Topic List : Neuroscience
Immune cells speed aging brains’ demise
Stanford researchers have found intrusive immune cells in a place in the brains of humans and older mice where new nerve cells are born. The intruders appear to impair nerve cell generation.
Calming immune cells to treat stroke in mice
Instead of trying to fix stroke-damaged nerve cells, Stanford scientists took aim at a set of first-responder immune cells that live outside the brain but rush to the site of a stroke. It worked.
Surgeons turn to basic science in cancer fight
In 2012, a pair of neurosurgery residents traded their scrubs for lab coats in an effort to understand, at the most basic level, what causes medulloblastoma, the most common pediatric brain cancer.
Single protein impairs old mice’s memory
Impeding VCAM1, a protein that tethers circulating immune cells to blood vessel walls, enabled old mice to perform as well on memory and learning tests as young mice, a Stanford study found.
Hypoxia hurts specific cells in developing brain
Low oxygen levels during brain development may cause particular cells to differentiate too soon, a Stanford-led study found.
Study: Hormone improves social skills in autism
In a Stanford study of 30 children with autism, intranasal vasopressin improved social skills more than a placebo, suggesting that the hormone may treat core features of the disorder.
Brain networks predict PTSD treatment success
Clinicians may be able to determine whether people with post-traumatic stress disorder will respond to psychotherapy by analyzing a key brain network and memory, according to Stanford researchers.
Blocking protein helps cognition in mice
Brain cells called microglia serve as the brain’s garbage crew, scarfing up bits of cellular debris. But their underperformance in aging brains contributes to neurodegeneration. Now, a possible workaround?…
Possible role of deep brain structure in concussion
Through a combination of biometric tracking, simulated modeling and medical imaging, Stanford researchers have detailed how hits to the side of the head may cause concussion.
Rewards warp brain’s spatial maps
The brain creates spatial maps to help animals, including humans, navigate through different environments. But even in the same environment, Stanford scientists have shown, the promise of a reward redraws the map.