Select one of the three tabs below to view Dr. Williams' publications.

Publications can also be viewed on Dr. Williams' Stanford CAP Publications page or Researcher ID page.

Date of publication


Grisanzio, K. A., Goldstein-Piekarski, A. N., Wang, M. Y., Ahmed, A. P. R., Samara, Z., Williams, L. M. (2017). Transdiagnostic Symptom Clusters and Associations With Brain, Behavior, and Daily Function in Mood, Anxiety, and Trauma Disorders. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online December 03, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3951

Leikauf, J.E., Griffiths, K.R., Saggar, M., Hong, D.S., Clarke, S., Efron, D., Tsang, T.W., Hermens, D.F., Kohn, M.R., Williams, L.M. (in press). Identification of biotypes in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a report from a randomized, controlled trial. Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry

Perry, L. M., Goldstein‐Piekarski, A. N., & Williams, L. M. (2017). Sex differences modulating serotonergic polymorphisms implicated in the mechanistic pathways of risk for depression and related disorders. Journal of Neuroscience Research95(1-2), 737-762.


Williams, L. M. (2016). Precision psychiatry: a neural circuit taxonomy for depression and anxiety. The Lancet Psychiatry3(5), 472-480.

Goldstein-Piekarski, A. N., Korgaonkar, M. S., Green, E., Suppes, T., Schatzberg, A. F., Hastie, T., ... & Williams, L. M. (2016). Human amygdala engagement moderated by early life stress exposure is a biobehavioral target for predicting recovery on antidepressants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences113(42), 11955-11960.

Green, E., Goldstein-Piekarski, A. N., Schatzberg, A. F., Rush, A. J., Ma, J., & Williams, L. (2016). Personalizing antidepressant choice by sex, body mass index, and symptom profile: An iSPOT-D report. Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry.

Williams, L. M., Liddell, B. J., Kemp, A. H., Bryant, R. A., Meares, R. A., Peduto, A. S., & Gordon, E. (2006). Amygdala–prefrontal dissociation of subliminal and supraliminal fear. Human brain mapping27(8), 652-661.

Williams, L. M., Goldstein-Piekarski, A. N., Chowdhry, N., Grisanzio, K. A., Haug, N. A., Samara, Z., ... & Yesavage, J. (2016). Developing a clinical translational neuroscience taxonomy for anxiety and mood disorder: protocol for the baseline-follow up Research domain criteria Anxiety and Depression (“RAD”) project. BMC psychiatry16(1), 68.


  • Saveanu R*, Etkin A*, Duchemin A-E, Goldstein-Piekarski A, Gyurak A, Debattista C, Schatzberg AF, Sood S, Day VA, Palmer DM, Rekshan WR, Gordon E, Rush AJ, Williams LM.  (2015). The International Study to Predict Optimized Treatment in Depression (iSPOT-D): Outcomes from the acute phase of antidepressant treatment. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 61: 1-12.  ** Equal first authors 
  • Etkin A, Patenaude B, Song YJC, Usherwood T, Rekshan W, Schatzberg AF, Rush AJ, Williams LM. (2015). A Cognitive-Emotional Biomarker for Predicting Remission with Antidepressant Medications: A Report from the iSPOT-D Trial. Neuropsychopharmacology, 40: 1332-1342. PMID: 25547711
  • Day CVA, Rush AJ, Harris AWF, Boyce P, Rekshan WR, Etkin A, Debattista C, Schatzberg AF, Arnow BA, Williams LM. (2015). Impairment and distress patterns distinguishing the melancholic depression subtype: An iSPOT-D report. Journal of Affective Disorders, 174:493-502. PMID: 25554994
  • Kozlowska K., Palmer D.M., Brown K.J., Scher S., Chudleigh C., Davies F, Williams L.M. (2015). Conversion disorders in children and adolescents: A disorder of cognitive control. Journal of Neuropsychology. PMID: 24405496.
  • Burton KL, Williams LM, Clark CR, Harris A, Schofield PR, Gatt JM. (2015). Sex differences in the shared genetics of dimensions of self-reported depression and anxiety. J Affective Disorders, 188: 35-42. 
  • Gatt JM, Burton KL, Williams LM, Schofield PR (2015). Specific and common genes implicated across major mental disorders: A review of meta-analysis studies. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 60: 1-13. PMID: 25287955
  • Tsang TW, Kohn MR, Efron D, Clarke SD, Clark CR, Lamb C, Williams LM. (2015). Anxiety in young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Clinical and self-report outcomes.  Journal of Attention Disorders. PMID: 22713359.
  • Williams LM, Korgaonkar MS, Song YC, Paton R, Eagles S, Goldstein-Piekarski A, Grieve SM, Harris AW, Usherwood T, Etkin A. Amygdala Reactivity to Emotional Faces in the Prediction of General and Medication-Specific Responses to Antidepressant Treatment in the Randomized iSPOT-D Trial.  Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015 Sep;40(10):2398-408. doi: 10.1038/npp.2015.89. Epub 2015 Mar 31. PMID: 25824424
  • Schatzberg AF, DeBattista C, Lazzeroni LC, Etkin A, Murphy GM Jr, Williams LM. ABCB1 Genetic Effects on Antidepressant Outcomes: A Report From the iSPOT-D Trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 1;172(8):751-9. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.14050680. Epub 2015 Mar 27. PMID: 25815420
  • Arnow BA, Blasey C, Williams LM, Palmer DM, Rekshan W, Schatzberg AF, Etkin A, Kulkarni J, Luther JF, Rush AJ. Depression Subtypes in Predicting Antidepressant Response: A Report From the iSPOT-D Trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 1;172(8):743-50. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.14020181. Epub 2015 Mar 27. PMID: 25815419
  • Dinteren RV, Arns M, Kenemans L, Jongsma ML, Kessels RP, Fitzgerald P, Fallahpour K, Debattista C, Gordon E, Williams LM. Utility of event-related potentials in predicting antidepressant treatment response: An iSPOT-D report. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015 Aug 6. pii: S0924-977X(15)00240-0. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.07.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26282359
  • Korgaonkar MS, Rekshan W, Gordon E, Rush AJ, Williams LM, Blasey C, Grieve SM. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures of Brain Structure to Predict Antidepressant Treatment Outcome in Major Depressive Disorder. EBioMedicine. 2014 Dec 3;2(1):37-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2014.12.002. eCollection 2015 Jan. PMID: 26137532
  • Busovaca E, Zimmerman ME, Meier IB, Griffith EY, Grieve SM, Korgaonkar MS, Williams LM, Brickman AM. Is the Alzheimer's disease cortical thickness signature a biological marker for memory? Brain Imaging Behav. 2015 Jun 4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26040979
  • Kozlowska K, Palmer DM, Brown KJ, McLean L, Scher S, Gevirtz R, Chudleigh C, Williams LM. Reduction of autonomic regulation in children and adolescents with conversion disorders. Psychosom Med. 2015 May;77(4):356-70. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000184. PMID: 25954919
  • Arns M, Etkin A, Hegerl U, Williams LM, DeBattista C, Palmer DM, Fitzgerald PB, Harris A, deBeuss R, Gordon E. Frontal and rostral anterior cingulate (rACC) theta EEG in depression: Implications for treatment outcome? Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015 Aug;25(8):1190-200. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.03.007. Epub 2015 Apr 20. PMID: 25936227
  • Miller S, McTeague LM, Gyurak A, Patenaude B, Williams LM, Grieve SM, Korgaonkar MS, Etkin A. Cognition-childhood maltreatment interactions in the prediction of antidepressant outcomes in major depressive disorder patients: Results from the iSPOT-D trial. Depress Anxiety. 2015 Aug;32(8):594-604. doi: 10.1002/da.22368. Epub 2015 Apr 27. PMID: 25917683
  • Gyurak A, Patenaude B, Korgaonkar MS, Grieve SM, Williams LM, Etkin A. Frontoparietal Activation During Response Inhibition Predicts Remission to Antidepressants in Patients with Major Depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Mar 27. pii: S0006-3223(15)00253-X. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.02.037. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25891220
  • Day CV, Gatt JM, Etkin A, DeBattista C, Schatzberg AF, Williams LM. Cognitive and emotional biomarkers of melancholic depression: An iSPOT-D report. J Affect Disord. 2015 May 1;176:141-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.01.061. Epub 2015 Feb 7. PMID: 25710095


