Spring 2024 Newsletter

Stanford Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery

Dear Friends of Stanford OHNS,

We are in the midst of the uplifting season when nature around us emerges from the darkness of winter and springs forward with the spectacular blooming of trees and plants on our lush campus.

Spring is a time of renewal and celebration in many cultures around the world. Across various regions and religions, there are joyous festivals that mark new beginnings. They include Bengali New Year, Easter, Eidal-Fitr, Hanami, Holi, Nowruz, Passover, Shavuot, Vesak, and others.

The collective accumulated wisdom of humanity underscores our connections with our environment and celebrates the bountiful gifts we receive from it. The long-term stability of our environment is critical to the regularity of our seasons, and yet we, modern humans, are precariously threatening this stability.

At Stanford OHNS, we’re dedicated to improving environmental sustainability. Our efforts are buttressed by the university’s resources, including the new Doerr School of Sustainability. In this issue, you will read about our local, national, and international efforts to save our environment.

The rejuvenation of our department is likewise advancing apace, and we are happy to introduce you to our outstanding new class of incoming residents.

Looking forward to the opportunity to connect with many of you in person at COSM, ushering in a season of renewal and growth!


Konstantina Stankovic, MD, PhD
Bertarelli Foundation Professor of Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery and, by courtesy, of Neurosurgery


Karthik Balakrishnan, MD, MPH, Kara Meister, MD, and Nasim Zadeh, NP are key team members of the AWISH: Addressing World Inequity via Sustainable Healthcare program.

Clinical Professor (Affiliated) of Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery, affiliated via Santa Clara Valley Medical Center

Nationally, Lauren Lalakea, MD has been appointed as an inaugural member of the newly formed AAOHNS Environmental Sustainability Task Force.

Internationally, Robson Capasso, MD and a team of Stanford Computer Science students travelled to Brazil to assist in the Upluxo project at the Hospital Albert Einstein in São Paulo, Brazil.



John Sunwoo, MD has received a Stanford Medicine Catalyst Award.


Nesrine Benkafadar, PharmD, PhD has received an R21 grant from NIH/NIDCD.


Michael Chang, MD has received a Seed grant from Stanford Center for Asian Health Research and Education (CARE).


Jennifer Cochran, PhD, Anthony Ricci, PhD, and Kristen Steenerson, MD are Co-Principal Investigators on a Coulter Seed Award.


Peter Santa Maria, MBBS, PhD and Viktoria Schiel, PhD are Co-Principal Investigators on a Seed grant from Stanford SPARK.

Team News

Mike Yao, MD will be returning to Stanford to join our division of Head & Neck Surgery in August 2024.

William S. Lewis, MD, will be joining our division of Otology and Neurotology in May 2024. 

Professor of Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery, Chief of Comprehensive Otolaryngology

Uchechukwu Megwalu, MD, MPH, was appointed to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s (NASEM)Committee on Meaningful Outcome Measures in Adult Hearing Health Care.⁠

Vasu Divi, MD, and Fred Baik, MD served as panelists at the 24th Multidisciplinary Management of Cancers: ACase-Based Approach (MMC2024), hosted by the Association of Northern California Oncologists.


Stanford OHNS Grand Rounds Calendar 2023-24

On a weekly basis, we hold our grand rounds which include formal talks by Stanford faculty, trainees, and distinguished guests about everything from fascinating cases to the most current technological breakthroughs in global health. Please visit this link to view previously recorded rounds and our calendar schedule.

Global Engagement

“Seed Corn” 
Mixed Media

“Shumba Mhazi”
Mixed Media

Mixed Media 

Recent Publications + Podcasts + Videos

A Consistent Endoscopic Landmark to Identify the Anterior Ethmoidal Artery. Mundy DC, Yan CH, Tyler MA, Patel ZM. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1096-1099. 

