Event

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Structure of Event Principal Element

4.In Any Event(Episodic Records)

Event

Named macro-events, naturally-occurring or conducted by individuals or organizations

<Event type="meeting">
    <Entry class="collective">
       <Name>Workshop on Discrete Event Systems</Name>
       <Qualifiers>
           <String>
               <Name>5th</Name>
           </String>
           <Time>
               <Year>2000</Year>
           </Time>
           <Place id="375">
               <Name>Ghent</Name>
               <Qualifiers>
                   <Place id="3876">
                       <Name>Belgium</Name>
                   </Place>
               </Qualifiers>
           </Place>
       </Qualifiers>
    </Entry>
</Event>

Event includes all sorts of named happenings or occurrences, deliberate or not. This expands upon meeting name (MARC x11) and also includes natural phenomena (perhaps defined as lacking deliberate human involvement/causation), all of which LC generally treats as subjects.The emphasis is on the event itself with organizational involvements treated as relationships. It excludes micro-events and named processes, etc. which are generally categorical, rather than referring to one specific occurrence.Specific events may be subordinate to an umbrella Episodic Record, allowing economy of cross-referencing and hierarchical displays as discussed in the Organization section.

Unnamed macro-events would usually be covered by a categorical relationship to a Concept, e.g. Voyages Around the World.However, some well-known historical events lack precise names/entries or they lack a consistent proper name.Not surprisingly, some are difficult to locate in catalogs. If an Event is frequently referenced, famous, or otherwise desirable as an entry, concocted event names with ample variants are worth considering:

Event has an optional 'type' attribute with tentative values: natural, meeting, journey, occurrence, or miscellaneous. Its Entry may have an optional 'class' attribute with values:individual, collective, or referential. Attributes for 'scheme', 'language', and 'transliteration' are also optional, as well as 'type' with the sole value of generic. The Entry consists of a Name and optional Qualifiers.While events are typically collective, individual is offered in reference to solo performances and for single natural occurrences. The referential value serves informational records with indirect associations to actual events, as in this generic case:

Event is broadly interpreted to include natural events such as astronomical, geological, meteorological, public health, etc. ones. The scope extends to all manner of convened endeavors, such as conventions, expeditions, fairs, festivals, launches, meetings, parades, parties, trials, voyages, etc. as well as other occurrences besetting society, e.g. accidents, battles, disputes, massacres, wars, etc. Entries for events benefit from qualification by place and time.If properly named, their duration may be lengthy.

The following examples include potential categorical Relationships in the right column. Some other selected relationships and Varia are indicated to help illustrate delineations and potential referencing. Some cases are discussed following the examples.

Event (natural) Category: Concept
Cyclone Orissa (1999) Cyclones
Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Hurricanes
Variant: Bonnie (Hurricane : 1998)
Influenza Pandemic (1918-1919) Epidemics
Johnstown Flood (Pennsylvania : 1889) Floods
Related: Johnstown Flood Museum (Pennsylvania) Organization
Related: Johnstown Flood National Memorial (Pennsylvania) Place
Topic: Dam Failures Concept
Mount Saint Helens Eruption (1980) Volcanic Eruptions ?
Related: Mount Saint Helens (Washington (State)) Place
Perseid Meteor Shower (2002) Meteor Streams
Parent: Comet 1862 III Place
San Francisco Earthquake (1906) Earthquakes/ Fires ?
Variant: Great San Francisco Earthquake (1906)
Solar Eclipse (1854) Solar Eclipses
Tropical Storm Allison (2001) Storms
Variant: Allison (Storm : 2001)
Vesuvius Eruption (79) Volcanic Eruptions ?
Vesuvius Eruption (1767)
Vesuvius Eruption (1944)
Related: Vesuvius (Italy) Volcanoes / Mountains

Event (meeting)
Annual Meeting (Medical Library Association) (2002 : Dallas, Texas)
Sponsor: Medical Library Association Organization
International Conference on Cataloguing Principles (1961 : Paris,France)
School for Scanning Conference (The Hague, Netherlands : 2002)
Category: Library Institutes and Workshops Concept
Symposium (British Society for Cell Biology) (1986 : Norwich, England)
Symposium (Eugenics Society (London, England)) (11th : 1974 : London, England)
Sponsor: Eugenics Society (London, England) Organization
Symposium (Society for Developmental Biology) [authority]
Variant: Symposium of the Society for Developmental Biology
Symposium (Society for Developmental Biology) (32nd : 1973 : Manhattan, Kansas)
XOBIS Conference (2004 : projected) Conferences ?
Variant: X-Con

