Innovation and Dissemination

Media and Articles related to ELSRP

Articles


ABC-Tu Diario en Español- Sept. 19, 2017

Traumas infantiles: cómo coger el toro por los cuernos by Patricia Espinosa

Un niño cargando con una pesada mochila a la espalda y cogiendo a un toro por los cuernos, es la imagen que le gusta al profesor Víctor Carrión, jefe del departamento de psiquiatría infanto-juvenil de la Universidad de Stanford...

To read more>


Stanford Report- Apr. 6 2017

Special delivery: Students organize to send letters of support to Syrian refugees by Ruthann Richter

A group of Stanford medical students is helping organize a campaign to send letters to Syrian refugees living in Jordan.

To read more>


Packard Children's News-Fall 2016 

From Neuroscience to Yoga by Jennifer Yuan & Elizabeth Kuriakose

A determined psychiatrist puts Stanford science to work for our community's most vulnerable children 

To read more>


Stanford Report- Nov. 11th 2016 issue

Traumatic stress changes brains of boys, girls differently by Erin Digitale

A brain region that integrates emotions and actions appears to undergo accelerated maturation in adolescent girls with PTSD, but not in boys with the condition, a Stanford study has found.

To read more >

 


Stanford Medicine- Quarterly Fall 2015  

Beyond Behavior by Erin Digitale

A new type of therapy takes its cues from trauma. Dr. Carrión talks about the misconceptions of trauma-exposed youth.

To read more>


California Schools- Quarterly Summer 2014  

Front Lines by Kristi Garrett

Schools assume a new role as mental health first responders. Dr. Carrión and Dr. Kletter discuss the effects of toxic stress.

To read more >

 

Books

Terapia de Claves Traumáticas – Manual de intervención para niños y adolescentes con síntomas postraumáticos

Victor G. Carrión, M.D.

Approaches in Mental Health for Children and Adolescents Applied Mindfulness

Victor G. Carrión, M.D.

Assessing and Treating Youth Exposed to Traumatic Stress

Victor G. Carrión, M.D.

 NEUROSCIENCE OF PEDIATRIC PTSD

Victor G. Carrión, M.D. and Carl Weems, Ph.D.

Cue Centered Therapy for Youth Experienceing Posttraumatic Symptoms

Victor G. Carrión, M.D.

Media

Presentation of the book Cue Centered Therapy by Dr. Victor Carrón

Trauma is a shocking, distressing or emotionally painful experience that has negative effects on a person's organism or mind.

SEPT 2019/ QuironSalud/ Learn More>


Cue-Centered Treatment for Repeated Paediatric Trauma by Happi Doc

Stanford University's Victor G. Carrion, MD, discusses the neuroscience of pediatric trauma and the use of the cue-centered therapy approach for youth with post-traumatic symptoms. The cue-centered therapy is an evidence-based treatment program designed to treat children with repeated trauma exposure.

MAY 2019/ HappiDoc/ Learn More >


Reducing Protections for Noncitizen Children — Exacerbating Harm and Trauma by Drs. Ryan Matlow and Daryn Reicherter

A translation deal concerning one of our titles will directly facilitate the training of healthcare specialists in Puerto Rico, to tackle the effects of grief and anxiety suffered by children following Hurricane María in 2017.

JAN 2019/ NEJM/ Learn More >


Tackling the aftermath of Hurricane María by Oxford University Press

A translation deal concerning one of our titles will directly facilitate the training of healthcare specialists in Puerto Rico, to tackle the effects of grief and anxiety suffered by children following Hurricane María in 2017.

DEC 2018/ OUP/ Learn More >


Víctor Carrión, psiquiatra infantil | Entrevista | El País Semanal

  
This child psychiatrist has spent two decades researching at Stanford University how stress shapes the brains of children. Defend the need to teach them to be more resilient. It has launched a yoga and relaxation program in schools in San Francisco to help students manage anxiety. In this conversation, he recommends that parents give their children autonomy. And he notes with concern the excessive use of technology.

DEC 2017/ Youtube/ Learn More >


SCOPE- California setting a new path for mental health services

  At the time, I thought it was an odd proposal. California voters in November 2004 were asked to approve a state-wide proposition that would tax individuals making over a million dollars to create a revenue stream to reform and fund mental health services. I cast a “yes” vote knowing how difficult it is for any state legislature to fully fund mental health programs; the proposition was approved by 53.8 percent

DEC 2016/ PODCAST/ Learn More >


RESILIENCE- The Biology of Stress and the Science of Hope

Researchers have recently discovered a dangerous biological syndrome caused by abuse and neglect during childhood. As the new documentary Resilience reveals, toxic stress can trigger hormones that wreak havoc on the brains and bodies of children, putting them at a greater risk for disease, homelessness, prison time, and early death.