  • Myers AJ, Williams LM, Gatt JM, McAuley-Clark EZ, Dobson-Stone C, Schofield PR, Nemeroff CB (2014). Variation in the oxytocin receptor gene is associated with increased risk for anxiety, stress and depression in individuals with a history of exposure to early life stress. Journal of Psychiatric Research.
  • Korgaonkar MS, Fornito A, Williams LM. (2014). Abnormal structural networks characterize Major Depressive Disorder: A connectome analysis. Biological Psychiatry, 2014; 1(76): 567-574. PMID: 24690111
  • Korgaonkar MS, Ram K, Williams LM, Gatt JM, Grieve SM. (2014). Establishing the resting state default mode network derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging tasks as an endophenotype: A twins study.  Human Brain Mapping; 35(8): 3893-3902. PMID: 24453120
  • Barkl SJ, Lah S, Harris AWF, Williams LM.  (2014). Facial emotion identification in early-onset psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 160: 150-156. PMID: 25464918
  • Brennan AM, Harris AW, Williams LM. (2014). Neural processing of facial expressions of emotion in first onset psychosis. Psychiatry Research; 219(3):477-85. PMID: 25015712.
  • Saveanu R, Etkin A, Duchemin AM, Goldstein-Piekarski A, Gyurak A, Debattista C, Schatzberg AF, Sood S, Day CV, Palmer DM, Rekshan WR, Gordon E, Rush AJ, Williams LM. The international Study to Predict Optimized Treatment in Depression (iSPOT-D): outcomes from the acute phase of antidepressant treatment. J Psychiatr Res. 2015 Feb;61:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.12.018. Epub 2014 Dec 31. PMID: 25586212
  • Day CV, John Rush A, Harris AW, Boyce PM, Rekshan W, Etkin A, DeBattista C, Schatzberg AF, Arnow BA, Williams LM. Impairment and distress patterns distinguishing the melancholic depression subtype: an iSPOT-D report. J Affect Disord. 2015 Mar 15;174:493-502. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.10.046. Epub 2014 Nov 7. PMID: 25554994
  • Etkin A, Patenaude B, Song YJ, Usherwood T, Rekshan W, Schatzberg AF, Rush AJ, Williams LM. A cognitive-emotional biomarker for predicting remission with antidepressant medications: a report from the iSPOT-D trial. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015 May;40(6):1332-42. doi: 10.1038/npp.2014.333. Epub 2014 Dec 30. PMID: 25547711
  • Barkl SJ, Lah S, Starling J, Hainsworth C, Harris AW, Williams LM. Facial emotion identification in early-onset psychosis. Schizophr Res. 2014 Dec;160(1-3):150-6. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2014.10.035. Epub 2014 Nov 13. PMID: 25464918
  • Gatt JM, Burton KL, Williams LM, Schofield PR. Specific and common genes implicated across major mental disorders: a review of meta-analysis studies. J Psychiatr Res. 2015 Jan;60:1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.09.014. Epub 2014 Sep 28. Review. PMID: 25287955
  • Brennan AM, Hainsworth C, Starling J, Korgaonkar MS, Harris AW, Williams LM. Emotion circuits differentiate symptoms of psychosis versus mania in adolescents. Neurocase. 2015;21(5):592-600. doi: 10.1080/13554794.2014.960426. Epub 2014 Sep 29. PMID: 25265277
  • Barkl SJ, Lah S, Harris AW, Williams LM. Facial emotion identification in early-onset and first-episode psychosis: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Schizophr Res. 2014 Oct;159(1):62-9. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2014.07.049. Epub 2014 Aug 30. Review. PMID: 25178803
  • Brennan AM, Harris AW, Williams LM. Neural processing of facial expressions of emotion in first onset psychosis. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Nov 30;219(3):477-85. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.017. Epub 2014 Jun 18. PMID: 25015712
  • Korgaonkar MS, Williams LM, Song YJ, Usherwood T, Grieve SM. Diffusion tensor imaging predictors of treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 2014 Oct;205(4):321-8. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.140376. Epub 2014 Jun 26. PMID: 24970773
  • CKozlowska K, Palmer DM, Brown KJ, Scher S, Chudleigh C, Davies F, Williams LM. onversion disorder in children and adolescents: a disorder of cognitive control. J Neuropsychol. 2015 Mar;9(1):87-108. doi: 10.1111/jnp.12037. Epub 2014 Jan 10. PMID: 24405496
  • Felmingham KL, Falconer EM, Williams LM, Kemp AH, Allen A, Peduto A, Bryant RA (2014). Reduced amygdala and ventral striatal activity to happy faces in PTSD is associated with emotional numbing.  PLOS ONE. 3;9(9):e103653. PMCID: PMC4153581
  • McRae K., Rekshan W., Williams L.M., Gross J. (2014). Effects of antidepressant medication on emotion regulation in depressed patients: An iSPOT-D report.  Journal of Affective Disorders, 159, 127-132. PMID. 24679400
  • Gatt, JM, Burton KL, Schofield PR, Bryant RA, Williams LM. (2014). The heritability of mental health and wellbeing defined using COMPAS-W, a new composite measure of wellbeing. Psychiatry Research; 219 (1): 204-213.  PMID: 24863866
  • Song, Y. J., Korgaonkar, M. S., Armstrong, L. V., Eagles, S., Williams, L. M., Grieve, S. M. (2014). Tractography of the brainstem in Major Depressive Disorder using Diffusion Tensor Imaging. PLOS ONE; 9(1). PMID: 24465436
  • Barkl SJ, Lah S, Harris AW, Williams LM. Facial emotion identification in early-onset and first-episode psychosis: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Schizophr Res. 2014 Oct;159(1):62-9. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2014.07.049. Epub 2014 Aug 30. Review. PMID: 25178803
  • Korgaonkar MS, Williams LM, Song YJ, Usherwood T, Grieve SM. Diffusion tensor imaging predictors of treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 2014 Oct;205(4):321-8. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.140376. Epub 2014 Jun 26.


  • Kozlowska, K., Brown, K. J., Palmer, D. M., Williams, L. M. (2013). Specific biases for identifying facial expression of emotion in children and adolescents with conversion disorders. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75 (3): 272-280.
  • Chu, D. A., Williams, L. M., Harris, A. W., Bryant, R. A., Gatt, J. M. (2013). Early life trauma predicts self-reported levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms in nonclinical community adults: Relative contributions of early life stressor types and adult trauma exposure. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47 (1): 23-32
  • Starling, J., Williams, L. M., Hainsworth, C., Harris, A.W.F. (2013). The presentation of early-onset psychotic disorders. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47 (1): 43-50
  • Watters A.J., Gotlib I.H., Harris A.W.F, Boyce P.M., Williams L.M. (2013). Using multiple methods to characterize the phenotype of individuals with a family history of major depressive disorder.  Journal of Affective Disorder, 150 (2): 474-480.
  • Grieve, S. M., Korgaonkar, M. S., Etkin, A., Harris, A., Koslow, S. H., Wisniewski, S., Schatzberg, A. F., Nemeroff, C. B., Gordon, E., Williams, L.M. (2013). Brain imaging predictors and the international study to predict optimized treatment for depression: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, Trials: 14(1): 224.
  • Korgaonkar, M. S., Grieve, S. M., Etkin, A., Koslow, S. H., Williams, L.M. (2013). Using standardized fMRI protocols to identify patterns of prefrontal circuit dysregulation that are common and specific to cognitive and emotional tasks in major depressive disorder: First wave results from the iSPOT-D study. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38 (5): 863-871
  • Gershon, A., Sudheimer, K., Tirouvanziam, R., Williams, L. M., O'Hara, R (2013). The long-term impact of early adversity on late-life psychiatric disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports; 15 (4): 352
  • Koslow S.H., Wang Y., Palmer D.M., Gordon E., Williams L.M. (2013). BRAINnet: A standardized global human brain project.  Technology and Innovation, 15(1): 17-30.
  • Grieve SM, Korgaonkar MS, Koslow SH, Gordon E, Williams LM (2013). Widespread reductions in grey matter volume in depression. NeuroImage: Clinical (3): 332–339
  • Baker, L. M., Williams, L. M., Korgaonkar, M. S., Cohen, R. A., Heaps, J. M., Paul, R. H. (2013). Impact of early vs. late childhood early life stress on brain morphometrics. Brain imaging and behavior, 7 (2): 196-203