Event (miscellaneous) Category:
Burning Man (Festival) Art Festivals[authority]
Cambridge Folk Festival (Cambridge, England) Folk Festivals [authority]
Cambridge Folk Festival (Cambridge, England : 2002) Folk Festivals [authority]
Communist Trial (New York, NY : 1949) Communist Trials
Drowned World Tour (Madonna : 2001) Concert Tours
Indianapolis Speedway Race (2002) Automobile Races ?
Location: Indianapolis Motor Speedway Place
Sponsor: Indianapolis Motor Speedway Corp. Organization
Opera in the Park (Madison, Wisconsin : 2002) Concerts
Renaissance Pleasure Faire of Northern California Historical Reenactments
Topic: 1558-1600 Time
Washington County Fair (Dewey, Oklahoma : 1966) Agricultural Exhibitions
Woodstock Festival (Bethel, New York : 1969) Art Festivals
Variant: Woodstock Aquarian Music and Art Fair Music Festivals
Held: 1969-04-15/1969-04-17Time Summer Festivals
Woodstock Festival (Saugerties, New York : 1994) Rock Concerts
World Series (Baseball)[authority] Sports Events ?
Athletic Contests ?

Event (occurrence) Category:
Antietam (Battle : 1862) Battles
Location: Sharpsburg, Maryland Place
Namesake: Antietam Creek Place
Parent: Civil War (United States : 1861-1865) Event
Boxer Rebellion (China : 1899-1901) Peasant Uprisings
Occurred: 1899-1901 Time
Cold War (1945-1996?) Wars/
International Conflicts?
Related: Bay of Pigs Invasion (Cuba : 1961) Event
Related: Berlin Airlift (Berlin, Germany : 1948-1949) Event
Related: Berlin Wall (Berlin, Germany : 1961-1989) Place
Related: Cuban Missle Crisis (1962-10) Event
Related: Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931- Being [and others]
Related: Korean War (1950-1953) Event
Related: Perestroika Concept
Related: U-2 Incident (1960) Event
Related: Vietnamese Conflict (1961-1975) Event
Great Fire (Chicago, Illinois : 1871) Fires
Holocaust, Jewish (Europe : 1939-1945) Atrocities
Jacquerie (France : 1358) Peasant Uprisings
Jonestown Mass Suicide (Jonestown, Guyana : 1978) Massacres
Topic: Mass Suicide
Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) Wars
Sino-Indian Border Dispute (1957- ) Boundary Disputes
Tay Bridge Disaster (Dundee, Scotland : 1879) Bridge Failures
Railroad Accidents
War of 1812. Wars
Disputant: Canada Place
Disputant: Great Britain Place
Disputant: United States Place
Occurred: 1812-1814 Time
Watts Riot (Los Angeles, California : 1965) Riots

Event ( journey) Category:
Apollo 11 (Space Flight : 1969) Space Flights
Variant: Apollo 11 Lunar Landing Mission
Related: Sea of Tranquility Place
Beagle Expedition (1831-1836) Scientific Expeditions
Related: Beagle (Ship)Object
Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Expedition (Egypt : 1936-1939) Archaeological Expeditions

These examples depart markedly in some instances from those of LC's practice of pre-coordination sampled below.Each example is juxtaposed with comparable XOBIS Principal Elements to illustrate the irregularity and resultant scattering of events.Some of these may represent earlier cataloging rules. Consult the Relationships section for further implications.

Each of the Principal Elements has its own set of issues. The most difficult one with Event relates to generic names of meeting sequences that incorporate an Organization's name. Such names may vary considerably, with the variants tending to relate to a program committee's valiant attempt to thematically publicize the meeting and/or to varying editors making reference to the names in proceedings of the meetings. However, the names tend to hover around a single identity.Usually, the variations are recorded intermittently or omitted. Over time variations and varying references accumulate. If recorded comprehensively for individual meetings, indexes would become hopelessly cluttered. To make matters worse, too often these names blur the distinction between the Organization and the Event. "Are you going to MLA?" rarely refers to headquarters, but implies the annual meeting (and relies on topical context to boot). Consider a few of the possible variants that ignore capitalization and differing combinations by year:

Reliance on such arbitrary usage may be counter-productive in establishing entries. Greater homogeneity of something akin to latest entry cataloging would better serve users.XOBIS avoids blurring the crisp ideas of Event and Organization. Its structure is such that literal text can be recorded as needed (cf. Description in the Generic Elements section).This can be done on an umbrella record, shown first below, and used for leveraging display flexibility and simplifying Relationships. Only in selected cases would it be necessary to provide authorities for the constituent meetings, perhaps in the case of an occasional distinct name.The following illustrates a generic collective authority record for an Event record, followed by the Entry that would appear as an episodic relationship on a Work.

Such "formal" entries would require rule modification.Punctuation is for illustration only.More investigation is needed.

Language issues also apply to Event. The German and Italian names of this festival appear on a pair of posters. An English translation might be supplied in an English-language catalog and designated the Entry for the event; an Italian or German catalog could prefer those languages instead. Note the linguistic integrity of each Entry. A discussion of how this may be addressed in a later version of XOBIS is included in the Language section.

See the Time section next for discussion of special days, years, etc., specific instances of which may constitute Events.