Department of Medicine Resource Guide (DOMRG)

All Acronyms

Acronym
Meaning
Description
1099
1099 Form
The forms the Internal Revenue Service supplies to record a paricular category or payment of receipt. 1099 number. The tax identification number for a supplier. According to IRS rules in the US, lack of a valid tax identification number may result in tax withholding. Paysbles stores the tax identification for each supplier. Payable also enables one to enter a withholiding status for each supplier.
2-Way Matching
2-Way Matching
The process of verifying that purchase order and invoice information matches within accepted tolerance levels. Oracle Receivables uses the following criteria to verify two–way matching: Invoice price <= Order price, Quantity billed <= Quantity ordered.
360-degree appraisal
360 degree performance appraisal process
known as a Group Appraisal. This is an employee appraisal undertaken by managers with participation by reviewers.
3D
Three Dimensional
Three Dimensional - (Also see 3D Medical Imaging Laboratory)
3D Medical Imaging Laboratory
Three Dimensional Medical Imaging Laboratory (Stanford)
3-way Matching
3-Way Matching (accounting process)
The process of verifying that purchase order, invoice, and receiving information matches within accepted tolerance levels. Oracle Receivables uses the following criteria to verify three–way matching: Invoice price <= Purchase Order price, Quantity billed <= Quantity ordered, Quantity billed <= Quantity received.
401K
401K Retirement Plan
A defined contribution plan offered by a corporation to its employees, which allows employees to set aside tax-deferred income for retirement purposes, and in some cases employers will match their contribution dollar-for-dollar. Taking a distribution of the funds before a certain specified age will trigger a penalty tax. The name 401(k) comes from the IRS section describing the program.
403B
403B Retirement Plan
A retirement plan similar to a 401(k) plan, but one which is offered by non-profit organizations, such as universities and some charitable organizations, rather than corporations. There are several advantages to 403(b) plans: contributions lower taxable income, larger contributions can be made to the account, earnings can grow tax-deferred, and some plans allow loans. Contributions can grow tax-deferred until withdrawal at which time the money is taxed as ordinary income (which is sometimes a disadvantage).
501.c.3
Internal Revenue Service tax exempt status for non-profit organizations
A&P
Appointments and Promotion
Appointments are the appointment of a person to a faculty position at Stanford. Promotions are for advancement. These are done through a long form process. There are A&P committees which serve as the review committee.
A.R.
Accounts Receivable
Money which is owed to a company by a customer for products and services provided on credit. This is treated as a current asset on a balance sheet.
A/P
Accounts Payable
Money owed to vendors for products and services purchased on credit. This item appears on the balance sheet as a current liability, since the expectation is that the liability will be fulfilled in less than a year. When accounts payable are paid off, it represents a negative cash flow.
A/PARC
The Asia/Pacific Research Center (A/PARC) is an important Stanford venue, where faculty and students, visiting scholars, and distinguished business and government leaders meet and exchange views on contemporary Asia and U.S. involvement in the region. A/PARC research results in seminars and conferences, published studies, occasional and discussion papers, special reports, and books. A/PARC maintains an active industrial affiliates and training program, involving more than twenty-five U.S. and Asian companies and public agencies. Members of A/PARC's faculty have held high-level posts in government and business. Their interdisciplinary expertise generates research of lasting significance on economic, political, technological, strategic, and social issues. The Center works within Stanford University's Institute for International Studies (IIS).
A/R
Accounts Receivable
Money owed to an organization on an open account for goods furnished or services provided.
A-110
Published by the Federal Office of Management Budget (OMB), this circular defines uniform administrative requirements for agencies issuing federal awards to educational institutions.
A-122
OMB (Office of Management and Budgets)circular establishes principles for determining costs of grants, contracts and other agreements with nonprofit organizations.
A-133
Published by the federal Office of Management and Budgets (OMB), this circular defines the audit requirements for educational institutions receiving federal awards.
A-21
Published by the federal Office of Management and Budgets (OMB), this circular defines the cost principles for determining allowable research costs at educational institutions. It is for a project that requires an extensive amount of administrative or clerical support, which is significantly greater than the routine level.
AA
Administrative Associate
Admnistrative Associate
AAAAI
The mission of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology is the advancement of the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology for optimal patient care.
AAAHC
The AAAHC is a leader in ambulatory health care accreditation and serves as an advocate for the provision and documentation of high quality health services in ambulatory health care organizations. This is accomplished through the development of standards and through its survey and accreditation programs.
AAALAC
AAALAC is a private nonprofit organization that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through a voluntary accreditation program. Stanford participates in this program. AAALAC is an independent organization of basic scientists, veterinarians, and animal care specialists that reviews and certifies animal care programs. AAALAC is concerned with whether the appropriate mechanisms and processes are in place to ensure quality animal care. They want to be certain that the institution has the means to oversee the welfare and safety of animals and the people who work with animals in research settings. AAALAC accreditation, like accreditation by other accrediting organizations, is extremely important for Stanford. It is the "Good Housekeeping seal of approval" for animal care, and being AAALAC accredited greatly simplifies the grant process where animals are used. For more information also see the Dean's newsletter from November 10,2003.
AAAS
The American Association for the Advancement of Science, "Triple A-S" (AAAS), is the world's largest general scientific society, publisher of Science.
AABB
Established in 1947, the American Association of Blood Banks is an international association of blood banks, including hospital and community blood centers, transfusion and transplantation services and individuals involved in activities related to transfusion and transplantation medicine.
AACN
Established in 1969 to help educate nurses working in newly developed intensive care units, the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) is the world's largest specialty nursing organization with more than 65,000 members representing the United States and 45 other countries.
AACR
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), a scientific society of over 19,000 laboratory and clinical cancer researchers, was founded in 1907 to facilitate communication and dissemination of knowledge among scientists and others dedicated to the cancer problem; to foster research in cancer and related biomedical sciences; to encourage presentation and discussion of new and important observations in the field; to foster public education, science education, and training; and to advance the understanding of cancer etiology, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment throughout the world.
AAD
The American Academy of Dermatology is dedicated to achieving the highest quality of dermatologic care.
AAFP
The American Academy of Family Physicians is one of the largest national medical organizations, representing more than 94,300 family physicians, family practice residents and medical students nationwide. Founded in 1947, its mission is to preserve and promote the science and art of family medicine and to ensure high-quality, cost-effective health care for patients of all ages.
AAHC
Founded in 1949, the American Association of Healthcare Consultants is the professional membership society for leading healthcare consultants and consulting firms.
AAHI
Asian-American Health Initiative
The Asian-American Health Initiative (AAHI) is a student-run organization dedicated to the promotion of health in the Asian-American communities near Stanford.
AAHP
The American Association of Health Plans (AAHP) is the nation's principal association of health plans, representing more than 1,000 plans that provide coverage for approximately 170 million Americans nationwide. Member plans include health maintenance organizations (HMOs), preferred provider organizations (PPOs), other similar health plans and utilization review organizations (UROs).
AAHRPP
AAHRPP works to protect the rights and welfare of research participants by fostering and advancing the ethical and professional conduct of persons and organizations that engage in research with human participants. AAHRPP achieves its missiono by using an accreditation process based on self-assessment, peer review, and education.
AAI
American Association of Immunologists
AAIM
The Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine (AAIM)—the nation’s largest academically focused specialty organization—consists of the Association of Professors of Medicine (APM), the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM), the Association of Subspecialty Professors (ASP), the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine (CDIM), and the Administrators of Internal Medicine (AIM).
AALAS
The AALAS Foundation provides funding for initiatives to promote the awareness of research animal care and animal contributions to biomedical research, safety testing, and education
AAMA
Founded in 1957, the American Academy of Medical Administrators (AAMA) is an association for healthcare leaders, to enhance their profession and community health.
AAMC
The Association of American Medical Colleges is a non-profit association founded in 1876 to work for reform in medical education.
AAN
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) provides valuable resources for medical specialists worldwide who are committed to improving the care of patients with neurological diseases.
AANS
The AANS is dedicated to advancing the specialty of neurological surgery in order to provide the highest quality of neurosurgical care to the public.
AAO
American Academy of Ophthalmology
AAOS
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons provides education and practice management services for orthopaedic surgeons and allied health professionals. The Academy also serves as an advocate for improved patient care and informs the public about the science of orthopaedics.
AAP
American Academy of Pediatrics—an organization of 57,000 pediatricians dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of all infants, children, adolescents and young adults.
AAP
The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) is a non-partisan professional association of physicians in all types of practices and specialties across the country. AAP welcome all physicians (M.D. and D.O.) as members. Podiatrists, dentists, chiropractors and other medical professionals are welcome to join as professional associate members. Staff members and the public are welcome as associate members. Medical students are welcome.
AASLD
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases represents more than 2,400 physicians, researchers, and allied hepatology health professionals. The vision of the organization is: To prevent and cure liver disease. The mission of the organization is to be the leading organization for advancing the science and practice of Hepatology, thereby promoting liver wellness and high quality, cost-effective, compassionate care of patients with hepatobiliary diseases.
AASM
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine is a professional membership organization dedicated to the advancement of sleep medicine and related research.
AAU
Founded in 1900 to advance the internatiotnal standing of reserach universities, the Association of American Universities (AAU) focuses on issues that are important to reresearch-intensive universities, such as funding for research, research policy issues, and gradudate and undergraduate education.
AAVS
The American Association for Vascular Surgery is an inclusive society dedicated to the interests of vascular surgeons and their patients.
ABIM
Founded in 1936, the American Board of Internal Medicine is the only recognized board in the specialty of internal medicine and is one of the 24 certifying boards of the American Board of Medical Specialties. The ABIM is an independent, non-profit organization whose certificate is recognized throughout the world as signifying a high level of physician competence. The Board receives no public funds and does not issue licenses. The ABM comprises of a distinguished board of nationally recognized leaders in medical education, clinical practice, academic medicine, and research. The ABIM establishes the requirements for certification and recertification, creates its examinations, strives to improve training, and contributes to setting the standards for internal medicine.
ABMS
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is an organization of 24 approved medical specialty boards. The intent of the certification of physicians is to provide assurance to the public that those certified by an ABMS Member Board have successfully completed an approved training program and an evaluation process assessing their ability to provide quality patient care in the specialty. The ABMS serves to coordinate the activities of its Member Boards and to provide information to others concerning issues involving specialization and certification of medical specialists.
ABOG
The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology is an independent, non-profit organization that certifies obstetricians and gynecologists in the United States. Founded in 1927, the ABOG is one of 24 specialty Boards recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties.
ABRF
The Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities is an international society dedicated to advancing core and research biotechnology laboratories through research, communication, and education.
ACC
The American College of Cardiology (ACC) is a professional society of over 28,000 cardiovascular physicians and scientists from around the world that support ACC's mission, "to foster optimal cardiovascular care and disease prevention through professional education, promotion of research, leadership in the development of standards and guidelines and the formulation of health care policy."
ACCA
American Clinical and Climatological Association -The American Clinical and Climatological Association was organized in 1884 by a group of physicians and scientists who set about to improve medical education, research and practice in this country. Its initial concern was with tuberculosis and its treatment by residence in a suitable climate. The members of ACCA area selected on the basis of leadership and excellence in their chosen field. Active membership is restricted to 175 physicians.
ACCESS
Access Clinical Trials Office at Stanford opened in 1998 to facilitate collaboration between academia and industry and to promote clinical research at Stanford. ACCESS serves Stanford University School of Medicine clinical faculty and their research staff of Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (LPCH) and Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System
ACCME
The ACCME's Mission is the identification, development, and promotion of standards for quality continuing medical education (CME) utilized by physicians in their maintenance of competence and incorporation of new knowledge to improve quality medical care for patients and their communities. Stanford University School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to sponsor continuing medical education for physicians. The ACCME national organization link is http://www.accme.org.
ACCP
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) is a medical specialty society of physicians, surgeons, allied health professionals, and individuals with PhD degrees who specialize in diseases of the chest: pulmonology, cardiology, cardiovascular and cardiothoracic surgery, hypertension, critical care medicine, and related disciplines.
ACCP
The American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) is a professional and scientific society that provides leadership, education, advocacy, and resources enabling clinical pharmacists to achieve excellence in practice and research. ACCP's membership is composed of practitioners, scientists, educators, administrators, students, residents, fellows, and others committed to excellence in clinical pharmacy and patient pharmacotherapy.
ACCUSHIP
ACCUSHIP
ACCUSHIP (www.accuship.com) is an online logistics information management system that integrates all shipping, tracking, accounting and reporting capabilities. At Stanford the system is used for such things as shipping by FEDEX, inclusive of generating shipment labels. By using ACCUSHIP, Stanford is able to: Automatic assignment of shipment to cost centers Service level and rate comparison Enhanced tracking and reporting capabilities for all shippers Direct data import into Stanford's accounts payable system
ACDE
The American Council for Drug Education is a substance abuse prevention and education agency that develops programs and materials based on the most current scientific research on drug use and its impact on society.
ACE
Adjunct Clinician/Educators
Adjunct Clinica/Educators are employed by institutions which have a formal affiliation with Stanford (approved institutions are: Kaiser, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose Medical Center, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, & Willow Clinic.) Follow the same procedures as Clinician/Educator appointments.
ACEP
The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) exists to support quality emergency medical care, and to promote the interests of emergency physicians.
ACF
Adjunct Clinical Faculty
These are community physicians who volunteer their time in teaching medical students, residents, and fellows, attending, patient admissions, research, and/or other activities that support the Department and School
ACG
The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) was founded in 1932 to advance the scientific study and medical practice of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The College promotes the highest standards in medical education and is guided by its commitment to meeting the individual and collective needs of clinical GI practitioners.
ACG
Ambulatory Care Groups
Reimbursement method for clinic or outpatient services; diagnoses from billing data are used to classify people on the basis of the type and number of medical problems being treated.
ACGIH
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH®) is a member-based organization and community of professionals that advances worker health and safety through education and the development and dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge.
ACGME
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is responsible for the Accreditation of post-MD medical training programs within the United States. Accreditation is accomplished through a peer review process and is based upon established standards and guidelines.
ACGME Fellow
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Fellow
an M.D. who is participating in the accredited program to become board eligible in their chosen specialty. The formal ACGME program is 1 to 3 years in length, depending on the medical specialty and consists of clinical and research rotations.
ACGT
The mission of ACGT, established in 2001 as a 501(c)(3) public charity organization, is to aid in the development of cell and gene based medicines to treat cancer. ACGT will accomplish this by increasing private funding (grants) to support basic research, technology innovation, pre clinical validation and clinical translation to expedite development of effective and safe therapies for cancer. The primary recipients of ACGT Awards will be Young Investigators - scientific researchers at academic institutions throughout the United States on the tenure track to Professorship. These individuals will be involved in the earliest phases of research on new scientific concepts, for which funding is typically more difficult to obtain from traditional industrial or government sector sources. ACGT will also be granting Investigator's Awards to Associate and Full Professors.
ACH
ACH is an Automated Clearance House Wire Transfers which normal takes 1-2 days. The type of information needs on an ACH form includes such things as dollar amount, receiving bank #, ABA# of bank, bank account #, brief description transaction, and e-mail address.
ACHCA
ACHCA is a professional society in long-term care, offering educational programming, career development opportunities, and certification in a variety of positions.
ACHE
The American College of Healthcare Executives is a professional membership society for healthcare executives; to meet its members’ professional, educational, and leadership needs; to promote high ethical standards and conduct; and to advance healthcare leadership and management excellence.
ACICR
Animal Care Indirect Cost Recovery
ACICR is collected differently for non-federal and federal projects. For non-federal projects, all animal care charges are melded together into one rate charged to the project. That is, the per diem cost for the animal PLUS the ACICR are added together and charged to the project. For federal projects, the two charges are separated. Thus, on a federal project, the per diem charge is part of Total Direct Costs, and the ACICR is part of indirect cost recovery. On a non-federal project, the combined charge is part of indirect cost exclusions.
ACIP
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) consists of 15 experts in fields associated with immunization who have been selected by the Secretary of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services to provide advice and guidance to the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary for Health, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the most effective means to prevent vaccine-preventable diseases.
ACLS
Certification in Advancd Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) is a requirement for graduation from Stanford Schol of Medicine.
ACMI
The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) is a college of elected fellows who have made significant and sustained contributions to the field of medical informatics.
ACO
Administrative Contracting Officer
Individual who may receive a contracting delegation of authority from the Government Contracting Officer to perform certain specific administrative responsibilities by a government contract or grant. The Government contracting Officers retain overall responsibility for their agreements, which they are not permitted to delegate to the ACO. Frequently the representative from Office of Naval Research (ONR) is designated as the ACO at Stanford.
ACOG
ACOG works primarily in four areas: o Serving as a strong advocate for quality health care for women. o Maintaining the highest standards of clinical practice and continuing education for its members. o Promoting patient education and stimulating patient understanding of and involvement in medical care. o Increasing awareness among its members and the public of the changing issues facing women's health care.
ACOS
Associate Chief of Staff
Associate Chief of Staff
ACOS
The American College of Surgeons is a scientific and educational association of surgeons that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice.
ACP
The American College of Physicians (ACP) is the nation's largest medical specialty society. Its mission is to enhance the quality and effectiveness of health care by fostering excellence and professionalism in the practice of medicine.
ACP-ASIM
American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine
ACR
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) is the professional organization of rheumatologists and associated health professionals who share a dedication to healing, preventing disability, and curing the more than 100 types of arthritis and related disabling and sometimes fatal disorders of the joints, muscles, and bones. Members include practicing physicians, research scientists, nurses, physical and occupational therapists, psychologists, and social workers.
ACR
Asset Center Representative
Asset Center Representative - Department Property Administrative - assigned for a steward organization
ACRC
Aging Clinic Research Center (Palo Alto VA)
The Aging Clinical Research Center is designed to examine changes in mental function across the lifespan. In particular ACRC is concerned with Alzheimer's Disease (senile dementia), Age-Associated Cognitive Decline (normal changes in cognitive function seen in older adults), depression in aging, sleep disorders in aging and lifespan changes in complex tasks such as aircraft pilot performance. The Center is funded in part by the NIH, the Veteran's Administration, and the State of California.
ACRP
ACRP is a primary resource for clinical research professionals in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries, as well as those in hospital, academic medical centers, and physician office settings.
ACS
The American College of Surgeons is a scientific and educational association of surgeons that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice.
ACS
The American Chemical Society is a self-governed individual membership organization in all fields of chemistry
ACS
With chartered divisions throughout the country and over 3,400 local offices, the American Cancer Society (ACS) is committed to fighting cancer through balanced programs of research, education, patient service, advocacy, and rehabilitation.
ACTG
Aids Clinical Trial Group (Stanford)
Aids Clinical Trial Group (Stanford)
ACTU
The Stanford AIDS Clinical Trial Unit (ACTU) carries out research trials in HIV and AIDS. The clinic is a part of a large NIH cooperative group known as the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). It is staffed by specialized nurses, doctors, and support staff committed to providing excellent care. The staff work with research clients and primary care physicians to coordinate the HIV care of each patient.
AD&D
Accidental Death and Dismemberment
Insurance that pays benefits if an accident causes the death of the insured person. A benefit may also be payable for the accidental loss of limb, sight, hearing and/or speech.
ADA
The American Diabetes Association is the nation's leading nonprofit health organization providing diabetes research, information and advocacy. (Founded in 1940).
ADA
Americans with Disability Act
ADA prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and transportation. It also mandates the establishment of TDD/telephone relay services.
ADA
the American Dietetic Association is the nation's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. (Founded 1917).
ADAMHA
An agency in the US Department of Health and Human Services that was replaced in 1992 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). In reorganizing ADAMHA into SAMHSA, the three ADAMHA research institutes, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), were moved to the National Institutes of Health. What remain in SAMHSA are the substance abuse and mental health services programs.
AdBoard
Advisory Board
The Advisory Board is composed of seven Full Professors who serve three-year terms. They are elected by members of the Academic Council in a process intended to achieve proportional representation of the Professoriate by field and size. All recommendations for faculty appointments, promotions, reappointments, and dismissals, and recommen-dations for the creation of new academic departments must be submitted by the President to the Advisory Board prior to their submission to the Board of Trustees for final approval. The Advisory Board also is authorized to make policy recommendations to the President and to address any other matters the President may choose to refer to it. In addition, this Board has formal responsibilities and functions related to faculty discipline, academic freedom, and faculty grievance procedures at Stanford.
ADDTC
The Stanford/VA Alzheimer's Center has been providing a range of services for over 17 years to individuals with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias and their caregivers. The major goal has been to keep patients in the community and avoid or postpone institutionalization.
ADE
Adverse Drug Event
Adverse Drug Event
ADHF
American Digestive Health Foundation
The American Digestive Health Foundation aims to advance digestive health through financial support of research and education in the cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure of digestive and liver diseases.
ADL
Activities of Daily Living
Activities of Daily Living -Daily routine of self-care activities such as dressing, bathing and eating.
ADR
Adverse Drug Reaction
ADR is any adverse effect associated with the use of drugs, including both anticipated and unanticipated effects, consequence of overdosage, abuse, withdrawal, and therapeutic failure. Any ADR or Suspected Drug Event (SDE) is reportable if it was serious enough to require a change in therapy (ie, drug discontinuation, dosage reduction, or initiation of an additional therapeutic intervention to manage the reaction). Call the Department of Pharmacy.
ADR
Adverse Drug Reaction
An adverse event associated with the use of medication
ADT
Admission-Discharge Transfer
The core component of a hospital information system that maintains and updates the hospital census.
AE
Adverse Experience
A toxic reaction to a treatment under study. In the CPCRA all Grade 4, life-threatening toxicities and deaths are adverse experiences, irrespective of whether or not they are believed to be due to study drug, as are any toxicities that require permanent discontinuation of study drug.
AEGIS
AEGiS began in the mid-1980s and has continued to be the definitive web-based reference for HIV/AIDS-related information.
AERA
The American Educational Research Association is concerned with improving the educational process by encouraging scholarly inquiry related to education and by promoting the dissemination and practical application of research results.
AFC
Arbor Free Clinic (AFC) was founded in 1990 by a group of Stanford University medical students. It is a free clinic, providing health care services to the underserved population in the local communities around Stanford. The clinic is entirely managed and staffed by medical students with support from volunteer physicians and students from the undergraduate campus. At Arbor, medical students are offered unique opportunities to be involved in providing preventive medicine and primary care to a challenging patient population, to initiate health care projects, and to learn about health care management.
AFIP
The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) is a tri-service agency of the Department of Defense specializing in pathology consultation, education and research. All Stanford radiology fellows are eligible to take a summer elective at Registry of Radiologic Pathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) in Washington, D.C
AFMR
Established in 1940, the American Federation for Medical Research is an international multi-disciplinary association of scientists engaged in all areas of biomedical investigation-patient-oriented, translational, and basic research.
AFOSR
AFOSR manages all basic research conducted by the U.S. Air Force.
AFUD
The mission of the American Foundation for Urologic Disease is the prevention and cure of urologic disease,through the expansion of patient education,Public Awareness,Research and Advocacy.
AGA
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) was founded in 1897.Membership is limited to physicians, researchers and/or educators whose primary practice, research and/or teaching involves the functions and disorders of the digestive system.
AGM
Administrative Guide Memo
The Administrative Guide Memos provide the policy and procedures for the University.
AGS
The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) is the premier professional organization of health care providers dedicated to improving the health and well-being of all older adults. With an active membership of over 6,000 health care professionals, the AGS has a long history of effecting change in the provision of health care for older adults. In the last decade, the Society has become a pivotal force in shaping attitudes, policies and practices regarding health care for older people.
AHA
The AHA mission is to reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke.
AHA
The American Hospital Association (AHA) is the national organization that represents and serves all types of hospitals, health care networks, and their patients and communities. Close to 5,000 hospitals, health care systems, networks, other providers of care and 37,000 individual members come together to form the AHA.
AHAF
The American Health Assistance Foundation (AHAF) awards grants for basic research on the causes of or treatments for age-related and degenerative diseases. Standard Awards of the Alzheimer's Disease Research Program are awarded based on the scientific merit of the proposed research and its relevance to improving our understanding of Alzheimer's disease.
AHC
The Association of Academic Health Centers (AHC) is a national, non-profit organization dedicated to improving the health of the people by advancing the leadership of academic health centers in health professions education, biomedical and health services research, and health care delivery.
AHCPR
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
AHEAD
The Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) is an HRS auxiliary study, also known as Aging and Health in America. It centers on "data to address a broad range of scientific questions focused on the interplay of resources and late life health transitions."
AHIA
The Association of Health Insurance Advisors (AHIA) mission is to provide leadership in sustaining and improving the business environment for those agents and advisors marketing a broad range of products and services including medical, long term care, critical illness, and disability insurance as well as Section 125 Plans and COBRA administration issues. AHIA serves as the advocate voice of those advisors and assists in enhancing the professional skills and knowledge of its members. In September 1990, the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors.
AHIMA
The American Health Information Management Association is the community of professionals engaged in health information management, providing support to members and strengthening the industry and profession.
AHP
Allied Health Professional
An individual trained to perform services in the care of patients other than a physician or registered nurse; includes a variety of therapy technicians (e.g., pulmonary), radiology technicians, physical therapists, etc.
AHRQ
AHRQ's mission includes both translating research findings into better patient care and providing policymakers and other health care leaders with information needed to make critical health care decisions. At Stanford The Health Care Research and Policy Fellowship, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), enrolls both pre-doctoral and post-doctoral trainees for 3 years.
AHSR
Association for Health Services Research
Association for Health Services Research
AICPA
The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants is the national, professional organization for all Certified Public Accountants. Its mission is to provide members with the resources, information, and leadership that enable them to provide valuable services in the highest professional manner to benefit the public as well as employers and clients.
AICR
AICR is the cancer charity that fosters research on diet and cancer prevention and educates the public about the results.
AIDS
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
A disease of the immune system caused by a retrovirus and transmitted chiefly through blood or blood producs, characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, to certain cancers, and to neurolological disorders.
AIHA
The mission of the American International Health Alliance (AIHA) is to advance global health through volunteer-driven partnerships that mobilize communities to better address healthcare priorities, while improving productivity and quality of care.
ALA
The American Lung Association promotes research by direct grants for research and training of scientists, through a vigorous advocacy program designed to optimize federal support of lung research.
ALB50
Monthly clinical revenue and expenses report.
ALC
The Asian Liver Center at Stanford University is the only non-profit organization in the United States that addresses the high incidence of hepatitis B and liver cancer in Asians and Asian-Americans. Founded in 1996, the center uses a three-pronged approach towards fighting hepatitis B through outreach, education, and research. Specifically, the Asian Liver Center spearheads educational outreach and advocacy efforts in the areas of hepatitis B and liver cancer prevention and treatment, serves as a resource for both the general public and health practitioners, and implements clinical and research programs.
ALF
The American Liver Foundation is a national, voluntary nonprofit organization dedicated to the prevention, treatment, and cure of hepatitis and other liver diseases through research, education and advocacy.
ALOS
Average Length of Stay
A standard hospital statistic used to determine the average amount of time between admission and discharge for patients in a diagnosis related group (DRG), an age group, a specific hospital or other factors.
ALPHA-1
The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1). Alpha-1 is a genetic disorder that can cause liver and lung disease in children and adults.
ALPHAONE
The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1). Alpha-1 is a genetic disorder that can cause liver and lung disease in children and adults.
AMA
The AMA is a partnership of physicians and their professional associations dedicated to promoting the art and science of medicine and the betterment of public health. AMA serves the physicians and their patients by establishing and promoting ethical, educational, and clinical standards for the medical profession and by advocating for the highest principle of all--the integrity of the physician/patient relationship.
AMA
AMA is a global not-for-profit, membership-based association that provides a full range of management development and educational services to individuals, companies and government agencies worldwide.
AMC
Academic Medical Center
medical schools have four major missions: education, research, clinical care and community service. These discrete missions are unified under the general umbrella of an “Academic Medical Center” (AMC) and their interrelations can vary from school to school. There are 125 medical schools in the USA that are associated with both private and public universities. Some, such as Stanford, are “research intensive”, whereas others have a greater emphasis on clinical training or community service.
AMCAS
The American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS) is a centralized application service administered by the Association of American Medical Colleges. You must use AMCAS to apply to any medical school which participates in the service (the majority of U.S. schools). Stanford participates in this program.
AMEX
Stanford has two types of AMEX (American Express Cards): Individual and Departmental. Individual American Express Accounts are the responsibility of the individual and may be used for personal as well as University business. Departmental American Express Accounts Departmental American Express Accounts.
AMFAR
The American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization dedicated to the support of HIV/AIDS research, AIDS prevention, treatment education, and the advocacy of sound AIDS-related public policy.
AMI
Accute Myocardial Infraction
Heart Attack
AMIA
The American Medical Informatics Association is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) membership organization of individuals, institutions, and corporations dedicated to developing and using information technologies to improve health care.
AMIGOS
Alternative Medicine Interest Group of Stanford
Alternative Medicine Interest Group of Stanford (AMIGOS) was founded to explore alternative medicine therapies (e.g., acupuncture, homeopathy, herbs) not included in the medical school curriculum.
AMRMC
The USAMRMC funds a broad range of extramural research programs. Awards are usually contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements. Research proposals can be submitted to the command through the USAMRMC Broad Agency Announcement (BAA), which is continuously open, or through special USAMRMC BAA Announcements, which are open for limited timeframes. Examples of programs with special announcements are the Breast Cancer Research Program, the Prostate Cancer Research Program, Gulf War Illness, and others.
AMSA
AMSA is a student-governed, national organization committed to representing the concerns of physicians-in-training. With a membership of over 30,000 medical students, pre-medical students, interns and residents from across the country, AMSA continues its commitment to improving medical training and the nation's health.
AMWA
The American Medical Women's Association (AMWA) is a national organization of 10,000 women physicians and medical students dedicated to serving as the unique voice for women's health and the advancement of women in medicine.
ANSI
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit organization (501(c)3) that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system. The Institute's mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity. HIPAA prescribes that the standards mandated under it be developed by ANSI-accredited bodies whenever practical.
AO
Accountable Officer or Administrative Officer (VA)
Accountable Officer or Administrative Officer (VA)
AOA
Alpha Omega Alpha is a national medical honor society whose primary goal is to recognize and perpetuate excellence in the medical profession.
AOA
The AOA is the national organization for the advancement of of osteopathic medicine in the United States, and the professional association for over 48,000 physicians. The AOA accredits the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, osteopathic internship and residency programs, and healthcare facilities.
AOM
The Academy of Management (the Academy; AOM) is a leading professional association for scholars dedicated to creating and disseminating knowledge about management and organizations.
APA
The American Psychiatric Association is a medical specialty society recognized world-wide. Its 37,000 U.S. and international member physicians work together to ensure humane care and effective treatment for all persons with mental disorder, including mental retardation and substance-related disorders.
APA
the American Psychological Association (APA) is a scientific and professional organization that represents psychology in the United States.
APB
The Administrative Panel on Biosafety reports to the President through the Office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Research and Graduate Policy. Its purpose is to assure the University's compliance with federal regulations of research activities through the review of proposals involving the use biohazardous agents and recombinant DNA molecules that require approval ("biosafety activities"). The Panel assesses current policies and their implementation and may recommend new policies within the Panel's province.
APC
Ambulatory Payment Classifications
Ambulatory payment classifications are used CMS (Center of Medicare and Medicaid Services) to assign payment of outpatient and ambulatory procedure services.
APDA
The American Parkinson Disease Association Information & Referral Center (APDA I & R Center) at Stanford University Medical Center is a partnership between the American Parkinson Disease Association, Inc. and Stanford University. It exists to provide Parkinson's Disease patients and their families with information and resources to help understand and manage Parkinson's Disease, to improve the quality of life for both patient and caregiver, while increasing public awareness about the disease.
APDIM
Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) is a professional and educational organization dedicated to the promotion of excellence in the training of internal medicine. APDIM has a membership of over 1440 individuals and 400 institutions, representing 95% of the accredited residency programs in Internal Medicine within the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada.