  • Noble K.G., Grieve S.M., Korgaonkar M.S., Engelhardt L.E., Griffith E.Y., Williams L.M., Brickman A.M. (2012). Hippocampal volume varies with educational attainment across the life-span. Front Hum Neurosci. 9;6:307. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00307. eCollection 2012. PMID: 23162453
  • Williams LM, Cooper NJ, Wisniewski S, Gatt JM, Koslow SH, Kulkarni J, Gordon E, Rush AJ. (2012). Sensitivity, specificity and predictive power of the “BRISC”, a brief web screen for depression, anxiety and cognitive disorders. Brain and Behavior, 2:5, 576-589.
  • Gatt JM, Korgaonkar M, Schofield PR, Harris A, Clark CR, Oakley K, Ram K, Michaelson H, Yap S, Stanners M, Wise M & Williams LM (2012). The TWIN-E project in emotional wellbeing: Study protocol and preliminary heritability results across four MRI and DTI measures. Twin Research and Human Genetics. Special Issue: The Genetics of Brain Imaging Phenotypes. 15(3):419-41. PMID: 22856376
  • Brickman AM, Meier IB, Korgaonkar MS, Provenzano FA, Grieve SM, Siedlecki KL, Wasserman BT, Williams LM & Zimmerman ME. (2012). Testing the white matter retrogenesis hypothesis of cognitive aging. Neurobiology of Aging. 33(8): 1699-715. PMID: 21783280
  • Korgaonkar M, Cooper NC, Williams LM, Grieve SM (2012).  Inter-cortical white matter connections characterizing patients with Major depressive disorder from healthy participants. NeuroReport, 23(9), 566-571.  doi: 10.1097/WNR 0b013e3283546264


  • Williams LM, Rush AJ, Koslow SH, Wisniewski SR, Cooper NJ, Nemeroff CB, Schatzberg AF & Gordon E (2011). International Study to Predict Optimized treatment for Depression (iSPOT-D), a Randomized Clinical Trial: Rationale and Protocol. Trials, 5: 12, 4. PMID:21208417
  • Williams LM, Kohn MR & Clarke SD (2011). Response. Pediatric Neurology, 44(2):157  PMID: 21215921
  • Grieve SM, Korgaonkar MS, Clark CR & Williams LM (2011). Regional Heterogeneity in Limbic Maturational Changes: Evidence from Integrating Cortical Thickness, Volumetric and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Measures. NeuroImage. 1;55(3) 868-79. PMID:21224000
  • Hatch A, Madden S, Kohn MR, Clarke S, Touyz S, Gordon E & Williams LM (2011). EEG in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa: Impact of Refeeding and Weight Gain. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 65-75. PMID: 20063377
  • Kozlowska K, Scher S & Williams LM (2011). Patterns of Emotional-Cognitive Function in Pediatric Conversion Patients: Implications for the Conceptualization of Conversion Disorders. Psychosomatic Medicine 73(9):775-88. PMID:22048837
  • Tsang TW, Kohn MR, Hermens DR, Clarke SD, Clark CR, Efron D, Cranswick N, Lamb C & Williams LM (2011). A Randomized Controlled trial Investigation of a Non-Stimulant in Attention Deficit HyperActivity Disorder (ACTION): Rationale and Design. Trials, 12: 77. PMID:21396130
  • Watters AJ & Williams LM (2011) Negative Biases and Risk for Depression; Integrating Self report and Emotion Task Markers Depression and Anxiety. Depress Anxiety 28(8) 703-18. doi: 10.1002/da.20854. PMID:21796742
  • Korgaonkar MS, Grieve SM, Koslow SH, Gabrieli JD, Gordon E & Williams LM (2011) Loss of White Matter Integrity in Major Depressive Disorder: Evidence Using Tract-Based Spatial Statistical Analysis of Diffusion Tensor Imaging. Human Brain Mapping. 32:2161–2171 PMID:21170955


  • Williams LM, Hermens DF, Thein T, Clark CR, Lamb C, Clark S, Gordon E & Kohn M (2010). Using Brain-Based Cognitive Measures to Support Clinical Decisions in ADHD. Pediatric Neurology, 42, 118-126. PMID:20117748
  • Williams LM, Gatt JM, Grieve SM, Dobson-Stone C, Paul RH, Gordon E & Schofield PR (2010). COMT Val 108/158Met Polymorphism Effects on Emotional Brain Function are Modulated by Level of Awareness and Associated with Negativity Biases.  NeuroImage. 53. 918-925.  PMID:20139013
  • Gatt JM, Nemeroff CB, Schofield PR, Paul RH, Clark CR, Gordon E, Williams LM (2010)Early Life Stress Combined with Serotonin 3A Receptor and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Valine 66 to Methionine Genotypes Impacts Emotional Brain and Arousal Correlates of Risk for Depression. Biological Psychiatry, 68 (9) 818-824. PMID:20728877      
  • Hatch A, Madden S, Clarke S, Touyz S, Gordon E & Williams LM (2010).  Anorexia nervosa: Towards an Integrative Neuroscience model. European Eating Disorders Review. 18(3), 165–179. PMID:20443202   
  • Hatch A, Madden S, Kohn MR, Clarke S, Touyz S, Gordon E & Williams LM (2010).Emotion Brain Alterations in Anorexia nervosa: a Candidate Biological Marker and Implications for Treatment. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 35 (4) 267-274. PMID:20598239
  • Hatch A, Madden S, Kohn MR, Clark S, Touyz S, Gordon E & Williams LM (2010). In First Presentation Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa, Do Cognitive Markers of Underweight Status Change with Weight Gain Following a Refeeding Intervention?International Journal of Eating Disorders, 43 (4); 295-306. PMID:19434607
  • Kemp AH, Pe Benito L, Quintana DS, Clark CR, McFarlane A, Mayur P, Harris A, Boyce P & Williams LM (2010). Impact of Depression Heterogeneity on Attention: an Auditory Oddball Event Related Potential Study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 123(1-3) 202-207. PMID19740547
  • Kozlowska K & Williams LM (2010). Self-Protective Organization in Children with Conversion Symptoms: A Cross-Sectional Study Looking at Psychological and Biological Correlates. Mind & Brain, the Journal of Psychiatry, 1(2):  43-58
  • Gatt JM, Williams LM, Schofield PR, Dobson-Stone, Paul RH, Grieve SM, Clark CR, Gordon E, Nemeroff CB (2010). Impact of the HTR3A gene with Early Life trauma on Emotional Brain Networks and Depressed mood. Depression and Anxiety, 27 (8) 752-759. PMID:20694966
  • Felmingham K, Williams LM, Kemp AH, Liddell B, Falconer E, Peduto A & Bryant R (2010).Neural Responses to Masked Fear Faces: Sex Differences and Trauma Exposure in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119 (1) 241-247. PMID:20141261 