A Large-Scale Study of the Relationship Between Degree and Type of Hearing Loss and Recognition of Speech in Quiet and Noise. 
Smith ML, Winn MB, Fitzgerald MB. Ear and Hearing.:10.1097/AUD.0000000000001484. 

An essential signaling cascade for avian auditory hair cell regeneration. 
Benkafadar N, Sato MP, Ling AH, et al. Developmental Cell. 2024;59(2):280-291.e5. 

Buccal Fat Advancement-Transposition Flap for Reconstruction of Midface Volume Defects.
Davis SJ, Park C, Shipchandler IT, et al. Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med. Published online April 8, 2024.

Celebrating Women in Medicine - Stanford Medicine Children’s Health Blog.
Graham E. Healthier, Happy Lives Blog. Published March 1, 2024. 

Clinical and surgical factors associated with opioid refill rates following septorhinoplasty.
Park C, Reategui Via y Rada ML, Pandhiri T, Davis S, Shipchandler T, Vernon D. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2024;45(4):104268. 

Clinical Practice Guideline: Immunotherapy for Inhalant Allergy.
Gurgel RK, Baroody FM, Damask CC, et al. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2024;170(S1):S1-S42. 

Closing the Gap: Exploring the Role of Cap Grafts in Tracheocutaneous Fistula Closure.
Shashidhar TB, Balakrishnan K, Chandra I. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online March 19, 2024. 

Comparison of da Vinci Single Port vs Si Systems for Transoral Robotic-Assisted Surgery: A Review With Technical Insights.
Oberhelman N, Bruening J, Jackson RS, et al. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2024;150(2):165-171.

Comparison of Functional and Cosmetic Outcomes Between Dorsal Preservation and Spreader Flap Rhinoplasty: A Randomized Trial.
Zarei R, Most SP, Amali A, Saedi B. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Published online February 15, 2024:sjae038. 

Congenital Midline Nasal Masses, hosted by Dr. Patrick Kiessling, with featured speaker Dr. Kara Meister.
Headmirror. Published March 25, 2024. 

Congenital Nasal Lacrimal Duct Obstruction and Cyst, hosted by Dr. Patrick Kiessling, with featured speaker Dr. Kara Meister.
Headmirror. Published March 31, 2024. 

Cough Sounds in Screening and Diagnostics: A Scoping Review.
Hegde S, Sreeram S, Alter IL, et al. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1023-1031. 

Determining the minimal clinically important difference for the questionnaire of olfactory disorders in people with cystic fibrosis and factors associated with improvement after highly effective modulator therapy.
Miller JE, Taylor-Cousar JL, Overdevest JB, et al. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. n/a(n/a). 

Development of Oxadiazolone Activity-Based Probes Targeting FphE for Specific Detection of Staphylococcus aureus Infections.
Jo J, Upadhyay T, Woods EC, et al. J Am Chem Soc. 2024;146(10):6880-6892. 

Does Recent COVID-19 Infection Impact Safety of Nasal Surgery?
Wei EX, Green A, Kandathil CK, Most SP. Facial Plastic Surgery & Aesthetic Medicine. Published online March 26, 2024. 

Effects of Short-term Electronic(e)-Cigarette Aerosol Exposure in the Mouse Larynx.
Easwaran M, Maria CS, Martinez JD, et al. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1316-1326. 

Efficacy of EDS-FLU for Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Two Randomized Controlled Trials (ReOpen1 and ReOpen2).
Palmer JN, Adappa ND, Chandra RK, et al. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. 2024;12(4):1049-1061. 

Environmental Risk Factors for Pediatric Epistaxis vary by Climate Zone.
Wei EX, Green A, Chang MT, Hwang PH, Sidell DR, Qian ZJ. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1450-1456. 

Esophageal lung, pulmonary artery sling and congenital tracheal stenosis: A case report.
Liang NE, Kim GS, Gugig R, et al. Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. 2024;101:102772. 

