Facial Neuromuscular Retraining (Facial Rehabilitation)
Facial neuromuscular retraining (FNMR) is the name given to a specialized form of rehabilitation that is unique to facial dysfunction. Specialized therapists educate patients in appropriate exercises and a treatment regimen to maximize their desired facial movement. This is often an important addition to many forms of facial nerve paralysis treatment, both surgical and nonsurgical. For synkinesis, facial retraining is often the core treatment, with botulinum toxin used for symptoms not treated by FNMR. Sarah Stranberg, SLP, performs all FNMR evaluations and treatments at the Stanford Facial Nerve Center.