Topic List : Neuroscience
Researchers home in on biological cause of ALS
A mutation linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis interferes with the transport of proteins in and out of a cell’s nucleus. Targeting this pathway with drugs or therapies may one day help patients with neurodegenerative disease.
X-ray laser experiment could help in designing drugs for brain disorders
Scientists found that when two protein structures in the brain join up, they act as an amplifier for a slight increase in calcium concentration, triggering a gunshot-like release of neurotransmitters from one neuron to another.
Brain scans better forecast math learning in kids than do skill tests, study finds
Gray matter volume and connections between several brain regions better forecast 8-year-olds’ acquisition of math skills than their performance on standard math tests.
Iron-containing inflammatory cells seen in Alzheimer’s brains
Using high-field MRI technology and staining techniques, scientists have located inflamed, iron-containing scavenger cells in a memory-formation structure in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients who died.
Stanford-based Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center to be launched
A new Stanford-based center will receive nearly $7.3 million in funding over a five-year period to conduct interdisciplinary research on Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders.
Immune response to a flu protein yields new insights into narcolepsy
A swine flu vaccine may have caused rare cases of narcolepsy by stimulating antibodies to attack brain cells that help regulate sleep.
Research sheds light on how neurons control muscle movement
New research involving people diagnosed with Lou Gehrig’s disease sheds light on how individual neurons control muscle movement in humans — and could help in the development of better brain-controlled prosthetic devices.
Scientists find genetic underpinnings of functional brain networks seen in imaging studies
Imaging studies have delineated brain networks consisting of discrete brain regions acting in synchrony. This view of the brain’s functional architecture has now been confirmed by a study showing coordination at the genetic level as well.
$9 million grant to establish open-access autism database at Stanford
The project, funded by the Hartwell Foundation, will assemble many types of biological data from children with autism and make the information freely available to researchers worldwide.
Researchers tie unexpected brain structures to creativity — and to stifling it
A new study is the first to directly implicate the cerebellum in the creative process. As for the brain’s higher-level executive-control centers? Not so much.