  • Williams LM, Gatt JM, Schofield PR, Olivieri G, Peduto A & Gordon E.  (2009). ‘Negativity bias’ in Risk for Depression and Anxiety: Brain-Body Fear Circuitry Correlates, 5-HTT-LPR and Early Life Stress. NeuroImage 47(3) 804-814 (special issue; Brain-Body Medicine). PMID:19446647
  • Williams LM, Whitford TJ, Nagy M, Flynn G, Harris AWF, Silverstein SM & Gordon E (2009). Emotion-elicited Gamma Synchrony in Patients with First-Episode Schizophrenia: a Neural correlate of social Cognition Outcomes. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience; 34(4), 303-13. PMID:19568482
  • Williams LM, Whitford TJ, Gordon E, Gomes L, Brown KJ & Harris AWF (2009). Neural Synchrony in Patients with a first episode of Schizophrenia: tracking relations with grey matter and symptom profile. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 34(1), 21-29. PMID:19125210
  • Williams LM, Gatt JM, Kuan SA, Dobson-Stone C, Palmer DM, Paul RH, Song L, Costa PT, Schofield PR & Gordon E (2009). A Polymorphism of the MAOA gene is Associated with Emotional Brain Markers and Personality Traits on an Antisocial Index. Neuropsychopharmacology 34(7) 1797-1809. PMID:19194374
  • Williams LM, Mathersul D, Palmer D, Gur R & Gordon E. (2009). Explicit Identification and implicit Recognition of Facial Emotions: I. Age Effects in Males and Females Across 10 Decades.  Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 31(3):257-77. PMID:18720177   
  • Gatt JM, Nemeroff CB, Dobson-Stone C, Paul RH, Bryant RA, Schofield PR, Gordon E, Kemp AH & Williams LM. (2009) Interactions Between BDNF Val66Met Polymorphisms and Early Life Stress Predict Brain and Arousal Pathways to Syndromal Depression and Anxiety. Molecular Psychiatry 14(7) 681-95. PMID:19153574
  • Joffe RT, Gatt JM, Kemp AH, Grieve S, Dobson-Stone C, Kuan SA, Schofield PR, Gordon E & Williams LM (2009). Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Val66Met Polymorphism, the Five Factor Model of Personality and Hippocampal Volume: Implications for Depressive Illness. Human Brain Mapping, 30(4):1246-1256. PMID:18548532     
  • Kemp AH, Hopkinson PJ, Hermens DF, Rowe DL, Sumich AL, Clark CR, Drinkenburg W, Abdi N, Penrose R, McFarlane A, Boyce P, Gordon E & Williams LM (2009). Fronto-Temporal Alterations within the First 200 ms During an Attentional Task Distinguish Major Depression, Non-Clinical Participants with Depressed Mood and Healthy Controls: A Potential Biomarker? Human Brain Mapping, 30(2):602-614. PMID:18181154  
  • Kemp AH, Gordon E, Rush AJ & Williams LM (2009). Computerized Neuropsychological Assessments: Pros and Cons. CNS Spectrums, 14 (3): 118-120. PMID:19407707       
  • Kemp AH, Felmingham KL, Falconer E, Liddell BJ, Bryant RA & Williams LM (2009).Heterogeneity of Non-Conscious Fear Perception in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder as A Function of Physiological Arousal: an fMRI Study. Psychiatry Research 30;174(2):158-61. PMID:19836929
  • Koslowska K & Williams LM (2009) Self-Protective Organization in Children with Conversion and Somatoform Disorders. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 67 (3) 223-233. PMID:19686878        
  • Mathersul D, Palmer D, Gur RC, Gur RE, Cooper N, Gordon E & Williams LM (2009).Explicit Identification and Implicit ReCognition of Facial Emotions II: Core Domains and Relationships with General Cognition. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 31 (3) 278- 291. PMID:18720178 
  • Felmingham KL, Williams LM Whitford TJ, Falconer E, Kemp AH, Peduto A & Bryant RA (2009) Duration of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Predicts Hippocampal Grey Matter loss. NeuroReport 20(16) 1402-1406. PMID:19794316
  • Felmingham KL, Williams LM, Kemp AH et al (2009) Anterior Cingulate Activity to Salient Stimuli is Modulated by Autonomic Arousal in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 173 (1) 59-62. PMID:19446442
  • Rubinov M, Knock SA, Stam CJ, Micheloyannis S, Harris AW, Williams LM & Breakspear M (2009). Small-World Properties of Nonlinear Brain Activity in Schizophrenia. Human Brain Mapping 30(2):403-416. PMID:18072237
  • Schofield PR, Williams LM, Paul RH, Gatt JM, Brown KJ, Luty A, Cooper N, Grieve S, Dobson-Stone C, Kuan S & Gordon E (2009). Disturbances in Selective Information Processing Associated with the BDNFVal66Met Polymorphism: Evidence from Cognition, the P300, Fronto-Hippocampal Systems. Biological Psychology 80(2): 176-188   (# equal first authors). PMID:18838100
  • Whitford TJ, Farrow TFD, Williams LM et al (2009) Delusions of Dorso-Medial Frontal Cortex Volume in First-Episode Schizophrenia: A Voxel Based Morphometry. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 172 (3) 175-179. PMID:19395244
  • Craig A, Tran Y, Hermens G, Williams LM, Kemp AH, Morris C & Gordon E. (2009)Psychological and Neural Correlates of Emotional Intelligence in a Large Sample of Adult Males and Females. Personality and Individual Differences, 46 (2) 111-115.
  • Gow R, Matsudaira T, Taylor E, Rubia K, Crawford M, Ghebremeskel K, Ibrahimovic A, Vallée-Tourangeau F, Williams LM & Sumich A (2009) Total Red Blood Cell Concentrations of Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Associated with Emotion-Elicited Neural Activity in Adolescent Boys with Attention-Deficit HyperActivity Disorder.Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 80(2), 151-156. PMID:19230637


  • Williams LM, Gatt J, Hatch A,  Palmer D, Nagy M, Rennie CJ, Cooper N, Morris C, Grieve , Dobson-Stone C, Schofield , Clark , Gordon E, Arns M & Paul R (2008). The integrate Model of Emotion, thinking and self regulation: an Application to the "paradox of aging". Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 7 (3):367-404. PMID:18988298‡
  • Williams LM, Hermens DF, Palmer D, Kohn M, Clarke S, Keage H, Clark CR & Gordon E (2008). Misinterpreting Emotional Expressions in ADHD: Evidence for a Neural marker and stimulant Effects. Biological Psychiatry, 63 (10): 917-926 (included on cover). PMID:18272140      
  • Williams LM, Whitford TJ, Flynn G, Wong W, Liddell BJ, Silverstein S, Galletly C, Harris AW & Gordon E. (2008). General and social Cognition in first episode Schizophrenia: Identification of separable factors and Prediction of Functional Outcome Using the IntegNeuro test battery. Schizophrenia Research, 99 (1-3) 182-191. PMID:18053688
  • Bryant RA, Felmingham KL, Kemp AH, Das P, Hughes G, Peduto A & Williams LM (2008).Amygdala and Ventral Anterior Cingulate Activation Predicts Treatment Response to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Psychological Medicine 38(4): 555-561. PMID:18005496
  • Bryant RA, Kemp AH, Felmingham KL, Liddell BJ, Olivieri G, Peduto A, Gordon E & Williams LM  (2008). Enhanced Amygdala and Medial Prefrontal Activation During Nonconscious Processing of Fear in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An fMRI Study. Human Brain Mapping, 29 (5) 517–523. PMID:17525984
  • Bryant RA, Felmingham K, Whitford T, Kemp AH, Hughes G, Peduto A & Williams LM (2008). Rostral Anterior Cingulate Volume Predicts Treatment Response to Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 33(2): 142-146. PMID:18330460
  • Flynn G, Alexander D, Harris AWF, Whitford TJ, Wong W, Galletly C, Gordon E & Williams LM (2008) Increased absolute magnitude of Gamma Synchrony in First-Episode Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 105 (1) 262-271. PMID:18603413
  • Gatt JM, Kuan SA, Dobson-Stone C, Paul RH, Joffe RT, Kemp AH, Gordon E, Schofield PR & Williams LM (2008). Association between BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism and Trait Depression is Mediated via Resting EEG Alpha Band Activity. Biological Psychology, 79 (2) 275–284. PMID:18721847
  • Kemp AH, Hatch A & Williams LM (2008). Improving the Prediction of Treatment Response in Depression: Integration of Clinical, Cognitive, Psychophysiological, Neuroimaging, and Genetic Measures. CNS Spectrums, 13 (12): 1066-86. PMID:19179943      
  • Alexander DM, Hermens DF, Keage H, Clark CR, Williams LM, Kohn M, Clarke S, Lamb C, & Gordon E (2008). Event-Related EEG wave Activity provides new marker of ADHD. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 119(1): 163-179. PMID:18054279
  • Falconer EM, Felmingham KL, Kemp AH, Williams LM & Gordon E (2008). The Neural Networks of Inhibitory Control in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 33 (5): 413-422. PMID:18787658
  • Falconer E, Felmingham K, Allen A, Clark CR, McFarlane A, Williams LM & Bryant RA (2008). Developing an Integrated Brain, Behaviour & Biological Response Profile in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 7 (3): 439-456. PMID:18988301‡
  • Felmingham KL, Kemp AH, Williams LM, Falconer E, Olivieri G, Peduto A & Bryant RA. (2008). Dissociative Responses to Conscious and Nonconscious Fear Impact Underlying Brain Function in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychological Medicine, 25: 1-10. PMID:18294420
  • Keage HA, Clark CR, Hermens DF, Williams LM, Kohn MR, Clarke S, Lamb C, Crewther D & Gordon E (2008). Putative biomarker of working Memory systems development During Childhood and adolescence. NeuroReport. 19(2):197-201. PMID:18185108      
  • Keage HAD, Clark CR, Hermens DF, Williams LM, Kohn MR,Clarke S, Lamb C, Crewther D & Gordon E (2008). ERP indices of working Memory updating in AD/HD: differential aspects of development, subtype and medication. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 25(1): 32-41. PMID:18303558
  • Mathersul D, Williams LM, Hopkinson PJ & Kemp AH. (2008) Investigating models of Affect: Relationships Among EEG Alpha Asymmetry, Depression and Anxiety. Emotion, 8 (4) 560-572. PMID:18729586
  • Gordon E, Barnett K, Cooper N, Tran N & Williams LM (2008).  An "Integrative Neuroscience" Platform: Application to Profiles of Negativity and Positivity Bias.  Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 7 (3): 345-66. PMID:18988297‡        
  • Gunstad J, SpitznAgel MB, Paul RH, Cohen RA, Kohn M, Luyster FS, Clark R, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2008). Body mass index and neuropsychological Function in Healthy children and Adolescents. Appetite, 50(3): 246-251. PMID:17761359
  • Paul RH, Henry L, Grieve SM, Guilmette TJ, Niauru W, Bryant RA, Bruce S, Williams LM, Clark CR, Cohen RA & Gordon E (2008) The Relationship Between Early Life Stress and Microstructural Integrity of the Corpus Callosum in a Non-Clinical Population. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 4(1): 193-201). PMID:18728817
  • Seckfort DL, Paul R, Grieve SM, Vandenburg B, Bryant RA, Williams LM,  Clark CR, Cohen RA, Bruce S & Gordon E (2008). Early Life Stress on Brain Structure and Function Across the Lifespan: A Preliminary Study. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 2 (1) 49-58.
  • Shankman SA, Silverstein SM, Williams LM, Hopkinson PJ, Kemp AH, Felmingham KL, Bryant RA, McFarlane A & Clark CR (2008). Resting Electroencephalogram Asymmetry and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21(2): 190-198. PMID:18404640          
  • Zipparo L, Whitford TJ, Redoblado Hodge MA, Lucas S, Farrow TF, Brennan J, Gomes L, Williams LM & Harris AW (2008). Investigating the Neuropsychological and Neuroanatomical Changes that Occur over the First 2-3 years of Illness in Patients with First-Episode Schizophrenia. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 32(2): 531-538. PMID:18061326


