MR Thermometry Near Metallic Devices Using Multispectral Imaging
This novel development enables non-invasive temperature measurement using MRI (MR thermometry), in the vicinity of implanted metallic devices such as joint replacements or fixation hardware. MR thermometry provides safety and efficacy in promising treatments such as MR-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS), where tumor tissue is destroyed through heating with bundled ultrasound waves.
Conventional MR thermometry is based on the shift in proton resonance frequency (PRFS) that occurs with changing temperature. However, the underlying measurement technique relies on a homogeneous magnetic field and therefore fails in the presence of strong field distortions as they are induced by metallic devices such as a joint replacement. As a consequence, an increasing population of patients has to be excluded from MRgFUS treatments.
In this article, we propose MR thermometry near metallic devices by measuring the temperature dependent T1 relaxation time with multispectral imaging (MSI). MSI enables imaging in the presence of strong field inhomogeneities by splitting the measurement into sub-measurements individually adapted to the local magnetic field. We demonstrate the feasibility of this approach in a phantom experiment and compare it to the conventionally used PRFS measurement.
Weber H, Taviani V, Yoon D, Ghanouni P, Pauly KB, Hargreaves BA. MR thermometry near metallic devices using multispectral imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2017 Mar;77(3):1162-9.
Hans Weber and Valentina Taviani are alumni of the BMR group