APHA
APHA brings together researchers, health service providers, administrators, teachers, and other health workers in a multidisciplinary environment of professional exchange, study, and action. APHA has been involved in influencing policies and setting priorities in public health.
APHIS
The Animal and Plant Inspection Service (APHIS), an office of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), requires that individuals who intend to import animal materials into the United States must obtain an appropriate permit.
A-PLAC
Administrative Panel on Laboratory Animal Care
The Administrative Panel on Laboratory Animal Care (A-PLAC) reports to the President through the Office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Research and Graduate Policy. Its purpose is to assure the University's compliance with federal regulations of research activities through the review of proposals involving the use of animals in research. The Panel assesses current policies and their implementation and may recommend new policies within the Panel's province.
APM
The Association of Professors of Medicine (APM) is the national organization of departments of internal medicine at the US medical schools and numerous affiliated teaching hospitals as represented by chairs and appointed leaders. APM’s mission is to lead academic internal medicine, specifically in the education, research, and patient care arenas. To meet this mission, the association provides services, training, and educational opportunities for leaders in departments of internal medicine.
APR
Administrative process redesign
APR is the acronym for administrative process redesign at Stanford. Any redesign of an APR should be carried out with at least one DFA on a Steering Committee or Task Force.
APRS
The authority to review and approve uses of radioactive materials and radiation-producing machines is delegated to the Administrative Panel on Radiological Safety (APRS), which also recommends radiation policies to the President through the Office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Research. The APRS monitors compliance with regulations, license conditions and policies utilizing the Health Physics staff of the Environmental Health and Safety Department.
APS
The American Pain Society is a multidisciplinary organization of basic and clinical scientists, practicing clinicians, policy analysts, and others. The mission of the American Pain Society is to advance pain-related research, education, treatment and professional practice.
AR
Accounts Receivable
Accounts Receivable - Money which is owed by a customer or person for products and services provided on credit. This is treated as a current asset on a balance sheet. A specific sale is generally only treated as an account receivable after the customer is sent an invoice.
ARAMIS
ARAMIS (the Arthritis, Rheumatism, and Aging Medical Information System) is a national chronic disease data bank system consisting of parallel, longitudinal, clinical data sets from 11 diverse U.S. and Canadian locations.
ARC
The AIDS Research Center (ARC) is located at the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Palo Alto, California.
AREA
AREA grants support individual research projects in the biomedical and behavioral sciences conducted by faculty, and involving their undergraduate students, who are located in health professional schools and other academic components that have not been major recipients of NIH research grant funds.
ARENA
Applied Research Ethics National Association (ARENA) is the membership division of Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R). ARENA is focused on supporting professionals concerned with issues relating to the protection of human subjects, the humane care and treatment of animals, scientific misconduct, ethical decision-making in healthcare, and other ethical issues pertaining to biomedical and behavioral research.
ARHP
The professional organization for allied health professionals working in arthritis and rheumatology, such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, health educators, nurses, social workers and mental health workers.
ARIS
ARIS provides the GrantsInfo.com service; this service provides information on federal and private sources of grants, fellowships, scholarships, contracts and awards.
ARO
The U.S. Army Research Office (ARO) mission is to seed scientific and far reaching technological discoveries that enhance Army capabilities. Basic research proposals from educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, and private industry are competitively selected and funded.
ARVO
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. (ARVO) was founded in 1928 in Washington, DC by 73 ophthalmologists. ARVO was originally named the Association for Research in Ophthalmology (ARO), but the word "vision" was added in 1970 to better reflect the scientific profile of its members. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. (ARVO) was founded in 1928 in Washington, DC by 73 ophthalmologists. ARVO was originally named the Association for Research in Ophthalmology (ARO), but the word "vision" was added in 1970 to better reflect the scientific profile of its members.
ASA
The American Society of Anesthesiologists is an educational, research and scientific association of physicians organized to raise and maintain the standards of the medical practice of anesthesiology and improve the care of the patient.
ASB
American Society for BioTechnology
American Society for BioTechnology
ASC
Ambulatory Surgery Center
ASC is a distinct entity that operates exclusively for the purpose of furnishing outpatient surgical services to patients. It enters into an agreement with HCFA to do so. An ASC is either independent (i.e., not a part of a provider of services or any other facility), or operated by a hospital (i.e, under the common ownership, licensure, or control of a hospital).
ASCB
The American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) was founded in 1960 to bring the varied facets of cell biology together. The Society's objective is to provide for the exchange of scientific knowledge in the area of cell biology.
ASCI
The ASCI is an honor society of physician-scientists, those who translate findings in the laboratory to the advancement of clinical practice. Founded in 1908, the Society is home to more than 2,600 members who are in the upper ranks of academic and corporate healthcare.
ASCO
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) is the world’s leading professional organization representing physicians who treat people with cancer. ASCO’s members set the standard for patient care worldwide, and lead the fight for more effective cancer treatments, increased funding for clinical and translational research, and, ultimately, cures for the many different cancers that strike millions of people around the world every year.
ASCPT
The American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT) was founded in 1900, and consists of over 1,900 professionals whose primary interest is to promote and advance the science of human pharmacology and therapeutics.
ASG
Administrative Services Group
ASG (Administrative Services Group) is a group of administers in a paticular division.
ASGE
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy represents over 7,500 gastroenterologists, surgeons, and other digestive health specialists who remain committed to furthering the knowledge of the diagnosis and treatment of GI disease through the appropriate use of endoscopic techniques.
ASGT
ASGT is committed to promoting and fostering the exchange and dissemination of information and ideas related to gene therapy, encouraging the general field of research involving gene therapy and promoting professional and public education in all areas of gene therapy.
ASH
The American Society of Hematology is the world's largest professional society concerned with the causes and treatment of blood disorders. Because blood is essential to human function, the science of hematology profoundly affects the understanding of many diseases.
ASIM
American Society of Internal Medicine
American Society of Internal Medicine
ASM
The American Society for Microbiology is the oldest and largest single life science membership organization in the world. Membership has grown from 59 scientists in 1899 to over 42,000 members today located throughout the world. ASM represents 25 disciplines of microbiological specialization plus a division for microbiology educators. Eligibility to become a Full Member of the Society is open to any person who is interested in microbiology and holds at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent experience in microbiology or related field.
ASM
Administrative Services Manager
Manages finance and administration for a given division.
ASN
The American Society of Nephrology (ASN) was founded in 1967 as a nonprofit corporation to enhance and assist the study and practice of nephrology, to provide a forum for the promulgation of research, and to meet the professional and continuing education needs of its members.
ASO
Administrative Services Only
The practice by employers of paying their employee's medical bills directly (self-insurance) and hiring insurance companies only to process claims.
ASP
The Association of Subspecialty Professors (ASP) is the national organization of subspecialty internal medicine divisions at the US medical schools and several non-university teaching hospitals.
ASP
Application Specific Provider
Application Specific Provider
AS-R
Academic Staff-Research
Academic Staff-Research
ASSU
Associated Students of Stanford University
AST
The American Society of Transplantation (AST) was founded in 1982 and is an organization of more then 1,800 transplant professionals dedicated to research, education, advocacy and patient care in transplantation. AST goal is to offer a forum for the exchange of knowledge, scientific information and expertise in the field of transplantation.
AS-T
Academic Staff-Teaching
Academic Staff - Teaching
ASTM
Organized in 1898, ASTM International is one of the largest voluntary standards development organizations in the world. ASTM Intl. is a not-for-profit organization that provides a forum for the development and publication of voluntary consensus standards for materials, products, systems, and services.
ASTRO
ASTRO is a professional association in radiation oncology, dedicated to improving patient care through education, the advancement of science and representing the specialty in the health policy arena
ASTS
American Society of Transplant Surgeons - Society and also a source for grant/awards.
ATP
Advanced Technology Program
The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) is a national government program within the National Institute of Standards and Technology that bridges the gap between the research lab and the market place, stimulating prosperity through innovation. Through partnerships with the private sector, ATP’s early stage investment is accelerating the development of innovative technologies that promise significant commercial payoffs and widespread benefits for the nation.
ATS
The American Thoracic Society, founded in 1905, is an independently incorporated, international, educational and scientific society which focuses on respiratory and critical care medicine.
ATSDR
ATSDR's mission is to serve the public by using the best science, taking responsive public health actions, and providing trusted health information to prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances.
ATU
ambulatory treatment unit
ambulatory treatment unit
AUPHA
AUPHA is a global network of colleges, universities, faculty, individuals and organizations dedicated to the improvement of health care delivery through excellence in Health Administration Education
AUTM
AUTM mission is to: To promote, support and enhance the global academic technology transfer profession through internal and external education, training and communication.”
A-V
Audio-Visual
AWA
The federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) of 1966 and its amendments regulate the transportation, purchase, care, and treatment of animals used in research.
AWIC
AWIC is part of the USDA Information Center. AWIC provides information for improved animal care and use in research, teaching, and testing.
BA
Bachelor of Arts Degree
Bachelor of Arts - the title of a degree awarded to a student who successfully passes an arts or humanities degree.
BAA
Broad Agency Announcement
An announcement of a federal agency's general research interests that invites proposals and specifies the general terms and conditions under which an award may be made.
Bayh-Dohl Act
Bayh-Dohl Act
A law that encourages universities and researchers to develop their inventions into marketable products.
BBP
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
The Cal OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (California Administrative Code, Title 8, General Industry Safety Orders, Section 5193) provides guidance to eliminate or minimize occupational exposure of employees to human bloodborne pathogens (BBP.) The BBP standard applies to all employees, working in job classifications with a potential for occupational expsure to human blood or other potentially infectious materials.
BC
Board Certified
Short for Board Certified
BCIS
Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly INS) Newly created bureau under the Dept of Homeland Security. Replaced INS on 3/1/2003
BDN
Stanford University'purpose of BDN is to encourage networking and facilitate invention, patenting and early-stage development of biomedical technologies.
BECON
BECON - The Bioengineering Consortium (BECON) is the focus of bioengineering activities at the NIH.
Belmont
The Belmont Report - 1979 The National Commission on the Protection of Human Subjects, which was appointed in 1974, is well remembered for the publication of The Belmont Report. The Belmont Report is the cornerstone statement of ethical principles for human subjects protection. This and a series of reports on involvement of vulnerable subject populations became regulation as sub-parts to the basic regulation.
BioMass
Biomedical Associated Stanford Students (BioMASS) is a student run organization that represents graduate students from the Medical School and the Department of Biological Sciences
Bio-X
Bioengineering
Sometimes used to refer to the new department of Bioengineering approved as a department June 2002. Bio-X is a unique, faculty-run program designed to promote interdepartmental bioscience research. The program fosters the convergence of leading-edge research in basic, applied and clinical sciences across the full spectrum from molecules to organisms. The program involves three Stanford schools–Humanities and Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
BISNet
Business Information System Network
BISNet is the online benefits management system. Postdocs use this system to enroll in benefits, and administrators use it to manage the financial aspects of health benefits.
BLM
Blanket Order
A BLM is a variant of a standard requisition. "B" stands for blanket (meaning the agreement is used for delivery of products), the "L" stands for lease (which means the agreement is used for a lease with periodic payments) and the "M" stands for maintenance (which means it is used for maintenance services over a period of time. BLM orders are used to make several purchases under a basic ordering agreement which exists over time (e.g. 1 year), has a not-to-exceed (NTE) value (e.g. $25,000) and contains terms that are set for the duration of the agreement. Once a blanket is established with a particular vendor, payment of invoices from the vendor can be made simply by referencing the BLM number.
BME
Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical engineering is a discipline that advances knowledge in engineering, biology and medicine, and improves human health through cross-disciplinary activities that integrate the engineering sciences with the biomedical sciences and clinical practice.
BMI
Biomedical Informatics
Stanford Medical Informatics (SMI) is an interdisciplinary academic and research group within the Department of Medicine. SMI brings together scientits who create and validate models of how knowledge and data are used within biomedicine. SMI research staff and studetns study new methods for acquiring, representing, processing and managing knowledge and data within health care and the biomedical sciences.
BMT
Bone Marrow Transplant
Stanford's BMT (Bone Marrow Transplant) Program has been approved as a fully accredited participating center in the National Marrow Donor Program, which provides bone marrow for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from fully or closely matched volunteer donors.
BMT CTN
The Blood and Marrow Transplant (BMT) Clinical Trials Network (CTN) was established in October 2001 to conduct large multi-institutional clinical trials. The trials will address important issues in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), thereby furthering understanding of the best possible treatment approaches. Participating CTN investigators collaborate through an organization designed to maintain continuity of operations, to facilitate effective communication and cooperation among participating transplant centers and with collaborators at the National Institutes of Health, and to offer trials participation to patients in all regions of the U.S.
BNRC
Behavioral Neurogenetics Research Center
The BNRC is a part of the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Stanford University and is a supported and funded research program.
BOD
Board of Directors
The primary governing body of a managed care organization, university, corporation, or other major entity.
BOR
Blanket Order Release
Used to place individual orders against an existing Blanket, Lease, or Maintenance Agreement. Typically, one BOR will correspond to one invoice
BPA
Blanket Purchase Agreement (VA)
BPAs are contracts between VA and pharmacy supply manufacturers. They enable individual VA facilities to obtain additional discounts for particular medications or supplies based on the volume prescribed or used. The BPA may include additional programs and services as well. Many are negotiated for specific customer groups under the VA Federal Supply Schedule (FSS) program.
BPHC
Bureau of Primary Health Care
BSc
Bachelor of Science Degree
Bachelor of Science - the title of a degree awarded to a student who successfully passes a science degree.
BU
Bargaining Unit
An abbreviation for the Benefit Program USW Bargaining Unit.
BVA
The Board of Veterans' Appeals (also known as "BVA" or "the Board") is a part of the VA, located in Washington, D.C. Members of the Board review benefit claims determinations made by local VA offices and issue decision on appeals. These Law Judges, attorneys experienced in veterans law and in reviewing benefit claims, are the only ones who can issue Board decisions. Staff attorneys, also trained in veterans law, review the facts of each appeal and assist the Board members. {38 U.S.C. §§ 7103, 7104}
BWF
The Burroughs Wellcome Fund is an independent private foundation dedicated to advancing the medical sciences by supporting research and other scientific and educational activities. Within this broad mission, BWF seeks to accomplish two primary goals: to help scientists early in their careers develop as independent investigators, and to advance fields in the basic medical sciences that are undervalued or in need of particular encouragement.
BX
Biopsy
Short for biopsy: the removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body
C&P
Compensation & Pension Service administers a variety of benefits and services for veterans, their dependents and survivors, including, but not limited to: service-connected compensation, DIC, non-service connected pension, burial & accrued benefits, guardianship and public contact services.
CA
California
Abbreviation for California
CA
Committee on Admissions
Stanford's Committee on Admissions (CA) is responsible for all aspects of the identification and selection process for the medical student entering class, and also for the admission of transfer and advanced standing students. The CA consists of ten faculty members and two medical students and is assisted in the screening and interview process by a large cohort of faculty and medical student volunteers. Changes in the methods and procedures of CA must be approved by the Faculty Senate.
CAB
Community Advisory Board
Provides community input into studies (example: such as research studies at Stanford.)
CABG
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CAMH
See Useful Links to find the Accreditation Manual for Hospitals.The Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals: The Official Handbook (CAMH) on this web site is for SUMC internal hospital use only. Updates to the Manual will usually be made in February, May, August, and November. The CAMH is copyrighted by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. All rights are reserved.
CAMPS
The Complementary and Alternative Medicine Program at Stanford (CAMPS) is researching the topic of "Successful Aging."
CAMS
Capital Asset Management System
Cams was the Stanford University online system designed to record, track, calculate depreciation, produce required reports, and request disposal of equipment at Stanford. CAMs was the official property record for Stanford University. It was replaced by Oracle FA module in Fall 2003.
CAP
Contractor Acquired Property
Sponsor-funded property that is acquired or provided by the University for performance on an agreement and to which the government has title.
CAP
Compliance Assistance Program
Stanford's Compliance Assistance Program is designed to assist local departments in fulfilling regulatory compliance with hazardous materials storage, hazardous waste, radioactive use, and fire safety related issues.
CAP
Child and Adolescent Psychology (Lucille Packard)
CapCURE
CaP CURE is the world's largest private source of prostate cancer research funding.
CAPE
The Center for Advanced Pediatric Education (CAPE) at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford, employs leading edge simulation-based technology that enhances training in the pediatric and obstetric sciences.
CAPS
CAPS offers, without charge, evaluations and brief counseling to any registered Stanford student.
CARES
The CARES program (Capital Asset Realignment for Enhanced Services) will assess veteran health care needs, identify delivery options to meet those needs in the future and guide the realignment of capital assets to support and enhance the delivery of health care services.
CARF
Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities
Nationally recognized independent review organization that accredits disability service organizations.
CAS
Cost Accounting Standards
Cost accounting standards are put in place at the university to (1) Standardize requirements for recipients; (2) Preclude a perceived over charge to government; (3) standardize univeristy costing practices; and (4) prevent charging unallowable costs to federal awards.
CASB
The CASB is an independent board within the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy. The Board has exclusive statutory authority to make, promulgate, amend and rescind cost accounting standards designed to achieve uniformity and consistency among government contractors.
CBD
The Commerce Business Daily (CBD) lists notices of proposed government procurement actions, contract awards, sales of government property, and other procurement information. Each edition contains approximately 500-1,000 notices. Each notice appears in the CBD only once. The CBD databases online via GPO Access contain notices from December 2, 1996 to January 2, 2002.
CBER
The Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) regulates biological products. It is part of the FDA.
CBOC
Community Based Outpatient Clinic
Veterans Administration CBOC are Community Based Outpatient Clinics
CBT
Computer Based Training
Computer Based Training. Generic term used for the wide range of software and services offering education and training on the computer. Could be Internet based training, CD-ROM training, or streaming video training on a computer.
CC
The Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center is the core clinical research facility at the National Institute of Health (NIH). The Clinical Center provides protocol specific patient care in support of the intramural research programs sponsored by most NIH Institutes. The Clinical Center also serves as a resource for training clinical investigators.
CC
Chief Complaint
Chief Complaint (a concise statement describing the symptom, problem, condition, diagnosis, physician recommended return, or other reason for visit).
CC
Clinical Clerk
Medical students will identify their signatures with CC (Clinical Clerk), just as licensed physicians identify their signatures with MD.
CCAL
Stanford's CCAL has emerged as a leading laboratory in the conduct of national and international research studies and clinical trials.
CCC
Comprehensive Cancer Centers
Comprehensive Cancer Centers
CCC
Committee on Courses and Curriculum
The Committee on Courses and Curriculum evaluates courses and clerkships, as well as overall program evaluation. The Committee on Courses and Curriculum (CCC) has been carrying out this function since the establishment of the required preclinical curriculum in 1983. The CCC is a standing committees of the Medical School Faculty Senate.
CCFA
CCFA sponsors basic and clinical research focused on: To cure and prevent Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis through research, and to improve the quality of life of children and adults affected by these digestive diseases through education and support
CCIS
The mission of the CCIS (Center for Clinical Immunology at Stanford) is to educate physicians and trainees and the public in order to bring discoveries in basic science to bear on medical discipines ranging from cancer to diabetes and from arthritis to infectious disease, bridging the spectrum of research from the genetic and moleclar level to clinical trials, sharing the information and resources in order to speed the translation of new therapies from the laboratory bench to the patient's bedside.
CCN
Community Care Network
Groups of local providers that compete for contracts with health insurers.
CCPH
Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1996 to foster health-promoting partnerships between communities and educational institutions.
CCR
California Code of Regulations
CCRC
Certified Clinical Research Coordinator
Site administer for the clinical study. Duties are delegated by the investigator. Also called research, study or healthcare coordinator, and data manager, research nurse or protocol nurse. CCRC is one that is a certified clinical research coordinator.
CCS
California Children Services
The California Children Services (CCS) Program provides diagnostic and treatment services, medical case management, physical and occupational therapy services to children under the age of 21 years with CCS-eligible conditions.
CCSR
Center for Clinical Sciences Research
The Center for Clinical Sciences Research (CCSR) was opened during the Spring of 2000. The CCSR provides biomedical research and support space. The facility is located between the Beckman Center on the east and CBRL/ Redwood/MSLS on the west.
CCTO
The Cancer Clinical Trials Office (CCTO) provides administrative and research services to Cancer Center investigators conducting clinical trials.
CCU
Critical Care Unit
Critical care is the direct delivery by a physician(s) of medical care for a critically ill or injured patient
CCU
Cardiac Care Unit
Cardiac Care Unit
CDA
Confidential Disclosure Agreement
CDAs protect confidential or proprietary information from being disclosed to competitors. University faculty and staff (and sometimes students) may be required to sign a CDA when discussing collaboration with a for-profit company.
CDC
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is recognized as the lead federal agency for protecting the health and safety of people - at home and abroad, providing credible information to enhance health decisions, and promoting health through strong partnerships. CDC serves as the national focus for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
CDEHA
Stanford's Center on the Demography and Economics of Health and Aging promotes the study of trends in demography, economics, health and health care, and the effects of these trends on the well-being of the elderly.
CDER
Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - Part of the US Food and Drug Administration (USDA). CDER assures that safe and effective drugs are available to the American people.
CDHS
California Department of Health Services mission is to Protect and Improve the Health of All Californians.
CDI
Chronic Disease Index
Chronic Disease Index (CDI) measures how well VHA follows nationally recognized clinical guidelines for ischemic heart disease, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, and obesity.
CDMRP
The Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP) originated from a unique partnership among the public, Congress, and the Department of Defense. It is a source of grant funding.
CDR
Clinical Data Repository
Clinical database optimized for storage and retrieval for individual patients and used to support patient care and daily operations.
CDR
Cost Distribution Report (VA)
Cost Distribution Report (CDR). The Cost Distribution Report (CDR) allocates cost reported in the general ledger (FMS) to estimate the cost of VA departments, including patient care departments and other units. These allocations are based on service chief estimates of staff activities.
CE
Clinician Educator
The Stanford School of Medicine Handbook - Online, Chapter 8, contains information and appointment forms for Clinician/Educators (previously known as Staff Physicians). Clinician/Educators are physicians who provide patient care on the teaching services, both inpatient and outpatient, and are usually very involved in teaching medical students, residents and fellows both in a supervisory capacity in the clinics, inpatient units, and in didactic teaching. It is used when the clinical needs of the Division exceed those that can be met by the regular faculty. Appointments can be fulltime or part time, and usually for one year, renewable.
CE
Continuing Education
Stanford University Medical Center offers a variety of Continuing Education (CE). Continuing Education consists of educational activities to develop and maintain knowledge, skills and professional performance.
CEFCM
Center for Education in Family Community Medicine (Stanford)
CENTERWATCH
Centerwatch Clinical Trials Listing Service can be used to find a wealth of information about clinical research, including listings of more than 41,000 active industry and government-sponsored clinical trials, as well as new drug therapies in research and those recently approved by the FDA.
CEO
Chief Executive Officer
Chief Executive Officer. The executive who is responsible for a company's operations, usually the President or the Chairman of the Board. There is a CEO for Stanford Hospital.
CF
Core Financial
Core Financials is the financial system replacing SPIRES.
CFAR
Center for Aids Research (CFAR)
the HIV investigators and other faculty at Stanford are in the process of developing a collaborative Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) with investigators at the University of California/Davis. The CFAR would provide grant support for pilot studies carried out by young investigators.
CFDA
This web site gives you access to a database of all Federal programs available to State and local governments (including the District of Columbia); federally-recognized Indian tribal governments; Territories (and possessions) of the United States; domestic public, quasi-public, and private profit and nonprofit organizations and institutions; specialized groups; and individuals.
CFF
The mission of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation is to assure the development of the means to cure and control cystic fibrosis and to improve the quality of life for those with the disease. At times they will also review Stanford's CF program.
CFO
Chief Financial Officer
The executive who is responsible for financial planning and record-keeping for a company. There is a CFO for Stanford Hospital.
CFR
Code of Federal Regulations
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
CFSAN
The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition is part of the FDA. CFSAN, in conjunction with the Agency's field staff, is responsible for promoting and protecting the public's health by ensuring that the nation's food supply is safe, sanitary, wholesome, and honestly labeled, and that cosmetic products are safe and properly labeled.
CGAP
The Cancer Genome Anatomy Project (CGAP) is an interdisciplinary program established and administered by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to generate the information and technological tools needed to decipher the molecular anatomy of the cancer cell.
CGAP
Committee on Graduate Admissions and Policy
Stanford Medical School's Committee on Graduate Admissions and Policy - The Committee on Graduate Admissions and Policy (CGAP) shall recommend to the Senate policies governing the admission of graduate students, and together with the Dean and the Executive Committee of the School shall implement those policies adopted by the Senate.
CGC
Committee on Graduate Curriculum
Stanford's Committee on Graduate Curriculum (CGC) shall recommend to the Senate policies concerning the curriculum of graduate students and the criteria for their standing and promotion. It shall be the responsibility of the CGC, together with the Dean and the Executive Committee of the School, to implement those policies recommended by the CGC and adopted by the Senate with regard to graduate programs in the School of Medicine.
CHA
Based in Sacramento, CHA is the statewide leader representing the interests of hospitals, health systems and other health care providers in California. CHA includes nearly 500 hospital and health system members, and more than 100 Executive, Associate and Personal members.
CHAMPUS
CHAMPUS is a health benefits program that covers medical necessities only. It provides authorized in-patient and out-patient care from civilian sources, on a cost-sharing basis. Retired military are eligible, as well as dependents of active-duty, retired and deceased military.
CHAMPVA
program administered by the Department of Defense for the Veterans Administration that pays for care delivered by civilian health providers to dependents of totally disabled veterans that are eligible for retirement pay from the United States uniformed services
CHC
Children's Health Council
The Children's Health Council (CHC) is a private, nonprofit agency that offers outpatient mental health and special education services to children with emotional, learning and developmental problems.
CHC
Community Health Center
Ambulatory health care program that attempts to coordinate Federal, State, and local resources in a single organization capable of delivering both health and related social services to a defined population
CHCE
Center for Health Care Evaluation (CHCE). CHCE's mission is to conduct and disseminate health services research that results in more effective and cost-effective care for veterans and for the nation's population as a whole. CHCE is an applied health services research center composed of experts trained in health services, health economics, epidemiology, public health, evaluation research, social psychology, medical sociology, and biostatistics. The Center has primary affiliations with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System and with Stanford University.
CHCF
The California HealthCare Foundation, based in Oakland, is an independent philanthropy committed to improving California's health care delivery and financing systems. Formed in 1996, our goal is to ensure that all Californians have access to affordable, quality health care. CHCF's work focuses on informing health policy decisions, advancing efficient business practices, improving the quality and efficiency of care delivery, and promoting informed health care and coverage decisions. CHCF commissions research and analysis, publishes and disseminates information, convenes stakeholders, and funds development of programs and models aimed at improving the health care delivery and financing systems.
CHEI
China Health Economics Institute
China Health Economics Institute (CHEI) is the national center for research, training, and information exchange on China's health care reform activities with three primary objectives: 1) to conduct policy-orientated research on national health development strategy and health care system reform and to provide consultation for policy-makers; 2) to conduct academic and practical studies on health economics, designed to provide a theoretical foundation for health care policy and management; 3) to promote collaborative research in health care with international organizations and universities. The China-US training program builds directly on existing research collaborations between CHEI and Stanford's CHP/PCOR program.
CHI
Children's Health Initiative
Children's Health Initiative - CHI represents an extraordinary opportunity for LPCH and Stanford Pediatrics to achieve enormous prominence and sustainability during the next decade and beyond in child health and pediatric research. This is due to the remarkably generous gift of the Packard foundation, that when completed, will provide approximately $500 million during the next 10 years to develop outstanding programs in clinical care, research and education as well as facilities at LPCH and Stanford. This mandates enormous stewardship by the leadership of CHI, LPCH, the School of Medicine and the Foundations providing this exceptional support.
CHP
The Center for Health Policy (CHP) and the Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research (PCOR) are two centers carrying out innovative research on critical issues of health care and health policy--dedicated to providing reliable information for health policy and health care delivery to public and private sector decision-makers. CHP is a unit of Stanford University's Institute for International Studies; PCOR is part of Stanford University's School of Medicine.
CHP/PCOR
CHP and PCOR are jointly administered centers that offer educational programs and conduct innovative, multidisciplinary research on critical issues of health policy and healthcare delivery. Operating under the Stanford Institute for International Studies and the Stanford School of Medicine, respectively, CHP and PCOR produce timely information to improve clinical practice and guide health policy.
CHP/PCOR
CHP and PCOR are jointly administered centers that offer educational programs and conduct innovative, multidisciplinary research on critical issues of health policy and healthcare delivery. Operating under the Stanford Institute for International Studies and the Stanford School of Medicine, respectively, CHP and PCOR produce timely information to improve clinical practice and guide health policy.
CHP/PCOR
CHP and PCOR are jointly administered centers that offer educational programs and conduct innovative, multidisciplinary research on critical issues of health policy and healthcare delivery. Operating under the Stanford Institute for International Studies and the Stanford School of Medicine, respectively, CHP and PCOR produce timely information to improve clinical practice and guide health policy.
CHRIS
Consolidated Human Resources Information System
This system linked to the payroll system that contains detailed demographic data on all University employees and retirees. It also contains directory information for some individuals and organizations that have contractual or similar relationships with the University, such as staff of the Alumni Association, Bookstore, and Student Health Service, "by courtesy" appointments, and postdoctoral fellows who are not on the regular payroll.
CHSR
The Center for Human Sleep Research (CHSR) at Stanford ties together the related efforts of the Sleep Disorders Clinic and the Center for Human Sleep Research Group through cooperative design of clinical studies.
CHT
Certified Hyperbaric Technologist
Certified Hyperbaric Technologist - Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) involves delivery of 100% oxygen inside a treatment chamber at a pressure greater than sea level. It is used in treating breathing disorders or carbon monoxide poisoning.
CIACC
Complementary, Integrative, and Alternative Care Committee
Stanford's complementary, integrative and alternative care committee (CIACC) or the sponsoring departments as appropriate, oversees the practice specifications of allied health personnel not within the scope of the site-specific Interdisciplinary Practice Comittees (IPCs).
CIN
Chair's Informal Network
At Stanford CIN (Chair's Informal Network) is a way for chairs from all departments at Stanford Medical School to interact together. They hold such activities as monthly dinner meetings with a specified topic and often a guest speaker.
CIO
Chief Information Officer
Chief Information Officer. Usually the head over the technology/computers department at companies.
CIP
This pathway can be ideal for residents who come to Stanford with a strong research background and experience (often with a prior PhD) as it allows them to pursue their research more quickly than does the traditional pathway. The Stanford faculty research base, within the Department of Medicine and throughout the institution, provides a wide range of opportunities and mentors for CIP residents.
CIP
Construction in Progress
CAMs term used to identify fabrications in the system; also know as WIP or work in process.
CIP
Construction in Process Asset (Oracle)
A depreciable fixed asset you plan to build during a capital project. The costs associated with building CIP assets are referred to as CIP costs. You construct CIP assets over a period of time rather than buying a finished asset. Oracle Assets lets you create, maintain, and add to your CIP assets as you spend money for material and labor to construct them. When you finish the assets and place them in service (capitalize them), Oracle Assets begins depreciating them.
CIRM
The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine ("The Institute" or "CIRM") was established in early 2005 with the passage of Proposition 71, the California Stem Cell Research and Cures Initiative. The statewide ballot measure, which provided $3 billion in funding for stem cell research at California universities and research institutions, was approved by California voters on November 2, 2004, and called for the establishment of a new state agency to make grants and provide loans for stem cell research, research facilities and other vital research opportunities.
CIT
Center for Information Technology (NIH mission is to: To provide, coordinate, and manage information technology, and to advance computational science. The vision of CIT is to be a vital partner in the discovery of biomedical knowledge.