  • Williams LM, Kemp A, Felmingham K, Liddell B, Palmer D & Bryant RA (2007). Neural biases to covert and overt Signals of Fear: Dissociation by trait anxiety and depression.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19 (10): 1595-1608. PMID:17854280
  • Williams LM, Felmingham K, Kemp AH, Rennie C, Brown KJ, Bryant RA & Gordon E. (2007). Mapping Frontal-limbic Correlates of Orienting to Change Detection. NeuroReport, 18(3): 197-202. PMID:17314656
  • Williams LM, Das P, Liddell BJ, Olivieri G, Peduto AS, David AS, Gordon E & Harris AWF (2007) Fronto-limbic and Autonomic Disjunctions to Negative Emotion Distinguish Schizophrenia Subtypes. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 155(1) 29-44. PMID:17398080
  • Clarke SD, Kohn MR, Hermens DF, Rabbinge M, Clark CR, Gordon E & Williams LM (2007)Distinguishing symptom profiles in adolescent ADHD using an objective cognitive test battery. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 19(3) 355-367. PMID:17937152    
  • Das P, Kemp AH, Flynn GF, Harris AWF, Liddell BJ, Whitford TJ, Peduto AS, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2007). Functional Disconnections in the Direct and Indirect Amygdala Pathways for Fear Processing in Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 90 (1-3) 284-294. PMID:17222539    
  • Gatt JM, Clark CR, Kemp AH, Liddell BJ, Dobson-Stone C, Kuan S, Schofield P & Williams LM. (2007). A Genotype-Endophenotype-Phenotype Path Model of Depressed Mood: Integrating Cognitive and Emotional Markers. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6: 75-104. PMID:17472225
  • Hermens DF, Cooper NJ, Clark CR, Debrota D, Clarke SD & Williams LM. (2007). An Integrated Approach to Distinguishing Subjective Mood and Objective Behavioral and Biological Markers of Methylphenidate. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6: 105-140. PMID:17472226
  • Kemp AH Felmingham K, Das P, Hughes G, Peduto AS, Bryant RA & Williams LM (2007).Influence of Comorbid Depression on Fear in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An fMRI Study. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 155 (3): 265-269. PMID:17572075
  • Rowe DL, Cooper N, Liddell BJ, Clark CR & Williams LM. (2007). Brain structure and Function Correlates of General and Social Cognition.  Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6: 35-74. PMID:17472224
  • Whitford TJ, Rennie CJ, Grieve SM, Clark CR, Gordon E & Williams LM (2007). Brain Maturation in Adolescence: Concurrent Changes in Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology. Human Brain Mapping, 28 (3) 228-237. PMID:16767769
  • Whitford TJ, Farrow TFD, Rennie CJ, Grieve SM, Gomes L, Brennan J, Harris AWF & Williams LM. (2007). Longitudinal Changes in Neuroanatomy and Neural Activity in Early Schizophrenia. NeuroReport, 18 (5) 435-439. PMID:17496799
  • Whitford TJ, Grieve SM, Farrow TFD, Gomes L, Brennan J, Harris AWF, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2007) Volumetric White Matter Abnormalities in First-Episode Schizophrenia: a Longitudinal, Tensor-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164 (7) 1082 - 1089. PMID:17606660 (subject of editorial)
  • Dobson-Stone C, Gatt JM, Kuan SA, Grieve GM, Gordon E, Williams LM & Schofield PR. (2007) Investigation of MCPH1 G37995C and ASPM A44871G Polymorphisms and Brain Size in a Healthy Cohort.  NeuroImage, 37 (2) 394-400. PMID:17566767     
  • Felmingham KL, Kemp AH, Williams LM, Das P, Hughes G, Peduto AS et al. (2007).Changes in Anterior Cingulate and Amygdala after Cognitive Behaviour Therapy of PTSD. Psychological Science, 18(2): 127-129. PMID:17425531 
  • Grieve SM, Williams LM, Paul RH, Clark RC & Gordon E. (2007). Cognitive Aging, Executive Function and Fractional Anisotropy: A Diffusion Tensor MR Imaging Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 28 (2) 226-235. PMID:17296985
  • Alexander DM, Williams LM, Gatt JM, Dobson-Stone C, Kuan S, Todd EG, Schofield PR, Cooper N & Gordon E (2007). The Contribution of Apolipoprotein E Alleles on Cognitive Performance and Dynamic Neural Activity over Six Decades. Biological Psychology, 75(3): 229-238. PMID:17433528 
  • Boord PR, Rennie CJ, Gordon E & Williams LM (2007). Integrating “Brain” and “body” Measures: correlation between EEG and metabolic Changes over the human Life span. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6: 205-218. PMID:17472230‡
  • Gordon E, Liddell BJ, Brown KJ, Bryant RA, Clark CR, Das P, Dobson-Stone C, Falconer E, Felmingham KL, Flynn G, Harris A, Hermens DF, Hopkinson PJ, Kemp AH, Kuan S, Lazzaro I, Moyle J, Paul RH, Rennie CJ, Schofield PR, Whitford TJ & Williams LM. (2007).Integrating Objective Gene-Brain-Behavior Markers for Psychiatric Disorders. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6(1): 1-34. PMID:17472223‡   
  • McLaughlin NCR Paul RH, Grieve SM, Williams LM, Laidlaw D, CiCarolo M, Clark CR, Whelihan W, Cohen RA, Whitford TJ & Gordon E (2007). Diffusion Tensor Imaging of the Corpus Callosum: a Cross-Sectional Study Across the Lifespan. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 25 (4) 215-221. PMID:17524591
  • Paul RH, Gunstad J, Cooper N, Williams LM, Clark CR, Cohen RA, Lawrence JJ & Gordon E (2007). Cross-Cultural Assessment of Neuropsychological Performance and Electrical Brain Function Measures: Additional Validation of an international Brain Database. International Journal of Neuroscience, 117(4): 549-68. PMID:17365135
  • Silverstein SM, Berten S, Paul RH, Cooper N, Williams LM & Gordon E (2007).Development and Validation of a World Wide Web-Based Neurocognitive Assessment  ‘WebNeuro’. Behavior Research Methods 39 (4) 940-949. PMID:18183911