2016/ FILM/ Learn More >


Interacting Minds Centre (IMC)- Bootcamp on Stress

Why did stress evolve, and how is stress relevant in a modern social context?  This workshop brings together leading researchers, including Prof. Joe Herbert from the University of Cambridge and Prof. Victor Carrion from Stanford University, to give their perspective on this interdisciplinary research topic.

AUG 2016/ Aarhus, Denmark/  Watch Videos >      


Understanding Anxiety and Stress in Early Life

presented by: Dr. Victor Carrión, M.D.

JUNE 2016/ Palo Alto, CA/ Watch Webinar>


 

Live Sonima

Sonima announces a fantastic new partnership between the Sonima Foundation and Dr. Victor Carrion of Stanford University in which they endeavor to understand how yoga and mindfulness can help children in their emotional and social lives.

2015/ YOUTUBE/ Learn More>

 


PAPER TIGERS

follows a year in the life of an alternative high school that has radically changed its approach to disciplining its students, becoming a promising model for how to break the cycles of poverty, violence and disease that affect families.

2015/ FILM/ Learn More>


The Raising of America - Wounded Places

The Raising of America - Wounded Places: Confronting Childhood PTSD in America’s Shell-Shocked Cities

FEB 2015/ Palo Alto, CA / Watch Trailer >


The Raising of America - Early Childhood and the Future of Our Nation

NOV 2015/ Palo Alto, CA/ Watch Trailer >


Public Forum: Talking About Race: Science, Politics, Art

MAY 2014/ New York, New York/ Learn More >


PBS NewsHour with Victor Carrion, MD

Mindfulness can be a powerful tool in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in teens. In this PBS NewsHour segment, Victor Carrion, MD, explains how.

MAR 2014/ Palo Alto, CA/ Watch Video >


MIND THE BRAIN - Dealing with Psychological Trauma in Children: Answers from Neuroscience, Community Initiatives, and Clinical Trials for Treating Childhood PTSD


On December 14th, 2012 the unthinkable happened. A gunman fatally shot twenty children and six adult staff members in a mass murder at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the village of Sandy Hook in Newtown, Connecticut.  This incident is the second deadliest school shooting in American History.  

APR 2013/ BLOG/ Learn More >


Science Bulletins: Brains Change with Trauma

American Museum of Natural History

This story highlights recent work by Victor Carrion's team at the Stanford University Early Life Stress Research Program that shows how adverse events in childhood can make an early mark on brain function.

JUL 2011/ Washington D.C. / Watch Video >

 

Policy and Advocacy

ELSRP CAUTIONS POLICYMAKERS ON THE AFTERMATH OF INSTITUTIONALIZING TERROR

The Early Life Stress and Resilience Program and its director, Dr. Victor G. Carrion, an adult, child and adolescent psychiatrist work on understanding, ameliorating and preventing early life stress in youth. Early Life Stress, such as traumatic stress, can have severelong-lasting psychological, cognitive, emotional and social consequences, not only for the sufferer but for the system in which they live.

We join the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) statement on acknowledging that “children who experience sudden separation from one or both parents, especially under frightening, unpredictable, and chaotic circumstances, are at higher risk for developing illnesses such as anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other trauma-induced reactions.”

The current “zero tolerance policy” requiring separation of children from their parents add on to other events these children may have experienced. Further, many of the youth are ill-equipped to manage further stress; long travels, malnutrition, history of fleeing violence all become amplified by separation from parents. For many children, this is their first experience with the United States of America, a place they probably thought of as a beacon of hope. These traumatic experiences may now replace that hope and become impressed memories in their young developing brains. History teaches us that trauma of this magnitude can get passed on from generation to generation.

Harmful measures that cause prolonged, intense fear in the absence of known caretakers are experienced as terror. We, therefore, urge the immediate cessation of this policy, or any legislation that separates children and families for the benefit of these children and ALL children.