CITRIX
Citrix is the client software that is used to connect to a remote server in order to run an application. Citrix allows any desktop computer, whether Macintosh or Windows-based, to access remote applications using a Windows NT Terminal Server's memory and processing.
CLIA
Congress passed the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) in 1988 establishing quality standards for all laboratory testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability and timeliness of patient test results regardless of where the test was performed. A laboratory is defined as any facility which performs laboratory testing on specimens derived from humans for the purpose of providing information for the diagnosis, prevention, treatment of disease, or impairment of, or assessment of health. CLIA is user fee funded; therefore, all costs of administering the program must be covered by the regulated facilities, including certificate and survey costs.
ClinicalTrials
ClinicalTrials.gov provides regularly updated information about federally and privately supported clinical research in human volunteers. ClinicalTrials.gov gives you information about a trial's purpose, who may participate, locations, and phone numbers for more details.
CMA
Cost and Management Analysis Office - Stanford
CMA - determines, proposes, and negotiates the Facilities and Administrative (Indirect) Cost Rates and Fringe Benefits Rates with the Office of Naval Research (ONR).
CMA
California Medical Association represents more than 34000 physicians and is dedicated to the health of all Californians.
CME
Continuing Medical Education
Continuing Medical Education
CMI
Case Mix Index
The average DRG relative weight for all Medicare admissions. DRG is diagnostic related group.
CMO
Chief Medical Officer
The Chief Medical Office is appointed by the Dean of the University's Schhol of Medicine on advice of the clinical chairs and the President and CEO of the hospital. The Chief Medical Officer works closely with the President and CEO on matters affecting physician affairs and the provision of physician support services, and the Hospital's strategic direction, operational matters, and educational and research activities.
CMS
This is the US government service center for Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (HCFA prior to July 1, 2001).
CMSS
CMSS is unique in that its membership is limited to those U.S. medical specialty societies that represent diplomates certified by a Board recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). CMSS serves to represent the views of specialist physicians in influencing policy, medical education and accreditation from a broad, cross-specialty perspective. CMSS is a non-profit association whose members are 19 national specialty organizations representing more than 412,000 physicians nationwide.
CMWF
The Commonwealth Fund is a private foundation that supports independent research on health and social issues and makes grants to improve health care practice and policy. The Fund is dedicated to helping people become more informed about their health care, and improving care for vulnerable populations such as children, elderly people, low-income families, minority Americans, and the uninsured. The Fund’s two national program areas are improving health insurance coverage and access to care and improving the quality of health care services.
CN
Clinical Nurse
A registered nurse with an advanced degree in a particular area of patient care; e.g., neurosurgery clinical nurse specialist.
CNA Date
Certification of Nonavailability Date
Date the Certificate of Nonavailability in the CAMS system was generated.
CNA Number
Certification of Nonavailability Number
Unique number identifying the Certificate of Nonavailability.
CO-614
CO-614
Delegation of Signature Authority and Authorization for electronic view. The form must include the name and receiving authorization signature to be accepted on expenditure documents along with a list of the accounts for which the named delegate has authority. The form must be signed by the University officer delegating authority. Form CO-614 can be obtained from the Controller's Office.
COA
Chart of Accounts
A list of all account names and numbers used in a general ledger. Stanford has a COA - Chart of Accounts.The Chart of Accounts (CoA) enables the University to manage its finances properly, in accordance with the variety of funding requirements. It is a set of codes used to: Classify and record financial transactions in meaningful ways Enable reporting Provide a framework for understanding the financial results of Stanford’s operations.
COB
Coordination of Benefits
A group policy provision which helps determine the primary carrier in situations where an insured is covered by more than one policy.
COBRA
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
An act passed in 1985: COBRA is a law that requires employers with 20 or more employees to let employees and their dependents keep their group health coverage for a time after they leave their group health plan under certain conditions. This is called continuation coverage.
COC
Clinical Operations Committee
Clinical Operations Committee is a committee comprised of clinic managers, clinic chiefs, division managers, and departmental staff that meets to discuss clinical issues/items.
COE
Center of Excellence
The Stanford Center of Excellence (COE) was established in the fall of 1993 through federal grant support from Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Health Professions. The mission of the COE is to increase the number of underrepresented minority leaders in academic and clinical medicine, and to expand Stanford's capacity to offer information, research and training on minority health care issues.
COG
Lucille Packard physicians and researchers hold leadership roles in the Children's Oncology Group (COG). The Children's Oncology Group is a national clinical research consortium made up of more than 200 pediatric cancer centers, which designs and evaluates cancer therapies through large clinical trials.
COGR
The Council on Governmental Relations is an association of research universities. Its Washington office is located in the District of Columbia. Since its inception in 1948, COGR has been continuously involved in the development of all major financial and administrative aspects of federally-funded research.
COI
Conflict of Interest
A conflict of interest arises when an individual's private interests (such as outside professional or financial relationships) might interfere with his or her professional obligations to Stanford. Such situations do NOT imply wrong-doing or inappropriate activities. However, in a research university setting, they can compromise, or be perceived as compromising, important academic values, research integrity, or the university mission. At Stanford, it is essential for all faculty, academic staff, staff, and students to understand how these divergent interests can become a problem.
COLA
Cost of Living Adjustment
Average cost of basic necessities of life (as food and shelter and clothing); "a rise in the cost of living reflects the rate of inflation
COMPASS
Career Management Program for Stanford Staff is a program for all Stanford employees designed to help employees manage their own career process, development and path. The program provides in-class programs and online tools to help employees navigate the career stages - self-assessment, career exploration, goal setting, and self-marketing/internal job searching.
COO
Chief Operating Officer
Chief Operating Officer. The executive who is responsible for the day-to-day management of a company.
Co-PI
Co Principal Investigator
The co-principal investigator is that individual who co-signs on documents related to the project or who may be designated as a co-principal investigator in grant-related documents. This person has decision-making power with regard to the conduct of the research. The co-principal investigator reports to the principal investigator who is ultimately responsible for the conduct of the research.
COPR
The NIH Director's Council of Public Representatives (COPR) is a federal advisory committee, made up of members of the public, that advises the NIH Director on issues related to Public input and participation in NIH activities Public input and participation in the NIH research priority setting process NIH outreach programs and efforts.
CORE FINANCIALS
Core Financials is a web based application for processing and viewing journals. This website gives step by step instructions for completing a wide variety of financial transactions.
COS
The most comprehensive source of funding information available on the Web, with more than 23,000 records, representing over 400,000 funding opportunities, worth over $33 billion.
COS
Chief of Staff
Chief of Staff - the senior officer of service
COSEPUP
The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP) is a joint unit of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. COSEPUP mainly conducts studies on cross-cutting issues in science and technology policy.
CPA
Certified Public Accountant
Certified Public Accountant
CPC
Certified Procedural Coder
To become a certified procedural coder, a person needs to pass a national examination.
CPG
Clinical Practice Guidelines
Systematically development clnical practice guideliens to assist clinicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.
CPI
Consumer Price Index
CPI is prepared by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. It is a monthly measure of the average change in the prices paid by urban consumers for a fixed market basket of goods and services. The medical care component of CPI shows trends in medical care prices based on specific indicators of hospital, medical, dental, and drug prices. A revision of the definition of CPI has been in use since January 1988.
CPMS
Community Partnership Medical Scholars (Stanford)
A Stanford University Program: Community Partnership Medical Scholars (CPMS): Offer and provide technical support for Medical Scholars grants to do community-responsive reasearch.
CPOE
Computer Physician Order Entry
Computerized physician order entry (CPOE), the process which allows a physician to use a computer to directly enter medical orders.
CPP
Certified Payroll Professional
Certified Payroll Professional
CPQCC
California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative
The California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative (CPQCC) is a public health project funded by the Maternal and Child Health Brance of the State of California and the Packard Foundation. There are currently over 60 CPQCC member hospitals including University of California hospitals, Kaiser Northern and Southern California, all of the children's hospitals in the state and mix of both large and small rural and community NICUs. The aim is to improve neonatal and maternal health in California by collecting and analyzing data submitted by member hospitals. The CPQCC generates and distributes periodic reports and quality improvement documents throughout the state.
CPT
Current Procedural Terminology
Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) was developed by the AMA over 30 years ago to provide health care professionals with a uniform language for effective communication. Through an extensive editorial process involving a community of national experts and representatives, CPT is continually reviewed, revised and updated to reflect changes in medical care.
CPT-4
CPT-4 Codes
Code numbers used by physicians and insurance companies to identify specific procedures. The appropriate CPT-4 (Current Procedural Terminology) Codes are updated each year and establish the requirements for determining the levels of care.
CQI
Continous Quality Improvement (Programs)
An approach to quality management that builds upon traditional quality assurance methods by emphasizing the organization and systems: focuses on “process” rather than the individual; recognizes both internal and external “customers”; promotes the need for objective data to analyze and improve processes. It is a management philosophy and process using statistical and other analytical methods to define a process and seek ways to reduce the resources needed to complete the process and to control process variations; focuses on consumer needs, employee participation, and team building skills.
CR
credit
The ability to buy an item or to borrow money in return for a promise to pay later.
CRA
Clinical Research Associate
Person employed by a sponsor or a contract reserach organization acting on a sponsor's behalf, who monitors the progress of investigator sites participating in a clinicl study.
CRA
Certified Radiology Administrator
Certified Radiology Administrator
CRADA
The FTTA (Federal Technology Transfer Act) of 1986, Public Law 99-502, codified at 15 U.S.C. 3710 et seq., and further amended on March 7, 1996, by Pub. L. No. 104-113, authorized the CRADA (Cooperative Research and Development Agreement) as a new mechanism to encourage the transfer of the results of Federal research and development to the private sector.
CRADO
Chief Research & Development Officer
Chief Research & Development Officer is a position in the VA system.
CRC
Clinical Research Coordinator
A CRC works at a clinical research site under the principal investigator, whose research activities and conducted under the PI. Their tasks may include verifying study feasibility; facilitating formal approval; planning trial execution; assisting in subject recruitment; coordinating study procedures, collecting data, safeguarding protocal, and coordinating study close out.
CRC
Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center
Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center is a specialized center; one such center is at the Palo Alto VA.
CRCA
The Clinical Research Curriculum Award (CRCA) is an award to institutions. It supports the NIH’s efforts to improve the quality of training in clinical research. This award is intended to: support the development of new didactic programs in clinical research at institutions that do not currently offer them, or support the improvement or expansion of programs at institutions with existing programs.
CRCI
Stanford University is home to an innovative Research Center. Founded in 1994, the Stanford Center for Research in Cardiovascular Interventions (CRCI) serves as a strong resource for both scientific and technologic growth in the field of cardiovascular medicine.
CRDO
Chief Research and Development Officer (VA)
CRDO is the Chief Research and Development Officer at the VA.
CREFF
Clinical Research Feasibility Funds
Purpose: To support pilot clinical research projects, and to encourage junior investigators to pursue careers in patient-oriented research Eligibility: Stanford University faculty with either MCL or UTL appointments Inquiries regarding this program should be directed Administrative Director of the GCRC
C-Res
Stanford's Committee on Research. The committee on research formulates policy on research, including policy governing the procedures to be used by the University for reviewing and approving externally sponsored projects, proposals, and awards.
CRF
Case Report Form
A standardized data entry form used in a clinical trial. Generally, all information collected in trials appears on case report forms, or is referred to and explained by case report forms (as in the case of attached lab slips). Even in circumstances where there is other documentation in addition to CRFs (like the lab slips), generally all key values that will be analyzed appear on the CRF.
CRISP
CRISP (Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects) is a searchable database of federally funded biomedical research projects conducted at universities, hospitals, and other research institution. It is an NIH database.
CRO
Contract Research Organization
A person or an organization (commercial, academic or other) contracted by the sponsor to perform one or more of a sponsor's study-related duties and functions.
CRONA
Committee for Recognition of Nursing Achievement Union
Committee for Recognition of Nursing Achievement Union
CRS
Clinical Radiation Safety Committee (Stanford).
Clinical Radiation Safety Committee (Stanford).
CRTCS
Committee on Residency Training and Clinical Services (Stanford)
Stanford wants the residency programs to constantly evolve in order to address the changing needs of medicine, society and housestaff, and residents contribute to this. To this end, a permanent Committee on Residency Training and Clinical Services (CRTCS) to examine and refine the training program was established.
CRWHRM
The Stanford University Center for Research on Women's Health and Reproductive Medicine resides in the Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics at Stanford University School of Medicine. The Center was founded in 1996 and has three missions: research, career development, and education in reproductive biology and medicine with a special emphasis on women's reproductive health.
CS
Computer Science Department - Stanford
CS
Clinical Specialist
Clinical Specialist
CSAG
Clinical Sciences Affinity Group
The Committee to Define the Core Curriculum has been charged to define the core concepts that each medical student should master to be an outstanding clinician. The Committee has divided the preclinical curriculum into four
CSCI
Cancer/Stem Cell Institute
the Stanford Cancer/Stem Cell Biology and Medicine Institute (also known as the Cancer/Stem Cell Institute, or CSCI) that creates an umbrella connecting basic research, clinical and translational research and patient care.
CSCP
Cancer Supportive Care Program (also see SCSCP) for Stanford Cancer Supportive Care Program.
CSHEMA
Campus Safety Health and Environmental Management Association -CSHEMA provides information sharing opportunities, continuing education, and professional fellowship to people with environmental health and safety responsibilities in higher education. CSHEMA leads by listening to its members, organizing their efforts, developing leadership that responds to the needs of higher education, and striving for excellence in everything it does.
CSIF
The Cell Sciences Imaging Facility at Stanford University provides access for Stanford to fluorescent and electron microscope systems.
CSP
Committee on Student Performance
Stanford's Committee on Student Performance (CSP) reviews the academic progress and problems of students on its agenda, makes decisions concerning their standing, and prescribes academic programs to help students correct deficiencies and achieve their goal of acquiring the MD degree. The Committee also makes the final decision on Dean's awards given to graduating students. The CSP is composed of five faculty members who have been members of the Faculty Council of the School of Medicine for at least the previous three years and the Associate Deans of Advising who are non-voting members.
CSP
Vetarans Administration - Cooperative Studies Program (CSP), has grown to become a major clinical research activity that, as one of its goals, encourages and supports VA investigators to conduct clinical research and data collection across selected research facilities.
CSPCC
Cooperative Studies Program Coordinating Center
The Palo Alto VA Medical Center Cooperative Studies Program Coordinating Center (CSPCC) is one of four statistical coordinating centers that has been established by the Department of Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program (CSP) to coordinate and conduct multicenter clinical research in the VA. The other CSPCC's are located at the VA Medical Centers (VAMC) in Hines, IL; Perry Point; and West Haven, CT. These centers provide design, data management, statistical analysis, and administrative support to all VA cooperative studies. A fifth center, unique to the CSP, is the Clinical Research Pharmacy, located in Albuquerque, NM.
CSR
WHO is organized into 8 clusters. Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response (CSR) is part of the the Communicable Disease Cluster. WHO Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response (CSR)
CSR
The NIH Center for Scientific Review (CSR) is committed to providing an open environment that promotes personal interactions with all segments of the extramural research community.
CT
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan is generally the first diagnostic test done after a patient with a suspected stroke arrives in the emergency room. It is used to quickly distinguish between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. The test involves the use of low-dose X-rays to visualize the brain.
CTM
Clinical Teaching Modules (CTM) is being developed by the Divisions of General Internal Medicine and Lane Medical Library at Stanford University. CTM's are created by the Department of Medicine's faculty and staff for distribution to its residents. New modules are distributed weekly and indexed by date and author. These modules and this web site are available to residents, faculty and staff of the Internal Medicine department only.
CTRF
Clinical Trial Registration Form
Clinical Trial Registration Form - It notifies that the patient is for a clinical trial and not to bill the patient.
CUPA-HR
Founded more than 50 years ago, CUPA-HR serves more than 6,300 human resource (HR) administrators at nearly 1,600 colleges and universities as well as others interested in the advancement of human resources in higher education, including students and HR service providers. Committed to promoting the effective management and development of human resources in higher education, CUPA-HR offers many professional development opportunities.
CV
Curriculum Vitae
A detailed, lengthy and structured listing of education, publications, projects, awards and work history. A Curriculum Vitae for a mid-career may be as long or longer than 20 pages.
CVA
stroke (also called a "cerebrovascular accident" or CVA) occurs when blood vessels carrying oxygen and other nutrients to a specific part of the brain suddenly burst or become blocked.
CVD
Cardiovascular Disease
Disease of the heart
CVRB
Cardiovascular Research Building
Cardiovascular Research Building (Stanford)
CVRC
Dr. Ralph and Marian Falk Cardiovascular Research Center
The Dr. Ralph and Marian Falk Cardiovascular Research Center (CVRC) at Stanford University, opened in 1984, houses the academic and research programs of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. The CVRC is the focal point of a comprehensive program of research, teaching and clinical care of heart disease.
CWA
Campus Wide Agreement
Campus Wide Agreements (CWA) are made with suppliers to partner with Stanford University in supplying often needed products. Examples of such items are Office Supplies, Lab Supplies, Computer Software & Peripherals.
CWP
Curriculum Web Portal (CWP) is Stanford Medical School's online curriculum web site. It is where faculty can post resources and information for medical school classes, such as, communication tools, quiz/survey modules, video and image databases and course documents. CWP is created and maintained by Stanford University Medical Media and Information Technologies (SUMMIT).
CXR
Chest X-Ray
to examine, treat, or photograph the chest with X rays
DAR
Defense Acquisition Regulations (DAR) The source regulations for research projects sponsored by the Department of Defense.
DARG
DARG is a web site developed to help Stanford Department of Medicine Administrators and their staff in their jobs by providing them with a variety of information, tools, and web links to other resources.
DARPA
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is the central research and development organization for the Department of Defense (DoD). It manages and directs selected basic and applied research and development projects for DoD, and pursues research and technology where risk and payoff are both very high and where success may provide dramatic advances for traditional military roles and missions.
DAV
Disabled American Veteran
Disabled American Veteran
DC
Direct Costs
Direct Costs - Clearly identifiable costs related to a specific project. General categories of direct costs include but are not limited to salaries and wages, fringe benefits, supplies, contractual services, travel and communication, equipment and computer use.
DCAA
The Defense Contract Audit Agency audits grants, contracts, and educational compliance with A-21 and other generally accepted accounting principles (GPAA).
DCASR
Defense Contract Administration Services Region
Defense Contract Administration Services Region (VA term)
DCC
The Data Coordinating Center (DCC) provides services to members of the School of Medicine. The services have as their main focus needs related to managing data of ongoing or new research projects. DCC specializes in the planning, development, management, and operation of systems that ensure achievement of of the goals of these projects in a technologically modern environment.
DCM
Department of Comparative Medicine
The Department of Comparative Medicine (DCM) is an academic department within the School of Medicine. It is responsible for the operations of the Veterinary Service Center and for providing education on the humane care and use of laboratory animals. DCM is also responsible for implementing an A-PLAC approved occupational health program for individuals working in laboratory animal facilities and having substantial animal contact.
DCSA
The purpose of the Doris Duke Distinguished Clinical Scientist Award (DCSA) Program is to recognize outstanding physician-scientists who are engaged in applying the latest basic science advances to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure of disease, and to enable the physician-scientist to support and mentor the next generation of physician-scientists conducting translational clinical research.
DDC
The goal of the Stanford University Digestive Disease Center is to advance knowledge in human digestive disease by providing the resources and environment that will foster interactions between the clinical and basic sciences.
DDCF
The mission of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation is to improve the quality of people's lives through grants supporting the performing arts, wildlife conservation, medical research and the prevention of child maltreatment, and through preservation of the cultural and environmental legacy of Doris Duke's properties. The Foundation defines clinical research broadly to include research conducted with human subjects or material of human origin in which the principal investigator (or a colleague) directly interacts with human subjects.
DDW
Digestive Disease Week (DDW) is the largest international gathering of physicians, researchers and academics in the fields of gastroenterology, hepatology, endoscopy and gastrointestinal surgery. Over 40% of all attendees are members of one (or more) of the four sponsoring societies. Jointly sponsored by four societies; the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), and the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT), DDW takes place every May in cities throughout the US.
DEA
Drug Enforcement Agency - Every doctor must have a current DEA certificate on file to practice medicine at Stanford University.
DED
Deductible
The amount of money, as determined by the benefit plan. A person must pay for authorized health care services before insurance payment commences. Deductibles are usually calculated on a calendar year basis, but can also be based on the anniversary date of a patient's effective date with that plan or plan year of the named insured or subscriber.
DELIVEREX
DELIVEREX Medical Record
Deliverex is the alternative medical record that stores handwritten notes i.e., Advance Directives, Patient Consent for procedures, copies of medical records from other facilities. It is used at the VA.
DELPHI
Delphi is the project charged with replacing Stanford's legacy financial information systems with the Oracle Financials suite of applications. The project officially launched in November of 2000, and is scheduled for completion in 2003. The following legacy systems will be retired and/or replaced as a result of the Delphi Project: Batch Accounting SUFIN (Stanford University Financial Information Network) SNAP (Stanford Network for Accounting and Purchasing) DEMS (Departmental Expenditure Management System) CAMS (Capital Asset Management System) Core Financials Web Journals SoE Web Reporting Tool
DEMS
Departmental Expenditure Management System
The Departmental Expenditure Management System (DEMS) provides a tool for tracking expenses and commitments against University accounts. Developed by the Medical School Information Systems Group and ITSS in conjunction with departmental administrators and business managers, DEMS continues to evolve based on input from users throughout the University.
DFA
Director of Finance and Administration
DFARS
Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement
Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement - It is a supplemnet to a Far - The FAR contains contract regulations and clauses used by all federal agencies. Most agencies have FAR regulation supplements that can add to the FAR but may not conflict with it.
DGME
The Medicare Direct Graduate Medical Education (DGME) payment compensates teaching hospitals for some of the costs directly related to the graduate training of physicians.
DHHS
A United States Federal Government department that protects the public health, fosters self-reliance and helps the vulnerable.
DLAM
Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine
Clinical Radiation Safety Committee (Stanford).
DME
Direct Medical Education
DME is funding that is passed to us from the Hospital which is paid to them by Medicare and is supposed to offset the additional costs of doing business in an environment where we are training medical students and residents.
DME
Durable Medical Equipment
Durable Medical Equipment
DMH
Department of Mental Health
DMHC
The California Department of Managed Health Care, a first-in-the-nation consumer rights project, was launched on July 1, 2000 to help Californians resolve problems with their HMO as well as ensure a better, more solvent and stable managed health care system.
DMT
Detailed Monthly Transactions
A monthly report that can be used as a tool to complete financial reconciliations of purchased equipment. It is sent to the DPA via email. The DMT lists all transactions that occurred against capital equipment G/L codes for the previous month.
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
any of various nucleic acids that are usually the molecular basis of heredity, are localized especially in cell nuclei, and are constructed of a double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between purine and pyrimidine bases which project inward from two chains containing alternate links of deoxyribose and phosphate
DO
Doctor of Osteopathy
A doctor of osteopathy (DO) degree requires four academic years of study. The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Bureau of Professional Education accredits colleges of osteopathic medicine in the United States that grant the DO degree.
DOB
Date of Birth
Date of Birth
DOC
US Department of Commerce
DOD
Department of Defense
DOE
The Department of Energy's mission is to enhance national security with the 4 areas of focus being: 1) nuclear safety; 2)domestic energy production; 3) permanently and safely dispose of radioactive sites; and 4) science and technology research and development.
DOED
US Department of Education
DOM
The Department of Medicine is the largest department within Stanford University's School of Medicine. The department missions of research, education and patient care are intertwined, and all three missions are integral to the goals of our department
DOMLG
Department of Medicine Leadership Group
DOMLG includes the senior and executive staff of the Department of Medicine inclusive of the senior staff (Chiefs, Senior Level Administrator).
DOMRG
Department of Medicine Resource Guide (formerly known as DARG)
DOMRG
Department of Medicine Resource Guide (formerly known as DARG)
DOR
The office of the Vice President and Dean of Research and Graduate Policy sets and oversees general University research policy.
DOS
US Department of State. The Department of State is responsible for the roles and mission of the State Department in achieving the foreign policy goals of the United States, under the direction of the President and the Secretary of State. One thing to note in regards to DOS is that this department authorized ECFMG to sponsor foreign national physicians as Exchange Visitors in accredited programs of graduate medical education or training or advanced research programs (involving primarily observation, consultation, teaching or research).
DOS
Date of Service
Date on which health care services were provided to the covered person or the date on which such services started if the service required multiple days such as a facility admission.
DPA
Department Property Administrator
DPAs are responsible for assisting University Property Administration (UPA) in the tracking of capital assets in their area
DPA
Department Property Administrator
Stanford employee who assists with the requirements of property administration set forth either in the University's Property Admissions Manual or within the agreement. DPAs are responsible for tagging, recording, and tracking the capital assets for the department or area.
DRC
Diagnostic Radiology Center
Diagnostic Radiology Center - Located at the Palo Alto VA
DRG
Division of Research Grants
DRG is the abbreviation for Division of Research Grants at the NIH.
DRG
Diagnostic Related Group
Diagnostic related group used by CMS (Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services) to assign payment for inpatient services. It is a patient classification system that relates demographic, diagnostic, and therapeutic characteristics of patients to length of inpatient stay and amount of resources consumed, that provides a framework for specifying hospital case mix, and that identifies a number of classifications of illnesses and injuries for which Medicare payment is made under the prospective pricing system.
DrPH
Doctor of Public Health
Doctor of Public Health
DSMB
Data and Safety Monitoring Board
Researchers - ideally independent - who periodically review data from blinded placebo-controlled trials. A DSMB can stop a trial if toxicities are found or if a treatment is proved beneficial.
DSMC
Data and Safety Monitoring Committee
Stanford School of Medicine DMSC - Data and Safety Monitoring Committee will monitor all cancer-related investigator-initiated trials and will monitor safety reports for all cancer-related studies.
DSRC
Defense Science Research Center
Defense Science Research Center
DSS
Financial Planning and Decision Support Services provides analytical, reporting and educational support to managers and their support staff.
DTSC
Department of Toxic Substance Control. The California agency that regulates hazardous materials other than radiation.
DUNS
Requirement of DUNS Numbers on NIH Applications - Effective October 1, 2003, use of the Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number will be required when applying for Federal grants or cooperative agreements. See NIH Guide Notice dated August 14, 2003.
DVA
Department of Veterans Affairs
DVM
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
E&M
Evaluation and Management Codes
E&M - Evaluation and Management Codes - at the VA form the basis for billing of all outpatient activity.
EAC
External Advisory Committee
External Advisory Committee
EAD
Enployment Authorization Document
Employment Authorization Document; a card issued to certain applicants who have requested work authorization. In size and format it resembles a driver's license.
EAP
Emergency Assembly Point
Emergency Assembly Points at Stanford are denoted by a symbol having a blue triangle enclosed in a white circle. There are currently 115 EAPs, and signposts are being installed to note their campus locations. People should go to the EAP in case of an emergency.
EAP
Employee Assistance Program
An Employee Assistance Program provides counseling and referral to community resources to employees with problems that are not job related by affect job performance.
EARDA
Extramural Associates Research Development Award (NIH)
Extramural Associates Research Development Award (NIH) - An NIH Award
EBI
The European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) is a non-profit academic organisation that forms part of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). The EBI is a centre for research and services in bioinformatics. The Institute manages databases of biological data including nucleic acid, protein sequences and macromolecular structures.
EBM
Evidence Based Medicine
EBM is simply the practice of medicine utilizing the integration of individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research.
EBRI
Established in 1978, the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) is the only nonprofit, nonpartisan organization committed exclusively to data dissemination, policy research, and education on economic security and employee benefits. The Institute's mission is to advance the public's, the media's and policymakers' knowledge and understanding of employee benefits and their importance to our nation's economy.
ECC
Emergency Cardiac Care
Emergency Cardiac Care
ECFMG
Through its program of certification, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) assesses the readiness of international medical graduates to enter residency or fellowship programs in the United States that are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).
ED
Emergency Department
Emergency Department (i.e., hospital Emergency Room (ER))
EDD
State of California's direct link to job placement and referrals, unemployment insurance, disability insurance, employment and training, labor market information, payroll taxes, and more
EDI
Electronic Data Interchange
The electronic transmission of routine business documents in a standard format from one computer to another.
EEG
electroencephalogram
a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
EEO
Equal Employment Opportunity
Discrimination is defined in civil rights law as unfavorable or unfair treatment of a person or class of persons in comparison to others who are not members of the protected class because of race, sex, color, religion, national origin, age, physical/mental handicap, sexual harassment, sexual orientation or reprisal for opposition to discriminatory practices or participation in the EEO process. Federal EEO laws prohibit an employer from discriminating against persons in all aspects of employment, including recruitment, selection, evaluation, promotion, training, compensation, discipline, retention and working conditions, because of their protected status.
EEOC
EEOC enforces the following federal statutes: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA);Equal Pay Act (EPA);Title I and Title V of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of Section 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, prohibiting employment discrimination against federal employees with disabilities; and the Civil Rights Act of 1991 providing monetary damages in cases of intentional discrimination and clarifying provisions regarding disparate impact actions.
EFC
Effective Family Contribution
The amount which a student and their parents should be reasonably expected to provide toward meeting their college expenses. The formula for computing family contribution is established by federal regulations and the completed FAFSA.
EFP
Expendable Funds Pool
Expendable funds are pooled and invested by Stanford Management Company in various short- or long-term investments. Funds with cash assets that are grouped into an investment pool and whose principal may be spent. The pool includes working capital, gifts, and reserves.
EFT
Electronic Funds Transfer
A method of payment in which one's bank transfers funds electronically from one's bank account into another bank account. In payables, a bank trasfers funds from one's bank account into the bank account of a supplier one pays with the Electronic payment method.
EH&S
Stanford has an environmental health and safety program that deals with identification, labeling, storage, segregation, inventory, and disposal.
EIFP
Endowment Income Funds Pool
Endowment Income Funds Pool - Pool of Endowment Funds. At Stanford, Endowment refers to assets that are invested for the long term, unlike expendable funds, which are typically used for immediate needs.
EKG
electrocardiogram
a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
ELAM
Established in 1995, ELAM is the only in-depth national program that focuses on preparing women faculty at U.S. and Canadian medical and dental schools for senior leadership positions at academic health centers.
EMF
The Ellison Medical Foundation, established and supported by Lawrence J. Ellison, supports two areas of research: (1) Aging and (2) Global Infectious Diseases. Stanford and the VA have received funds from EMF.
EMP
Early Matriculation Program (Stanford)
The School has an Early Matriculation Program with the goal of increasing the number of underrepresented minorities and financially disadvantaged students entering academic medicine. This program introduces such students to careers in academic medicine by providing them with experiences in medical research and leadership skills training during the summer prior to their first year. Research experiences are tailored to meet the student's interest and have ranged from those focused on community medicine to those involving the basic sciences. Students in this program have the opportunity to complete histology in the summer, in order to provide time to continue their research during the academic year. For further information, please contact the Office of Admissions and Student Affairs.
EmpID
Employee ID
PeopleSoft's person identifier; Stanford's University ID Number
EMPO
Emergency Preparedness Office (VA)
EMPO s the Emergency Preparedness Office for the VA.
EMR
Entrance Medical Record
Upon admission to Stanford, the student will receive an Entrance Medical Record (EMR) form. This becomes part of a student's strictly confidential medical record and will be used only by health service personnel.
EMR
Electronic Medical Record
Computerized system providing real-time data access and evaluation in medical care.
EMS
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medical Services means those services needed to evaluate or stabilize an Emergency Medical Condition
E-MSDS
Starting February 2003, Stanford University has introduced a new electronic Material Safety Data Sheet service featuring: - advanced MSDS search and sort functionality - additional MSDS collections (totaling 780,000 MSDSs) - ability to email MSDSs to campus colleagues
EMT
Emergency Management Team
A team drawn from Stanford University's senior administrative and academic management, that coordinates the campus emergency response to major incidents
EMTALA
Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act
Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act
ENT
ear, nose, and throat
ENT is short for ear, nose and throat.