  • Williams LM (2006). An Integrative Neuroscience Model of ‘significance’ processing. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience. 5:  1-48. PMID:16544365
  • Williams LM, Brown KJ, Palmer D, Liddell BJ, Kemp AH, Olivieri G, Peduto A & Gordon E (2006).  The ‘mellow years’? Neural basis of improving Emotional Stability over Age. Journal of Neuroscience, 26 (24) 6422 – 6430 PMID:16775129
  • Williams LM, Das P, Liddell BJ, Kemp AH, Rennie CJ & Gordon E. (2006). Mode of Functional Connectivity in Amygdala Pathways Dissociates Level of Awareness for Signals of Fear. Journal of Neuroscience, 26 (36) 9264-9271. PMID:16957082
  • Williams LM, Kemp AH, Felmingham K, Barton M, Olivieri G, Peduto AS, Gordon E &  Bryant RA (2006). Trauma Modulates Amygdala and Medial Prefrontal Responses to Consciously Attended Fear. NeuroImage, 29(2), 347-357. PMID:16216534
  • Williams LM, Liddell BJ, Kemp AH, Bryant RA, Peduto AS, Meares RA & Gordon E. (2006).Amygdala-prefrontal dissociation of subliminal and supraliminal Fear. Human Brain Mapping, 27 (8) 652 - 661. PMID:16281289
  • Williams LM, Palmer D, Liddell BJ, Song L & Gordon E. (2006).  The ‘when’ and ‘where’ of Perceiving Signals of Threat Versus Von-Threat. NeuroImage, 31 (1) 458-467. PMID:16460966   
  • Williams LM, Sidis A, Gordon E & Meares R (2006). ‘Missing Links” in Borderline Personality Disorder: Loss of Neural Synchrony Relates to Lack of Emotion Regulation and Impulse Control. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 31(3), 181-188. PMID:16699604
  • Breakspear M, Bullmore ET, Aquino K, Das P & Williams LM (2006). The Multiscale Character of Evoked Cortical Activity. NeuroImage. 30 (4) 1230-1242. PMID:16403656
  • Cohen RA, Grieve SM, Hoth K, Paul RH, Sweet L, Tate D, Gunstad J, Stroud L, McCaffrey J, Hitsman B, Niaura R, Clark CR, MacFarlane A, Bryant RA, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2006) Early Life Stress and Morphometry of the Adult Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Caudate Nuclei. Biological Psychiatry, 59: 975-982. PMID:16616722
  • Kemp AH, Hopkinson PJ, Stephan BCM, Clark CR, Gordon E, Bryant RA & Williams LM (2006). Predicting severity of non-clinical depression: Preliminary findings using an integrated Approach. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 5, 89-110. PMID:16544368
  • Marsh PJ & Williams LM. (2006) ADHD and Schizophrenia Phenomenology: Visual Scanpaths to Emotional Faces as a Potential Psychophysiological Marker?Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 30: 651-665. PMID:16466794
  • Sumich AL Harris A, Flynn G, Whitford T, Tunstall N, Kumari V, Brammer M, Gordon E & Williams LM (2006). Event-Related Potential Correlates of depression, insight and Negative symptoms in males with recent-onset Psychosis. Clinical Neurophysiology, 17 (8) 1715-1727. PMID:16807100
  • Whitford TJ, Grieve SM, Farrow TFD, Gomes L, Brennan J, Harris AWF, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2006). Progressive Grey Matter Atrophy over the First 2-3 Years of Illness in First-Episode Schizophrenia: A Tensor-Based Morphometry Study. NeuroImage, 32 (2) 511-519. PMID:16677830
  • Harris AWF, Melkonian D, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2006). Dynamic Spectral Analysis Findings in First Episode and Chronic Schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuroscience, 116 (3) 223-246. PMID:16484051
  • Stankov L, Danthiir V, Williams LM, Pallier G, Roberts RD & Gordon E. (2006).Intelligence and the tuning-in of Brain Networks. Learning and Individual Differences, 16 (3) 217-233.
  • Alexander DM, Arns MW, Paul RH, Rowe DL, Cooper N, Esser AH, Fallahpour K, Stephan BCM, Heesen SE, Breteler R, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2006). EEG Markers for Cognitive Decline in Elderly Subjects with Subjective Memory Complaints. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 5: 49-74. PMID:16544366
  • Brickman AM, Zimmerman ME, Paul RH, Grieve SM, Tate DF, Cohen RA, Williams LM, Clark CR & Gordon E. (2006). Regional White Matter Volume and Neuropsychological Functioning Across the Adult Lifespan. Biological Psychiatry, 60 (5) 444-453. PMID:16616725
  • Clark CR, Paul RH, Williams LM, Arns M, Fallahpour K, Handmer C & Gordon E. (2006).Standardized Assessment of Cognitive Functioning During Development and Aging Using an Automated Touchscreen Battery. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21: 449-467. PMID:16904862
  • Gunstad J, Paul R, SpitznAgel M, Cohen R, Williams LM, Kohn M &  Gordon E. (2006).Exposure to Early Life Trauma is Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Adulthood. Psychiatry Research, 142 (1) 31-37. PMID: 16713630    
  • Gunstad J, Schofield P, Paul R, SpitznAgel M, Cohen R, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2006)BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism is Associated with Body Mass Index in Healthy Adults. Neuropsychobiology 53 (3) 153-156. PMID:16707914
  • Hoth KF, Paul RH, Williams LM, Dobson-Stone C, Todd E, Schofield PR, Gunstad J, Cohen RA. & Gordon E. (2006). Associations between the COMT Val/Met Polymorphism, Early Life Stress and Personality among Healthy adults. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 2, 219 – 225 PMID:19412467
  • Keage HAD, Clark CR, Hermens DF, Kohn MR, Clarke S, Williams LM, Crewther D, Lamb C & Gordon E. (2006) Distractibility in ADHD Predominantly Preattentive and Combined Subtypes: the P3a ERP Compound Heart Rate and Performance. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 5, 139-158 . PMID:16544371
  • Paul RH, Brickman AM, Cohen RA, Williams LM, Niaura R, Poagun S, Clark CR, Gunstad J & Gordon E. (2006). Cognitive status of young and older cigarette smokers: Data from the International Brain Database. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 13 (4) 457-465. PMID:16678725        
  • Zimmerman ME, Brickman AM, Paul RH, Grieve SM, Tate DF, Gunstad J, Cohen RA, Aloia MS, Williams LM, Clark CR, Whitford TJ & Gordon, E. (2006). The relationship between frontal gray matter and Cognition varies Across the Healthy Life span. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14 (10) 823-833 PMID:17001022