The limited information on the conditions in which these boys and girls are being treated can compound one’s feelings of anxiety. If you are distressed by the current events, taking action steps may reduce feelings of helplessness. You can call your legislators or offer help to groups that support immigrant families. One example is the Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services(RAICES)


Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission (MHSOAC)

The role of the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission (MHSOAC) is to oversee the implementation of the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA) in California.  The MHSOAC is also responsible for developing strategies to overcome stigma.  At any time, the MHSOAC may advise the Governor or the Legislature on mental health policy.  Dr. Carrion is the Attorney General’s appointee to this Commission where he Chairs the Cultural and Linguistic Competence Committee and is Vice-Chair of the Evaluation Committee.

to learn more about the the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission please visit the website:  http://www.mhsoac.ca.gov/


Changing Minds Campaign  

Futures Without Violence, in collaboration with the Ad Council, has partnered with the US Department of Justice to create Changing Minds. Launching on October 19, 2016, the campaign will 1) educate on the problem of childhood trauma and the solutions that exist; 2) advance programs and practices that help to make schools, homes, and communities safer for children and youth, and 3) help grow leadership in various fields (e.g., education, health, community, and justice). 

Early trauma in the home, school or community can affect children throughout their lives. The Changing Minds campaign will engage teachers, coaches, counselors, nurses and other front-line adults who interact with kids on proven ways to help children heal from the trauma of witnessing violence in their school, home, or community.Dr. Carrión has provided scientifc consultation for the campaign

To learn more about Changing Minds Campaign please visit thei website at www.ChangingMindsNOW.org to learn more!

https://changingmindsnow.org/


ELSPAP CAUTIONS POLICYMAKERS ON THE AFTERMATH OF INSTITUTIONALIZING TERROR

The Early Life Stress and Pediatric Anxiety Program and its director, Dr. Victor G. Carrion, an adult, child and adolescent psychiatrist work on understanding, ameliorating and preventing early life stress in youth. Early Life Stress, such as traumatic stress, can have severelong-lasting psychological, cognitive, emotional and social consequences, not only for the sufferer but for the system in which they live.

We join the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) statement on acknowledging that “children who experience sudden separation from one or both parents, especially under frightening, unpredictable, and chaotic circumstances, are at higher risk for developing illnesses such as anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other trauma-induced reactions.”

The current “zero tolerance policy” requiring separation of children from their parents add on to other events these children may have experienced. Further, many of the youth are ill-equipped to manage further stress; long travels, malnutrition, history of fleeing violence all become amplified by separation from parents. For many children, this is their first experience with the United States of America, a place they probably thought of as a beacon of hope. These traumatic experiences may now replace that hope and become impressed memories in their young developing brains. History teaches us that trauma of this magnitude can get passed on from generation to generation.

Harmful measures that cause prolonged, intense fear in the absence of known caretakers are experienced as terror. We, therefore, urge the immediate cessation of this policy, or any legislation that separates children and families for the benefit of these children and ALL children.

The limited information on the conditions in which these boys and girls are being treated can compound one’s feelings of anxiety. If you are distressed by the current events, taking action steps may reduce feelings of helplessness. You can call your legislators or offer help to groups that support immigrant families. One example is the Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services(RAICES)

Research Publications

Victor Carrión, M.D.

  • The Network Structure of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Children and Adolescents Exposed to DisastersJournal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
    Russell JD, Neill EL, Carrion VG , Weems CF
    2017; Vol 56: 669-677
  • The Moderating Effects of Sex on Insulasubdivision Structure in Youth with Posttraumatic Stress SymptomsDepression Anxiety
    Klabunde M, Weems CF, Raman M, Carrion VG
    2017; 34: 51-58
  • Post-traumatic Stress and Age Variation in Amygdala Volumes Among Youth Exposed to TraumaSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
    Weems CF, Klabunde M, Russell JD, Reiss AL,Carrion VG
    2015; 1-7
  • Child abuse, disruptive behavior disorders, depression, and salivary cortisol levels among institutionalized and community-residing boys in Mongolia Asia Pac Psychiatry
    Kohrt BA, Hruschka DJ, Kohrt HE, Carrion VG, Waldman ID, Worthman CM
    2015: In Press. 7(1):7-19.
  • Helping Children Exposed to War and Violence: Perspectives from an International Work Group on Interventions for Youth and Families Child & Youth Care Forum
    Kletter H, Rialon R, Laor N, Brom D, Horenczyk RP, Shaheen M, Hamiel D, Chemtob C, Weems CF, Feinstein C, Lieberman A, Reicherter D, Song S, Carrion VG
    2013: 42: 371-388. 
  • Introduction To a Special Issue On Research With Youth Exposed To Disasters and Violence Child & Youth Care Forum
    Carrion VG & Weems CF.
    2013: 42: 257-259
  • Cue-centered treatment for youth exposed to interpersonal violence: a randomized controlled trial Journal of Traumatic Stress
    Carrion VG, Kletter, H, Weems, CF, Rialon Berry, R, & Rettger JP
    2013: 26: 654-662.

To find more of Dr. Carrións published works >

 

Ryan Matlow, Ph.D.