Entrez
Entrez is a retrieval system for searching several linked databases.
EOB
Explanation of Benefits
The statement sent to you by your health plan explaining the benefit calculation and payment of medical services. An EOB lists the charges submitted, the amount allowed, the amount paid and any balance owed as the patient's responsibility. Don't pay your portion until you receive the EOB, and then pay the patient portion detailed on the statement.
EOC
Emergency Operations Center
During a disaster response, a central Emergency Operations Center (EOC) coordinates emergency information and resources.
EOI
Evidence of Insurability
Evidence of Insurability
EPA
EPA's mission is to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment — air, water, and land — upon which life depends.
EPC
evidence based practice center
An EPC practices evidence based medicine - the practice of medicine based on the premise that clinical decisions based on best evidence, either from the research literature or clinical expertise, improves the quality of care and the patient's quality of life.
EPO
The Emergency Preparedness Office is responsible for ensuring that the Department of Health Services (DHS) is prepared to respond to disasters and for coordinating DHS disaster response activities.
EPO
Exclusive Provider Organization
Exclusive Provider Organization is a plan, which limits coverage of non-emergency care to contracted health care providers. It operates similar to an HMO plan but is usually offered as an insured or self-funded product.
ER
Emergency Room
Emergency Room of a Hospital -room where patients go who require emergency services.
ERA
Electronic Research Administration
Electronic Research Administration - Conducting research administration by utilizing electronic resources such as the internet, the world wide web, form templates, databases, and other electronic tools.
ERAS
ERAS is produced by the AAMC was developed to transmit residency applications, Letters of Recommendation, Dean's Letters, transcripts, and other supporting documents to residency program directors via the Internet.
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Endoscopic refers to the use of an instrument called an endoscope - a thin, flexible tube with a tiny video camera and light on the end. The endoscope is used by a highly trained subspecialist, the gastroenterologist, to diagnose and treat various problems of the GI tract. The GI tract includes the stomach, intestine, and other parts of the body that are connected to the intestine, such as the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. Retrograde refers to the direction in which the endoscope is used to inject a liquid enabling X-rays to be taken of the parts of the GI tract called the bile duct system and pancreas. The process of taking these X-rays is known as cholangiopancreatography. Cholangio refers to the bile duct system, pancrea to the pancreas.
ERISA
Employee Retirement Income Security Act
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) was enacted to ensure that employees receive the pension and other benefits promised by their employers. ERISA also incorporates and is tied to provisions of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) designed to encourage employers to provide retirement benefits and other benefits to their employees.
eSource
eSource is a Stanford-based web portal that provides medical device designers with resources and content relevant to the medical device invention and development process.
ESTRO
ESTRO, The European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, was founded in Milano in September 1980. as a Society of individual members working in the field of radiotherapy and oncology.
euro
euro currency
A single currency adopted by the 11 member countries of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) beginning January 1, 1999. These countries include Austria, Belgium, France, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. The official abbreviation for the euro is EUR. This abbreviation is used for all commercial, business, and financial purposes, and has been registered with the International Standards Organization (ISO).
E-Value
Stanford system to review one's evaluations, complete evaluations for Stanford Medical School faculty, housestaff, and students, and track one's attendance at division conferences.
EWS
Enterprise Wide Scheduling
Enterprise Wide Scheduling (EWS)provides a flexible solution for the scheduling of appointments and tasks for and across all hospital departments and functional areas. The system allows for procedure and clinic visits to be scheduled remotely and on-line.
F&A
Facility and Administrative
"Facility and Administrative (F&A) or indirect costs" are those costs that are incurred for common or joint objectives, and therefore cannot be identified specifically with a particular sponsored project, an instructional activity or any other institutional activity.
F-1
F-1 student status will allow you to remain in the U.S. as long as you are a properly registered full-time student.
FA
Fixed Assets
FA (Fixed Assets) is an Oracle Module. It replaced the CAMS System.The Stanford University online system designed to record, track, calculate depreciation, produce required reports, and request disposal of equipment at Stanford. FA is the official property record for Stanford University.
FACP
Fellows in ACP are a special group of doctors who are dedicated to continuing education in medical practice, teaching, or research. Fellowship is an honorary designation given to recognize ongoing individual service and contributions to the practice of medicine.
FACR
Fellow of the American College of Radiology
Fellow of the American College of Radiology
FACS
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
An honorarydegree awarded surgeons for professional excellence and having metrequirements of full surgical training, certification and taking aspecial examination.
FACT
FACT establishes standards for high quality medical and laboratory practice. FACT is a non-profit organization developed by the International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT) and the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation (ASBMT) for the purposes of voluntary inspection and accreditation in the field of hematopoietic cell therapy. The major objective of FACT is to promote high quality patient care and quality laboratory performance in the belief that a valid accreditation must assess both clinical and laboratory aspects. Stanford's BMT program is accredited through FACT.
FAFSA
The U.S. Department of Education offers a variety of student financial aid programs.
FAIR
FAIR provides timely, high quality financial statement information and analysis to Stanford management and to the external financial community in compliance with professional accounting standards and other requirements. Reports are published annually.
FAMIS
Facilities Administration and Maintenance Information System is the web site for many of the facilities forms at Stanford University such as work orders, event and labor, etc.
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions - These are often included in publications. The answer to the Frequently Asked Question is also included in the publication or other article.
FAR
Policies and procedures for acquisitions of goods and/or services used by executive agencies of the federal government on contracts.
FASEB
Founded in 1912 by three societies, FASEB has consistently provided educational meetings and publications to disseminate biological research results.
FastLane
The National Science Foundation (NSF) uses an interactive real-time system (FastLane) to conduct business over the Internet. FastLane is the official system of NSF and use of the FastLane system is required for the exchange of information such as submitting and reviewing proposals, the submission of annual and final project reports, and all other post-award notifications and requests.
FBR
Established in 1981, the Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR) is an organization dedicated to improving human and animal health by promoting public understanding and support for the humane and responsible use of animals in medical and scientific research.
FCC
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent United States government agency, directly responsible to Congress. The FCC was established by the Communications Act of 1934 and is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. The FCC's jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. possessions.
FCVL
Fellow Credential Verification Letter - Letter used to verify fellow credentials at the VA.
FDA
FDA is a federal science-based law enforcement agency mandated to protect public health. The agency has apporximately 9000 employees most of whom are scientists, inspector''s, medical doctors, and other professionals.
FDNCENTER
Resources for working with private foundations, including information about proposal preparation and submission of grants.
FDP
Federal Demonstration Partnership
The FDP is the federal government's attempt to increase research productivity and reduce administrative burden at academic institutions by standardizing and simplifying the terms and conditions of research grants.
FEDGRANTS
Federal Grant Funding Opportunity Database
FEDIX
free online e-mail service delivering targeted research and education U.S. government funded opportunities. The service is provided by Federal Information Exchange (FEDIX) in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy. A consolidated database of RFPs, grants, fellowships, scholarships, or other funding opportunities from the Departments of Energy, Agriculture, Transportation, Veterans Affairs, and AID, NASA, NIH, EPA, AFOSR, ONR, and DISA will generate an e-mail to subscribers. Registration requires subscribers to outline the type of funding opportunities to be targeted.
FEMA
The Federal Emergency Management Agency - a former independent agency that became part of the new Department of Homeland Security in March 2003 - is tasked with responding to, planning for, recovering from and mitigating against disasters.
FERPA
Covers rights of parents of school children regarding reviewing, amending and disclosing educational records.
FFELP
Federal Family Education Loan Program
Education loans provided by private lenders and guaranteed by the federal government. Subsidized and unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans and parent PLUS loans are included in this program.
FFRDC
Federal Funded Research and Development Center
Federal Funded Research and Development Center
FFS
Fee For Service
An arrangement under wich patients or a third party pay physicians, hospitals, or other health care providers for each encounter or service rendered.
FIC
The Fogarty International Center promotes and supports scientific research and training internationally to reduce disparities in global health. It is part of the NIH. Stanford has had awards from this center.
FICA
Federal Insurance Contributions Act
The federal law which requires employers to withhold a portion of employee wages and pay them to the government trust fund which provides retirement benefits. An acronym for Federal Insurance Contributions Act. More commonly known as social security.
FIN
Finance
FIN - Abbreviation for Finance
FINH
The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) builds and fosters collaborative relationships with philanthropy, industry and academia to support the mission of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-improving health through scientific discovery. The Foundation is a non-profit, 501(c) (3) corporation established at the direction of the United States Congress in 1996.
FIS
Financial Information Services
Financial Information Services is the new name for GAO at Stanford.
FLRC
Fleishmann Learning Resource Center
FLSA
Fair Labor Standards Act
Fair Labor Standards Act provides the criteria to determine if a position is exempt or non-exempt.
FMG
Foreign Medical Graduate
Foreign Medical Graduate
FMGEMS
Foreign Medical Graduate Examination in the Medical Sciences.
FMGEMS, a two-day exam developed cooperatively by NBME and ECFMG, is administered semi-annually and includes testing in the basic medical and clinical sciences.
FMLA
Family and Medical Leave Act
Family and Medical Leave Act: The Family & Medical Leave Act (FMLA) allows ”eligible” employees to take off up to 12 work weeks in any 12 month period for the birth or adoption of a child, to care for a family member, or if the employee themselves has serious health condition
FMS
FMS is the electronic general ledger for VA. Its purpose is to track obligations and expenditures by facility and time period (month, quarter and fiscal year). Cost centers and subaccounts (budget object codes) are used to organize the data by purpose, such as labor costs, medical supplies, and overhead.
FOB
Free on Board
The point or location where the ownership title of goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer. This indicates that delivery of a shipment will be made on board or into a carrier by the shipper without charge, and is usually followed by a shipping point or destination (e.g. ’FOB Our warehouse in New York’).
FOCiS
The Federation of Clinical Immunology Societies (FOCIS) was created to provide: 1) a scientific forum to foster the cross-disciplinary approach required to understand and treat immune-based diseases as the discipline of clinical immunology evolves; 2) a better understanding of the shared pathophysiological underpinnings of clinical immunology and the new therapeutic approaches suggested by these novel relationships, including the increasingly widespread use of biologics in therapy; 3) a forum for education of trainees, physicians, patients and the public in the discipline of clinical immunology; and 4) advocacy in public policy issues. FOCiS does provide funding.
FOCUS-PDCA
FOCUS-PDCA (Quality Term)
FOCUS-PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) F:Find - an opportunity for improvement - use Identification of Projects listing. O:Organize - a team - consists of team members, of which two (2) are key members. C:Clarify - the current process - use tools such as Fishbone diagram, Flowchart, % differences on Bar Graph, etc. U:Understand - the sources of the problem and the process variation - provide a structured collecting data sheet with pertinent facts S:Select - the improvement (a change) - decide what the change should be and involve all units. P:Plan - the improvement - analyze collected data and review with concerned units (encourage feedback). D:Do - the improvement - implement the change. C:Check - the results (is the change an improvement)? - if performance improved then study was successful D:Act - to hold the gain. - once the new plan has been implemented and is successful continue to "hold the gain" and don't slide backwards.
FOIA
The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), which can be found in Title 5 of the United States Code, section 552, was enacted in 1966 and provides that any person has the right to request access to federal agency records or information. All agencies of the United States Government are required to disclose records upon receiving a written request for them, except for those records (or portions of them) that are protected from disclosure by the nine exemptions and three exclusions of the FOIA.
Form 8233
Form 8233 is the US tax exemption form for withholding on compensation for independent (and retain dependent) personal services of a nonresident alien individual.
FPO
Faculty Physician Organization
Faculty Physician Organization Initiative at Stanford is to: Develop a flexible and high quality faculty physician’s organization to support the faculty’s clinical activities, develop a Stanford Faculty Physicians’ Organization in coordination with the structures of the two hospitals (SHC and LPCH) that includes:  The development of a data-driven investment model for new program evaluations, funding and performance expectations.  The development of an aggressive quality of care program that establishes the Stanford FPO as the quality provider of choice for referring physicians and the local community.
FR
The official daily publication for Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices of US Federal agencies and organizations, as well as Executive Orders and other Presidential Documents.
FRC
The Family Resource Center (FRC) provides hospital patients, their families and staff with access to a wide variety of information about child and maternal health and well-being. The FRC collection includes books, periodicals, pamphlets, audio tapes, and videotapes on a variety of topics from coping with chronic illness and hospitalization to parenting skills and child development. The Resource Center also maintains a large collection of recreational reading materials and video tapes.
FRCPC
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
FRCS
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (of England).
FRD
Faculty Research Directory (Stanford)
FREIDA
FREIDA Online is a database with over 7,800 graduate medical education programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, as well as over 200 combined specialty programs.
FRIP
Faculty Retirement Incentive Plan (Stanford)
Faculty Retirement Incentive Plan (Stanford)
FSA
Free Spending Account
Under US Internal Revenue Code Section 125, employees can set aside money on a pretax basis to pay for eligible unreimbursed health and dependent care expenses. Annual monetary limits and use–it–or–lose it provisions exist. Accounts are subject to annual maximums and forfeiture rules.
FSH
Faculty Staff Housing (Stanford) - Includes such things as programs for Staff and Faculty; rentals, and homes for sale; etc.
FSMB
The Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) sponsor the USMILE Exams.
FSR
Financial Status Report
is a statement of expenditures sent to the sponsor of a grant or contract
FTC
The Federal Trade Commission enforces a variety of federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. By eliminating acts or practices that are unfair or deceptive, the Commission seeks to ensure that the nation's markets function competitively and are vigorous, efficient, and free of undue restrictions. Its efforts are generally directed toward stopping actions that restrict competition or threaten consumers' ability to exercise informed choice. The Commission also undertakes economic analysis to support its law enforcement efforts and to contribute to the policy deliberations of various federal, state, and local government bodies.
FTE
Fixed Term Employee
An employee with a determined end date of appointment. This employee is eligible for university benefits like a regular staff
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
File Transfer Protocol is a protocol that allows the transfer of files from one computer to another. FTP is also the verb used to describe the act of transferring files from one computer to another.
FundsNET
Links to hundreds of grants-related web sites, including links to current funding opportunities, sponsor guidelines, and forms
FWA
Federalwide Approval of Protection for Human Subjects
The federalwide approval of protection for human subjects includes policies and procedures for protecting the rights and welfare of human subjects.
FWO
Depending on the needs of the department, flexible work options may be an alternative to a traditional work schedule that can help produce cost savings, improve employee morale, expand customer service hours, and help reduce commuting and parking problems.
FY
Fiscal Year
Fiscal Year - an accounting period of 12 months; Stanford's fiscal years runs September 1 through August 31.
FYE
Fiscal Year End
The end of the fiscal (financial) year. It is usually a 365 day period. Each entity defines when it starts, ends.
FYI
For Your Information
For Your Information
GA
Grants Accounting
All expenditures, whether sponsored or not, are recorded in Oracle Grants accounting. Expenditures are all disbursements of cash, including asset purchases (capital equipment) as well as expenses (salary, supplies, travel, etc.)
GAAP
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. A widely accepted set of rules, conventions, standards, and procedures for reporting financial information, as established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
GAC
Stanford's Protocol applications are circulated to the GCRC Advisory Committee (GAC) membership for review and comment prior to a regular scheduled meeting.
GAF
Geographic Adjustment Factor
Geographical adjustment factors. Used by Medicare to adjust fee schedules
GAO
The General Accounting Office is the audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of Congress. GAO exists to support the Congress in meeting its Constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and ensure the accountability of the federal government for the American people.
GATEKEEPER
PRIMARY CARE DOCTOR
In a managed care plan, this is another name for the primary care doctor. This doctor gives you basic medical services and coordinates proper medical care and referrals.
Gates Foundation
Bringing Innovations in Health and Learning to the Global Community The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is building upon the unprecedented opportunities of the 21st century to improve equity in global health and learning—because the life and potential of a child born in one place is as valuable as that in another. The foundation was created in January 2000, through the merger of the Gates Learning Foundation, which worked to expand access to technology through public libraries, and the William H. Gates Foundation, which focused on improving global health. Led by Bill Gates’ father, William H. Gates, Sr., and Patty Stonesifer, the Seattle-based foundation has an endowment of approximately $25 billion through the personal generosity of Bill and Melinda Gates.
GAVI
The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization is an historic alliance between the private and public sector committed to one goal: saving children's lives and people's health through the widespread use of vaccines.
GCA
Grant and Contract Accounting
Department provides financial services and support in the Controller's office for all sponsored agreements with outside organizations and departments.
GCP
Good Clinical Practice
Good Clinical Practice (GCP) is a standard for the design, conduct, performance, monitoring, auditing, recording, analysis, and reporting of clinical trials.
GCRC
The GCRC is the major clinical research facility for Stanford University School of Medicine. The goals are to provide an optimal facility for the conduct of patient oriented research, to translate basic scientific knowledge into a better understanding and treatment of human diseases, and to train health professionals in clinical research.
GCRS
Government Costs and Rate Studies
Office of Government Cost and Rate Studies (GCRS) to identify allowable INDIRECT costs. GCRS relies on the Chart of Accounts to perform this complicated task. After GCRS has identified the full indirect cost of work done at Stanford, they allocate those costs to several different cost pools defined by OMB Circular A-21.
GFP
Government-Furnished Property
Government-owned property that is provided directly from the government to the contractor or its subcontractors. Also, any government-owned property transferred from one agreement to another by direction of the government.
GFS
Graduate Financial Support System
Graduate Financial Support (GFS), the system that manages salaries, stipends and tuition allowance payments for graduate students. This is being used until Fall 2003 to track in the legacy system. In Fall 2003 GFS will be replaced by Peoplesoft.
GHP
GHP is a Stanford-led network of collaborators from twenty developed nations organized to assess the impact of health care regulation, financing, and organization on health care delivery and health system performance. GHP studies diverse issues of global interest, including policies regarding financing the care of elderly individuals with dementia, pharmaceutical regulation, and approaches to managing common clinical problems such as congestive heart failure. GHP's comparative research serves as the foundation for evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of different approaches to health care financing and delivery. Also see web site: http://healthpolicy.stanford.edu/GHP/
GI
Gastroenterology Division
The Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology has a long tradition of major contributions in basic research, a new commitment to clinical and outcomes research, a track record of training fellows for academic careers, and a longitudinal commitment to providing care for patients with complex gastrointestinal and liver diseases.
GIM
The Division of General Internal Medicine provides resident, student and fellow training in adult medical care on general medicine wards and at primary care clinics at several sites.
GL
General Ledger Code
Code used in the University Chart of Accounts to identify the type of financial transaction being entered into the accounting system.
GL Date
General Ledger Date
The end date of an accounting period in which costs or revenue are transferred to the General Ledger.
GL Date
General Ledger Date (Oracle)
In Oracle Cash Management, the date used to determine the correct accounting period for your accounting transactions. In Oracle Payables and Oracle Receivables, the date used to determine the correct accounting period for your invoice and payment transactions. You assign a GL Date to your invoices during invoice entry and your payments during payment creation. In Oracle Projects, the end date of the GL Period in which costs or revenue are transferred to Oracle General Ledger. This date is determined from the open or future GL Period on or after the PA Date of a cost distribution line or revenue. For invoices, the GL Date is the date within the GL Period on which an invoice is transferred to Oracle Receivables, and is based on the invoice date.
GL Date Range
General Ledger Date Range (Oracle)
An accounting cycle that is defined by a beginning and ending General Ledger (GL) Date.
GLP
Good Laboratory Practice
Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) is a quality system concerned with the organisational process and the conditions under which non-clinical health and environmental safety studies are planned, performed, monitored, recorded, archived and reported.
GM
The General Motors Cancer Research Foundation Prizes were established to recognized outstanding contributions in the broad field of cancer research including basic science, epidemiology and prevention, and diagnosis and treatments. There are three prizes: The Charles F. Kettering Prize for the most outstanding recent contribution to the diagnosis or treatment of cancer. The Charles S. Mott Prize for the most outstanding recent contribution related to the causes or prevention of cancer. The Alfred P. Sloan, Jr. Prize for the most outstanding recent basic science contribution to cancer research.
GME
The office sponsors residency and fellowship programs accredited by the ACGME (Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education). The former name of this office was House Staff Office.
GMO
Grants Management Officer (NIH)
An NIH official responsible for the business management aspects of grants and cooperative agreements, including review, negotiation, award, and administration, and for the interpretation of grants administration policies and provisions. Only GMOs are authorized to obligate NIH to the expenditure of funds and permit changes to approved projects on behalf of NIH. Each NIH Institute and Center that awards grants has one or more GMOs with responsibility for particular programs or awards.
GMP
Good Manufacturing Practices
GMP refers to the Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations promulgated by the US Food and Drug Administration under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (See Chapter IV for food, and Chapter V, Subchapters A, B, C, D, and E for drugs and devices.) These regulations, which have the force of law, require that manufacturers, processors, and packagers of drugs, medical devices, some food, and blood take proactive steps to ensure that their products are safe, pure, and effective. GMP regulations require a quality approach to manufacturing, enabling companies to minimize or eliminate instances of contamination, mixups, and errors. This in turn, protects the consumer from purchasing a product which is not effective or even dangerous. Failure of firms to comply with GMP regulations can result in very serious consequences including recall, seizure, fines, and jail time.
GPA
Grade Point Average
Grade Point Average Your GPA calculation should be based on all courses for which you received a grade, with the following exceptions: courses taken on a pass/no credit basis, whether student-elected or mandatory ("+" and "P" grades) courses for which you received a grade of "L", "N", "I", or "*" The formula for computing your GPA is: GPA = (units of A * points) + (units of A- * points) + (same for all other grades) / total number of units
GPG
Grant Proposal Guide (NSF)
GPO
Produces and distributes Federal Government information products.
GPRA
Government Performance Results Act
Congress passed the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, that held government agencies accountable and measured performance by the results and impacts aligned with the budgeting process. This law has a timeline for strategic planning and the reporting of performance results.
Grant
Grant
A financial assistance mechanism providing money, property, or both to an eligible entity to carry out an approved project or activity.
GRANTSNET
GrantsNet, a searchable, continuously updated, database of funding opportunities in biomedical research and science education.
GRE
Graduate Record Examination
Graduate Record Examination
GRECC
Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center focuses on the branch of medicine that deals with the problems and diseases of old age and aging people. The GRECC has three integrated program components: research, education and clinical care.
GSA
The Gerontological Society of America is a non-profit professional organization with more than 5000 members in the field of aging.
GSA
General Services Administration
Central management agency within the federal government that sets federal policy in such areas as federal procurement real property management, and information resources management. The administration function also includes auditing at various levels. (Note: In Oracle Receivables, you can indicate whether a customer is a government agency that orders against GSA agreements in Oracle Order Management. )
GSB
Gradudate School of Business
GU
Genitourinary
of or relating to the genital and urinary organs or functions
GUI
Graphic User Interface
Graphical User Interface. A graphical way to represent the operating system, such as Windows 95 or X11.
Guidestar
GuideStar, the national database of U.S. charitable organizations, gathers and distributes data on more than 850,000 IRS-recognized nonprofits
H&P
History and Physical
Summarized information about a complete "workup" of the patient or about one primary problem.
H&S
The School of Humanities and Sciences (H&S) at Stanford focuses on Stanford's liberal arts education. H&S awards nearly 80 percent of Stanford undergraduate degrees and the largest number of doctoral degrees at Stanford.
H-1
The H-1 program at Stanford is prescribed for regular faculty and for Research Associates who will be sponsored by their departments for green cards.
HAP
Housing Allowance Program
The Housing Allowance Program (HAP) is a taxable fringe benefit that, under specified conditions, provides additional compensation to newly hired faculty and senior staff for a fixed period of time starting with their home purchase. HAP, together with Stanford's other housing programs, is a program that is intended to address the difference in the cost of home ownership between Stanford area and areas in proximity to other major research Universities.
HAZMAT
The Office of Hazardous Materials Safety, which is within the United States Department of Transportation's Research and Special Programs Administration, is responsible for coordinating a national safety program for the transportation of hazardous materials by air, rail, highway and water.
HBPC
Home Based Patient Care
Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) is a home care program for veterans which provides palliative care for those veterans seeking a palliative approach to care at home, but who either do not meet formal Medicare hospice criteria or elect not to receive care from a home hospice agency. A particular strength of HBPC is primary care of enrolled patients is taken over by either a nurse practitioner or physician within HBPC. Primary care providers routinely make home visits.
HCA
Hospital Corporation of America
Hospital Corporation of America
HCFA
Health Care Financing Administration (DHHS)
Health Care Financing Administration (DHHS)
HCFO
The Changes in Health Care Financing and Organization (HCFO) initiative, a core program of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, strives to bridge the health policy and health services research communities by reaching two primary objectives: to provide public and private decision-makers with usable and timely information on health care policy, financing, and market developments, and to bring together the policy and research communities through significant convening, issues identification, research translation, and communication activities.
HCOP
Healthcare Opportunities Program (Stanford) is a summer programa for minority and disadvantaged college students planning to pursue careers in medicine.
HCPCS
Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System
The Health Care Financing AdministrationCommon Procedure Coding System (HCPCS)which includes CPT codes. HCPCS containsservices not included in CPT, such asambulance, audiology, physical therapy,speech pathology, and vision care and suchsupplies as drugs, durable medical equipment,orthotics, prosthetics, and other medical and surgical supplies.
HCSA
Health Care Spending Account
An arrangement through which you may direct a portion of your salary-before-tax-to your health care spending account to pay for certain eligible medical or dental expenses
HCUP
HCUP is a family of healthcare databases and related software. HCUP databases bring together the data collection efforts of state data organizations, hospital associations, private data organizations, and the federal government to create a national information resource of patient-level healthcare data.
HEDIS
HEALTH EMPLOYER DATA AND INFORMATION SET
set of standard performance measures that can give you information about the quality of a health plan. You can find out about the quality of care, access, cost, and other measures to compare managed care plans. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) collects HEDIS data for Medicare plans.
HEM
Hematology Division
This division within the Department of Medicine focus is on the basic science and clinical studies that are carried out at Stanford University. The studies cover a broad range of hematologic malignancies and blood disorders including acute and chronic leukemias, myelodysplastic syndromes, multiple myeloma, disorders of red cells (such as anemias and thalassemias), and thrombotic disorders
HERC
The Health Economics Resource Center is a national center that assists VA researchers in assessing the cost-effectiveness of medical care, evaluating the efficiency of VA programs and providers, and conducting high-quality health economics research.
HERC
, HERC is a collaborative response of 15 bay area campuses to the many challenges of recruitment and retention. One particular interest of HERC's is finding effective ways to assist the spouses and partners of our faculty and staff to secure area employment. The "dual career dilemma" is especially pronounced in the bay area where a dual income is often a financial necessity.
HESC
Human embryonic stem cell
Human embryonic stem cell
Hewlett
Doctor Albion Walter Hewlett, eminent professor of medicine at Stanford from 1916 until his untimely death in 1925, was a physician of rare compassion and skills, known in this country and abroad for his contributions to medical science. The Department of Medicine at Stanford presents this award in his name and memory to recognize like qualities in the award's recipients.
HFI
The Hepatitis Foundation International (HFI) is dedicated to the eradication of viral hepatitis.
HFMA
HFMA is the nation’s leading personal membership organization for healthcare financial management professionals.
HGP
NIH's Human Genome Project - Integral to the HGP are similar efforts to understand the genomes of various organisms.
HHMI
HHMI is a Maryland-based medical research organization whose principal mission is biomedical research. Since 1988, the institute has awarded over 500 million to 236 colleges and universities in 47 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
HHS
The Department of Health and Human Services is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. HHS is a large grant awarding agency in the federal government, providing some 60,000 grants per year. HHS' Medicare program is the nation's largest health insurer, handling more than 900 million claims per year.
HHS Grantsnet
A compendium of information about applying for and administering grants provided by Department of Health and Human Services organizations, including NIH.
HIMS
Health Information Management Services
Stanford's Health Information Management Services (HIMS) is a department that manages legal medical records.
HIP
The Health Improvement Program (HIP) seeks to enhance the health and quality of life of the Stanford community through health classes, programs and services.
HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs.
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human immunodeficiency virus, the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
HMI
Hazardous Material Inventory
HMMP
Hazardous Materials Management Program
The Army HMMP (Hazardous Material Management Program), identifies hazardous material management requirements, assigns responsibilities for management, and establishes centralized operating procedures. The HMMP identifies the best management practices throughout the hazardous materials life cycle to reduce risk to human health, and the environment from hazardous materials. These practices include procurement, receipt, production, use, handling, storage, and disposition of hazardous materials.
HMO
Health Maintenance Organization
Health care delivery system that typically uses contracted primary care physicians to coordinate all health care for enrolled members. HMOs require you to select a primary care physician (PCP). The PCP coordinates your care and refers you to specialists and hospitals. Covered services are usually paid in full after you pay any required copay. No claim forms are required. See definition of the Kaiser Permanente HMO below for a non-PCP model of health care HMO.
HPDM
High Performance Development Model
Used by the VA. HPDM Plan addresses performance based reward and recognition as well as coaching, mentoring and leadership development programs for varied levels in the organization.
HPI
History of Present Illness
History of Present Illness (a chronological description of the development of the patient's present illness from the first sign or symptom, to include: location, quality, severity, duration, timing, context, modifying factors, associated signs or symptoms).
HPRC
The Stanford Health Promotion Resource Center (HPRC) is a non-profit dissemination arm of the Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention (SCRDP). HPRC mission is to make available to the public materials developed and proven successful in SCRDP research projects.
HR
Human Resources
Human Resources contributes to organization success by planning for, acquiring, deploying, maintaining, and developing a productive and cost-effective workforce.
HRC
House Staff Review Committee (Stanford)
If the dispute involves termination, non-advancement or probation, the house officer may request review by a House Staff Review Committee (HRC). The request from the house officer for a HRC review must be made in writing to the Chief of Staff within fourteen (14) working days after receipt of the Level 2 notice that no resolution has been reached from the Chief of Staff. In each instance the HRC will be appointed by the Chief of Staff and will consist of one member of the full time faculty, one senior resident, and one member of the Graduate Medical Education Committee who shall chair the committee. No member of the committee will have been involved in any earlier review of the dispute. A review meeting will be set by the Chair of the HRC within forty-five (45) working days of the receipt of the house officer's request for review by HRC. See House Staff Web Site for more information.
HRG
Human Resources Group
The Human Resources Group helps staff employees and supervisors with a broad range of human resource services. The HRG service focus is on compensation, employment, and employee relations.
HRMS
Human Resources Management System
HRMS is the module in the Peoplesoft system that is for human resources, benefits, and payroll.
HRO
Human Resources Officer
Human Resources Officer for department or school. HRO provides help and advice on personnel matters throughout the University. HROs are responsible for the implementation of Stanford's personnel policies and provide services to employees on personnel issues.
HRP
The Department of Health Research and Policy (HRP) is Stanford University's nucleus for teaching, service, and scholarship in the areas that define the Department's three Divisions: (1) Biostatistics; (2) Epidemiology; and (3)Health Services Research Biostatistics
HRQOL
Health-Related Quality-of-Life measure
Any of a variety of tools (i.e., questionnaires, rating scales, or surveys) used to assess the effect of an individual’s health on how well he or she performs activities of daily living and fulfills social, familial, and personal roles.
HRS&D
This subcommittee at the VA performs scientific review of all HSR&D research proposals.
HRSA
HRSA is a US agency. The Health Resources and Services Administration's mission is to improve and expand access to quality health care for all. Goal: Moving toward 100 percent access to health care and 0 health disparities for all Americans. Vision: The Access Agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, HRSA assures the availability of quality health care to low income, uninsured, isolated, vulnerable and special needs populations and meets their unique health care needs.