  • Williams LM, Das P, Liddell B et al (2005). BOLD, Sweat and Fears: fMRI and Skin Conductance Distinguish Facial Fear Signals. NeuroReport 16 (1) 49-52. PMID:15618889
  • Williams LM, Barton MJ, Kemp AH, Liddell BJ, Peduto AP, Gordon E & Bryant RA. (2005).Distinct Amygdala-Autonomic Arousal Profiles in Response to Fear Signals in Healthy Males and Females. NeuroImage, 28 (3) 618-626 PMID:16081303
  • Williams LM, Grieve S, Whitford TJ, Clark CR, Gur RC, Golderg E, Peduto AS & Gordon E. (2005). Neural Synchrony and Grey Matter Variation in Human Males and Females: An Integration of 40Hz Gamma Synchrony and MRI Measures. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 77-93 PMID:16035142‡
  • Williams LM, Simms E, Clark CR, Paul RH, Rowe D & Gordon E. (2005). The Test-Retest Reliability of a Standardized Neurocognitive and Neuropsychological Test Battery: ‘NeuroMarker’. International Journal of Neuroscience, 15 (12) 1605-1630. PMID:16287629
  • Kang K, Williams LM, Hermens D. & Gordon E. (2005). Neurophysiological Markers of Contextual Processing: The Relationship Between P3b and Gamma Synchrony and their Modulation by Arousal, Performance and Individual Differences. Cognitive Brain Research, 25 (2) 472-485. PMID:16154729
  • Bryant RA, Felmingham KL, Kemp AH, Barton M, Rennie C, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005). Neural Networks of Information Processing in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder:  A Functional MRI Study. Biological Psychiatry, 58 (2) 111-118. PMID: 16038681
  • Das P, Kemp AH, Liddell BJ,  Brown KJ, Olivieri G, Peduto AS, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005).  Pathways for Fear Perception: Modulation of Amygdala Activity by Thalamo-Cortical Systems. NeuroImage, 26 (1) 141-148. PMID:15862214
  • Gordon E, Cooper N, Rennie C, Hermens D & Williams LM (2005). Integrative Neuroscience: The Role of a Standardized Database. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience 36 (2) 64-75. PMID:15999901
  • Hermens DF, Kohn M, Clarke S, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2005). Sex Differences in Adolescent ADHD: Findings from current EEG and EDA. Clinical Neurophysiology,  116 (6) 1455-1463 PMID: 15978508
  • Hermens DF, Soei E, Clarke SD, Kohn MR, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005). Resting EEG Theta Activity Predicts Cognitive Performance in ADHD. Pediatric Neurology, 32 (4) 248-256. PMID:15797181
  • Kemp AH, Cooper N, Hermens G, Gordon E, Bryant RA & Williams LM (2005). Towards an Integrated Profile of Emotional Intelligence: Introducing a Brief Measure. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4, 41-61 PMID:16035140‡
  • Kemp AH, Stephan CM, Hopkinson P, Sumich AL, Paul RH, Clark RC, Bryant RA, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005).  Toward an Integrated Profile of Depression: Evidence from the Brain Resource International Database. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 95-106. PMID:16035143‡
  • Liddell BJ, Brown KJ, Kemp AH, Barton MJ, Das P, Peduto AS, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005). A Direct Brainstem-Amygdala-Cortical ‘Alarm’ System for Subliminal Signals of Fear. NeuroImage, 24 (1) 235-243. PMID:15588615
  • Meares RA, Melkonian D, Gordon E, Williams LM. (2005). Distinct pattern of P3a Event-Related Potential in Borderline Personality Disorder. NeuroReport, 16 (3) 289-293. PMID:15706238
  • Rowe DL, Robinson PA, Lazzaro IL, Rennie CJ, Powles RC, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005).Biophysical modeling of tonic cortical electrical Activity in Attention Deficit HyperActivity Disorder. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115(9): 1273-1305. PMID:16048806   
  • Symond M, Harris AWF, Gordon E & Williams LM (2005). Gamma Synchrony in first episode Schizophrenia: A Disorder of Temporal Connectivity. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162 (3) 459-465. PMID:15741462
  • Whitford TJ, Farrow T, Gomes L, Brennan B, Harris AWF & Williams LM. (2005). Grey matter Deficits and symptom profile in first episode Schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 139 (3): 229-238 PMID:16055311
  • Farrow TFD, Whitford TJ, Williams LM, Gomes L & Harris AWF (2005). Diagnosis-Related Regional Gray Matter Loss over Two Years in First Episode Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder. Biological Psychiatry 58 (9) 713 - 723. PMID:15993858
  • Grieve S, Clark CR, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2005). Preservation of Limbic and Para limbic Structures in Aging. Human Brain Mapping, 25 (4) 391 - 401. PMID:15852381
  • Hermens DF, Clarke S, Kohn M, Williams LM & Gordon E. (2005). Responses to Methylphenidate in Adolescent AD/HD: Evidence from Concurrently Recorded Autonomic (EDA) and Central (EEG and ERP) Measures. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 58 (1) 21-33. PMID:15936104
  • Brickman AM, Paul RH, Cohen RA, Williams LM, MacGregor KL, Jefferson AL, Tate DF, Gunstad J & Gordon E (2005). Category and Letter Verbal Fluency Across the Adult Lifespan: Relationship to EEG Theta Power. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 20(5) 561-573. PMID:15939182
  • Cooper N, Debrota D, Keage H, Hermens D, Williams LM, Clark CR & Gordon E (2005).The Dose-Dependent Effect of Methylphenidate on Performance, Cognition and Psychophysiology. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 123-144 PMID:16035144
  • Hermens DF, Cooper N, Kohn M, Clarke S, Gordon E & Williams LM. (2005). Predicting Stimulant Medication Response in ADHD: Evidence from an Integrated Profile of Neuropsychological, Psychophysiological and Clinical Factors. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 107-121. PMID:16041867
  • McFarlane A Clark CR, Bryant RA, Williams LM, Niaura R, Paul RH, Hitsman BL, Stroud L, Alexander DM & Gordon E (2005). The Impact of Early Life Stress on Psychophysiological, Personality and Behavioral Measures in 740 Non-Clinical Subjects. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 27-40. PMID:16035139
  • Paul RH Clark CR, Lawrence J, Goldberg E, Williams LM, Cooper N, Cohen RA, Brickman AM & Gordon E (2005). Age-Dependent Change in Executive Function and Gamma 40Hz phase Synchrony. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 4: 63-76. PMID:16035141‡
  • Paul RH, Williams LM, Cooper N & Gordon E (2005). Preliminary Validity of ‘IntegNeuro™’ A New Computerized Battery of NeuroCognitive Tests. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115 (11) 1549-1567. PMID:16223701


  • Williams LM, Das P, Harris AWF, Liddell BJ, Brammer MJ, Skerrett D, Phillips ML, David AS, Peduto A & Gordon E (2004). Dysregulation of Arousal and Amygdala-Prefrontal Systems in Paranoid Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161 (3): 480-489. PMID: 14992974
  • Williams LM, Liddell BJ, Rathjen J, Brown KJ, Shevrin H, Gray JA, Phillips M, Young A & Gordon E (2004). Mapping the Time Course of Nonconscious and Conscious Perception of Fear: An Integration of Central and Peripheral Measures. Human Brain Mapping, 21 (2) 64 - 74. PMID:14755594
  • Williams LM, Brown KJ,  Das P, Brammer MJ, Boucsein B, Sokolov EN, Olivieri G, Peduto AS & Gordon E. (2004). The Dynamics of Cortico-Amygdala and Autonomic Activity over the Experimental Time Course of Fear Perception. Cognitive Brain Research, 21 (1) 114-123. PMID:15325419
  • Breakspear M, Brammer M, Bullmore ET, Das P & Williams LM (2004). Spatiotemporal Wavelet Resampling for Functional Neuroimaging Data. Human Brain Mapping, 23 (1) 1-25 PMID:15281138
  • Breakspear M, Williams LM & Stam CJ (2004) A Novel Method for the Topographic Analysis of Neural Activity Reveals Formation and Dissolution of 'Dynamic Cell Assemblies'. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 16 (1) 49 - 68. PMID:14707544
  • Hermens D, Williams LM, Lazzaro I, Whitmont S, Melkonian D & Gordon E (2004). Sex differences in adult ADHD: A double dissociation in Brain Activity and Autonomic Arousal. Biological Psychology, 66 (3) 221 - 233. PMID: 15099695
  • Horley K, Williams LM, Gonsalves C & Gordon E (2004). Face to Face: Visual Scanpath Evidence for Abnormal Processing of Facial Expressions in Social Phobia. Psychiatry Research, 127: 43-53. PMID:15261704
  • Liddell BJ, Williams LM, Rathjen J, Shevrin H & Gordon E (2004). A Temporal Dissociation of Subliminal Versus Supraliminal Fear Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16 (3) 479 - 486. PMID: 15072682
  • Loughland CM, Williams LM & Harris AWF (2004). Visual Scanpath DysFunction in First Degree Relatives of Schizophrenia Probands: Evidence for a Vulnerability Marker? Schizophrenia Research, 67 (1) 11 - 21. PMID:14741320
  • Marsh PJ & Williams LM (2004). An Investigation of Individual Typologies of Attention-Deficit HyperActivity Disorder Using Cluster Analysis of DSM-IV criteria. Personality and Individual Differences, 36 (5) 1187-1195.
  • Phillips ML, Williams LM, Heining M, Herba CM, Russell T, Andrew C, Bullmore ET, Brammer MJ, Williams SCR, Morgan M,  Young AW & Gray JA (2004). Differential Neural Responses to Overt and Covert Presentations of Facial Expressions of Fear and Disgust. NeuroImage, 21 (4) 1484–1496. PMID: 15050573
  • Slewa-Younan S, Gordon E, Harris AW, Haig AR, Brown KJ, Flor-Henry P & Williams LM (2004). Sex Differences in Functional Connectivity in First Episode and Chronic Schizophrenia Patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161 (9) 1595-1602. PMID:15337649


  • Williams LM, Bahramali H, Hemsley DR, Brown K, Harris AWF & Gordon, E. (2003).Electrodermal Responsively Distinguishes ERPs and Symptom Profile in Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 59 (2-3) 115-125. PMID:12414068
  • Williams LM & Barry J (2003). Do Sex Differences in Emotionality Mediate Sex Differences in Traits of Psychosis-Proneness? Cognition and Emotion, 17 (5) 747 - 758.
  • Williams LM, Loughland CM, Green MJ, Harris AWF & Gordon E (2003). Emotion Perception in Schizophrenia: An Eye Movement Study Comparing the Effectiveness of Risperidone versus Haloperidol. Psychiatry Research, 120 (1) 13 - 27. PMID:14500110
  • Breakspear M, Terry JR, Friston KJ, Williams LM, Brown KJ, Brennan J & Gordon E (2003). A Disturbance of Nonlinear Interdependence in Scalp EEG of Subjects with First Episode Schizophrenia. NeuroImage, 20 (1) 466 - 478. PMID:14527607
  • Green MJ, Williams LM & Davidson D (2003). In the Face of Danger: Specific Viewing Strategies for Facial Expressions of Threat? Cognition and Emotion, 17 (5) 779 - 786.
  • Green MJ, Williams LM & Davidson D (2003). Visual Scanpaths and Facial Affect ReCognition in Delusion-Prone Individuals: Increased Sensitivity to Threat? Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 8: 19 - 41. PMID:16571548
  • Green MJ, Williams LM & Davidson D (2003). Visual Scanpaths to Threat-Related Faces in Deluded Schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 119 (3) 271-285. PMID:12914898
  • Horley K, Williams LM, Gonsalves C & Gordon E (2003). Social Phobics Do Not See Eye to Eye: A Visual Scanpath Study of Emotional Expression Processing. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17 (1) 33-44. PMID:12464287
  • Lange K, Williams LM, Young AW, Bullmore ET, Brammer MJ, Williams SCR, Gray JA & Phillips ML (2003). Task Instructions Modulate Neural Responses to Fearful Facial Expressions. Biological Psychiatry, 53 (3) 226 - 232. PMID:12559655 
  • Lee KH, Williams LM, Haig AR & Gordon E (2003). Gamma (40Hz) Phase Synchrony and Symptom Dimensions in Schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 8: 57 - 71. PMID:16571550
  • Lee KH, Williams LM, Breakspear M & Gordon E (2003). Synchronous Gamma Activity: a Review and Contribution to an Integrative Neuroscience Model of Schizophrenia. Brain Research Reviews, 41 (1) 57 - 78. PMID:12505648
  • Lee KH, Harris AWF, Loughland CM & Williams LM (2003). The Five Symptom Dimensions and Depression in Schizophrenia. Psychopathology, 36 (5) 226 - 233. PMID: 14571051


