Global Health Equity Leadership Council

Cynthia Khoo, MD, PHD

  • Clinical Assistant Professor
    Division Co-Director
    Regional and Multispecialty Anesthesia

Dr. Cynthia Khoo is co-director of the Division of Global Health Equity, Director of Education for the Division of Regional Anesthesia (RA), and Associate Program Director of the Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Medicine fellowship. She completed her MD-PhD at the University of Pennsylvania and residency and fellowship at Stanford. Since regional has been shown to have lower morbidity and mortality compared to general anesthesia in low-resource settings, Dr. Khoo's research involves innovations to increase access to RA education including ballistic gel simulation phantoms designed with 3D printing, online learning platforms, and virtual ultrasound workshops. In 2019, she started a partnership with a rural, non-profit hospital Foundation for African Medicine and Education (FAME) Africa in Karatu, Tanzania teaching safe anesthetic practices incorporating remote hands-on workshops, flipped classroom curriculum, and augmented reality simulation. The bidirectional partnership includes virtual and in-person rotations in Tanzania for Stanford residents and fellows and hosting Global Health Equity scholars from resource-constrained settings at Stanford.

Sara Strowd, MD, MPH

  • Clinical Assistant Professor 
    Division Co-Director
    Co-Director for Global Anesthesia Resident Pathway and Fellowship

Dr. Sara Strowd has a passion for global health that has shaped her career. She received a Masters in Public Health with a focus on infectious diseases and global health and completed projects on malaria prevention in Zimbabwe. She received a grant to teach and research the medical system in Vietnam during medical school and was awarded the SEA-HVO global fellowship during residency to continue work in Vietnam. She completed her Global Health fellowship at Stanford and her projects included a needs assessment at FAME in Karatu, Tanzania, and an evaluation of the ICUs in Rwanda. She currently runs both the virtual and in-country rotations in Hue, Vietnam where she has been building a partnership for years. Her focus is on needs assessments, capacity-building of local providers, and ethics of global health.  She is committed to Global Health education and resident training.  She is the co-director of the Global Health Equity Division, the Stanford resident pathway, and the GHE fellowship at Stanford.

Michelle Arteaga, MS, MHA

  • Program Manager
    Co-Director, Global Anesthesia Resident Pathway

Michelle is a founding member of the Division of Global Health Equity (GHE) Leadership Council and has served as Program Manager since 2015. She earned a Master’s in Health Care Administration (MHA) from California State University, East Bay through which she worked on formalizing the GHE Division. For the practicum of her Master of Science in Global Health (MSGH) degree from Northwestern University, she created and taught a course on Global Health Care Management to the administrative staff at University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences (UZCHS). As Co-Director of the Global Anesthesia Trainee Pathway, Michelle partnered with faculty to create the program and lecture series. In her previous departmental role as Process Improvement Specialist, she managed quality improvement projects related to patient safety reporting, improving efficiency in the operating room, health equity, environmental sustainability, and faculty wellness. Michelle was one of the first staff members to join the Anesthesiology Diversity Council. She is fluent in Spanish and has visited over 30 countries - including our ACGME rotation sites in Rwanda and Zimbabwe.

Ana Maria Crawford, MD, MSC

  • Clinical Associate Professor
    Director of Global Engagement Strategy & Fellowship Co-Director
    Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology 

Founder of the Division and GHE Fellowship in 2011, Dr. Ana Crawford is passionate about increasing access to education and resources as a tool to improve patient outcomes. An anesthesiologist and critical care medicine physician with a Master's in Global Health Sciences, she continues to grow the division, broaden the definition of global health, and push the narrative toward health equity for all. Dr. Crawford is the creator and Editor-in-Chief of the online Global Anesthesia & Critical Care Learning Resource Center.

Travis Reece-Nguyen, MD, MPH

  • Clinical Assistant Professor
    Director of LGBTQ+ Health, Office of Diversity, Inclusivity, and Health Equity

Dr. Travis Reece-Nguyen (he/him/his) joined the Stanford faculty as a Pediatric anesthesiologist in 2019 after completing his anesthesia residency at University of Washington and his Pediatric Anesthesiology fellowship at Stanford. His passion for Global Health started during his 2-year service as a Peace Corps volunteer in The Gambia, West Africa where he taught science, health, and midwifery. He obtained his MD and Masters of Public Health with a focus on global health from University of Texas. Throughout his medical training, he has had the opportunity to work on several continents focusing primarily on sustainable anesthesia education and capacity building. During residency, Travis received the SEA-HVO grant to teach anesthesia in Vietnam which helped solidify his passion for global education. Travis’ global health interests include sustainable anesthesia education, decolonization of global health, anesthesia provider capacity-building, barriers to healthcare, global emergency response, and pediatric anesthesia safety in LMICs. Dr. Reece-Nguyen is also an avid, nationally recognized LGBTQ+ advocate through his work improving the perioperative experience for transgender patients.