HSA
Health Services Administrator
Health services administrators work in offices within hospitals and other health care settings managing the business side of health care. They work as part of a team to help plan, deliver and finance health services. They also organize marketing and fundraising efforts and community functions for the hospital or other health care organization; respond to patient complaints; make speeches on behalf of the organization; and more.
HSR&D
Evaluation is a VA Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Center of Excellence (COE). The COE shares the name "Center for Health Care Evaluation" with the overall organization. It is one of 13 COEs that have been established nationwide to improve the quality of health care for veterans by studying the impact of the organization, financing and/or management of health care on access to, and the quality, cost, and/or outcomes of health care services.
HSSC
Health Screening, Safety, and Compliance Program
Employees with clinical research responsibilities are now required to participate in the HSSC Program. This includes a health screening, safety and compliance training, and tracking of valid licenses. If you have any questions you should contact the ACCESS Office at 498-7425 or Human Resource Group at 725-8607.
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
The document specification language used for documents on the World Wide Web.
HUD
Department of Housing and Urban Development
HVAC
The House Committee on Veterans' Affairs reviews veterans' programs, examines current laws, and reports bills and amendments to strengthen existing laws concerning veterans and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), such as for health care, disability compensation, GI bill education and job training, home loan guarantees, life insurance policies, and a nationwide system of veterans' cemeteries.
I.D.
Identification Card
Stanford University and also Stanford Hospitals issue identification cards.
I-129
I-129 Form
Form on which employers submit a variety of employment-based petitions to the BCIS (Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services). In Stanford's case, Bechtel fills it out.
I-130
I-130 Form
BCIS (Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services) form on which individuals petition the BCIS to allow their relatives to become permanent residents
I-140
I-140 Form
BCIS (Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services) form on which employment-based petitions are filed. In Stanford's case, Bechtel fills it out.
I-151
I-151 Form (Green Card)
GREEN CARD - An immigrant visa. Allows an alien to become a lawful permanent resident of the U.S. and to work legally, travel abroad and return, bring in a spouse and children and become eligible for citizenship. INS Alien Registration Receipt Card (Form I-151 or Form I-551).
I-20
I-20 Form
A document issued by a school to a nonimmigrant student. Used to obtain an F-1 entry visa, for admission to the US and subsequently for the DSO to make recommendations and grant authorizations.
I-539
I-539 Form
An BCIS (Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services) form on which an applicant can request an extension of his or her nonimmigrant stay. Used a lot for dependents who need to change in concert with a principal who is making a change from one type of nonimmigrant classification to temporary employment. Note that the principal applicant does not fill out an I-539 him or herself to make such a change for a dependent!
I-551
I-551 Form
BCIS (Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Service) form number for the Green Card.
I-9
All U.S. employers are responsible for completion and retention of Form I-9 for each individual they hire for employment in the United States. This includes citizens and noncitizens. On the form, the employer must verify the employment eligibility and identity documents presented by the employee and record the document information on the Form I-9.
I-94
I-94 Form
This small white card is a record of your legal entry into the U.S. and immigration status. You complete it on a flight to the U.S. or at a border crossing, and it is then processed at a port of entry. An immigration inspector usually staples it into your passport. Form I-94 notes name, date of birth, country of citizenship, and the date and port of your arrival in the U.S. It also indicates how long you can stay in the United States. The notation D/S signifies "duration of status" and refers to the completion date on the certificate of visa eligibility (I-20 or DS-2019). The Form I-94 is also a record of your arrivals and departures. Each time you leave the country you surrender your I-94. Only in the case of short trips to Canada, Mexico, and parts of the Caribbean do you keep this form. The I-94 is an important form; we recommend that you make a photocopy of both sides of the form to keep separately in case you need to replace it
IACUC
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
Government term for the committee that oversees the humane care and treatment of laboratory animals is
IAD
The mission of the Internal Audit Department is to assist University management and the Board of Trustees in identifying, avoiding and, where necessary, mitigating risks.
IARC
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is part of the World Health Organization. IARC's mission is to coordinate and conduct research on the causes of human cancer, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and to develop scientific strategies for cancer control. The Agency is involved in both epidemiological and laboratory research and disseminates scientific information through publications, meetings, courses, and fellowships.
IBC
Institutional Biosafety Committee
The NIH mandated the presence of an Institutional Biosafety Committee for all organizations that come under NIH regulations. At Stanford University, this committe is called the Administrative Panel on Biosafety (APB).
ICCMA
International and Cross-Cultural Medical Association
Stanford's International and Cross-Cultural Medical Association (ICCMA) is an organization of students interested in discovering more about medicine and the world. As future physicians, they seek to explore other disciplines such as public health, anthropology and sociology to develop a broader perspective on the social and political issues involved in providing health care. ICCMA sponsors events that give students an opportunity to share ideas and experiences with each other, such as potluck-slide shows of student adventures close to and far from home. They also bring speakers with expertise or experiences of interest to the group to give luncheon lectures or to lead discussions.
ICD-10
International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision
ICD-9 Code
International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition.
Widely used classification system employed to codify diseases and medical conditions
ICF
Intermediate Care Facility
A nursing home, recognized under the Medicaid program, which provides health-related care and services to individuals who do not require acute or skilled nursing care, but who, because of their mental or physical condition, require care and services above the level of room and board available only through facility placement. Specific requirements for ICF's vary by state. Institutions for care of the mentally retarded or people with related conditions (ICF/MR) are also included. The distinction between "health-related care and services" and "room and board" is important since ICF's are subject to different regulations and coverage requirements than institutions which do not provide health-related care and services.
ICH
International Conference on Harmonisation
The International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) is a unique project that brings together the regulatory authorities of Europe, Japan and the United States and experts from the pharmaceutical industry in the three regions to discuss scientific and technical aspects of product registration. The purpose is to make recommendations on ways to achieve greater harmonisation in the interpretation and application of technical guidelines and requirements for product registration in order to reduce or obviate the need to duplicate the testing carried out during the research and development of new medicines.
ICO
ICO is responsible for negotiating and signing sponsored research, collaboration, and material transfer agreements* with industry except for clinical trial agreements, which are handled by the Office of Sponsored Research.
ICOC
Independent Citizen's Oversight Committee
29-member group composed of representatives of California universities, nonprofit research institutions, private life science companies and disease advocacy organizations. The ICOC would have broad new powers to define the trajectory of human cloning technology (somatic cell nuclear transfer) over the next two decades. It would also rewrite ethical guidelines for human-subjects research and for allocating patents to the private sector.
ICOHRTA
International Clinical, Operational and Health Services Research and Training Award
The International Clinical, Operational and Health Services Research and Training Award (ICOHRTA) supports training to facilitate collaborative, multidisciplinary, international clinical, operational, health services and prevention science research between U.S. institutions and those in developing countries, as well as emerging democracies of Eastern Europe, Russia, and the Newly Independent States (NIS). The ICOHRTA will address global health problems by extending and enhancing the research of the collaborating U.S. and foreign scientists while increasing the clinical, operational, health services and prevention research capacity of the collaborating foreign scientists and their institutions. Stanford's PCOR division has such an award. China-US Training in Health Care Research and Health Policy, is funded through an International Clinical, Operational, and Health Services Research and Training Award (ICOHRTA) from the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
ICR
Indirect Cost Rate
This rate is expressed as a percentage of a base amount; established by negotiation with the cognizant internal agency; based on the institutions's projected costs for the year, and distributed as prescribed in the Office of Management and Budget Circular A-21.
ICS
Incident Command System
An emergency management model used by California governments that has been adapted for use at the Stanford EOC
ICU
Intensive Care Unit
The intensive care unit is the unit in which seriously ill patients are closely monitored.
ID
Identification Card
Card bearing identifying data (as age or organizational membership) about the individual whose name appears thereon -- called also identification card, identity card
ID
Infectious Diseases Division
IDD Division encompasses all aspects of infectious diseases and geographic medicine, including clinical microbiology, hospital epidemiology, AIDS, international health, and tropical medicine. It includes both clinical and research endeavors.
IDC
Indirect Costs
Costs Incurred in the accomplishment of sponsored research and that are no less actual or related than direct costs. Indirect costs differ from direct costs in that they have been incurred for purposes common to some or all of the specific programs, projects, or activities for the University. Sponsored research programs are supported both by those costs that are directly charged to the program and those costs that cannot be directly charted but that are indirectly accumulated and applied to such programs and projects by estimation.
IDCR
Indirect Cost Recovery
Indirect Cost Recovery
IDDM
Stanford has a Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International Center for Gene Therapy of IDDM and its Complications at Stanford University. IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also referred to as type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system malfunctions, causing an “autoimmune” response that destroys the islet beta cells and prevents the pancreas from producing insulin. Because insulin makes it possible for the body’s cells to process blood sugar (glucose), a lack of insulin leaves patients with exceedingly high blood sugar levels. Chronically high glucose levels can lead to dangerous diabetic complications: poor blood circulation, blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and nerve degeneration.
IDE
Investigational Device Exemption
FDA permission for a company or sponsor to use its new medical device in a clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of the device. An IDE is not yet FDA approved for marketing, but must be investigated in clinical trials to gather data that FDA will consider for the marketing approval application.
IDP
Interdisciplinary Programs
programs that involve two or more academic, scientific, or artistic disciplines
IDPC
Interdisciplinary Practice Committee
Interdisciplinary Practice Committee is responsible to collaborate and standardize practice procedures. The Interdisciplinary Practice Committee (IDPC) has one for each facility which oversees the development, review and approval of authorization criteria, scope of services, practice protocols ando ther relevant specifications of various types of providers such as nurse practitioners, physician assistants, etc.
IDSA
The Infectious Diseases Society of America represents physicians, scientists and other health care professionals who specialize in infectious diseases. IDSA's purpose is to improve the health of individuals, communities, and society by promoting excellence in patient care, education, research, public health and prevention relating to infectious diseases.
IDX
IDX is the data repository for professional visit scheduling, billing, and reimbursement. IDX offers a broad range of complementary, functionally rich, and highly integrated products that function across patient care settings and organizational models. One of the software products of IDX is Last Word which Stanford University Hospitals has. The intent of Last Word is to improve patient care and safety by decreasing ordering errors and delays in orders being performed. Most of the computer interaction will be 'point and click' requiring minimal typing
IEC
Independent Ethic Committee
The independent ethics committee, also called institutional (or national) review board (IRB), is an independent body consisting of medical and scientific professionals, and non-medical and non-scientific members. It has the responsibility of ensuring the protection of the rights, safety, and well being of human subjects, communities, and institutions, participating in a trial. IEC provides assurance for this protection through reviewing and approving research protocols, their amendments, investigators, facilities, methodology, and procedures for obtaining informed consent.
IFB
Invitation for Bid
A solicitation issued to prospective bidders. An IFB describes what is required and how the bidders will be evaluated. Award is based on the lowest bid. Negotiations are not conducted.
IFFGD
IFFGD, the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, is a nonprofit education and research organization founded in 1991. IFFGD addresses the issues surrounding life with gastrointestinal (GI) functional and motility disorders and increases the awareness about these disorders among the general public, researchers, and the clinical care community.
IFO
Stanford School of Medicine's Instructional Facilities and Operations (IFO) group provides scheduling and operations support for School of Medicine instructional facilities. The IFO group is also responsible for the streaming video program which captures all of the required School of Medicine lectures and related images and posts them to the web where they are accessible to registered students via the CWP (Curriculum Web Project).
iHEA
The International Health Economics Association was formed to increase communication among health economists, foster a higher standard of debate in the application of economics to health and health care systems, and assist young researchers at the start of their careers.
IHI
The Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) is a not-for-profit organization driving the improvement of health by advancing the quality and value of health care.
IHPS
The Institute for Health Policy Solutions is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization funded to develop creative and workable solutions to health system problems related to access, cost, and quality.
IIP
Interdisciplinary Initiatives Symposium (Stanford Bio-X Program)
Interdisciplinary Initiatives Symposium (Stanford Bio-X Program)
IIS
The Institute for International Studies (IIS) is Stanford University’s primary forum for interdisciplinary research on key international issues and challenges. Through its five major research centers — Asia/Pacific; Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law; Environmental Science and Policy; Health Policy; and International Security and Cooperation — IIS seeks to transcend traditional boundaries and create broad partnerships, while making its work available to a worldwide audience.
ILAR
Since 1952, the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) has prepared authoritative reports on subjects of importance to the animal care and use community; served as a clearinghouse for information about animal resources; developed and made available scientific and technical information on laboratory animals and other biological research resources.
IMADIM
The Quality Improvement / Patient Safety Program at Stanford provides the framework for how Stanford Hospital & Clinics identifies, measures, assesses, designs, implements, and monitors (IMADIM) its processes, systems and outcomes. There is ongoing effort by all individuals to continuously make improvements, minimize error and strive to promote an environment of continuous quality improvement.
IMC
Internal Medicine Clinic
The Internal Medicine Clinic provides primary care management to adult and geriatric patients. Our physicians specialize in medical management of patients with complex, interacting medical conditions. Services include immunization, preventive care, and patient education.
IND
Investigational New Drug
Authorization from the Food and Drug Administration to administer an investigational drug or biological product to humans in clinical trials. When the sponsor deems the trials are completed, a New Drug Application is made. The IND will include a protocol.
INS
Formerly an arm of the Justice Department with primary responsibility for the admission and control of aliens. See Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS)
IOM
The mission of the Institute of Medicine is to advance and disseminate scientific knowledge to improve human health. The Institute provides objective, timely, authoritative information and advice concerning health and science policy to government, the corporate sector, the professions and the public.
IP
Internet Protocol
an IP address is a 32-bit number that identifies each sender or receiver of information that is sent in packets across the Internet. When you request an HTML page or send e-mail, the Internet Protocol part of TCP/IP includes your IP address in the message (actually, in each of the packets if more than one is required) and sends it to the IP address that is obtained by looking up the domain name in the Uniform Resource Locator you requested or in the e-mail address you're sending a note to. At the other end, the recipient can see the IP address of the Web page requestor or the e-mail sender and can respond by sending another message using the IP address it received. An IP address has two parts: the identifier of a particular network on the Internet and an identifier of the particular device (which can be a server or a workstation) within that network. On the Internet itself - that is, between the router that move packets from one point to another along the route - only the network part of the address is looked at.
IPA
The agreement used to contract employment between the VA and Stanford. An IPA is a contract whereby Stanford employees may serve or cross train in federal agencies for limited periods of time. Some or all of their salary and staff benefits are paid by the federal agency under Title IV of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act, while they are still considered Stanford employees, and provision has been made for their return to Stanford.
IPC
Incidental Patient Contact
Incidental Patient Contact
iPO
Internet Procurement
iPO -Oracle Internet Procurement - Module in Oracle to do purchasing.
IPR
Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual property rights are the legal means used by governments to ensure that the producers of technology reap the rewards of their investment, effort, and creativity. The specify a time period during which others may not copy the innovator's idea, allowing him or her to commercialize it, and recoup an investment on research and development. The most common forms are patents, copyrights, and trademark.
IR
Interventional Radiology
Interventional Radiology
IR&D
The Department of Defense (DoD) Independent Research and Development (IR&D) and Bid and Proposal (B&P) Program (commonly referred to as the "IR&D Program") promotes communications between the DoD and industry to increase the effectiveness of independent research and development activities and to ensure effective use of IR&D accomplishments to meet defense needs.
IRA
Individual Retirement Account
Individual Retirement Account. A tax-deferred retirement account for an individual that permits individuals to set aside up to X $ per year, with earnings tax-deferred until withdrawals begin at a designated age (i.e. 59 1/2) or later (or earlier, with a 10% penalty). IRAs can be established at a bank, mutual fund, or brokerage. Only those who do not participate in a pension plan at work or who do participate and meet certain income guidelines can make deductible contributions to an IRA. All others can make contributions to an IRA on a non-deductible basis. Such contributions qualify as a deduction against income earned in that year and interest accumulates tax-deferred until the funds are withdrawn. A participant is able to roll over a distribution to another IRA or withdraw funds using a special schedule of early payments made over the participant's life expectancy.
IRB
RBs are set up by research institutions to ensure the protection of rights and welfare of human research subjects participating in research conducted under their auspices. IRBs make an independent determination to approve, require modifications in, or disapprove research protocols based on whether human subjects are adequately protected, as required by federal regulations and local institutional policy. Stanford's University's IRB is called "Administrative Panels on Human Subjects in Medical Research." Stanford has 3 such panels, each of which meets 11 times a year. The involvement of human subjects in research is not permitted until an appropriate IRB has reviewed and approved the research protocol and informed consent has been obtained from each human subject of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. In regards to the VA, VA uses the IRB at Stanford University.
IRG
Integrated Review Group (NIH)
Group of review study sections organized around an area of science that perform initial peer review in the NIH Center for Scientific Review.
IRIS
On-Line search system for research opportunities.
IRP
Intramural Research Progarm (NIH)
Intramural Research Progarm (NIH)
IRPG
Interactive Research Project Grant
Grant award made to two or more investigators funded independently as R01 grantees, but brought together as a collaborative group receiving additional support for collaborative work, shared resources, or the exchange of ideas.
IRS
The IRS is the United States national tax collection agency, called the Internal Revenue Service
IRT
Information Resources & Technology
Information Resources & Technology department for Stanford University School of Medicine formerly known as MED-IT. The Office of Information Resources and Technology (IRT) is an organization within Stanford University's School of Medicine tasked with developing a comprehensive set of information technology, knowledge access and decision support services to facilitate the School's clinical, research, education and community outreach missions.
IRWG
Founded in 1974, Stanford’s Institute for Research on Women and Gender is nationally and internationally known for its work. The Institute supports research on women’s changing economic and social roles and organizes educational programs that make such work accessible to the public. These programs have contributed to policy making and leadership on issues with significant impact on women and their families.
ISCB
International Scoiety for Computational Biology
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISDN) A set of communications standards allowing a single wire or optical fibre to carry voice, digital network services and video. ISDN is intended to eventually replace the plain old telephone system. ISDN was first published as one of the 1984 ITU-T Red Book recommendations. The 1988 Blue Book recommendations added many new features. ISDN uses mostly existing Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) switches and wiring, upgraded so that the basic "call" is a 64 kilobits per second, all-digital end-to-end channel. Packet and frame modes are also provided in some places.
ISEH
ISEH is a central organization focused on marrow stem cell biology, regulation of hematopoiesis and stem cells, and cutting edge experimental hematology.
ISHLT
The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the science and treatment of end-stage heart and lung diseases.
ISS
Information Security Services
Information Security Services helps Stanford protect its computing assets, while supporting the institution's broad, relatively open access requirements. ISS does this in collaboration with individuals, departments, schools, offices, projects, and ITSS groups.
ISSCR
The International Society for Stem Cell Research is an independent, nonprofit organization established to promote and foster the exchange and dissemination of information and ideas relating to stem cells, to encourage the general field of research involving stem cells and to promote professional and public education in all areas of stem cell research and application.
ISTAHC
International Society of Technologicl Assessment in Health Care
publishes the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
IT
Information Technology
Information Technology (IT) is the use of hardware, software, services, and supporting infrastructure to manage and deliver information.”
ITC
Investment Tax Credit
A United Sates tax credit that is based on asset cost.
ITC Amount
Investment Tax Credit Amount
The investment tax credit allowed on an asset. The ITC amount is based on a percentage of the asset cost. When you change an asset’s cost in the accounting period you enter it, Oracle Assets automatically recalculates the ITC amount.
ITC Basis
Investment Tax Credit Basis (Oracle)
The maximum cost that Oracle Assets can use to calculate an investment tax credit amount for your asset. If you enabled ITC ceilings for the asset category you assigned to an asset, the ITC basis is the lesser of the asset’s original cost or the ITC ceiling.
ITC Ceiling
Investment Tax Credit Ceiling
A limit on the maximum cost that Oracle Assets can use to calculate investment tax credit for an asset. You can use different ceilings depending on the asset’s date placed in service.
ITC Rate
Investment Tax Credit Rate (Oracle)
A limit on the maximum cost that Oracle Assets can use to calculate investment tax credit for an asset. You can use different ceilings depending on the asset’s date placed in service.
ITC Recapture
Investment Tax Credit Recapture (Oracle)
If you retire an asset before the end of its useful life, Oracle Assets automatically calculates what fraction of the original investment tax credit must be repaid to the government. This amount is called the investment tax credit recapture.
ITSS
ITSS provides services to the research, instructional, and administrative communities at Stanford University. These services include the planning, development, acquisition, and operation of institutional networking and telecommunications services, information systems, data administration, and information technology infrastructure support.
J-1
Foreign national physicians who seek entry into U.S. programs of graduate medical education or training must obtain an appropriate visa that permits clinical training activities. One visa commonly used by foreign national physicians is the J-1, a temporary nonimmigrant visa reserved for participants in the Exchange Visitor Program. As a public diplomacy initiative of the U.S. Department of State, the Exchange Visitor Program was established to enhance international exchange and mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other nations. In keeping with the Program's goals for international education, J-1 exchange visitor physicians are required to return home for at least two years following their training before being eligible for certain U.S. visas.
J-1 VISA
Foreign national physicians who seek entry into U.S. programs of graduate medical education or training must obtain an appropriate visa that permits clinical training activities. One visa commonly used by foreign national physicians is the J-1, a temporary nonimmigrant visa reserved for participants in the Exchange Visitor Program. As a public diplomacy initiative of the U.S. Department of State, the Exchange Visitor Program was established to enhance international exchange and mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other nations. In keeping with the Program's goals for international education, J-1 exchange visitor physicians are required to return home for at least two years following their training before being eligible for certain U.S. visas.
JAMA
Journal of the American Medical Association - A publication to promote the science and art of medicine.
JCAHO
The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits nearly 17,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States. An independent, not-for-profit organization, JCAHO is the nation's predominant standards-setting and accrediting body in health care. Since 1951, JCAHO has developed professionally based standards and evaluated the compliance of health care organizations against these benchmarks. JCAHO mission is to: continuously improve the safety and quality of care provided to the public through the provision of health care accreditation and related services that support performance improvement in health care organizations.
JCC
Job Classification Code
A four-digit number that uniquely identifies each job classification that has a series description, e.g., JCC 1832 Museum Curator. This code is the key to the JCC table for each job classification, and is used on various documents, such as the Personnel Action Form (PAF).
JDRF
Founded by parents of children with type 1 diabetes, JDRF is focused on a single goal—accelerating research progress to cure diabetes and its complications. JDRF has grants that fund the most innovative, cutting-edge research worldwide. Its 3 goals are: Restoring normal blood sugar levels Preventing and reversing complications (1) Preventing type 1 diabetes (2) Preventing and reversing complications; (3) Preventing type 1 diabetes
JGIM
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Journal of General Internal Medicine
K01
K01 Research Scientist Development Awards
NIH Award: K01 is for Research Scientist Development Awards -- Research and Training -- For support of a scientist committed to research for both advanced research training and additional experience.
K02
K02: Independent Scientist Award
K02 provides support for newly independent scientists who need a 5 year period of intensive research focus to foster development as an independentt scientist. A PI on an NICHD grant is eligible.
K06
K06 Research Career Awards
An NIH Award - Research Career Awards -- To enable institutions to fund positions favorable to the intellectual growth and research productivity of high competent, established investigators for the duration of their careers. NIAID is not making new awards.
K08
K08
one of the awards from the NIH organization. The purpose of the Mentored Scientist Development Award (K08) is to support the development of outstanding clinician research scientists. K08 supports comprehensive research experience leading to independence, replacing the old K08, K11, and K15. Awards are from three to five years and may include didactic studies.
K12
K12: Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Program (PSDP, RSDP)
K12 is a research training and career development support for clinicians in pediatrics (PSDP) and obstetrics and gynecology (RSDP) committed to careers in academic medicine. Duration is for 5 years.
K22
K22 is an NIH grant award which provides start-up support for postdocs making the transition to assistant professors at an academic institution.
K23
One of the awards from the NIH organization. The purpose of the Mentored Patient-oriented Research Career Development Award (K23) is to support the career development of investigators who have made a commitment to focus their research endeavors on patient-oriented research.
K24
K24 is an NIH Award. The objective is to encourage established midcareer clinicians to devote time to patient-oriented research and to mentor beginning investigators. Eligble are clinical doctoral degree, patient-oriented research, independent research,mentoring,need
K25
K25 Mentored Quantitative Research Career Development Award
K25 (Mentored Quantitative Research Career Development Award) is an NIH award. K25 supports junior faculty-level investigators with quantitative scientific and engineering backgrounds outside of biology or medicine who have the potential to integrate their expertise with biomedicine and develop into productive investigators with a period of mentored study and research.
K30
The NIH developed this program (K30-Clinical Research Curriculum Award) to attract talented individuals to the challenges of clinical research and to provide them with the critical skills that are needed to develop hypotheses and conduct sound research. The Clinical Research Curriculum Award (CRCA) is an award to institutions. It supports the NIH’s efforts to improve the quality of training in clinical research. This award is intended to: support the development of new didactic programs in clinical research at institutions that do not currently offer them, or support the improvement or expansion of programs at institutions with existing programs.
KFF
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation is an independent philanthropy. KFF is an operating Foundation that develops and runs its own research and communications programs, often in partnership with outside organizations. KFF work is focused in three main areas: Health Policy, Media and Public Education, and Health and Development in South Africa. The Foundation's headquarters are based in Menlo Park, California, and we also operate a major office and conference and broadcast facility in Washington, D.C.
Kirsch
Kirsch Foundation invests in invest in causes where high-impact, leverageable activities can result in a safer and healthier world.
KPMC
Kaiser Permanente Medical Center
Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Santa Clara (KPMC SC), located 17 miles southeast of Stanford University Medical Center, is one of 15 medical centers operated by the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in Northern California.
KRONOS
It is a timekeeping and leave system for Stanford University and is used for time and leave reporting for full time, part time, and hourly staff. Individual employees can enter their own leave each pay period or an administrator can enter it. Administrators are responsible for review and approval and for maintaining employee schedules.
LA-6
Declaration of Tax Status form; Required for all payments to non-U.S. citizens, including travel reimbursement and honoraria.
LAN
Local Area Network
A network of personal computers in a small area (as an office) that are linked by cable, can communicate directly with other devices in the network, and can share resources.
LAOHP
Laboratory Animal Occupational Health Program
The primary goal of the LAOHP is to evaluate and, if necessary, address potential health risks to you that may be associated with your use of animals in the research environment.
LAR
Legally Authorized Representative
A person or agent authorized under law to consent, on behalf of another person, to an individual’s participation in a clinical trial.
LastWord
LastWord
This system allows a user to check general ledger expenses on-line.
LCA
Labor Condition Application
Labor Condition Application submitted by Bechtel to the US Department of Labor for the purpose of Stanford's going on the record as paying a particular wage to a particular H-1 employee or group of employees.
LCME
LCME is the national body that certifies medical schools. Stanford Medical School Program is accredited by the LCME.
LCSW
Licensed Clinical Social Worker
Licensed Clinical Social Worker
LD
Labor Distribution - Oracle
Labor Distribution - An Oracle Module
LDLT
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a procedure in which a healthy, living person donates a portion of his or her liver to another person.
LGBCMG
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Medical Group (LGBCMG) is an informal group of students, faculty, researchers, and staff at Stanford Medical School and Stanford Medical Center. Their goal is to build community in the medical school for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender people and their straight allies, increase social interaction and self-awareness, and combat homophobia in medicine.
LHPHC
The Laboratory of Human Performance in Health Care (LHPHC) was founded in 1990 at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University by Dr. David M. Gaba. The Laboratory brought together faculty, research fellows, residents , and students at Stanford and other institutions who are interested in research on the performance of medical personnel, particularly in anesthesiology and related fields.
LIP
Licensed Independent Practitioners
Licensed Independent Practitioners
LKC
Learning and Knowledge Center
New facility at Stanford - currently under construction. LKC new facility will help transform the School of Medicine by providing state-of-the-art facilities for simulation and virtual reality in tandem with interactive small and large class rooms, a conference center and the digital library of the future that will become the School's knowledge center. We envision that the LKC will provide the education home and hub for medical and graduate students, residents and fellows, faculty, continuing medical education and community events. When the 120,000 sq ft LKC is completed on the current site of the Fairchild Auditorium, it will open a new door for the Medical School to the University and especially to the Science and Engineering Quads. The LKC will be a showpiece for the School and University as well as a gateway to our community, locally and globally. This extraordinarily exciting facility will offer the opportunity for continuing collaboration with SGI, Yahoo and many other programs that have made Silicon Valley the center of the country and even the world for novel information technology development.
LMR
The Labor Monitoring Report (LMR) is a bi-weekly labor report that provides department managers with tools for managing their departmental staff. The report is issued bi-weekly, and the FTEs and dollars are adjusted for volume experienced during the pay period currently processed. The 'fixed budget', 'flex budget', and actuals are all provided for comparison. The FTE and dollar information is provided by ADP. The source data for volume is SMS, IDX, Meditech, and manual statistics. The 'flex budget' is calculated based on total volume and labor standards provided in TSI. The standards utilized are the same standards used in the monthly "Flex Variance Reports." (Lawson Revenue & Expense By GL Account Report, ALB 510 FMT and DCM).
LOA
Leave of Absence - taking an approved leave from one's work.
LOC
Level of Care
Amount of assistance required by consumers which may determine their eligibility for programs and services. Levels include: protective, intermediate, and skilled.
LOC
Limitation of Costs
A mandatory clause for cost-reimbursement type contracts. Under the clause, the sponsor is not obligated to reimburse the contractor for costs in excess of the stated amount. The contractor, however, is not obligated to continue performance once expenses reach the stated amount.
LOI
Letter of Intent
Letter of Intent
LOV
List of Values
CAMS term; acronym for List of Values, which is a "pick list." Approximately one third of the fields in CAMS are linked to LOVs.
LPCH
Lucille Packard Children's Hospital
Lucile Salter Packard ChildrenÍs Hospital (LPCH) contains licensed beds and an Ambulatory Care Center consisting of a Primary Care Clinic and pediatric, medical and surgical specialty clinics. Pediatric Intensive Care, Neonatal Intensive Care and Hematology-Oncology/Bone Marrow Transplantation Units are located in LPCH, as well as Labor and Delivery suites. Three pediatric general care inpatient units and a child psychiatry unit also are located at LPCH.
LPFCH
The Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health is devoted exclusively to promoting, protecting, and sustaining the health of children, with a focus on San Mateo and Santa Clara counties in Northern California. Recognizing that no single strategy can address the diverse health needs of children, the Foundation pursues its mission through three distinct yet complementary programs:Fundraising for Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and the pediatric programs at Stanford Medical School. Grantmaking to promote the health and well being of children through partnerships with community organizations in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties.
LPN
Licensed Practical Nurse
a nurse who has enough training to be licensed by a state to provide routine care for the sick
LRP
NIH Loan Repayment Programs (LRPs) can repay up to $35,000 a year of qualified educational debt for health professionals pursuing careers in clinical, pediatric, contraception and infertility, or health disparities research. LRPs also provide coverage for Federal and state tax liabilities. Applicants must have a doctoral-level degree, devote 50% or more of their time to nonprofit- or government-funded research, and have educational debt equaling at least 20% of their institutional base salary. U.S. citizens, permanent residents, or U.S. nationals may apply. The NIH Loan Repayment Programs are a vital component of our nation's efforts to attract health professionals to research careers in areas of national need. The programs are the Clinical Research LRP, Pediatric Research LRP, Contraception and Infertility Research LRP, Clinical Research for Individuals from Disadvantaged Backgrounds LRP, and Health Disparities Research LRP.
LSPCH
Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital
LSRA
Lab Science Research Assistant
Lab Science Research Assistant
LSTS
Lab Safety Training Seminar (Stanford)
LTA
Long Term Agreement
A Long Term Agreement is an agreement negotiated between the University and the Government to allow a service center to price its services and/or to recover its expenses (break even) over a longer than annual period of time.
LTC
Long Term Care
Long Term Care -the broad continuum of maintenance and health service for the chronically ill, disabled, or mentally-challenged with services being provided on the inpatient, outpatient, group home settings or on an at-home basis.
