Med Scholars Research

Emily Moya

With rising healthcare costs and a transition to value-based care, it is important to understand what drives the cost in high-volume surgical procedures, such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. Under the guidance of Dr. Shea, I am performing a cost analysis to document the degree of cost variation in pediatric ACL reconstruction and ACL reconstruction with meniscus repairs at Stanford’s Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. We also aim to identify variables that currently drive-up costs with ACL reconstruction and ACL reconstruction with meniscus repair.

Furthermore, I’ll be studying osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum and developing a better approach for graft matching. This is particularly important because an increase in youth sports participation has led to an increase in overuse elbow injuries in pediatric patients.

Faculty Advisor: Kevin Shea, MD

Ria Jodah

As we continue to generate more advanced treatments within the world of medicine, it is imperative to consider that many people remain unable to benefit from these treatments, and often cannot even access subspecialty care like orthopedic surgery. My project focuses on examining sociodemographic factors that affect outcomes after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), a condition which is on the rise and primarily impacts young and middle-aged adults. Ensuring that patients receive effective treatment is important to not only improve individual quality of life, but also to mitigate loss to the workforce during prime working years, and the costs of treatment associated with degenerative diseases like (early) osteoarthritis, a consequence of untreated FAI. Through a national retrospective study in collaboration with the ANCHOR (Academic Network of Conservational Hip Outcomes Research) research group, we aim to examine associations between patient sociodemographic factors, particularly race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, represented by area deprivation index (ADI), and a variety of patient-reported outcome measures.  

Establishing disparities through data-supported evidence is often the foundation needed to support future studies into why these disparities exist, and subsequently what practice changes and support systems need to be implemented such that all patients, regardless of their background, can receive and benefit from care.

Faculty Advisor: Stephanie Pun, MD