Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) has been identified as the first-line treatment for chronic insomnia in adults by several professional medical associations and sleep research organizations including the American College of Physicians, the British Association for Psychopharmacology, and jointly the National Institute of Health and the Sleep Research Society. CBTI is effective even when insomnia is experienced in the context of another medical or mental health disorder as well as for people who are currently taking sleep medications.
CBTI is based on the science of sleep regulation. The efficacy of CBTI has been demonstrated in multiple research studies. CBTI consists of multiple treatment components that help patients change thoughts (cognitive components) and behaviors (behavioral components) that interfere with healthy sleep. Patients learn about sleep regulation, factors that influence quantity and quality of sleep, and specific techniques to optimize sleep.