LTD
Long Term Disability
Long Term Disability insurance coverage works with other sources of disability income to continue for example 50% or 66-2/3% of your salary if you become totally disabled. See Stanford benefit package for more information and current per centages.
LVD
Livermore Division (VA Hospital)
Livermore Division VA Hospital
LVN
Licensed Vocational Nurse
A nurse who has graduated from an accredited school of practical (vocational) nursing, passed the state examination for licensure and been licensed to practice by a state authority.
M.D.
Doctor of Medicine
Doctor of Medicine
Mac
Macintosh Computer
The Macintosh (often called "the Mac"), introduced in 1984 by Apple Computer, was the first widely-sold personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI). The Mac was designed to provide users with a natural, intuitively understandable, and, in general, "user-friendly" computer interface. Many of the user interface ideas in the Macintosh derived from experiments at the Xerox Parc laboratory in the early 1970s, including the mouse, the use of icons or small visual images to represent objects or actions, the point-and-click and click-and-drag actions, and a number of window operation ideas. Microsoft was successful in adapting user interface concepts first made popular by the Mac in its first Windows operating system. The Macintosh has its own operating system, Mac OS which, in its latest version is called Mac OS X. Originally built on Motorola's 68000 series microprocessors, Mac versions today are powered by the PowerPC microprocessor, which was developed jointly by Apple, Motorola, and IBM. The Mac is actually a line of personal computers, configured for individual users and businesses with different needs. The iMac provides the Mac technology and interface in a low-cost package.
MBA
Masters of Business Administration
Masters of Business Administration Degree
MBOC
The Medical Board of California is the State agency that licenses medical doctors, investigates complaints, disciplines those who violate the law, conducts physician evaluations, and facilitates rehabilitation where appropriate.
MBRS
Minority Biomedical Research Support (NIH)
The Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) Program provides participating students with the opportunity to receive an in-depth experience in the academic and experimental aspects of biological research. Funded through the National Institutes of Health, the program consists of a laboratory-training program during the summer and laboratory research projects during the academic year. Graduates of the program have been able to enroll in a wide variety of graduate programs, internships, and professional schools.
MBWA
Management by Walking Around
Regularly walking through all office, lab areas, etc. to talk to employees, customers, custodians, and users to find out about anything that may have slipped through the system.
MC
Mail Code
Mail Code
MCAT
Admissions test for medical school.
MCCF
Medical Care Collection Fund
MCCF is the third-party payer mechanism used by the VA to bill insurance companies for care provided to veterans by the VA.
MCD
The Medical Center Directory (MCD) is the Web-based phone directory used to locate employee, house staff or departmental information for LPCH or SHC. Beginning mid-September 2003, the MCD will be used to provide employee information to University-provided hospital services such as telephone operators and Pager Administration.
MCL
Medical Center Line
Medical Center Line - This is a full time faculty position that does not accrue tenure. Its emphasis is on clinical care and teaching, with some scholarship also expected. Appointments are at a specific primary institution, such as SUH or the VA.
MCO
Managed Care Organization
A managed care organization is a health care plan designed to provide medical services through groups of doctors, hospital and specialty providers. Examples of managed care organizations or plans are Health Maintenance Organizations, Community Health Centers and Preferred Provider Organizations.
MCP
Medical Center Professorate
The primary emphasis in the Medical Center Line professoriate is excellence in clinical teaching and clinical medicine.
MD/PHD
Doctor of Medicine/Doctor of Philosophy
Someone who has been educated in and received both an MD (doctor of medicine) and a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) degree.
MDN
Stanford's Medical Device Network is working group of faculty, students and staff at Stanford with two primary goals: To encourage and facilitate invention, patenting and early-stage development of medical devices within the University To develop Stanford as an effective regional resource for research and education in the area of medical device design and development.
MDS
The major focus of the MDS Center is: (1) coordination of patient management and scientific exchange with referring physicians; (2) patient/family education about MDS; (3)individualized prognosis-based treatment approaches; and (4) quality of life issues in MDS
MEDICAID
The Medicaid Program provides medical assistance for certain individuals and familes with low incomes and resources. Medicaid eligibility is limited to individuals who fall into specific categories. Although the Federal government establishes general guidelines for the program, the Medicaid program requirements are actually established by each State.
MEDLINE
The National Library of Medicine's electronic catalog of the medical literature which includes information abstracted from journal articles, including author names, journal source, publication date, and medical subject heading.
MERIT
Method to Extend Research Award (MERIT)
MERIT AWARD is given to outstanding established scientists who are conducting significant research in areas of importance to the NIH. These awards are made to distinguished investigators who (1) have a record of substantial contributions on the "cutting edge" of some field of neurological science, and (2) can be expected to be highly productive.
METRIC
Measurement Excellence and Training Resource Information Center (VA
MFASS
Medical Faculty And Staff System
MFASS is a Prism application that provides a database of information on each faculty member, history of appointment, salary, sabbatical, leave, position….
MFS
Medicare Fee Schedule
Medicare Fee Schedule
MGMA
The Medical Group Management Association (MGMA), founded in 1926, is the nation's principal voice for medical group practice. MGMA Mission is to: improve the effectiveness of medical group practices and the knowledge and skills of the individuals who manage/lead them.
MHE
The purpose of this concentration is to enable Stanford medical students to explore the intersections of medicine with the arts, humanities and ethics.
MHS
Military Health System
MICU
Medical Intensive Care Unit
Medical Intensive Care Unit
MIRECC
The Department of Veterans Affairs established the MIRECC program in an effort to improve the long-term functional outcome of patients with mental illness through innovative research, clinical care and educational programs.
MITL
Medical Informatics Training Lab
MKSAP
Medical Knowledge Self Improvement Program - In regards to Stanford: The questions have been selected by the subspecialty directors from MKSAP . They represent part of the critical knowledge you should possess by the end of the rotation. Generally, pre-tests are 15 questions and post-tests are 30 questions. Following the post-test, you will receive your score with identification of questions completed correctly and incorrectly. Correct answers will not be provided at that time, as you should learn the answers during the rotation. Following the post-test, you will recieve your scores and the correct answers. Scores will not become part of your file, as the exams are designed
MLA
Stanford has a Master of Liberal Arts Program. Designed for adults who wish to pursue a broad, interdisciplinary course of study, the program aims to help students develop the intellectual methodology they need to engage in contemporary debates; to cultivate their ability to find connections among different areas of human thought; to acquire the tools to conduct original research; and, most of all, to pursue a life of ideas.
MOA
Memorandum of Agreement
Memorandum of Agreement
MOU
Memorandum of Understanding
An agreement of cooperation between organisations defining the roles and responsibilities of each organisation in relation to the other or others with respects to an issue over which the organisations have concurrent jurisdiction.
MPD
Menlo Park Division of the VA Hospital
MPH
Master of Public Health
Master of Public Health is one who has a masters degreee in public health: Public Health as a discipline draws upon various medical and dental specialties, the information sciences and the social and behavioural sciences. Its practitioners may be medically or dentally qualified or may work in other health related professions. Public health practitioners may be employed in the health services, the education system, national and local government or industry and commerce.
MR
Morning Report
Morning Report
MRCP
Member of Royal College of Physicians
It is the examination in UK for physicians to ensure that physicians meet given standards. If one passes they become MRCP - Member of the Royal College of Physicians.
MREP
Merit Review Entry Program Award Program (VA) -MREP awards are intended to provide beginning doctoral-level non-clinicians (no more than 5 years beyond receipt of their PhD or last research training or fellowship) interested in health services research with an opportunity for a period of concentrated mentoring and research activities. The awards provide three years of research support designed to prepare awardees to enter the more competitive VA HSR&D Merit Review Program.
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
A procedure using a magnet linked to a computer to create pictures of areas inside the body. MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging.
MRS
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy - The study of alteration and interaction of magnetic sublevels, where the salient spectral region is inclusive of wavelengths from long microwaves through radio frequencies.
MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheets
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is designed to provide both workers and emergency personnel with the proper procedures for handling or working with a particular substance. MSDS's include information such as physical data (melting point, boiling point, flash point etc.), toxicity, health effects, first aid, reactivity, storage, disposal, protective equipment, andspill/leak procedures. These are of particular use if a spill or other accident occurs.
MSFC
Stanford Medical Students for Choice
Stanford Medical Students for Choice (Stanford MSFC) educates medical students about issues surrounding abortion and other reproductive health issues. In order for choice and access to be a reality for women, more doctors must be well trained to provide abortion services.
MSLS
Medical School Laboratory Surge
Stanford University's Medical School Laboratory Surge / Richard M. Lucas Center for Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MSLS/Lucas Center) opened in 1992. The Laboratory Surge facilities provide contemporary biomedical and neurosciences research laboratories for faculty in the Departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Psychiatry, and Surgery as well as research training opportunities for postdoctoral fellows and graduate research assistants. At the west end of the building is the Lucas Center imaging, a haven for radiologists, engineers, physicists, chemists, and other scientists involved in the development of this technology and its rapid transfer into both clinical applications and new research areas.
MSOB
Medical School Office Building
This is the medical school office building. It is located at: The street address is 251 Campus Drive
MSSC
Medical Student Scholars Committee
Stanford's Medical Student Scholars Committee (MSSC) is responsible for reviewing medical student research proposals, determining research awards and establishing criteria for project completion. The MSSC consists of ten voting members, four from the Basic Science Unit and four from the Clinical Science Unit, one alumnus and one medical student elected by the Stanford Medical Student Association. An Associate Dean of Advising is a non-voting member.
MSSD
The Medical Staff Services Department (MSSD) is a shared service and performs joint medical staff and credentialing functions for both Stanford Hospital and Clinics and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. The MSSD processes new applications for SHC/LPCH faculty as well as the local community for the Stanford, California geographical area.
MSTP
The Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) provides a selected group of medical students with an opportunity to pursue a training program designed to equip them for careers in academic investigative medicine. Individualization of the curricular and research programs of each trainee is the hallmark of the Program. Training for a combined MD/PhD should include the same content encountered by students who pursue each degree separately, but the total time of training should be less than the sum of the time normally taken for each degree.
MT
Medical Technology
MT - The degree for Medical Technology.
MTA
Material Transfer Agreement
MTAs are short contracts governing the transfer of tangible research property (often biological materials) for in vitro research use. A MTA form must be routed and approved before transfers can occur.
MTDC
Modified Total Direct Cost
MTDC is the base to which Facilities and Administrative (direct cost) rates are applied. MTDC consists of salaries, wages, fringe benefits, materials, supplies, services, travel, and subgrants and subcontracts up to the first $25,000 of each subgrant or subcontract (regardless of the period). Some costs such as equipment, capital expenditures, charges for patient care and tuition remission, rental costs, scholarships, fellowships, and the portion of each subgrant and subcontract in excess of $25,000 are excluded from Total Direct Costs to arrive at the MTDC base.
MTF
military treatment facilities
military treatment facilities
MTLF
The Medical Technology Leadership Forum (MTLF) is a not-for-profit membership organization headquartered in Washington, DC. Founded in 1996, MTLF works to educate its own members, policy makers, the general public, and the media about the critical issues affecting or arising from the development and adoption of advanced medical technology.
N/A
Not Applicable/Not Available
Not Applicable/Not Available
NABR
The National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR) is a national, nonprofit organization dedicated solely to advocating sound public policy that recognizes the vital role of humane animal use in biomedical research, higher education and product safety testing.
NACUBO
NACUBO is a nonprofit professional organization representing chief administrative and financial officers at more than 2,100 colleges and universities across the country. Over two-thirds of all institutions of higher learning in the United States are members of NACUBO. NACUBO's mission is to promote sound management and financial practices at colleges and universities.
NADS
National Association for Downs Syndrome
NAHCR
The National Association for Health Care Recruitment provides leadership and support for the health care recruiting profession through advocacy, education, and professional development.NAHCR is a non-profit, 1,050-member national professional association offering facility-based health care recruiters and human resources professionals information, education, and networking.
NAIC
The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the organization of insurance regulators from the 50 states, the District of Columbia and the four U.S. territories. The NAIC provides a forum for the development of uniform policy when uniformity is appropriate.
NAP
The National Academies Press (NAP) was created by the National Academies to publish the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States. NAP publishes over 200 books a year on a wide range of topics in science, engineering, and health, capturing the most authoritative views on important issues in science and health policy.
NARA
NARA ensures, for the citizen and the public servant, for the President and for the Congress and the Courts, ready access to essential evidence.
NARRC
The National Advisory Research Resources Council (NARRC) is comprised of 18 appointed members who serve for overlapping four-year terms. The membership includes leaders in scientific disciplines related to the activities of NCRR, as well as members of the general public who are leaders in fields of public and health policies, law, economics, and management. They meet approximately three times a year. The NARRC ensures the adequacy of the first level of scientific review by the initial review groups to fund grant applications—focusing primarily on the relevance to the NCRR programmatic missions and priorities. It also advises NCRR on other funding activities, policies, and program considerations.
NARSAD
NARSAD is a large donor-supported organization in the world devoted exclusively to funding scientific research on psychiatric brain disorders.
NAS
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private, non-profit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare.
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration - The focus is on major aeronautical and space programs
NASPGN
The mission of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition is to be a world leader in advancing the science and clinical practice of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition in health and disease.
NASULGC
Founded in 1887, the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC) is the nation's oldest higher education association. A voluntary association of public universities, land-grant institutions and many of the nation's public university systems, NASULGC campuses are located in all 50 states, the U.S. territories and the District of Columbia.
NAVBO
North American Vascular Biology Organization
NAVREF
Formed in 1992, the National Association of Veterans' Research and Education Foundations (NAVREF) is a membership organization of the VA affiliated nonprofit research foundations, also known as the nonprofit research and education corporations (NPCs). NAVREF's mission is to promote high quality management and communication among the VA-affiliated nonprofit research and education corporations and to pursue issues at the government level that are of interest to its members.
NBER
Founded in 1920, the National Bureau of Economic Research is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works. The NBER is committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community.
NBME
The NBME was founded in 1915 because of the need for a voluntary, nationwide examination that medical licensing authorities could accept as the standard by which to judge candidates for medical licensure. Since that time, it has continued without interruption to provide high quality examinations for this purpose and has become a model and a resource of international stature in testing methodologies and evaluation in medicine. The NBME fosters communication between the NBME and medical schools, academic societies, and medical student organizations concerning preparation for the USMLE.
NCBI
Established in 1988 as a national resource for molecular biology information, NCBI creates public databases, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing genome data, and disseminates biomedical information - all for the better understanding of molecular processes affecting human health and disease.
NCCAM
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) is 1 of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NCCAM mission is to support rigorous research on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), to train researchers in CAM, and to disseminate information to the public and professionals on which CAM modalities work, which do not, and why. The 4 areas of focus is (1) research; (2) research training and career development; (3) outreach; and (4) integration.
NCCC
The Northern California Cancer Center is dedicated to understanding the causes, prevention and detection of cancer and to improving the quality of life for individuals living with cancer.
NCCLS
NCCLS is a global, interdisciplinary, nonprofit, standards-developing and educational organization that promotes the development and use of voluntary consensus standards and guidelines within the healthcare community.
NCHRA
The Northern California Human Resources Association's (NCHRA) mission is to provide leadership and support for the development of the human resources professional, to serve as an advocate of the human resources profession, and to identify and explore emerging issues and their implications on the successful management of human resources, including their impact on the diverse elements in our organization.
NCHS
The Division of Health Examination Statistics collects data on the health and nutrition status of the United States via the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This data is used by policymakers and public health researchers.
NCI
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), one of eight agencies that compose the Public Health Service (PHS) in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The NCI, established under the National Cancer Act of 1937, is the Federal Government's principal agency for cancer research and training. The National Cancer Act of 1971 broadened the scope and responsibilities of the NCI and created the National Cancer Program.
NCID
The mission of the National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID) is to prevent illness, disability, and death caused by infectious diseases in the United States and around the world.
NCMHD
The mission of the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) is to promote minority health and to lead, coordinate, support, and assess the NIH effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities.
NCQA
NCQA's Mission, Vision and Values MISSION To improve the quality of health care delivered to people everywhere. VISION To become the most widely trusted source of information driving health care quality improvement. NCQA has been awarded a VA contract to develop and implement an accreditation program that ensures VA's compliance with all regulations governing the protection of human subjects in research.
NCRR
An NIH center established in 1962 that advances biomedical research and improves human health through research projects and shared resources that create, develop, and provide a comprehensive range of human, animal, technological, and other resources. NCRR's support is concentrated in four areas: biomedical technology, clinical research, comparative medicine, and research infrastructure.
NCURA
An organization of individuals involved in the administration of sponsored programs at colleges, universities and teaching hospitals.
NCVHS
The NCVHS serves as the statutory [42 U.S.C. 242k(k)]public advisory body to the Secretary of Health and Human Services in the area of health data and statistics. In that capacity, the Committee provides advice and assistance to the Department and serves as a forum for interaction with interested private sector groups on a variety of key health data issues.
NDA
Non Disclosure Agreement
A contract that restricts the disclosure of confidential information or proprietary knowledge under specific circumstances.
NDA
New Drug Application
An application to the FDA for a license to market a new drug in the United States.
NDC
National Drug Code
The NDC serves as a universal product identifier for human drugs. It contains three parts: a five-digit labeler code that identifies the manufacturer; a three-digit product code that identifies the medication; and a three-digit code that identifies the packaging.
NDMP
The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) is the international leader in the facilitation of unrelated marrow and blood stem cell transplantation.
NEH
The NEH is an independent agency of the U.S. Government that makes grants for projects in history, languages, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities.
NEI
The National Eye Institute (NEI) was established by Congress in 1968 to protect and prolong the vision of the American people. As one of the Federal government's National Institutes of Health (NIH), the NEI conducts and supports research that helps prevent and treat eye diseases and other disorders of vision. This research leads to sight-saving treatments, reduces visual impairment and blindness, and improves the quality of life for people of all ages. NEI-supported research has advanced our knowledge of how the visual system functions in health and disease.
NEJM
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial information.
NFA
Night Float Admitting (Stanford)
Night Float Admitting (Stanford)
NFCR
The National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR) was founded in 1973 to support cancer research in the laboratory.
NFI
Night Float Intern (Stanford)
Night Float Intern (Stanford)
NFPA
The NFPA, the National Fire Protection Service, is responsible in the USA for classifying substances according to their fire and explosion hazard.
NFX
Night Float X-Cover (Stanford)
Night Float X-Cover (Stanford) - where X-cover stands for cross coverage.
NGA
Notice of Grant Award
Notice of Grant Award
NHCU
Nursing Home Care Unit (VA Term)
Nursing Home Care Unit is a specialized nursing facility designed to care for patients with long term illness requiring preventive, therapeutic and rehabilitative nursing care services. Nursing, medical and related health care is provided in a homelike environment with specialized clinical and diagnostic services available at the medical center facilities.
NHGRI
One of the newest of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), NHGRI’s mission in formal terms is to “support the NIH component of the Human Genome Project, a worldwide research effort designed to analyze the structure of human DNA and determine the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The NHGRI Intramural Research Program develops and implements technology for understanding, diagnosing, and treating genetic diseases.” The National Human Genome Research Institute is at the forefront of U.S. research on a molecular level into the mysteries and marvels of the treasury of human heredity, all of our DNA.
NHLBI
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides leadership for a national program in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung, and blood; blood resources; and sleep disorders. Since October 1997, the NHLBI has also had administrative responsibility for the NIH Woman's Health Initiative. The Institute plans, conducts, fosters, and supports an integrated and coordinated program of basic research, clinical investigations and trials, observational studies, and demonstration and education projects. Research is related to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases; and sleep disorders.
NIA
The National Institute on Aging (NIA), one of the institutes of the National Institutes of Health, leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life. In 1974, Congress granted authority to form the National Institute on Aging to provide leadership in aging research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs relevant to aging and older people. Subsequent amendments to this legislation designated the NIA as the primary federal agency on Alzheimer’s disease research.
NIAAA
NIAAA is the National Insitute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. NIAAA provides leadership in the national effort to reduce alcohol-related problems
NIAID
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIAID conducts and supports research that strives to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent the myriad infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases that threaten hundreds of millions of people worldwide.
NIAMS
The mission of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases is to support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases.
NIBIB
NIH's National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering - The mission of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering is to improve health by promoting fundamental discoveries, design and development, and translation and assessment of technological capabilities in biomedical imaging and bioengineering, enabled by relevant areas of information science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, materials science, and computer sciences.
NICHD
The mission of the NICHD (NIH institute) is to ensure that every person is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from the reproductive process, and that all children have the chance to fulfill their potential for a healthy and productive life, free of disease or disability.
NIDA
NIDA's mission is to lead the United States in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction.
NIDCD
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) is one of the Institutes that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Established in 1988, NIDCD is mandated to conduct and support biomedical and behavioral research and research training in the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language.
NIDDK
The United States National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases conducts and supports research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The Institute supports much of the clinical research on the diseases of internal medicine and related subspecialty fields as well as many basic science disciplines.
NIDDKD
NIDDKD (an institute of the NIH) - The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases conducts and supports research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The Institute supports much of the clinical research on the diseases of internal medicine and related subspecialty fields as well as many basic science disciplines.
NIEHS
NIEHS - National Institue of Environmental Health Sciences - is part of the NIH. The mission of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by understanding each of these elements and how they interrelate.
NIGMS
The mission of the NICHD- NIH's Natinonal Institue of General Medical Sciences, is to ensure that every person is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from the reproductive process, and that all children have the chance to fulfill their potential for a healthy and productive life, free of disease or disability.
NIH
The National Institutes of Health is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. Its mission is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. The agency is a major source of grant funding for the university.
NIH Videocasting
National Institute of Health Videocasting
NIHM
The mission of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is to diminish the burden of mental illness through research. This public health mandate demands that we harness powerful scientific tools to achieve better understanding, treatment and, eventually prevention of mental illness.
NIMH
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is one of 27 components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Federal government's principal biomedical and behavioral research agency. The NIMH mission is to reduce the burden of mental illness and behavioral disorders through research on mind, brain, and behavior.
NINDS
Ninds -National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - is part of the NIH. The mission of NINDS is to reduce the burden of neurological disease - a burden borne by every age group, by every segment of society, by people all over the world.
NINR
The National Institute of Nursing Research supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span-from management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability, the promotion of healthy lifestyles, promoting quality of life in those with chronic illness, and care for individuals at the end of life.
NIOSH
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the Department of Health and Human Services. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the Department of Health and Human Services.
NIS
Neuroscience Institute at Stanford
A possibly new institute at Stanford's School of Medicine. The purpose of the institute would be to: to relieve human suffering that arises from the dysfunction of the nervous system and to create a new culture to realize a bold vision for research, treatment, and teaching that arises from the synergy of diverse disciplines focused on the nervous system.
NIST
Founded in 1901, NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology Administration. NIST's mission is to develop and promote measurements, standards, and technology to enhance productivity, facilitate trade, and improve the quality of life.
NKF
The National Kidney Foundation, Inc., a major voluntary health organization, seeks to prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases, improve the health and well-being of individuals and families affected by these diseases, and increase the availability of all organs for transplantation.
NLM
United States National Library of Medicine. It is the largest biomedical library in the world. It has both an in-house collection, plus a collection on the web.
NLRB
US National Labor Relations Board -The NLRB is an independent Federal agency created in 1935 to enforce the National Labor Relations Act.
NMA
The NMA promotes the collective interests of physicians and patients of African descent.
NMDP
The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) is the international leader in the facilitation of unrelated marrow and blood stem cell transplantation.
NMF
National Medical Fellowships, Inc. is the only private, nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the health of underserved communities by increasing the representation of minority physicians, educators, researchers, and policymakers in the United States; training minority medical students to address the special needs of their communities; and educating the public and policymakers to the public health problems and needs of underserved populations.
NMSS
The Society and its network of chapters nationwide promote research, educate, advocate on critical issues, and organize a wide range of programs— including support for the newly diagnosed and those living with MS over time.
NOFA
NOFA (Notice of Funding Available) are announcements that appear in the Federal Register, printed each business day by the United States government, inviting applications for Federal grant programs.
non-OB
Non Operating Budget Funding
TBD
NORD
The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of voluntary health organizations dedicated to helping people with rare "orphan" diseases and assisting the organizations that serve them. NORD is committed to the identification, treatment, and cure of rare disorders through programs of education, advocacy, research, and service.
NP
Nurse Practitioner
A nurse practitioner is a registered nurse (RN) who has additional education and training in a specialty area such as family practice and pediatrics.
NPC
nonprofit research and education corporations
1988, Title 38, sections 7361-7368, authorized Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers to establish nonprofit research and education foundations. These organizations are also known as the VA affiliated nonprofit research and education corporations (NPCs).
NPCD
National Patient Care Database (VA)
NPCD is a database of VHA services. It contains four distinct databases: the Patient Treatment File (PTF), the Outpatient Care File (OPC), the IPDB, and the EDR. Researchers access extracts of the four databases rather than drawing data from the NPCD itself.
NPDB
The NPDB is primarily an alert or flagging system intended to facilitate a comprehensive review of health care practitioners' professional credentials.
NPMA
The NPMA is a non-profit, professional association dedicated to cost-effective management of personal property in the public and private sectors. Stanford recommends that the Department Property Administrators (DPA) get certified through this program.
NRC
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is an independent agency established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 to regulate civilian use of nuclear materials.
NRC
The National Research Council is part of the National Academies, which also comprise the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering and Institute of Medicine. They are private, nonprofit institutions that provide science, technology and health policy advice under a congressional charter. The Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of further knowledge and advising the federal government.
NRL
NRL is the corporate research laboratory for the Navy and Marine Corps and conducts a broad program of scientific research, technology and advanced development.
NRMP
Stanford University Medical Center participates in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) for all PGY I positions. The purpose of the NRMP is to match all medical students and other applicants with hospitals to obtain internships and residencies. Applicants submit a confidential list to the NRMP ranking their desired place of residency. Participating hospitals also enter a confidential list of those most desired applicants. On a uniform date (mid-March) all of the applicants and hospitals are informed of the results of the match.
NRSA
The Congress of the United States enacted the National Research Service Act (NRSA) Program in 1974 to help ensure that highly trained scientists will be available in adequate numbers and in appropriate research areas to carry out the Nation's biomedical and behavioral research agenda. Under this congressional authority, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards NRSA individual postdoctoral fellowships (F32) to promising applicants with the potential to become productive, independent investigators in fields related to the mission of the NIH constituent institutes and centers.
NSA
postdoctoral fellowships in cerebrovasular disease
NSF
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent agency of the U.S. Government, established by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950. Initiate and support, through grants and contracts, scientific and engineering research and programs to strengthen scientific and engineering research potential, and education programs at all levels, and appraise the impact of research upon industrial development and the general welfare. Award graduate fellowships in the sciences and in engineering.
NSF
The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to improving public health and safety by achieving understanding of sleep and sleep disorders, and by supporting education, sleep-related research, and advocacy.
NSF
National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation - The mission of the foundation is to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity and to secure the national defense.
NSI
Network for Student Information
The network for student Information (NSI) student information systems are an integral part of the following processes: 1) administration of instruction; 2) admission and retention of students; 3) delivery of services and information to students; 4) enforcement of academic policies; and 5) management of business relations with students, including financial aid. NSI is a network of files on PRISM; it will eventually be replaced by Peoplesoft.
NTE
Not To Exceed
Not To Exceed
NTIS
NTIS - National Technical Information Service - serves the United States as the largest central resource for government-funded scientific, technical, engineering, and business related information available today. Here you will find information on more than 600,000 information products covering over 350 subject areas from over 200 federal agencies.
NTLR
Non Tenure Line
A faculty position put in place for people who are primarily interested in doing clinical care and teaching.
NTRL
Non-Tenure Research Line
Non-Tenure Research Line - Career interests for faculty member is in research.
O
visa type is for: For highly skilled and accomplished physicians and scientists with job offers at medical or scientific research institutions, hospitals, and other organizations requiring the services of a highly skilled individual, the O-1 visa is an option to be seriously considered. This is often the visa of choice for extraordinarily talented individuals with a distinguished record of accomplishments who would like to work in the U.S. for a period of limited duration, as the O-1 visa is not subject to numerical limits or time duration. Moreover, O-1 visa holders may qualify for fast-track Green Card processing.
O Visa
O visa type is for: For highly skilled and accomplished physicians and scientists with job offers at medical or scientific research institutions, hospitals, and other organizations requiring the services of a highly skilled individual, the O-1 visa is an option to be seriously considered. This is often the visa of choice for extraordinarily talented individuals with a distinguished record of accomplishments who would like to work in the U.S. for a period of limited duration, as the O-1 visa is not subject to numerical limits or time duration. Moreover, O-1 visa holders may qualify for fast-track Green Card processing.
O&M
Operations and Maintenance (Costs)
O&M (Operations and maintenace) includes all operating and maintenance costs not accounted for elsewhere, including such things as contracted research and development, fuel, facilities operating costs, rentals and most services. It also includes personnel related O&M like postings, recruiting, training, education, professional development and healthcare.
OAA
Office of Academic Affairs
The office of Academic Affairs responsibility is to (1) Provide a support system for faculty who serve in clinical, teaching, and research roles (2) Facilitate recruitment, appointment, retention and promotion of faculty (3) Sponsor programs such as Faculty Mentoring and Council on Diversity
OAA
Under the direction of the Chief Academic Affiliations Officer (14), the Office of Academic Affiliations (OAA) has a substantial impact on the current and future health workforce of the VA health care system and the nation. VHA has affiliations with 107 of the nation's 126 medical schools and over 1,200 educational institutions. In Fiscal Year 2002, over 76,000 students received clinical training in VA facilities. One of these institutions is Stanford University.
OAR
The NIH Office of AIDS Research (OAR) is located within the Office of the Director of NIH and is responsible for the scientific, budgetary, legislative, and policy elements of the NIH AIDS research program.
OASH
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, PHS
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, PHS
OB
Operating Budget
A fiscal plan detailing curent programs, including an estimate of proposed expenditures and the proposed means to finance them.
OBDC
Overhead Bearing Direct Costs
Overhead Bearing Direct Costs
OBSSR
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) opened officially on July 1, 1995. The U.S. Congress established the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) in the Office of the Director, NIH, in recognition of the key role that behavioral and social factors often play in illness and health. The OBSSR mission is to stimulate behavioral and social sciences research throughout NIH and to integrate these areas of research.
OCLA
VA's Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs (OCLA) is the focal point for Department management and coordination of all matters involving the Congress.
OCME
Office of Continuing Medical Education
Office of Continuing Medical Education
OCR
The mission of the Office for Civil Rights is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights. The Office for Civil Rights has a web site with information about the National Standards to Protect the Privacy of Personal Health Information.
OD
Organization" has come to mean the coming together of people and resources to form a unit. "Development" in its simplist form suggests change and growth. So OD could be defined as "the practice of changing people and organizations for positive growth." In practice, Organizational Development can take on many forms, and typical OD activities can include some of the following: Team-building Organizational assessments Career development Training e-Learning Coaching Innovation Leadership development Talent management Change management
OD
Office of the Director
Office of the Director
ODS
NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - The ODS supports research and disseminates research results in the area of dietary supplements.
OEP
Office of Extramural Research is the central source for general information about NIH grant programs and application procedures.
OER
The OER serves as the focal point for policies and guidelines for extramural research grants administration. This office has primary responsibility for the development and implementation of NIH Grants Policy, monitoring of compliance with PHS policy on Humane Use and Care of Laboratory Animals, coordination of program guidelines, and development and maintenance of the information systems for grants administration.
OES
The Office of Emergency Services (OES) coordinates overall state agency response to major disasters in support of local government. Topics on the OES site include: Winter Weather and Flood Information, Earthquake Preparedness.
