOMIC POLICY Kuziemko, I., Meckel, K., Rossin-Slater, M. 2018; 10 (3): 255–83
  • Trends and Disparities in Leave Use under California's Paid Family Leave Program: New Evidence from Administrative Data Bana, S., Bedard, K., Rossin-Slater, M. AMER ECONOMIC ASSOC. 2018: 388–91
  • Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Persson, P., Rossin-Slater, M. 2018; 108 (4-5): 1214–52
  • Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation: Reply AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Persson, P., Rossin-Slater, M. 2018; 108 (4-5): 1256–63
  • Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation. The American economic review Persson, P., Rossin-Slater, M. 2018; 108 (4): 1214–52

    Abstract

    This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health. We find that prenatal exposure to the death of a maternal relative increases take-up of ADHD medications during childhood and anti-anxiety and depression medications in adulthood. Further, family ruptures during pregnancy depress birth outcomes and raise the risk of perinatal complications necessitating hospitalization. Our results suggest large welfare gains from preventing fetal stress from family ruptures and possibly from economically induced stressors such as unemployment. They further suggest that greater stress exposure among the poor may partially explain the intergenerational persistence of poverty.

    View details for PubMedID 30091569

  • Relationship between season of birth, temperature exposure, and later life wellbeing PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Isen, A., Rossin-Slater, M., Walker, R. 2017; 114 (51): 13447–52

    Abstract

    We study how exposure to extreme temperatures in early periods of child development is related to adult economic outcomes measured 30 y later. Our analysis uses administrative earnings records for over 12 million individuals born in the United States between 1969 and 1977, linked to fine-scale, daily weather data and location and date of birth. We calculate the length of time each individual is exposed to different temperatures in utero and in early childhood, and we estimate flexible regression models that allow for nonlinearities in the relationship between temperature and long-run outcomes. We find that an extra day with mean temperatures above 32 °C in utero and in the first year after birth is associated with a 0.1% reduction in adult annual earnings at age 30. Temperature sensitivity is evident in multiple periods of early development, ranging from the first trimester of gestation to age 6-12 mo. We observe that household air-conditioning adoption, which increased dramatically over the time period studied, mitigates nearly all of the estimated temperature sensitivity.

    View details for PubMedID 29203654

  • Every Breath You Take-Every Dollar You'll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970 JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY Isen, A., Rossin-Slater, M., Walker, W. 2017; 125 (3): 848–902

    View details for DOI 10.1086/691465

    View details for Web of Science ID 000401803200006

  • Signing Up New Fathers: Do Paternity Establishment Initiatives Increase Marriage, Parental Investment, and Child Well-Being? AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS Rossin-Slater, M. 2017; 9 (2): 93–130
  • Early-Life Origins of Life-Cycle well-Being: Research and Policy Implications JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Currie, J., Rossin-Slater, M. 2015; 34 (1): 208–42

    Abstract

    Mounting evidence across different disciplines suggests that early-life conditions can have consequences on individual outcomes throughout the life cycle. Relative to other developed countries, the United States fares poorly on standard indicators of early-life health, and this disadvantage may have profound consequences not only for population well-being, but also for economic growth and competitiveness in a global economy. In this paper, we first discuss the research on the strength of the link between early-life health and adult outcomes, and then provide an evidence-based review of the effectiveness of existing U.S. policies targeting the early-life environment. We conclude that there is a robust and economically meaningful relationship between early-life conditions and well-being throughout the life cycle, as measured by adult health, educational attainment, labor market attachment, and other indicators of socioeconomic status. However, there is some variation in the degree to which current policies in the United States are effective in improving early-life conditions. Among existing programs, some of the most effective are the Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), home visiting with nurse practitioners, and high-quality, center-based early-childhood care and education. In contrast, the evidence on other policies such as prenatal care and family leave is more mixed and limited.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/pam.21805

    View details for Web of Science ID 000351221400011

    View details for PubMedID 25558491

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4773906

  • Paternity Acknowledgment in 2 Million Birth Records from Michigan PLOS ONE Almond, D., Rossin-Slater, M. 2013; 8 (7): e70042