Andrea Murray, MD

  • Clinical Assistant Professor

Dr. Andrea Murray is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology. She is board-certified in Anesthesiology, Pediatrics, and Internal Medicine. After completing her residency in Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, she served as a lead physician at a non-profit, federally-qualified health center which focused primarily on care for the underserved, uninsured, and homeless populations in Memphis. She later completed an anesthesiology residency at University of Texas at Southwestern and a Pediatric Anesthesiology Fellowship at Stanford where she was a CIGH Scholar in 2018-2019. She is a passionate advocate for global health equity and sustainable education models. She also holds a faculty appointment at the Stanford School of Medicine with the Educators-4-Care program. Dr. Murray has done innovative work using virtual reality to decrease anesthetic needs and increase patient safety for pediatric patients in low-resource settings. She is also a fearless advocate for diversity and equity in healthcare as a means to improve health outcomes for all patients.

Tiffany Kung, MD

  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Multispecialty Anesthesia Division

Dr. Tiffany Kung is a Clinical Assistant Professor specializing in affordable medical technologies and global health ethics. She completed her residency training at Massachusetts General Hospital. Having earned her undergraduate and medical school degrees at Stanford, Dr. Kung is particularly interested in interdisciplinary collaboration at this University. Dr. Kung has experience conducting research across South America, Asia, and Africa, and worked at the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation in South Africa as an Omidyar Network Fellow. She co-founded the low-cost medical device company Healyx Labs, Inc. and completed the Healthcare Technology Fellowship at Google Brain.

Grant McFadyen, MBchB, FRCA

  • Clinical Associate Professor, Pediatric Anesthesia Division

Grant is from Cape Town, South Africa, where he graduated from UCT Medical School in 1992. After medical school, he worked for 3 years at Edendale Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, which under Apartheid was a vastly under-resourced hospital designated for Black patients only. He completed his anesthesiology training in England in 2002, whereafter he has worked as a pediatric anesthesiologist in Michigan, Wales, and Seattle, before coming to Stanford in 2013.

Grant is passionate about improving children’s surgical outcomes and peri-operative experiences, both at Stanford and in LMICs - especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. He believes that education is key to improving anesthesia care and post-operative pain relief, both in high-resource settings and in the face of limited resources. He has developed the pediatric anesthesia section of the online Global Anesthesia & Critical Care Learning Resource Center. He plans to return to South Africa to work when he retires from Stanford.

Mychele Carvalho

  • Education Services Administrative Associate 

Mychele is an Administrative Associate 2 on the Anesthesia Education Services (AES) team. She provides administrative support to the Division of Global Health Equity and is also the departmental Grand Rounds coordinator. Mychele previously worked at Stanford in the Ophthalmology Research Department at Byers Eye Institute, as well as a volunteer in the NICU at LPCH for six years as a cuddler. Her professional experience in education includes 25 years as a kindergarten teacher. She is also a volunteer for a Brazilian-American organization called Fraternity Without Borders, and serves as an ambassador for one of the projects, Chemin Du Future in Senegal. Mychele is currently earning a Bachelor of Science degree at Grand Canyon University. Driven by her passion for humane causes and touching people’s lives, she is honored and excited to join the Division of Global Health Equity and collaborate with everyone.


Francoise Nizeyimana, MD

Program Director, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine & Health Science, School of Medicine & Pharmacy

Thinh Tran, MD

Vice Dean, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam


Sehewa Mganga

Head Anesthetist, Foundation for African Medicine and Education (FAME)

Affiliated Faculty

Alex Macario, MD, MBA

Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine

Fred Mihm, MD

Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine

RJ Ramamurthi, MD

Clinical Professor, Pediatric Anesthesia Division
HUGS, Antigua, Guatemala 

Kelly Fedoruk, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetric Anesthesia Division
Kybele, Bosnia

Mark Singleton, MD

Clinical Professor (Pediatric Anesthesia), ASAGHO Committee Member