Estimation of Cochlear Implant Insertion Depth Using 2D-3D Registration of Postoperative X-Ray and Preoperative CT Images.
Liu GS, Cooperman SP, Neves CA, Blevins NH. Otology & Neurotology. 2024;45(3):e156. 

Eustachian tube dysfunction symptoms after endonasal skull base surgery.
Grimm D, Daum R, Castro Silva BR, et al International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 2024;14(4):853-857. 

Executive Summary of Clinical Practice Guideline on Immunotherapy for Inhalant Allergy.
Gurgel RK, Baroody FM, Damask CC, et al. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2024;170(3):635-667. 

Factors that predict pursuing sinus surgery in the era of highly effective modulator therapy.
Beswick DM, Han EJ, Mace JC, et al. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 2024;14(4):807-818. 

Foreign Body Reaction Requiring Re-Exploration After Tympanoplasty With Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosa Reconstruction
Zoe H. Fullerton, Eric X. Wei, Allen Green, Hamed Sajjadi, 2024. 

Gaze Patterns of Normal and Microtia Ears Pre- and Post-Reconstruction.
Losorelli S, Chang JK, Chang KW, Most SP, Truong MT. The Laryngoscope. n/a(n/a). 

Giving Children Hearing and Confidence - Stanford Medicine Children’s Health Blog.
Graham E. Healthier, Happy Lives Blog. Published March 15, 2024. 

Glomangiopericytoma Presenting as a Middle Ear Mass.
Liu GS, Berry GJ, Soltys SG, Blevins NH. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1426-1430. 

Hair cell regeneration, reinnervation, and restoration of hearing thresholds in the avian hearing organ.
Sato MP, Benkafadar N, Heller S. Cell Reports. 2024;43(3).

Hair Cell Regeneration: From Animals to Humans.
Choi SW, Abitbol JM, Cheng AG. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2024;17(1):1-14. 

Health Inequalities in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children and Adults.
Howard JJM, Capasso R, Ishman SL. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. Published online March 13, 2024. 

Hospital offers hope to microtia, cleft palates sufferers
Khmer Times. Published January 7, 2024. 

Human otic progenitor cell models of congenital hearing loss reveal potential pathophysiologic mechanisms of Zika virus and cytomegalovirus infections.
Harding AT, Ocwieja K, Jeong M, et al. mBio. 2024;15(4):e00199-24. 

Impact of dupilumab prescribing on utilization of medical and surgical therapies for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.
Low CM, Wang AR, Yong M, Nayak J, Patel Z, Hwang PH. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. n/a(n/a). 

Incidence of hypocortisolism with long-term budesonide irrigation for chronic rhinosinusitis.
Silva BRC, Tyler MA, Ma Y, et al. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 2024;14(1):78-85. 

Interrogating the roles of lymph node metastasis in systemic immune surveillance.
Basto PA, Reticker-Flynn NE. Clin Exp Metastasis. Published online February 5, 2024. 

Ipsilateral Nasoseptal Flaps in a Transpterygoid Approach: Technical Pearls and Reconstruction Outcomes.
Chang MT, Grimm D, Asmaro K, et al. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. Published online January 22, 2024. 

Is Public Interest Associated with Real-World Management of Ankyloglossia?
Naseem DF, Sheth AH, Cheng AG, Qian ZJ. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. n/a(n/a). 

Label-Free Optical Technologies for Middle-Ear Diseases.
Zhou Z, Pandey R, Valdez TA. Bioengineering. 2024;11(2):104. 

Loss of Pax3 causes reduction of melanocytes in the developing mouse cochlea.
Udagawa T, Takahashi E, Tatsumi N, et al.  Sci Rep. 2024;14(1):2210. 

LOXHD1 is indispensable for coupling auditory mechanosensitive channels to the site of force transmission.
Wang P, Miller KK, He E, Dhawan SS, Cunningham CL, Grillet N Published online January 2, 2024. 