OFPP
OFPP's primary responsibilities include: Prescribing Government-wide procurement policies that must be followed by Executive agencies; Providing leadership and assuring agency action in the development and maintenance of the single system of simplified procurement regulations, know as the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR); Coordinating the development of Government-wide procurement systems standards to be implemented by Executive agencies; Providing leadership and coordination in the formulation of Executive branch positions on procurement-related legislation; Overseeing the collection, development, and dissemination of procurement data through the Federal Procurement Data System; Overseeing the Federal Acquisition Institute which is charged with supporting and continuing development of competent, professional workforce; Developing innovative procurement methods and procedures to be tested by selected executive agencies; and Advising the President and the Congress on matters relating to procurement.
OFR
The Office of the Federal Register (OFR) prepares each law for publication as a slip law (an individual pamphlet print) and then compiles, indexes, and publishes them in the United States Statutes at Large (a permanent bound volume of the laws for each session of Congress)
OHRP
The office within the Department of Health and Human Services, responsible for implementing DHHS regulations (45 CFR Part 46) governing research involving human subjects
OHSR
The NIH's Intramural Research Program (IRP) is located on a 300-acre campus in Bethesda, Maryland. Researchers in the NIH's IRP conduct and collaborate in many different kinds of research activities including research involving people as subjects. The OHSR was established to help IRP investigators understand and comply with the ethical guidelines and regulatory requirements for research involving human subjects.
OIG
The mission of the Office of Inspector General, as mandated by Public Law 95-452 (as amended), is to protect the integrity of Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) programs, as well as the health and welfare of the beneficiaries of those programs. The OIG has a responsibility to report both to the Secretary and to the Congress program and management problems and recommendations to correct them. The OIG's duties are carried out through a nationwide network of audits, investigations, inspections and other mission-related functions performed by OIG components.
OLAW
NIH office that oversees compliance with the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
OLT
Office of Learning Technologies
Office of Learning Technologies (OLT), under the Associate Dean for Learning Technologies, supports the School of Medicine and its faculty in the effective application of educational technology to enhance their teaching.
OMB
Office of Management and Budget - OMB leads development of governmentwide policy to assure that grants are managed properly and that Federal dollars are spent in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
OMD
The Office of Medical Development provides support for Stanford University Medical Center by building long-lasting relationships with patients, businesses, foundations, medical school alumni, and members of the community. These relationships help enhance the groundbreaking work of physician scientists throughout the medical center and provide a sense of involvement and fulfillment for donors, volunteers, and staff.
OME
Office of Medical Education
The OME serves as a resource to course and clerkship directors in all aspects of medical education from curriculum development and teaching skills to new methods of evaluation.
ONR
The Office of Naval Research is Stanford's cognizant Federal agency, ONR coordinates, executes, and promotes science and technology programs of the United States Navy and Marine Corps through universities, government laboratories, and nonprofit and for-profit organizations. It provides technical advice to the Chief of Naval Operations and the Secretary of Navy, works with industry to improve technology manufacturing processes, while reducing fleet costs, and fosters continuing academic interests in naval relevant science from high school through post-doctoral levels.
ONTRAC
ONTRAC provides a comprehensive set of work-management tools and reports that support the implementation of a Seamless Access Environment. The software focuses on three specific aspects of patient service support: preparation for care, reception by exception, and management reporting. Stanford University implemented ONTRAC. At Stanford The Stockamp Insurance Verification tool is being used in coordination with IDX. ONTRAC provides the Stanford Clinic Registration department with several benefits: * * An opportunity to eliminate paper work lists that were being used to update accounts * An ability to sort and filter work as required on a day to day basis * An ability to provide management with reports to more accurately monitor staff's performance and identify at-risk accounts.
OOD
Stanford University Office of Development
OON
Out-of-Network
Services rendered by a provider which does not have a contract to offer you care. Typically, managed care plans are contracted with a panel of providers. If a patient seeks care out-of-network, they may be financially responsible for some or all of the care provided. An exception to this rule is emergency medical care.
OPA
The Office of Postdoctoral Affairs assists with the the appointment process, the benefits program, available resources in the university, fellowship and grant applications, and university regulations and guidelines for postdocs.
OPC
Outpatient Clinic
Outpatient Clinic
OPERA
Office of Policy for Extramual Research Administration (NIH)
Office of Policy for Extramual Research Administration (NIH)
OPGME
The Office of Continuing Medical Education (OCME) and the Stanford University School of Medicine are committed to providing distinguished continuing medical education (CME) programs that are responsive to the needs of all physicians in the medical community.
OPIM
Other Potentially Infectious Materials
Other Potentially Infectious Materials
OPRR
Office for Protection from Research Risks.
The OPRR Division of Animal Welfare was renamed the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare in March, 2000.
OR
Operating Room
Operating Room
ORA
The Office of Research Administration Training and Development Office is primarily respsonsible for the assessment, development and delivery of informaiton and education regarding research administration at Stanford, both internal to ORA and external to the campus community. ORA works with training groups on campus to ensure consistent delivery information.
ORBD
Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases Center (NIH)
The NIH ORBD~NRC was established in 1994 with a grant from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) of the National Institutes of Health to The National Osteoporosis Foundation. Its mission is to provide patients, health professionals, and the public with an important link to resources and information on metabolic bone diseases, including osteoporosis, Paget's disease of the bone, osteogenesis imperfecta, and hyperparathyroidism.
ORCA
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) organization responsible for matters affecting the integrity of research in the protection of human subjects and laboratory animals. Provides oversight of conformance with regulations and investigates allegations of research scientific misconduct.
ORD
The Office of Regulations Development (ORD) serves as the focal point for all regulation processing activities of CDSS. This function includes ensuring appropriate Directorate involvement in the regulation process, educating and providing direction to staff in regulation generating units, monitoring the progress of regulation development, and conducting public hearings.
ORD
The Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) was established in 1993 within the Office of the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The goals of ORD are to stimulate and coordinate research on rare diseases and to support research to respond to the needs of patients.
ORDA
the Office of Recombinant DNA Activities
Office of Recombinant DNA Activities is a part of the NIH. In regards to what to know about ORDA at Stanford: Reporting Requirements Involving Recombinant DNA. significant problems with, or violations of, the recombinant DNA Guidelines, and accidents involving recombinant DNA, must be reported to the Biosafety Officer, (who is the University official for reporting such matters to the Office of Recombinant DNA Activities (ORDA).
ORI
The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) promotes integrity in biomedical and behavioral research supported by the Public Health Service (PHS) at about 4,000 institutions worldwide. ORI monitors institutional investigations of research misconduct and facilitates the responsible conduct of research through educational, preventive, and regulatory activities. Organizationally, ORI is located in the Office of Public Health and Science (OPHS) within the Office of the Secretary of Health and Human Services (OS).
ORL
Otolaryngology
Otolaryngology -Head and Neck Surgery. Stanford has a department of otolaryngology as of 2003.
ORMH
Office of Research on Minority Health (ORMH)
The Office of Research on Minority Health (ORMH) leads the Federal effort at the National Institutes of Health in stimulating new research ideas for improving the health status of minority Americans across the lifespan and in promoting programs aimed at expanding the participation of underrepresented minorities in all aspects of biomedical and behavioral research.
ORO
New Name for The Office of Research Compliance and Assurance (ORCA) serves as the primary Veterans Health Administration (VHA) component in advising the Under Secretary for Health on all matters affecting the integrity of research in the protection of human subjects and the welfare of laboratory animals, promoting enhancements in the ethical conduct of research in conformance with regulations and policies and investigating any allegations of research improprieties and scientific misconduct.
ORR
The mission of the Organization of Resident Representatives (ORR) of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) is to improve resident physician education and training for the purpose of improving the quality of health care. The ORR will improve residency education through programming and professional development, and support AAMC initiatives and goals by providing the resident voice in AAMC.
ORWH
The Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH) serves as a focal point for women's health research at the NIH. The ORWH promotes, stimulates, and supports efforts to improve the health of women through biomedical and behavioral research.
OSA
Student Affairs provides services, programs, opportunities and activities which enrich and support the academic experience of students. Our goal is to create the best possible environment for the professional and personal growth and development of Stanford''s medical students. These activities may include such things as organizations, conferences, PhD admission programs, postgraduate medical education, alumni office, financial aid, and so forth.
OSA
Other Sponsored Activities
Other Sponsored Activities (OSA) are defined as academic projects funded by sponsors in which project activities involve the performance of work other than Sponsored Instruction or Sponsored Research. Other Sponsored Activities (OSA may include: (1)Travel grants: (2)Support for conferences or seminars: (3) Support for University public events such as "Lively Arts"; (4) Publications by Stanford University Press; (5) Support for Stanford Youth Opportunity Program; (6) Support for student participation in community service projects which do not result in academic credit (7) Support for projects pertaining to library collections, acquisitions, bibliographies or cataloging Programs to enhance institutional resources, including Data Center expansion, computer enhancements, etc.)
OSE
Office of Staff Employment (Stanford)
Office of Staff Employment (Stanford)
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Act (or Agency) OSHA’s mission is to ensure safe and healthful workplaces in America.
OSHPD
Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD). As part of the California Health and Human Services Agency, OSHPD vision is to promote Equitable Healthcare Accessibility for California.
OSR
Office of Sponsored Research provides pre and post award administration of sponsored projects to the University, monitors sponsored projects for compliance with sponsor terms and conditions, university policies and Federal regulations and standards, and works closely with the Office of the Dean of Research and the Controller's Office to prepare and implement financial and administrative policies, procedures and sponsor and regulatory compliance issues of interest to the research community.
OSTP
Congress established OSTP in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The 1976 Act also authorizes OSTP to lead an interagency effort to develop and to implement sound science and technology policies and budgets and to work with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end. OSTP also provides technical support to the Office of Homeland Security through a joint arrangement with that Office.
OTC
Over The Counter
a drug that is sold without a prescription.
OTL
OTL is responsible for managing the intellectual property assets of Stanford University. OTL handles licensing of patentable inventions, copyright (software), trademark licensing, Tangible Research Property (TRP), and outgoing Material Transfer Agreements for biological materials. The major focus of the organization is on licensing.
OVID
Ovid Information System is a family of web-based e-journals and biomedical databases available to the Stanford community. Ovid can be used to search several different bibliographic, medical, biological, and nursing databases for information on various topics. From retrieved citations, you can link directly to full-text journal articles available through Ovid's various journal collections.
P&L
Proft and Loss Statement
Quarterly report generated to show the clinical profit and loss of each division within the Department of Medicine.
P&TS
P&T (Parking and Transporation Systems) is where all the information about coming/to and from Stanford can be found including such things as parking permits, bicycling, Marguerita Shuttle maps, etc.
P01
P01 Program Project Grant (NIH)
Supports an integrated, multiproject reserach approach involving a number of independent investigators who share knowledge and common resources. This type of grant has a defined central reserach focus involving several disciplines or several aspects of one discipline. Each individual project must contribute ore be directly related to the common theme of the totral reserach effort, thus forming a system of research activities and projects directed towards a well defined research project goal.
PA
Program Announcements
Program Announcements is the Process by which federal agencies publicize and implement new extramural grant programs and priorities, or update existing programs.
PACT
Stanford's Pact Program is for patients who need advanced cardiovascular therapies. The PACT program includes: State of the art catheter and surgical interventions Access to experimental programs with emerging technologies
PAD
Palo Alto Division of the Veterans Hospital
PAF
Personnel Action Form
The personnel action form tracks the employee's history at Stanford from when the employee was hired to the time the employee leaves.
PAFR
Patient Accepts Financial Responsibility
This form is required to be signed by any patient who indicates they have insurance but do not have a proper authorization or referral for a certain medical procedure or office visit. Once signed, this form allows the provider to bill the patient directly, if the patient''s insurance denys payment due to lack of authorization or referral.
PAHO
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is an international public health agency with 100 years of experience working to improve health and living standards of the people of the Americas. It enjoys international recognition as part of the United Nations system, serving as the Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization, and as the health organization of the Inter-American System. PAHO is based in Washington, D.C., and has scientific and technical experts at its headquarters, in its 27 country offices, and its eight scientific centers, all working with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in dealing with priority health issues.
PAIRE
The mission of the Palo Alto Institute for Research and Education, Inc. (PAIRE) is to facilitate research and education activities conducted at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System. The range of research activities is broad and includes special emphasis on biomedical, health services, rehabilitation engineering, mental health and geriatric research endeavors.
PAMF
The Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute was created in 1950 as a center for basic and clinical research. It continues to service that need today; encourages exchange of ideas among scientists and the public; provides research training for young scientists; and facilitates the development and administration of clinical-research programs among the divisions of PAMF. There is a working relationship between PAMF and Stanford.
PAMRF
Palo Alto Medical Research Foundation
PAP
Print-A-Person
Report form in reportmart that gives general employment and contract information.
PAVA
Palo Alto Veterans Administration
The PAVA Hospital, located four miles Southeast of the School of Medicine, is one of the largest referral centers in the VA system.
PAVAHCS
Palo Alto Veterans Administration Health Care System
PAVAHS
Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Hospital Services
The VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) is a major tertiary referral center with 3 hospital-based divisions serving the VA Sierra Pacific Network (VISN 21). The Palo Alto Division (PAD) is home of the most sophisticated tertiary care in the VA network. all acute care, inpatient psychiatry, spinal cord injured, rehabilitation medicine, blind rehabilitation and hospice services are located at PAD. THe Melo Park Division (MPD) is located 7 miles noth provides both inpatient and outpatient Comprehensive domiciliary care, mental health, post traumatic stress d isorder (PTSD) and long-term geriatric care. The Livermore Division (LVD) 40 miles east of Palo Alto, provides sub-acute and geriatric inpatient services as well as primary, subspeciality, and ancillary outpatient services. In recent years, VAPHCS has made signiciant efforts to provide ambulatory care services with the 10 counties it primariliy services.
PAWS
PAWS (Pet Assisted Wellness at Stanford) matches well-trained, carefully selected dogs with patients who like animals and would enjoy a friendly visit. All of the animals Stanford uses for its PAWS program must first be certified by the Delta Society.
PBM
Pharmacy Benefit Management (VA)
Pharmacy Benefit Management (VA)
PC
Personal Computer
Personal Computer
PCA
Primary Care Associate
PCAP
Stanford University School of Medicine-Foothill College Primary Care Associate Program’s web site. Our Program’s mission is to train physician assistants and family nurse practitioners for practice in primary care and underserved communities and increase the enrollment and deployment of underrepresented minorities while being responsive to internal and external community needs. The Program began in 1971 as one of the first PA programs in California and has been recognized nationally and in California for successful outcomes with this mission.
PCARD
Purchasing Card
A Purchasing Card is a credit card for Stanford faculty and staff to use for University business.
PCAST
President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology
PCC
Stanford's Preventive Cardiology Clinic (PCC) is designed for people who are concerned about their hearts, whether they already have symptoms of heart disease or they want to prevent future cardiac events.
PCCM
Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
PCCM is short for Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine; a division at Stanford within the Department of Medicine.
PCMM
Primary Care Management Module
Primary Care Management Module - a program at the VA.
PCO
Procurement Contracting Officer
Contracting officer or buyer who begins the acquisition process for an agreement; may assign the day-to-day administrative function to the Administrative Contracting Officer (AC0).
PCOR
PCOR specializes in research relevant to patient care, conducted by clinically active researchers organized into four program areas: health services, outcomes, health economics, epidemiology, clinical epidemiology, and patient-based analysis to investigate critical issues of clinical practice and public health
PCP
Primary Care Physician
Physicain in general practice or who specializes in pediatrics, family practice or internal medicine that has been selected by the covered individual from the list of primary care physician's in the Plan directory.
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
a handheld device that combines computing, telephone/fax, Internet and networking features. A typical PDA can function as a cellular phone, fax sender, Web browser and personal organizer. Unlike portable computers, most PDAs began as pen-based, using a stylus rather than a keyboard for input. This means that they also incorporated handwriting recognition features. Some PDAs can also react to voice input by using voice recognition technologies. PDAs of today are available in either a stylus or keyboard version.
PDCA
A continuous quality improvement term that means plan, do, check and act.
PDF
Portable Document Format
the PDF file format created by Adobe Systems, Inc. uses the PostScript printer description language and is highly portable across computer platforms. PDF documents are created with Adobe Acrobat or other programs and can be viewed with Adobe Acrobat Reader and other PDF reader programs.
PDQ
PDQ (Physician Data Query) is NCI's comprehensive cancer database. It contains peer-reviewed summaries on cancer treatment, screening, prevention, genetics, and supportive care; a registry of approximately 1,800 open and 12,000 closed cancer clinical trials from around the world; and directories of physicians, professionals who provide genetics services, and organizations that provide cancer care.
PDU
Post Docs with Units
Post Docs may take Stanford courses for credit during the time their registration is in effect. These fellows are considered "PDU", or postdocs with units.
PEP-C
PEP-C are Benchmark ratings offered by a recent statewide survey of hospital patients will assist the physicians and staff of Stanford Hospital & Clinics as they continue their efforts to improve patient care, say hospital officials.
PERC
The Program Evaluation and Resource Center (PERC) conducts system-wide monitoring and evaluation of substance abuse treatment services in the Department of Veterans Affairs. PERC is organized under the auspices of the Mental Health Strategic Health Group (MHSHG) in VA Central Office and is physically located in the VA Health Care System in Palo Alto, California. PERC's major areas of focus are: (1) system-wide monitoring of VA patients who have substance use disorders; (2) substance abuse treatment outcome evaluation;(3) substance abuse patients with co-morbid disorders;(4) self- and mutual-help programs, and (5) evaluation of VA and other federal policies regarding substance abuse treatment.
PET
Positron Emission Tomography
Positron Emission Tomography
PEW
The Pew Charitable Trusts support nonprofit activities in the areas of culture, education, the environment, health and human services, public policy and religion and is a source of grant funding.
PFOO
Project, Fund, Object, and Organization
Descriptor for the part of the Oracle System - General Ledger: Project, Fund, Object, and Organization. Tracks Balance Sheet accounts and detailed revenue and summarized expenses.
PFS
Patient Financial Service
Patient Financial Service works with patients regarding insurance and/or payment arrangements.
PFSH
Past. Family and/or Social History
PFSH = Past. Family and/or Social History (l. the patient's past experience with illnesses, operations, injuries, or treatments, 2. a review of medical events in-patients LMIL, 3. an age appropriate review of past and current social activities). The extent of history of present illness, review of systems, and past. Family and/or social history that is obtained and documented is dependent upon clinical judgment and the nature of the presenting problem.
PGY
Post Graduate Year
Post Graduate Year PGY1 is first year post graduate. PGY2 is 2nd year and so forth
Ph.D.
Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy. (From the New Latin, philosophiae doctor). Ph.D.'s are involved in clinical care (as in clinical psychology), biomedical research (as in the Genome Project), health administration and other areas in medicine.
PharmGKB
PharmGKB is an integrated resource about how variation in human genes leads to variation in our response to drugs.
Phase 1
Phase 1 (of Clinical Trials)
A Phase I clinical trial is a small-scale test of the safety of a new drug.
Phase 2
Phse 2 Clinical Trials
The purpose of a Phase II trial is to test the safety and efficacy of a new drug on patients. Phase II trials typically involve a larger group of subjects than Phase I trials.
Phase III
Phase III Clinical Trials
If a drug looks promising in a Phase II clinical trial, it moves into Phase III to test the drug's safety and efficacy in a controlled setting. Phase III trials typically involved hundreds or thousands of subjects, depending on the therapeutic target.
PHI
Protected Health Information
Protected Health Information (PHI) means individually identifiable health information that is created or received by a health care provider, health plan, employer, or health care clearinghouse and that relates to the mental or physical health of the Individual, the provision of health care to the Individual, or Payment for the provision of health care to the Individual. Protected Health Information does not include education records covered by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act or employment records held by a Covered Entity in its role as employer.
PHO
Physician -Hospital Organization
Physician-Hospital Organization is owned jointly by a hospital and a physician group. The PHO, in turn, contract with hospitals and physicians for the delivery of services to payers under contract to the PHO. It can also provide management services and perform other services typically associated with an Management Services Organization (MSO).
PhRMA
The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) represents the country’s leading research-based pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, which are devoted to inventing medicines that allow patients to live longer, healthier, and more productive lives. The industry invested more than $30 billion in 2001 in discovering and developing new medicines. PhRMA companies are leading the way in the search for new cures.
PHS
Public Health Services. PHS is also a source of funding.
PHS 2590
The Public Health Service noncompeting grant progress report. A grantee submits a PHS 2590 to NIH to report progress and continue funding for a grant's out years. The form is submitted annually, two months before the beginning of a new budget period. NIH has a streamlined noncompeting award process (SNAP) for submitting the PHS 2590; award notices identify whether a grant is SNAP. See also eSNAP. Go to the PHS 2590 noncompeting application Web site. http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/2590/2590.htm
PHS 398
Public Health Service grant application forms and instructions for competing research grants and cooperative agreements. See http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html
PHSA
Public Health Service Act
Public Health Service Act
PI
Principal Investigator
The Principal Investigator ( PI) is responsible for ensuring that all laboratory personnel, including part-time students and visiting scientists, are properly trained and informed of the safety regulations, as required by the University's Health and Safety policy and by various government regulatory agencies
PI
Principal Investigator
Individual responsible for the administrative and programmatic aspects of a project, as well as the direction of the research or program activity.
PI
Prevention Index
The Prevention Index (PI) assesses how well VHA follows nationally recognized approaches for primary prevention and early detection recommendations related to diseases with major social consequences.
PICU
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
PIN
Personal Identification Number
A unique number assigned to each student, faculty member, or staff member when they start at Stanford. The PIN is used for such things as access to Stanford computer systems.
PIN
Primary Insured Number
A PIN (Primary Insured Number) is unique to each physician who has medicare coverage.
PLA
Patent License Agreement
Legally binding agreement that gives certain rights to a licensee over patent rights.
PMGM
The Program in Molecular and Genetic Medicine brings together researchers from a wide variety of disciplines, from the Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine, The Stanford School of Medicine and the Departments of Biology and Chemistry. The Program in Molecular and Genetic Medicine, administered by the Beckman Center, fosters and advocates scientific interaction among basic and clinical scientists throughout the university and features research seminars, symposia and grants programs for its 200 faculty members. Also included are shared services for confocal microscopy and imaging, bioinformatics, the fluorescence activated cell sorter and the protein and nucleic acid facility.
PMO
PMO is the central department at Stanford University responsible for personal property (ie: capital assets) administration.
PMS
Practice Management System
A computer information system designed to support all information requirements of a physician office, including registration, appointment schedulding, billing, and clinical documentation.
PO
Purchase Order
Form created by the Procurement Department at Stanford from the STD Requisition; used for purchases of equipment over X dollars. These must be used for all capital equipment purchases.
POCT
Point of Care Testing
POCT (also known as Decentralized Testing or Near Patient Testing) is testing performed by personnel outside the Clinical Laboratories, at the patient bedside.
POMR
Problem-Oriented Medical Record
A clinical record in which the data collected, the physician's assessment, and the proposed therapeutic plan are grouped by association with the patient's specified medical problems.
POS
Point of Service
A type of health plan introduced by HMOs in the mid-1980s to allow patients, at some expense, to seek care outside of the network that inclues their contracted providers.
Postdoc
Postodoctorial Fellow
one engaged in postdoctoral study or research
PP
Project Period
The total time for which support of a project has been programmatically approved. A project period may consist of one or more budget periods.
PPG
Program Project Grant
Program Project Grant
PPI
Preferred-Provider Insurace
In managed care, an insurance plan in which companies contract with large number of providers that are not otherwise related to one another.
PPO
Preferred Provider Organization
Health plan that allows you to receive care from any licensed provider with are financial incentives-such as higher levels of reimbursement-to use the preferred network of contracted providers.
PPS
Prospective-Payment System
A scheme for health-care financing enabled by Congress in 1983, in which hospitals receive from Medicare a fixed payment per hospital admission, adjusted by diagnosis-related group.
PR
Purchase Requisition
Stanford's on-line requisition used to purchase equipment over $1500. Form must be used for all capital equipment purchase. (Formal name: STD Requisition)
PRECEPT
The goals and objectives of PRECEPT program at Stanford is to enhance the clinical scientists's knowledge of "from Postdoc to Professor", "Design and Conduct of Clinical Research", Clinical Epidemiology", "Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials", "Teaching and Presentation Skills", "Responsible Conduct of Research", etc.
PriSMS
To develop physician leaders and community scholars who understand the interconnections and interdependence among personal values, communities, service, and medicine. To partner with community-based health service, advocacy and policy organizations, and community development inititatives to increase learning opportunities and deepen the School’s commitment to civic engagement .
ProEd
SCPD's Professional Education (ProEd) unit helps participants advance in their fields and expand their networks through a wide range of short courses in bioinformatics, clinical informatics, computer science, engineering, and management. Courses are offered in a variety of distance learning instructional formats, as well as on campus.
PSA
K11: Physician Scientist Award (PSA) Encourages newly-trained clinician to develop independent research skills and experience in a fundamental science
PSA
Personal Service Agreement
The agreement used to contract employment between the PAIRE and Stanford. PAIRE is Palo Alto Institute for Research and Education, Inc.
PSI
Physician Service Income
Physician Service Income
PSO
Physician Staff Organization
Physician Staff Organization (Stanford)
PSR
Property Service Representative
Member of the University Property Administration who is assigned to work with one of the four regions on campus. Area 2 is School of Medicine.
PT
Physical Therapist
therapist who treats injury or dysfunction with exercises and other physical treatments of the disorder
PTA
In Delphi there are a variety of forms to set up projects, tasks and awards covering such things as setting up a project, to project updates, etc.
PTAEO
Project, Task, Award, Expenditure Type, and Organization
Tracks Balance Sheet accounts and detailed revenue and summarized expenses Description for Delphi Grants Accounting System which includes five segments: Project, Task, Award, Expenditure Type, and Organization
PTD
PTA to Date (Oracle Term)
PTA stands for: Project, Task and Awards. PTD is PTA to date.
PTF
Patient Treatment File (VA)
PTF is an automated system for recording and tracking events associated with VHA inpatient care. It is the principal source of inpatient VHA workload data.
PTO
Personal Time Off
A regular employee may take approved time off with pay from scheduled work for personal reasons with prior approval of his or her supervisor.
PTO
Personal Time Off
Personal Time off hours that employees must take during the calendar year. The university determines the number of PTO hours and is a standard for employees (i.e. in 2002 the number of PTO days was 3),
PTSD
post-traumatic stress disorder
PUBMED
PubMed, available via the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, was developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM), located at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Entrez is the text-based search and retrieval system used at NCBI for all major databases including PubMed, Nucleotide, and Protein Sequences, Protein Structures, Complete Genomes, Taxonomy, OMIM, and many others. PubMed was designed to provide access to citations from biomedical literature. LinkOut provides access to full-text articles at journal Web sites and other related Web resources. PubMed also provides access and links to the other Entrez molecular biology databases. Publishers participating in PubMed electronically submit their citations to NCBI prior to or at the time of publication. If the publisher has a web site that offers full-text of its journals, PubMed provides links to that site as well as biological databases, consumer health information, research tools, and more. There may be a charge to access the text or information.
PVAMC
Palo Alto VA Medical Center
PYB
Prior Year Balance
The Prior Year Balance is the amount carried forward from one fiscal year to the next for a service center whose year-end net balance (current income less current expense, plus minus the prior year's net balance) is within plus or minus (+/-) % of its annual expenditures.
Q&A
Questions and Answers
QA - Short for Questions and Answers
QA
Quality Assurance
Quality Assurance Steps taken to make sure that one's products or services are of sufficiently high quality. All those planned and systematic actions that are establisehd to ensure that the trial is performed and the data are generated, documented (recorded), and reported in compliance with Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and the applicable regulatory requirement(s).
QC
Quality Control
The operational techniques and activities undertaken within the quality assurance sytem to verify that the requirements for quality of the trial-related activities have been fulfilled.
QDRO
Qualified Domestic Relations Order
An order or judgment from a state court directing the plan administrator to pay to your former spouse or dependent children all or a portion of your benefit under any of Stanford's retirement plans.
QI
Quality Improvement
Quality Improvement is the reduction of variability in products and processes.
QJSA
Qualified Joint and Survivor Annuity
An annuity that provides payments for your lifetime and, after your death, your spouse will receive payments equal to a portion-usually 50%-of your monthly payment for the balance of his/her lifetime.
QLT
Quality Leadership Team
Charged with overall leadership of the quality effort. Determines strategic direction of the effort.
QMCSO
Qualified Medical Child Support Order
This is either a National Medical Child Support Notice issued by a state child support agency, or an order or judgment from a state court or administrative body directing the employer to cover a child under the plan. Federal law provides that a QMCSO must meet certain form and content requirements in order to be valid.
QPSA
Qualified Pre-retirement Survivor Annuity
The benefit paid to your surviving spouse-if you're married, or to your beneficiary if you're not married or your spouse has waived his or her right to the benefit-if you die before collecting benefits. Your survivor would receive an amount equal to what he or she would have received as the surviving spouse of a 50% Joint and Survivor Annuity.
QSP
Qualifed Sponsorship Payment
A QSP is any payment made be a person engaged in a trade of business for which the person will receive no substantial benefit other than the use of or acknowledgment of the business name, logo, or product lines in connection with the organizations activities. "Use or acknowledgement" does not include advertising of the sponsor's products and services.
QUERI
VA's Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI), is designed to implement enhance the quality and outcomes of VA health care by systematically implementing clinical research findings and evidence-based recommendations into routine clinical practice. QUERI focuses on eight high-risk and/or highly prevalent diseases or conditions among veterans: Chronic Heart Failure, Colorectal Cancer, Diabetes, HIV/AIDS, Ischemic Heart Disease, Mental Health, Spinal Cord Injury, and Substance Abuse. VA at Palo Alto participates in this.
R&D
Research and Development
Research And Development. Discovering new knowledge about products, processes, and services, and then applying that knowledge to create new and improved products, processes, and services that fill market needs.
R.A.C.E.
Research Admin. Policy & Compliance
Research Admin. Policy & Compliance
R01
Research Project Grant
An NIH grant for research projects that is for 5 years and is renewable. Supports discrete, specified, circumscribed projects to be performed by named investigators in areas representing their specific interest and competencies.
R03
R03 Small Grants - NIH Award
R03 Small Grants award is an NIH award. R03 provide limited research support usually for preliminary, short-term projects. They are nonrenewable.
R09
R09 NIH Award - Scientific Evaluation
R09 Scientific Evaluation -- provides the chairman of an initial review group funds for operation of the IRG. R09 Scientific Evaluation -- provides the chairman of an initial review group funds for operation of the IRG (Independent Regulator Group).
R13
R13 Conference Grant (NIH)
R13 NIH Conference grants award -- provide funding for conferences to exchange and disseminate information related to program interests. Generally, such awards are modest and limited to participation with other organizations. Among the costs eligible for support are salaries, equipment rental, travel, consultant services, and supplies.
R15
R15 Academic Research Enhancement Awards (NIH Award)
NIH's R15 Academic Research Enhancement Awards -- support scientists at eligible institutions for small-scale, new, or expanded, health-related research projects such as pilot projects and feasibility studies; development, testing, and refinement of research techniques; secondary analysis of available data sets; and similar work showing research capability. This award is for smaller 4-year public and private colleges and universities that provide undergraduate training for a significant number of research scientists but have had a limited share of NIH funds.
R18
R18 Research Demonstration and Dissemination Award - NIH
NIH R18 Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects -- provide support to develop, test, and evaluate health services and foster the application of knowledge to control disease.
R21
R21 Exploratory/Developmental Grants - NIH
NIH's R21 Exploratory/Developmental Grants Phase I -- encourage new research in a given program area. Support generally is restricted for level and time. Applications are accepted only in response to RFAs and PAs that specify the R21 mechanism.
R24
R24 Resource-Related Research Projects Award (NIH)
R24 is an NIH award. R24 Resource-Related Research Projects R24 support research projects to enhance the capacity of resources that serve biomedical research.