  • Reducing Protections for Noncitizen Children — Exacerbating Harm and Trauma New England Journal of Medicine Matlow, R., & Reicherter, D. 
  • Addressing trauma and attachment in Latino immigrant youth and their familiesInternational Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.2016 ; StressPoints: A Quarterly eNewsletter of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies Matlow, R. B., Romero, M. B.
  • Creating lab reports on psychological outcomes of political violence in human rights criminal cases: The Human Rights in Trauma Mental Health Laboratory at Stanford University Cambodia's Hidden Scars: Trauma Psychology and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of CambodiaReicherter, D., Reed, D., Williamson, R., Matlow, R.edited by van Schaack, B., Reicherter, D.Documentation Center of Cambodia. 2016; 2: 268–276
  • The Impact of Appraisals and Context on Readiness to Leave a Relationship Following Intimate Partner Abuse VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMENMatlow, R. B., DePrince, A. P.2015; 21 (9): 1043-1064

Elizabeth Reichert, Ph.D.

Childhood maltreatment and symptoms of social anxiety: Exploring the role of emotional abuse, neglect and cumulative trauma Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
Nanda, M., Reichert, E., Eneh, U., & Flannery-Schroeder, E.
2016; 9: 201-207

Trauma, attentional biases and revictimization among young adults Journal of Trauma and Dissociation
Reichert, E., Segal, C., & Flannery-Schroeder, E.
2015 16(2):181-96

Posttraumatic cognitions as mediators between childhood maltreatment and poorer mental health among young adults Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
Reichert, E., & Flannery-Schroeder, E.
2014; 7(3), 153-162.

Case series: Sensory intolerance as a primary symptom of pediatric OCD Annuals of Clinical Psychiatry
Hazen, P., Reichert, E., Piacentini, J., Miguel, E., Rosario-Campos, M., Pauls, D., & Geller, D. (
2008; 20 (4), 199-203.

To learn more about Dr. Reichert >

Hilit Kletter, Ph.D.

A prospective study of the association between caregiver psychopathology and symptom clusters in pediatric post-traumatic stress disorderJournal of Traumatic Stress
Wong, SS, Kletter, H, Wong, Y, & Carrion, V
2013; 26, 385-391.

Update on neuroimaging in maltreatment-related pediatric ptsd: treatment implications Journal of Family Violence
Carrion, V, Wong, S, & Kletter, H
(2012). , 28, 53-61.

Brain activation to facial expressions in youth with PTSD symptoms Depression and Anxiety
Garrett, AS, Carrion, V, Kletter, H, Karchemskiy, A, Weems, CF, Glover, G, & Reiss, A
2012; 29, 449-459.

Guilt and posttraumatic stress symptoms in child victims of interpersonal violence Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Kletter, H, Weems, C, & Carrion, V
2009;14, 71-83.

To learn more about Dr. Kletter >

Helen Wilson, Ph.D.

Trajectories of risk associated with childhood abuse and neglect in low-income urban African American girls Child Abuse & Neglect
Wilson, H. W., Samuelson, S., Staudenmeyer, A. H., Widom, C. S.
2015; 45:108-21.

From violence exposure to the development of sexual risk in low-income urban girls: The role of psychopathology Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Wilson, H. W., Pettineo, L., Edmonds, A., Goodman, E., Emerson, E., Donenberg, G. R.
2015;46:270-280

Violence exposure and the development of sexual risk in low-income African American girls Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Wilson, H. W., Donenberg, G., Emerson, E.
2014;37:1091-101

Trauma history and PTSD symptoms in juvenile offenders on probation Victims & Offenders
Wilson, H. W., Berent, E., Donenberg, G., Emerson, E., & Sandasara, A.
2013;8:465-477

To learn more about Dr. Wilson>

 

Flint Espil, Ph.D.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Adolescents: The Underlying Role of Emotion Regulation Residential Treatment for Children & Youth
Espil, F. M., Viana, A. G., & Dixon, L. J.
2016: (just-accepted).

Trauma and Deliberate Self-Harm Among Inpatient Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Anxiety Sensitivity.
Viana, A. G., Dixon, L. J., Berenz, E. C., & Espil, F. M.
2016

Comparing Fixed-Amount and Progressive-Amount DRO Schedules for Tic Supporession in Youth with Chronic Tic DisordersJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Capriotti, M. R., Turkel, J. E., Johnson, R. A., Espil, F. M. and Woods, D. W.
2016

Manualized and Modular Behavior Therapy for a Child With Tourette’s Disorder, Inattention, and Disruptive BehaviorClinical Case Studies.
Espil, F. M., Elkin, T. D., & Young, J.
2016