Method for Collecting Single Epithelial Cells from the Mouse Larynx.
Khan MI, Easwaran M, Martinez JD, Kimura A, Erickson-DiRenzo E. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(2):786-794. 

Microstructural Changes in the Brainstem Auditory Pathway in Children With Hearing Loss.
Moon PK, Ward KM, Din TF, et al. Otology & Neurotology. 2024;45(3):e170. 

Outcomes of Diced Cartilage Dorsal Augmentation in Dorsal Aesthetic Deformities.
El Abany A, Kandathil CK, Castillo N, Abdelhamid AS, Kimura K, Most SP. Facial Plastic Surgery & Aesthetic Medicine. 2024;26(2):160-165. 

PANEL 3: Otitis media animal models, cell culture, tissue regeneration & pathophysiology
Kurabi A, Dewan K, Kerschner JE, et al. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2024;176:111814. 

Patient Experience of Head and Neck Surgery With Free Flap Reconstruction.
Dattilo LW, Russell TI, Warinner CB, et al. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2024;150(4):311-317. d

Patient Outcomes in Lateral Crural Repositioning and Reconstruction in Revision Rhinoplasty.
Abdelhamid AS, Kimura KS, El Abany A, Kandathil CK, Most SP. Facial Plastic Surgery & Aesthetic Medicine. 2024;26(1):9-14. 

Patient perspectives on chronic rhinosinusitis in cystic fibrosis: Symptom prioritization in the era of highly effective modulator therapy.
Liu CM, Han EJ, Fischer JL, et al. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. n/a(n/a). 

Patient With Dysphonia.
Ng CH, Rahman M, Damrose EJ. JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. 2024;150(4):349-350. 

Predictive factors for decreased baseline quality of life in patients with sinonasal malignancies.
Fleseriu CM, Beswick DM, Maoz SL, et al. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 2024;14(4):775-785.

Proposal for standardized ultrasound analysis of the salivary glands: Part 1 submandibular gland.
Hoffman HT, Koch M, Witt RL, et al. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology. 2024;9(1):e1224. 

Radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules: A prospective, multi-institutional North American experience.
Russell JO, Desai DD, Noel JE, et al. Surgery. 2024;175(1):139-145. 

Redefining “Value” in Surgery: Development of a Comprehensive Value Score for Outpatient Endocrine Surgery
Ayoub - 2024 - Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery - Wiley Online Library. 

Regrowing Hair Cells and Nerve Connections to Restore Hearing in Birds. Hearing Health Foundation.
Published April 11, 2024. 

Rhinoplasty Outcomes in Patients With Symptoms of Body Dysmorphia.
Losorelli S, Kimura KS, Wei EX, et al. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Published online March 7, 2024:sjae045.  

Risk of Aspiration Increased by Post-swallow Residue in Infant Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES).
Chang J, Okland T, Johnson A, Speiser N, Seetharaman A, Sidell D. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1431-1436. 

Salvage Microsurgery Following Failed Primary Radiosurgery in Sporadic Vestibular Schwannoma.
Marinelli JP, Herberg HA, Moore LS, et al. JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. 2024;150(4):287-294. 

SNOT-22 subdomain outcomes following treatment for sinonasal malignancy: A prospective, multicenter study.
Grimm DR, Beswick DM, Maoz SL, et al. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. Published online February 19, 2024. 

SPARKing academic technologies across the valley of death. Nat Biotechnol.
Kim JS, Kargotich S, Lee SH, et al. 2024;42(2):339-342. 

Speech-in-Noise Assessment in the Routine Audiologic Test Battery: Relationship to Perceived Auditory Disability.
Fitzgerald MB, Ward KM, Gianakas SP, Smith ML, Blevins NH, Swanson AP. Ear and Hearing.:10.1097/AUD.0000000000001472. 

