3.20: Universal Precautions and Needlestick Protocol

Universal Precautions apply to the handling of all blood, body fluids, and human tissue. Body fluids, also known as other potentially infectious materials (OPIM), include: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal, synovial, pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, and amniotic fluids, feces, urine, sputum, nasal secretions, saliva, tears, vomitus or any other body fluid or tissue that is visibly contaminated with blood.  Appropriate protection including gloves, mask and gown should be worn to protect oneself from exposure.  

If you believe you have had a significant exposure to blood or OPIM, IMMEDIATELY wash wound or exposed tissue thoroughly with soap and water.  Rinse copiously.  Then call the The Exposure and Needle Stick hotline 650-723-8222 then pager 1-STIX (222 then 1-STIX from hospital or medical school phone) to talk to a staff person 24/7 who is trained and on call specifically for this purpose.  This hotline has been set up for medical students and Stanford employees. Records are confidential in accordance with applicable laws. There is no charge for blood tests, medications, or follow-up care following a blood or OPIM exposure.  If you have any problem using this hotline, please call Dr. Smith-Coggins immediately - regardless of time of day or night.  Dr. Smith-Coggins can be reached through hospital page system 650-723-6661 on pager 1-3481.

updated August 2013

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