Topic List : Neuroscience
Toxic brain cells may drive neurologic disease
Astrocytes, star-shaped cells in the central nervous system, are essential to the survival and healthy function of brain neurons. But aberrant astrocytes may be driving neurodegenerative disorders.
Seizure ‘choke point’ in brain
Stanford researchers used a rodent model to discover that shifting the firing pattern of a particular set of brain cells is all it takes to initiate, or to terminate, an absence seizure.
Measuring electrical stimulation of brain tissue
Until now, no quantitative relationship between the level of electricity applied to the brain and the extent of neural activity generated has been plotted in humans.
Child’s life saved by experimental drug
Four-year-old Zoe Harting is doing well after participating in a phase-2 clinical trial of the first drug for a deadly genetic disease, spinal muscular atrophy type 1.
CyberKnife for a rare condition
The CyberKnife, invented at Stanford, is being used to treat a young girl’s arteriovenous malformation, a deadly tangle of abnormal blood vessels.
Brain chemical tied to working memory
The amount of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex predicted individuals’ ability to keep several things in mind simultaneously, researchers found.
PTSD changes brains of boys, girls differently
A brain region that integrates emotions and actions appears to undergo accelerated maturation in adolescent girls with PTSD, but not in boys with the condition, a Stanford study has found.
Menon, Butts Pauly receive BRAIN grants
The Stanford grants are part of the $70 million in funding awarded to researchers across the nation with the goal of finding better ways to understand the brain in action.
Technique can predict if antidepressants will help
Researchers were able to predict with 80 percent accuracy whether antidepressants would help patients by analyzing their brain function and personal history.
Common molecular pathology in Parkinson’s
Intracellular defects that lead to cells’ failure to decommission faulty “power packs” known as mitochondria cause nerve cells to die, triggering the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.