Spontaneous Otogenic Pneumocephalus Triggered by Air Travel.
Aaron KA, Eltawil Y, Fernandez-Miranda JC, Jackler RK. Otol Neurotol. 2024;45(1):e68-e70. 

Sporadic vestibular schwannoma in a pediatric population: a case series.
Kosaraju N, Moore LS, Mulders JY, Blevins NH. Childs Nerv Syst. 2024;40(3):635-645. 

Stretch: Relias Rehab Therapy Education: Do E-Cigarettes Impact an SLP Evaluation? on Apple Podcasts with Dr. Elizabeth Erickson-DiRenzo.
Apple Podcasts. Published January 9, 2024.

Suggestions to Avoid Perpetuating Tobacco Industry Reduced-Harm Marketing Tropes.
Jackler RK, Halpern-Felsher B. Pediatrics. 2024;153(4):e2023064501. 

Surgical Considerations in Inner Ear Gene Therapy from Human Temporal Bone Anatomy.
Brown A, Zhu M, Rohani A, et al. The Laryngoscope. n/a(n/a). 

Surgical Correction of Nasal Obstruction and Its Effect on Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Symptoms.
Daum R, Grimm D, Castro Silva BR, et al.Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2024;170(3):944-951. 

Suture Stenting After Sialendoscopy: A Novel Technique That Reduces Risk of Recurrent Parotitis.
Finegersh A, Chang J, Lee YJ, Sirjani D.Laryngoscope. 2024;134(2):614-621. 

Telehealth Usage in Otolaryngology: A Comparative Study Pre‐ and Post‐COVID‐19
Lee - 2024 - OTO Open - Wiley Online Library. 

The Cousa objective: a long-working distance air objective for multiphoton imaging in vivo.
Yu CH, Yu Y, Adsit LM, et al. Nat Methods. 2024;21(1):132-141. 

The effect of PM2.5 on acute sinusitis: A population-based study.
Grimm D, Qian ZJ, Yong M, Hwang PH. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. n/a(n/a).

The safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in benign pediatric thyroid disease in the US: An initial case series.
Kim GS, Seeley H, Noel J, Ahmad I, Meister K. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology. 2024;9(1):e1198. 

The Serpentine Sign: A Reliable Endoscopic and Radiographic Finding in Empty Nose Syndrome.
Dholakia SS, Grimm D, Daum R, et al. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(3):1089-1095. 

Tinnitus prevalence, associated characteristics, and related healthcare use in the United States: a population-level analysis.
Batts S, Stankovic KM. The Lancet Regional Health – Americas. 2024;29. 

Translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of the Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey in Japanese (J-SCHNOS).
Takeuchi N, Miyawaki T, Otori N, et al. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. 2024;90:114-121. 

Transmembrane Channel-Like (Tmc) Subunits Contribute to Frequency Sensitivity in the Zebrafish Utricle.
Sun P, Smith E, Nicolson T. J Neurosci. 2024;44(1):e1298232023. 

Transoral Surgery in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Carcinoma: Oncologic Outcomes in the Veterans Affairs System.
Faraji F, Kumar A, Voora R, et al. The Laryngoscope. 2024;134(1):207-214. 

Until Further Notice.
Rahman AS. JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. 2024;150(3):191-192. 

Use of Neoadjuvant Vandetanib in Aggressive Pediatric Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma.
Kothari R, Kreimer S, Nadel H, Seeley H, Hartman G, Meister KD. JCO Precis Oncol. 2024;(8):e2300257. 

Use of temporary tracheostomy occlusion to reduce the risk of sternal wound infection after sternotomy in congenital cardiac surgery.
Azimzadeh JB, Sidell DR, Balakrishnan K, et al. Cardiology in the Young. Published online February 27, 2024:1-6. 

Virtual Reality Simulation for the Middle Cranial Fossa Approach: A Validation Study.
Lai C, Lui JT, de Lotbiniere-Bassett M, et al. Operative Neurosurgery. 2024;26(1):78.