  • Brown K, Harris AWF, Gonsalvez C, Williams LM & Gordon E (2002). Target and Non-Target ERP Disturbances in First Episode vs. Chronic Schizophrenia. Clinical Neurophysiology, 113 (11) 1754-1763. PMID: 12417228
  • Loughland CM, Williams LM & Gordon E (2002). Schizophrenia and Affective Psychosis Show Different Visual Scanning Behavior for Faces: A Trait versus State-Based Distinction? Biological Psychiatry, 52 (4) 338 - 348. PMID:12208641
  • Loughland CM, Williams LM & Gordon E (2002). Visual Scanpaths to Positive and Negative Facial Emotions in an Outpatient Schizophrenia Sample. Schizophrenia Research, 55 (1-2) 159 - 170. PMID: 11955975


  • Williams LM, Phillips ML, Brammer MJ, Skerrett D, Lagopoulos J, Rennie CJ, Bahramali H, Olivieri G, David AS, Peduto A & Gordon E (2001). Arousal Dissociates Amygdala and Hippocampal Fear Responses: Evidence from Simultaneous fMRI and Skin Conductance Recording. NeuroImage, 14 (5) 1070-1079. PMID:11697938
  • Williams LM, Senior C, David AS, Loughland CM & Gordon E (2001). In Search of the 'Duchenne' Smile: Evidence from Eye Movements. Journal of Psychophysiology, 15 (2) 122-127.
  • Gordon E, Williams LM, Haig AR, Bahramali H, Wright JJ & Meares RA (2001). Symptom profile and 'Gamma' Processing in Schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 6: 7 - 20.
  • Green MJ, Williams LM & Davidson DJ (2001). Processing of Threat-Related Affect is Delayed in Delusion-Prone Individuals. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40: 157 - 165. PMID:11446237
  • Harris AWF, Bahramali H, Slewa-Younan S, Gordon E, Williams LM & Li WM (2001). The Topography of Quantified Electroencephalography in Three Syndromes of Schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuroscience, 107 (3-4) 265-278. PMID:11328695
  • Horley K, Gonsalvez CJ, Williams LM, Lazzaro I, Bahramali H & Gordon E (2001). Event-Related Potentials to Threat-Related Faces in Schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuroscience, 107 (1-2) 113-130. PMID:11328686
  • Lee KH, Gordon E, Williams LM, Haig AR & Goldberg E (2001) An Integration of 40Hz Gamma and Phasic Arousal: Novelty and Routinization Processing in Schizophrenia. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112 (8) 1501-1507. PMID:11459690
  • Lee KH, Williams LM, Loughland CM, Davidson DJ & Gordon E (2001). Syndromes of Schizophrenia and Smooth-Pursuit Eye Movement DysFunction. Psychiatry Research, 101 (1) 11-21. PMID: 11223115
  • Phillips ML, Medford N, Williams LM, Williams SCR, Bullmore ET, Gray JA & Brammer MJ (2001). Time Courses of Left and Right Amygdalar Responses to Fearful Facial Expressions. Human Brain Mapping, 12 (4) 193-202. PMID:11241871 
  • Slewa-Younan S, Williams LM & Gordon E (2001). Gender differences, Gamma phase Synchrony and Schizophrenia. Psychiatric Times, 17: 46 - 48.
  • Slewa-Younan S, Gordon E, Williams LM, Haig AR & Goldberg E (2001). Sex differences, Gamma Activity and Schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuroscience, 107 (1-2) 131-144. PMID:11328687


  • Williams LM, Brammer MJ, Skerrett D, Gordan E, Rennie CJ, Kozek K, Olivieri G & Peduto T (2000). The Neural Correlates of Orienting: An Integration of fMRI and Skin Conductance Orienting. NeuroReport, 11 (13) 3011-3015. PMID:11006985
  • Williams LM & Gordon E (2000). Masked Span of Apprehension Performance in Schizophrenic Subgroups. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 5: 37 - 52.
  • Williams LM, Gordon E, Bahramali H, Wright JJ & Meares RA (2000). Late Component ERPs are Associated with Distinct Schizophrenia Syndromes. International Journal of Neuroscience, 105: 37 - 52. PMID:11069045
  • Brown K, Gordon E, Williams LM, Bahramali H, Harris AWF, Gray JA, Gonsalvez CJ & Meares RA (2000). Misattribution of Sensory Input Reflected in DysFunctional Target: Non-Target ERPs in Schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 30 (6) 1443-1449. PMID:11097084
  • Green MJ, Williams LM & Hemsley DR (2000). Cognitive Theories of Delusion Formation: The Contribution of Visual Scanpath Research. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 5: 62-74.


  • Williams LM, Loughland CM, Gordon E & Davidson DJ (1999). Visual Scanpaths in Schizophrenia: Is There a Deficit in Face Recognition? Schizophrenia Research, 40 (3) 189-199. PMID:10638857
  • Phillips ML, Williams LM, Senior C, Bullmore ET, Brammer M, Andrew C, Williams SCR & David AS (1999). A differential Neural Response to Threatening and Von-Threatening Negative Facial Expressions in Paranoid and non-Paranoid Schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 9 (1) 11 – 31. PMID:10688157  (co-PI during sabbatical at Institute of Psychiatry, London)
  • Green MJ & Williams LM  (1999). Schizotypy and Creativity as Effects of Cognitive Inhibition. Personality and Individual Differences, 27 (2) 263-276.
  • Harris AWF, Williams LM, Gordon E, Bahramali H & Slewa-Younan S (1999). Different Psychopathological Models and Quantified EEG in Schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 29 (5) 1175-1181. PMID:10576309
  • Manor BR, Gordon E, Williams LM, Rennie CJ, Bahramali H, Latimer CR, Barry RJ & Meares RA (1999). Eye Movements Reflect Impaired Face Processing in Patients with Schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 46 (7) 963-969. PMID:10509179
  • Phillips ML, Williams LM, Senior C, Bullmore ET, Brammer M, Andrew C, Williams SCR & David AS (1999). A differential Neural Response to Threatening and Von-Threatening Negative Facial Expressions in Paranoid and non-Paranoid Schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 9 (1) 11 – 31. PMID:10688157 


  • Kilpatrick KL & Williams LM  (1998). Potential Mediators of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence. Child Abuse and Neglect, 22 (4) 319-330. PMID:9589182


  • Kilpatrick KL, & Williams LM (1997). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67: 639 - 644. PMID:9361870
  • Loughland CM & Williams LM (1997). A Cluster Analytic Study of Schizotypal Trait Dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 23 (5) 877-883.


  • Williams LM (1996). Cognitive Inhibition and Schizophrenic Symptom Subgroups. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 22 (1) 139-151. PMID:8685656


  • Williams LM (1995). Belief in the Paranormal: Its relationship with Schizotypy and Cognitive style. Australian Parapsychological Review, 20: 8-10.
  • Williams LM (1995). Further Evidence for a Multidimensional Personality Disposition to Schizophrenia in Terms of Cognitive Inhibition. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 34: 193-213. PMID:7647711


  • Williams LM (1994). The Multidimensional Nature of Schizotypal Traits: A Cluster Analytic Study. Personality and Individual Differences, 16 (1) 103- 112.


  • Williams LM (1993). Paranormal Belief and its Relationship to Schizotypy. Australian Parapsychological Review, 18: 18-20.


  • Williams LM (1992). Are believers in the Paranormal prone to Schizophrenia? Australian Parapsychological Review, 16: 3-5.


  • Williams LM. & Irwin, HJ. (1991). A Study of the relationship between Paranormal Belief, Magical Ideation as an index of Schizotypy, and Cognitive style. Personality and Individual Differences, 12: 1339-1348.