    Abstract

    Out-of-wedlock childbearing is more common in the U.S. than in other countries and becoming more so. A growing share of such non-marital births identify the father, which can create a legal entitlement to child support. Relatively little is known about individual determinants of the decision to establish paternity, in part because of data limitations. In this paper, we evaluate all birth records in Michigan from 1993 to 2006, which have been merged to the paternity registry. In 2006, 30,231 Michigan children, almost one quarter of all Michigan births, were born to unmarried mothers and had paternity acknowledged. We find that births with paternity acknowledged have worse outcomes along various health and socio-economic dimensions relative to births to married parents, but better outcomes relative to births to unmarried parents without paternity acknowledgement. Furthermore, unmarried men who father sons are significantly more likely to acknowledge paternity than fathers of daughters.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0070042

    View details for Web of Science ID 000322132100086

    View details for PubMedID 23894583

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3718738

  • WIC in your neighborhood: New evidence on the impacts of geographic access to clinics JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS Rossin-Slater, M. 2013; 102: 51–69

    Abstract

    A large body of evidence indicates that conditions in-utero and health at birth matter for individuals' long-run outcomes, suggesting potential value in programs aimed at pregnant women and young children. This paper uses a novel identification strategy and data from birth and administrative records over 2005-2009 to provide causal estimates of the effects of geographic access to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). My empirical approach uses within-ZIP-code variation in WIC clinic presence together with maternal fixed effects, and accounts for the potential endogeneity of mobility, gestational-age bias, and measurement error in gestation. I find that access to WIC increases food benefit take-up, pregnancy weight gain, birth weight, and the probability of breastfeeding initiation at the time of hospital discharge. The estimated effects are strongest for mothers with a high school education or less, who are most likely eligible for WIC services.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2013.03.009

    View details for Web of Science ID 000319646800005

    View details for PubMedID 24043906

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3772681

  • Weathering the storm: Hurricanes and birth outcomes JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS Currie, J., Rossin-Slater, M. 2013; 32 (3): 487–503

    Abstract

    A growing literature suggests that stressful events in pregnancy can have negative effects on birth outcomes. Some of the estimates in this literature may be affected by small samples, omitted variables, endogenous mobility in response to disasters, and errors in the measurement of gestation, as well as by a mechanical correlation between longer gestation and the probability of having been exposed. We use millions of individual birth records to examine the effects of exposure to hurricanes during pregnancy, and the sensitivity of the estimates to these econometric problems. We find that exposure to a hurricane during pregnancy increases the probability of abnormal conditions of the newborn such as being on a ventilator more than 30min and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Although we are able to reproduce previous estimates of effects on birth weight and gestation, our results suggest that measured effects of stressful events on these outcomes are sensitive to specification and it is preferable to use more sensitive indicators of newborn health.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.01.004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000319238100001

    View details for PubMedID 23500506

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3649867

  • The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Rossin-Slater, M., Ruhm, C. J., Waldfogel, J. 2013; 32 (2): 224-+

    Abstract

    This analysis uses March Current Population Survey data from 1999 to 2010 and a differences-in-differences approach to examine how California's first in the nation paid family leave (PFL) program affected leave-taking by mothers following childbirth, as well as subsequent labor market outcomes. We obtain robust evidence that the California program doubled the overall use of maternity leave, increasing it from an average of three to six weeks for new mothers--with some evidence of particularly large growth for less advantaged groups. We also provide evidence that PFL increased the usual weekly work hours of employed mothers of 1- to 3-year-old children by 10 to 17 percent and that their wage incomes may have risen by a similar amount.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/pam.21676

    View details for Web of Science ID 000316572600002

    View details for PubMedID 23547324

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3701456

  • The effects of maternity leave on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS Rossin, M. 2011; 30 (2): 221–39

    Abstract

    This paper evaluates the impacts of unpaid maternity leave provisions of the 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States. My identification strategy uses variation in pre-FMLA maternity leave policies across states and variation in which firms are covered by FMLA provisions. Using Vital Statistics data and difference-in-difference-in-difference methodology, I find that maternity leave led to small increases in birth weight, decreases in the likelihood of a premature birth, and substantial decreases in infant mortality for children of college-educated and married mothers, who were most able to take advantage of unpaid leave. My results are robust to the inclusion of numerous controls for maternal, child, and county characteristics, state, year, and month fixed effects, and state-year interactions, as well as across several different specifications.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2011.01.005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000290885400001

    View details for PubMedID 21300415

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3698961