Impact of Breast Conservation Surgery on Surgical Outcomes and Cosmesis in Patients With Multiple Ipsilateral Breast Cancers (MIBC)
RATIONALE: Breast-conserving surgery is a less invasive type of surgery for breast cancer and may have fewer side effects and improve recovery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. PURPOSE: This phase II trial studies how well breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy work in treating patients with multiple ipsilateral breast cancer
Stanford is not currently accepting new patients for this trial. You may want to check clinicaltrials.gov to see if other locations are recruiting.
- procedure : therapeutic conventional surgery
- radiation : whole breast irradiation
Phase: Phase 2
Ages Eligible For Study:
1. Age ? 40 years per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommendations for breast conservation. 2. Life Expectancy of at least 5 years, excluding diagnosis of breast cancer (Comorbid conditions should be taken into consideration, but breast cancer diagnosis is not a consideration) 3. Female Gender - Men are excluded from this study. Male breast cancer is a rare event. Men are rarely candidates for breast conservation surgery due to small breast size. Men are less likely to be candidates for breast conservation surgery if found to have MIBC. Men are rarely candidates for breast conservation surgery due to small breast size. Men are less likely to be candidates for breast conservation surgery if found to have MIBC. 4. Foci of Breast Cancer 4.1 Upon clinical exam and pre-operative imaging by mammogram +/- MRI, two or three foci of biopsy proven breast cancer separated by > 2 cm of normal breast tissue. 4.2 Foci must include at least one focus of invasive breast carcinoma with another focus of either invasive breast carcinoma or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). No more than 2 quadrants with biopsy proven breast cancer. 4.3 Note: The shortest distance between lesions must be reported on mammogram +/- MRI and eligibility criteria must be met on both, if both are obtained. 4.4 Note: Patient is eligible for study if lesion is not visualized on all imaging modalities (i.e., any of the lesion(s) is/are visualized on MRI but not on mammogram OR visualized on mammogram but not on MRI). 4.5 Ultrasound cannot be used to determine patient eligibility; eligibility to be determined by bilateral mammogram +/- MRI only. 4.6 Fine needle aspirate of the second or third lesion to document malignancy is allowed if the first focus is shown to be invasive by core needle biopsy. 4.7 Patient may remain on study if, upon pathological assessment, two or three lesions identified on pre-operative imaging represent one contiguous lesion. 5. Patients may be registered AFTER surgery and PRIOR TO radiation therapy if either of the criteria is met: 5.1 An area of atypia > 2cm from the index lesion excised at the time of cancer operation is upgraded to DCIS or invasive carcinoma thereby identifying MIBC. OR 5.2 Patient underwent resection of two or three foci of malignancy by breast conservation surgery with a minimum of one invasive focus of breast cancer and a minimum of 2 cm of normal breast tissue between the lesions on final pathology. 6. Mammogram Imaging - Bilateral mammogram ? 90 days prior to date of surgery. 6.1 Note: For patients undergoing more than 1 breast operation, this is the date of the first breast surgery for breast cancer treatment. 7. Staging of Cancer - cN0 or cN1 disease 8. ECOG Performance Status (PS) - 0, 1, or 2. 9. Ability to Complete Questionnaires - Ability to complete questionnaire(s) by themselves or with assistance 10. Ability to Provide Written Informed Consent 11. Willing to Return to Enrolling Institution - Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up during the Active Monitoring Phase (the active treatment and observation portions) of the study. Patients are encouraged to return to the enrolling institution; however, patients may receive radiation therapy at a different institution other than the enrolling institution. Registration