Stanford Facial Nerve Center
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Some patients who have previously had Bell’s palsy or other reversible forms of facial nerve injury may go on to develop synkinesis. Synkinesis describes unwanted contractions of the muscles of the face during attempted movement. Commonly, patients will notice forceful eye closure when they attempt to smile, or other muscle spasms during routine facial movements. It is essentially a “faulty re-wiring” of the facial nerve that occurs after injury and recovery. It can significantly impact quality of life and the symptoms do not go away without treatment of some type (see below).
Before & After Gallery
Dr. Jon-Paul Pepper
Dr. Pepper is a double-board certified surgeon who specializes in aesthetic reconstructive surgery of the face.His areas of expertise include:
- Facial reanimation surgery
- Facelift surgery
- The reconstruction of the face after skin cancer resection
He is the Director of the Stanford Facial Nerve Center.
Pepper Research Lab
Our research is breaking new ground in the science of nerve repair and exploring new solutions for nerve tissue regeneration.