R34
R34 Clinical Trial Planning Grant - NIH
R34 is an NIH award grant. R34 Clinical Trial Planning Grant -- supports initial development of a clinical trial, e.g., establishing a research team, developing tools for managing data and overseeing the research, and developing a trial design, protocol, recruitment strategies, and procedure manuals.
R37
R37 Method to Extend Research In Time (MERIT) Awards - NIH
NIH's R37 grant - Method to extend research in time (MERIT) awards provide long-term support to a limited number of investigators who are likely to continue to perform in an outstanding manner. The initial 5-year award may be followed by a 3- to 5-year extension. Awardees are selected by NIH staff and advisors.
R43 and R44
R43 and R44 NIH Grant Awards for Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants
R43 and R44 NIH Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants -- emanate from a congressionally mandated program to support cooperative R&D projects between small businesses and research institutions. Phase I grants (R43) support projects to establish the technical merit and feasibility of R&D ideas that may lead to commercial products or services. Phase II grants (R44) support in-depth development of those ideas.
RA
Regulatory Affairs
Regulatory affairs (RA) is a dynamic and challenging profession that is vital to making safe and effective healthcare products available worldwide. RA encompasses a variety of disciplines and job responsibilities, which may begin during the product development and continue into when a product is widely available for use. Individuals who ensure regulatory compliance and prepare submissions as well as those whose main job function is clinical affairs or quality assurance are all considered RA professionals.
RA
Resident Assistant
The truly dedicated upperclass student who lives in dorms and serve roles ranging from dorm activity coordinator to advisor, confidant and friend.
RA/TA
Research Assistant/Teaching Assistant
Research Assistant/Teaching Assistant
RAC
Regulatory Affairs Certification
RAC
RAC Recominant DNA Advisory Committee - is a part of the NIH. The Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC) was established on October 7, 1974, in response to public concerns regarding the safety of manipulation of genetic material through the use of recombinant DNA techniques. The RAC is a technical committee whose goal is to consider the current state of knowledge and technology regarding recombinant DNA.
RACE
Research Administrators Continuing Education
RAF
Referral Authorization Form
This is a form that indicates a primary care medial group or primary care physician has approved or referred their patient for treatment by a specialist. This is generally used for insurances that require their members to have primary care physicians like in many HMO insurance plans.
RAF
Research Affiliate
Research Affiliate is a nonmatriculated student pursuing advanced academic training when employed on Stanford research projects.
RAF
Research Animal Facility
This is the name of the section for the Secured research animal facilities at Stanford. There is a RAF-1 and a RAF-2 Facility.
RAND
RAND (a contraction of the term research and development) is the first organization to be called a "think tank." RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. Areas of expertise are: child policy, civil and criminal justice, community and U.S. regional studies, drug policy, education, health, infrastructure, international policy, methodology, national security, population and aging, science and technology, and terrorism.
RAPC
Research Administration Policy and Compliance
Research Aministration Policy and Compliance (RAPC) works closely with the Office of the Dean of Research, Office of Research Administration and the Controllers' office to prepare and implement financial and administrative policies, procedures and sponsor and regulatory compliance issues of interest to the entire university research Community. RAPC is responsible for the management of all the University's service centers. RAPC analyst is the liason with the government and internal audit department concerning service center or compliance issues.
RAPS
Regulatory Affairs Professional Society
RATD
Research Administration Training and Development. Stanford's ORA (Office of Research Administration) is made up of: The Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), Research Administration Policy & Compliance Office, Cost & Management Analysis (CMA), The Property Management Office (PMO), and Research Administration Training and Development (RATD). The Office of Research Administration Training and Development (RATD) is primarily responsible for the assessment, development and delivery of information and education regarding research administration at Stanford, both internal to ORA and external to the campus community.
RBRVS
1992, Medicare significantly changed the way it pays for physicians’ services. Instead of basing payments on charges, the federal government established a standardized physician payment schedule based on a resource-based relative value scale (RBRVS). In the RBRVS system, payments for services are determined by the resource costs needed to provide them. The cost of providing each service is divided into three components: physician work, practice expense and professional liability insurance. Payments are calculated by multiplying the combined costs of a service by a conversion factor (a monetary amount that is determined by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services). Payments are also adjusted for geographical differences in resource costs.
RCA
Research Career Award - NIH
RCC
Residential Computer Consultant
Residential Computer Consultant
RCMI
The Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Program is designed to expand the national capability for research in the health sciences by assisting, through grant support, predominantly minority health professional schools and graduate institutions that offer a doctorate in the health professions or health-related sciences.
RCO
Research Compliance Officer (VA)
Research Compliance Officer (VA)
RCSA
Risk and Control Self Assessment
RCSA (Risk and Control self assessment group) is a faciltator and a group with shared objectives, review, prioritize, and address risks in an audit series closely aligned towards that mission. Stanford University this type of forum in the Internal Audit Review Area.
rDNA
Recombinant DNA
standard receipt dates Web site. Recombinant DNA Recombinant DNA molecules are either: 1) molecules which are constructed outside living cells by joining natural or synthetic DNA segments to DNA molecules that can replicate in a living cell; or 2) DNA molecules that result from the replication of those described in 1).
REAP
The purpose of this award is to promote and support groups of VA investigators in programs of exceptional quality which address specific medical problems by integrating basic science and clinical research approaches. Each program must revolve around a medical problem of importance to the veteran population. To qualify, each program had to have at least four VA-funded investigators. Major goals of the REAP are: (1) Training of new investigators who will undertake research careers within the VA health care system; (2) Development of new & innovative research ideas via pilot projects to acquire data supporting the validity and feasibility of the ideas. (3) To support the participating investigators through one-time award of major equipment or specialized facilities.
ReportMart
ReportMart, a web-based system used to access distributed administrative reports, is the standard reporting tool for administrative systems at Stanford.
RFA
Requests for Application (Grants)
The official statement that invites grant or cooperative agreement applications to accomplish a specific program purpose. RFAs indicate the amount of funds set aside for the competition and generally identify a single application receipt date.
RFP
Request for Proposals (Contracts)
Request for Proposal. Announcements that specify a research topic, methods to be used, product to be delivered, and appropriate applicants sought. Proposals submitted in response to RFPs generally result in the award of a contract.
RFQ
Request for Quotation
Summary of technical requirements for a specified product(s), sent to prospective vendors and used by vendors to quote a price for the specified product(s).
RHIA
RHIA - Registered Health Information Administrator - has passed an exam and meets the following criteria: Candidates must meet one of the following eligibility requirements for the RHIA examination: Have a baccalaureate degree from a CAAHEP1- accredited health information administration (HIA) program; or Have a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university and a certificate in HIA from a CAAHEP-accredited program; or Have a degree from an HIA baccalaureate degree program in a foreign country whose professional association has an agreement of reciprocity with AHIMA2; or Be an RHIT who meets the conditions of the Proviso to the Standards for Initial Certification for Registered Health Information Administrators
RIP
Research in Progress Seminar (RIP)
RL
Research Professorate
Research Professorate
RMA
Return Material Authorization
Frequently used when equipment is returned to a vendor; the vendor will issue an RMA number for their internal tracking purposes.
RMG
The fundamental mission of The RMG is to facilitate and promote the research endeavors of the School of Medicine Faculty. The RMG provides oversight and management of sponsored projects and ensures compliance with sponsor and University expectations for managing sponsored funds. RMG helps set, interpret, and implement policy ; is a University resources (training and information); collaborates with GCRS, OSR, Health and Safety and the Compliance Panels;represents Stanford at professional organizations
RN
Registered Nurse
One who has graduated from a college or university program of nursing education and has been licensed by the state.
RO
Regional Office (VA)
The 58 VA regional offices, located in every state and in Puerto Rico and the Philippines, provide the first level of review within the VA claims system. ROs provide a number of different services to veterans, and thus each RO has different departments with specific responsibilities. Most ROs have the following departments or divisions: Veterans Services, Finance and Administrative Services, Vocational Rehabilitation, Loan Guaranty, District Counsel, Inspector General, and Adjudication.
ROC
Request for Contracts
Formal document a contracting officer uses to begin preparing a request for proposals. This follows the approval of a concept by NIAID's main advisory Council for a new acquisition or major change in an existing project.
ROI
Return on Investment
Return on Investment. A measure of a corporation's profitability, equal to a fiscal year's income divided by common stock and preferred stock equity plus long-term debt. ROI measures how effectively the firm uses its capital to generate profit; the higher the ROI, the better.
ROS
Review Of Systems
Review Of Systems (an inventory of body systems obtained through a series of questions seeking to identify signs or symptoms which the patient may be or have experienced, includes: constitutional symptoms - fever - weight loss, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, throat, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, integumentary skin or breast, neurological, psychiatric, endocrine, hematologic/lymphatic, allergic/immunologic).
RPA
Research Participation Agreement
An RPA is a form of sponsored project in which services of University personnel, academic facilities, and/or laboratory equipment are employed on behalf of parties not otherwise affiliated with the University as faculty, staff or students. An RPA is different from other forms of sponsored research projects in that a significant portion of the responsibility for the intellectual direction, interpretation and/or outcome of the work rest with the outside user. Clinical Trials whose funding is provided by a pharmaceutical company would fall into this category.
RPC
Review Policy Commitee
NIH committee of senior peer review staff that advises NIH on extramural review issues. It has one voting member from each institute and several from the NIH Center for Scientific Review.
RPG
Research Project Grants
Budget term referring to the following NIH grant types: R01, R03, R21, R23, R35, R37, R41, R42, R43, R44, R55, P01, P42, U01, U19, U43, and U44. RPGs are research grants awarded to an institution. R series are single research project grants; P series are multi-project grants. U series cooperative agreements can be either single project -- U01, U43, U44 -- or multi-project -- U19. Unlike a multi-project award, a single project award addresses a single research topic even if it involves multiple sites.
RPH
Research Policy Handbook
A collection of policies, guidelines and general information related to the research enterprise at Stanford University.
RPM
Research Process Manager
The Research Process Manager (RPM) reports to the Co-Directors of the Research Management Group (RMG) in the School of Medicine. The RPM is responsible for a complete administrative research process for a defined group of faculty. The RPM helps PIs manage research portfolios; partners with departments; collaborates with sponsors, and are stewards of sponsored funds and work with auditors
RPO
Rapid Purchase Orders
Stanford's online requisitions used for purchases totaling $1500 or less. For capital assets, these can only be used for donations or fabrications.
RRC
Residency Review Committee
Residency Review Committee reviews and accredits particular programs and is part of the ACGME
RRDC
Rehabilitation Research and Development Center
The mission of Rehabilitation Research and Development is to improve the quality of life of disabled veterans and their families by developing useful concepts, techniques, and devices in the behavioral, biological and physical sciences and to transfer these developments to clinical practice or assist with their commercialization. Special focus is placed on the restoration, supplementation and amelioration of mobility that has been lost due to disease or trauma.
RSC
Regulary Scheduled Course (Stanford)
Regularly Scheduled Course (Stanford)
RSL
Radiological Science Laboratory (Stanford)
RSO
At Stanford - The Manager of Health Physics, i.e., the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO), is designated in all licenses. The RSO may deny or withdraw approval to use a radiation source where an imminent threat to health and safety, non-compliance or unsafe practice is found, pending review by the APRS.
RTF
Rich Text Format
Rich Text Format (RTF) is a standardized way to encode various text-formatting properties, such as bold characters and typefaces, as well as document formatting.
RVU
Relative Value Unit
Relative Value Unit System. An example of a RVU is: Departments will receive a contribution margin incentive (or partnership equity share) based on service line revenues minus service line managed costs, and will also receive a service and quality performance incentive based on specific measures. Using all of these funds, departments will implement faculty compensation plans.
RWJF
Established in 1972, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, based in Princeton, N.J. is one of the largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health and health care in the United States. RWJF concentrate our grantmaking in four areas: (1) To assure that all Americans have access to quality health care at reasonable cost. (2) To improve the quality of care and support for people with chronic health conditions. (3) To promote healthy communities and lifestyles. (4) To reduce the personal, social and economic harm caused by substance abuse — tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs.
RX
Prescription
Prescription
S&W
Salaries and Wages
Payments made to employees of the institution for work performed. When charged to a sponsored project they become a subset of direct costs, which along with wages, form a portion of the base upon which indirect costs will be allocated.
S.E.I.U.
Service Employees International Union
S.E.I.U. is the union that some of the Stanford Hospital Employees belong to. It is a collective bargaining union.
SA
Student Administration
SA (Student Administration) is a module of Peoplesoft that is for admissions, financial aid, student financials, and student records.
SAAMS
Stanford Asian-American Medical Students
Stanford Asian-American Medical Students (SAAMS) was founded in the fall of 1989 for the purposes of addressing the educational and social needs and interests of Asian-American medical students.
SAIMS
Stanford American Indian Medical Students
Stanford American Indian Medical Students (SAIMS) provides opportunities to exchange academic and professional information pertaining to the health care needs of Native Americans; encourage and recruit pre-medical Native American students; and provide assistance to its members. In addition, SAIMS brings Native American speakers to the Stanford campus in order to increase awareness of traditional perspectives and health issues.
SAMSHA
SAMHSA is the Federal agency charged with improving the quality and availability of prevention, treatment, and rehabilitative services in order to reduce illness, death, disability, and cost to society resulting from substance abuse and mental illnesses.
Sapphire
Stanford Asian Pacific Program in Hypertension and Insulin Resistance
The Stanford Asian Pacific Program in Hypertension and Insulin Resistance (SAPPHIRe) is part of the Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP) network and is funded by NHLBI.
SAS
Statistical Analysis Software
SAT
Scholastic Aptitude Test
SB
Senate Bill
Senate Bill
SBIR
Government-wide program that promotes technology transfer by helping investigators form partnerships between the private and public sectors.
SBRC
Stanford Brain Research Center
The Stanford Brain Research Center (SBRC) has been organized to serve as the unifying body for the diverse and physically distributed neuroscience-related research across SUMC and the University. It serves to foster, coordinate, and support: i) recruitment of faculty in over 15 departments with neuroscientists ii) collaborative and multidisciplinary research programs iii) sponsored research initiatives and fundraising iv) a spirit of community for both basic and clinical neuroscientists v) education of students, scientists, and the public.
SBRI
The mission of the Stanford Brain Research Institute is to capture world leadership in research and training by promoting and integrating basic and clinical multidisciplinary brain research at Stanford.
SCBE
The Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics (SCBE) engages in interdisciplinary research on moral questions arising from the complex relationships among medicine, science and society.
SCBI
Stanford Center For Biomedical Imaging
Stanford's SCBI brings together basic scientists, clinicians and engineers to develop new imaging based methods and applications.
SCCM
The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) is a multidisciplinary, multiprofessional organization dedicated to ensuring excellence and consistency in the practice of critical care medicine.
SCEC
The Stanford Comprehensive Epilepsy Center (SCEC) offers state-of-the-art medical and surgical management of epilepsy in adults and children.
SCI
Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal Cord Injury
SCIC
Spinal Cord Injury Center - VA
The Palo Alto Veteran Spinal Cord Injury Center provides acute treatment and rehabilitation, as well as long term follow-up, for spinal cord injured veterans. SCIC's interdisciplinary approach includes specialized therapeutic interventions, educational programs, and specialized clinics. The Center also includes an ambulatory care program, therapy section, and urodynamic and clinical research laboratories.
SCIM
The Stanford Center for Integrative Medicine (SCIM) is dedicated to providing personalized, nourishing therapy for those people seeking enhanced well being and improved quality of life.
SCIP
The Stanford Clinical Investigator Pathway (SCIP) offers training, experience and opportunity for residents interested in developing a career as a physician-scientist. The SCIP can be ideal for residents who come to Stanford with a strong research background and experience (often with a prior Ph.D.) as it allows them to pursue their research interests more quickly than does the traditional pathway. The Stanford faculty research base, within the Department of Medicine and throughout the institution, provides a wide range of opportunities and mentors for SCIP residents.
SCPD
The Stanford Center for Professional Development (SCPD) at Stanford University brings award-winning degree and non-degree Academic Courses from the School of Engineering and affiliated departments to professionals in industry and government worldwide. SCPD's Professional Education (ProEd) unit helps participants advance in their fields and expand their networks through a wide range of short courses in bioinformatics, clinical informatics, computer science, engineering, and management. Courses are offered in a variety of distance learning instructional formats, as well as on campus.
SCRDP
The Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention (SCRDP) is an interdisciplinary research program involving several departments in the School of Medicine. The SCRDP is also a division of the Department of Medicine, where most staff appointments are located. The SCRDP mission is to improve the health and functioning of individuals
SCRP
Stanford Contributary Retirement Plan
The Stanford Contributory Retirement Plan (SCRP) is a defined contribution plan. You and Stanford make contributions that are invested according to your investment elections. This type of plan is permitted by Section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code
SCSCP
The Stanford Cancer Supportive Care Program (SCSCP) is a bridge between standard medical care and all aspects of healing. Our mission is to complement cancer therapy by integrating all aspects of healing: strengthening the body, educating the mind and nurturing hope and courage, while remaining accessible to all patients regardless of economic level. SCSCP is a free program open to current and former cancer patients, their family members and caregivers.
SCT
The Society for Clinical Trials, created in 1978, is an international professional organization dedicated to the development and dissemination of knowledge about the design and conduct of clinical trials and related health care research methodologies.
SCUP
A network of professionals dedicated to excellence in planning for higher education.
SCVMC
Santa Clara Valley Medical Center was founded in 1876 to service the health needs of the community. SCVMS is affiliated with Stanford School of Medicine and other nursing and health facilities in the Bay Area.
SDI
State Disability Insurance
Stanford's major program for disability is VDI (Voluntary Disability Insurance). Employees can reject VDI and enroll in SDI with is the standard State of California Disability Insurance Plan.
SEA
Form used to make adjustments to a salaried employee's paycheck.
SEMC
Stanford Engineering and Medical Campus
Stanford Engineering and Medical Campus
SEP
Special Emphasis Panel
Special Emphasis Panel
SEVIS
Student and Exchange Visitor Information System
SEVIS is an acronym for Student and Exchange Visitor Information System. It is a data collection and monitoring system that creates an interface between institutions of higher education, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), consulates and embassies abroad, and ports of entry. Schools are required to make regular electronic updates in SEVIS throughout each semester on the records of their enrolled students in F-1 and J-1 status-and their dependents-and their researchers and faculty in J-1 status. This includes, but is not limited to enrollment status, changes in address, changes in level of study, employment recommendations, and school transfers.
SF
San Francisco
San Francisco
SF VA
San Francisco Veterans Administration
San Francisco Veterans Administration
SFA
Sunflower Assets (Oracle)
Sunflower Assets, commonly referred to as SFA, is a life cycle asset management and reporting application at Stnford that was built to support distributed entry and government funded research requirements.
SFB
The Society For Biomaterials is a professional society which promotes advances in all phases of materials research and development by encouragement of cooperative educational programs, clinical applications, and professional standards in the biomaterials field. Internationally recognized leaders in the biomaterials field participate in the Society and sponsored events.
SFDC
Since 1986, the Stanford Faculty Development Center (SFDC) has trained physician faculty to provide ongoing faculty development in areas critical to medical education and practice, including Clinical Teaching, Contemporary Practice, End-of-Life Care, Geriatrics in Primary Care, Medical Decision Making, and Preventive Medicine.
SFGF
Stanford Functional Genomics Facility
SFGOV OES
San Francisco Government Office of Emergency Services
SFP
As family physicians, SFP sees patients from newborns to seniors, women and men. Physicians will treat many of the problems that people have from back pain, ear infections and rashes to diabetes and heart disease. Several SFG members do obstetrical care and deliveries at Lucille Packard Children's Hospital. When specialist care is needed, SFP will make appropriate referrals and continue to coodinate care. SFP also does office procedures such as minor surgery.
SGEC
The Stanford Geriatric Education Center provides a variety of ethnogeriatric programs and curriculum resource materials to educate health care professionals on cultural issues.
SGER
Small Grants for Exploratory Research (NIH)
The Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) program supports preliminary research on untested and novel ideas, ventures into emerging research areas, application of new expertise or approaches to established research topics, research requiring urgent access to specialized data, facilities, or equipment, and similar efforts likely to catalyze rapid and innovative advances.
SGIM
Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) is an international organization of physicians and others who combine caring for patients with educating and/or doing research. SGIM is dedicated to improving patient care, education, and research in primary care and general internal medicine.
SHC
Stanford Hospitals and Clinics
This is a major part of the comprehensive university medical center - the other which is Lucille Salter Packard Children's Hospital (LCPH).
SHGC
Stanford Human Genome Center
SHN
The Stanford Heart Network (SHN) is a service and research project conducted by faculty and staff of the Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention and the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine. Its major objective is to work with physicians, nurses and other health professionals in implementing more effective cardiovascular risk reduction programs for individuals at increased risk of heart attacks or stroke.
SHPN
The Stanford Health Promotion Network is an association of regional businesses and health professionals who aim to improve employee health and productivity through focused health promotion initiatives and strategies. The mission of the Stanford Health Promotion Network is to: Improve employee health and work environments through the dissemination of scientifically-based health promotion information Provide a forum to discuss strategies and solutions for optimizing corporate performance through better health Encourage businesses to further explore the interactions and connections between health and productivity.
SHRM
The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is the world's largest association devoted to human resource management. Representing more than 175,000 individual members, the Society's mission is to serve the needs of HR professionals by providing the most essential and comprehensive resources available. As an influential voice, the Society's mission is also to advance the human resource profession to ensure that HR is recognized as an essential partner in developing and executing organizational strategy. Founded in 1948.
SHS
Stanford Hospital Services
Stanford Hospital Services
SID
Society for Investigative Dermatology Mission is to To advance and promote the sciences relevant to skin health and disease through education, advocacy, and scholarly exchange of scientific information.
SIEPR
Founded in 1982, SIEPR is a nonpartisan economic policy research organization that unites remarkable economic talent from all parts of Stanford University. In terms of the SOM, SIEPR has had guest speakers such as FDA Commissioner Mark McClellan.
SIM
Stanford Institute of Medicine
Stanford plans to have a number of institutes. The mission of the Institutes is to bring an interdisciplinary group of poeple together to to develop new knowledge, and then translate this knowledge into new scientific insights, diagnostic methods, preventive strategies, and treatments for patients. Integral to the institutes are educational programs designed to train future leaders
SIM
Stanford Institute of Medicine
Stanford Institute of Medicine
SIP
Stanford Infrastructure Program
Stanford Infrastructure Program
SKOLAR
SKOLAR Database
Stanford SKOLAR, M.D. offers a wide array of resources, which can be searched collectively or individually. The resources include textbooks, drug databases, national clinical and practice guidelines, PubMed (Medline), full-text journals, evidence-based medicine, and diagnosis coding tools. Links between various resources enable you to navigate easily through the system and access the information most relevant to your information needs.
SLAC
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SLOAN
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, a philanthropic nonprofit institution, was established in 1934 by Alfred Pritchard Sloan, Jr., then President and Chief Executive Officer of the General Motors Corporation. It is a source of funding.
SMAA
The Stanford Medical Alumni Association exists to advance the cause of medical education by promoting the interests and increasing the usefulness of Stanford University School of Medicine. Through its programs, the SMAA seeks to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between the School and its alumni and to promote acquaintance and good fellowship.
SMART
School of Medicine Administrator's Round Table
Meetings for Research Administrators
Smartpage
Directory used to look up a person's pager number at Stanford.
SMAS
Salary Management and Analysis System
Users can enter proposed salary and salary budget information for department employees, produce both preprogrammed and personal reports, and analyze data. This system has been replaced by Report Mart.
SMC
Stanford Management Company
Established in 1991, the Stanford Management Company (SMC) is responsible for managing Stanford's endowment. SMC is a division of the university overseen by a Board of Directors appointed by the university Board of Trustees. SMC's board consists of at least three trustees, several investment and real estate professionals, and university representatives such as faculty from the Graduate School of Business and the economics department. The goals of SMC are to provide stable budgetary support and to preserve the long-term value of the endowment for future generations. SMC establishes a strategic asset allocation, manages the risk associated with investments, and identifies value-adding strategies.
SMDM
The Society for Medical Decision Making's mission is to improve health outcomes through the advancement of proactive systematic approaches to clinical decision making and policy-formation in health care by providing a scholarly forum that connects and educates researchers, providers, policy-makers, and the public.
SMG
Stanford Medical Group
Established in 1983 to provide quality primary care medicine to the Stanford community. SMG is an adult primary care clinic offering medical services to patients within Stanford and surrounding communities. The physicians are trained in General Internal Medicine and maintain academic appointments at Stanford University School of Medicine. The faculty spend approximately 80% of their time providing primary care for their patients at SMG. The remainder of their effort is directed in a variety of areas focused on medical education and promotion of the physician-generalist. Current faculty teaching activities include serving as attending faculty physicians in the SMG resident teaching clinic and at Stanford University Hospital, teaching courses at the School of Medicine and the undergraduate campus of Stanford University, and participating in various activities pertaining to health promotion, clinical teaching, and medical curriculum development at Stanford School of Medicine.
SMI
Stanford Medical Informatics (SMI) is an interdisciplinary academic and research group within the Department of Medicine in the Stanford University School of Medicine. SMI brings together scientists who create and validate models of how knowledge and data are used within biomedicine. Our research staff and students study new methods for acquiring, representing, processing, and managing knowledge and data within health care and the biomedical sciences.
SMILE
Stanford Medicine Information Learning Environment
The Stanford School of Medicine SMILE Project vision is to: (1)Support learning and foster a sense of community with seamless access to information; (2)Deliver reformed curricula and enable new approaches to student learning; (3) Incorporate the transforming roles of technology and information resources in academic medicine; (4) Provide space for informal and formal leaning nProvide technology =enabled and virtual classrooms nDefine and create a modern Library for the School of Medicine; (5) Provide dedicated space for advising, mentoring, guidance for students nCreate space that enriches the lives of students, trainees and faculty.
SMSA
Stanford Medical Student Association
SMSA acts as a liaison between the student body and the faculty/administration; it appoints students to various med school committees, and oversees the allocation of the budget to student groups and events.
SMYSP
To guide and motivate low-income youth to pursue college and health professions by providing: effective programs, long-term mentoring, college and health career guidance, research opportunities and teacher-counselor training.
SNAP
Stanford Network for Accounting and Purchasing
Composed of a variety of financial applications in Prism that are maintained on the Forsythe computer and are used for procurement of materials and services, tracking purchases, and receipt of goods.
SNF
Skilled Nursing Facility
A skilled nursing facility (SNF) is a special kind of facility that primarilyfurnishes skilled nursing and rehabilitation services. It may be a separate facility or adistinct part of another facility, such as a hospital (example: Stanford Hospital.)
SNMA
Student National Medical Association
Student National Medical Association (SNMA) is a national organization composed primarily of African-American students interested in minority medical education and health care. It is affiliated with the National Medical Association (NMA), a national group of predominantly African-American physicians. The Stanford chapter of the SNMA is used as a framework to organize African-American students at the School of Medicine. In addition to its involvement in national issues, the Stanford chapter plays an important role in minority admissions and recruitment. The SNMA also serves as a support network in curricular, career, and social issues for African-American students.
SNOMED
SNOMED Clinical Terms creates a single unified terminology to underpin the development of the integrated electronic patient record by providing an essential building block for a common computerised language for use across the world.
SOC
Share of Cost
The amount a beneficiary must pay toward their health care costs before Medi-Cal will pay. The SOC may change when monthly income changes.
SOC
Sattelite Operation Center
Emergency management centers in Deans, Vice Presidents, and Directors' areas that interface between the University EOC and campus departments
SOCRA
The Society of Clinical Research Associates, Inc., is a non-profit, professional organization dedicated to the continuing education and development of clinical research professionals. The express aim of SoCRA is to provide training and continuing education for clinical research professionals and to establish and maintain an international certification program for clinical research professionals.
SOE
School of Engineering At Stanford
SOM
School of Medicine
School of Medicine
SOM
School of Medicine
The Stanford University School of Medicine is a world-class training ground for future leaders in biomedical research and medical practice. The school, which originated in 1858, attracts a diverse student body and has a flexible curriculum that allows students to pursue individual interests within a supportive and intellectually exciting environment.
SOURCE
Supervisor's Online University Resource for Competence and Effectiveness
This is an on-line tool for supervisor. The resource helps the supervisor at Stanford. It has information and tools to help educate the supervisor as well as help the supervisor do their job.
SOW
Statement of Work
Sponsored projects are typically awarded to Stanford in response to a detailed statement of work and commitment to a specified project plan. this statement of work is usually supported by both a project schedule and a line-item budget, both of which are essential to financial accountability. The statement of work and budget are usually described in a written proposal submitted by Stanford University to the sponsor for competitive review.
SP
Staff Physician
A physician who is on staff of an institution or business (example Stanford).
SPA
The Stanford Premedical Association is affiliated with the Undergraduate Advising Center (UAC), and serves to advise students during their premedical tenure at Stanford.
SPCTRM
Stanford/Packard Clinical-Translational Research Medicine
This is the infrastructure to support Stanford/Packard Clinical-Translational Research Medicine.
SPIDERS
Sponsored Projects Information Data Entry Retrieval System
SPIDERS is the Sponsored Projects Information System Database on Prism. It is being replaced in 2003 by a web based system.
SPIRES
Stanford Public Information Retrieval System
SPIRES (Stanford Public Information Retrieval System) is a generalized data base management system that allows the user to create, own and manage one's own collection of data, known as data bases.
SPIRIT
SPIRIT Award
SPIRIT award acknowledges two staff members - one exempt and one nonexempt - who have been selected for providing outstanding contributions to the mission and vision of the School of Medicine. S - service-orientation P - positive attitude I - initiative R - resourcefulness/reliability I - innovation T - team player
SPNL
The Stanford Psychiatry Neuroimaging Laboratory (SPNL) is dedicated to research that will improve the lives and well being of individuals with disorders of the brain. Our research includes structural and functional imaging of the living brain utilizing primarily magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
SPO
Sponsored Projects Office
In 1999, the Sponsored Projects Office (SPO) and Grant and Contract Accounting (GCA) merged into the Office of Sponsored Research (OSR).
SPORE
In 1992, the NCI established the Specialized Programs of Research Excellence (SPOREs) to promote interdisciplinary research and to speed the bi-directional exchange between basic and clinical science to move basic research finding from the laboratory to applied settings involving patients and populations.
SPRC
The Stanford Prevention Research Center is an interdisciplinary research program involving several departments in the School of Medicine. The mission of the Center is to improve the health and functioning of people and communities through: interdisciplinary research into the behavioral and social basis for important chronic diseases; and exploration of the methods for preventing and controlling such conditions.
SPS
Surplus Property Sales
Department within Procurement that handles all property sold either to an individual or from department to department. SPS is the only entity at Stanford University authorized to sell equipment and write a bill of sale.
SRA
Stanford uses Sponsored Research Agreements (SRAs) for research funded by industry. ICO negotiates these agreements when industrial sponsors provide funding to the university for a specific project and the sponsor expects intellectual property rights or reports from the research.
SRA
Founded in 1967, the Society of Research Administrators International is a nonprofit association dedicated to the education and the professional development of research administrators, as well as the enhancement of public understanding of the importance of research and its administration.
SRAP
The Staff Retirement Annuity plan provides a predetermined benefit at retirement if you are vested and have an accrued plan benefit.
SRC
Scientific Review Committee
Stanford School of Medicine SRC - The Scientific Review Committee (SRC) will review for scientific merit all cancer-related clinical research protocols involving human subjects, including prevention, translational, and psychosocial studies. Cancer studies can be submitted in parallel to Stanford's Administrative Panels on Human Subjects in Medical Research (IRBs). Both the Scientific Review Committee and the IRB must approve each cancer-related clinical research study before it can be opened to accrual.
SRG
Scientific Review Group
Chartered committee that performs the first level of peer review; now generally called a scientific review group.
SRMA
Stanford Raza Medical Association
Stanford Raza Medical Association (SRMA) is a Chicano/Latino medical student organization whose aim is to promote advancement of Latinos in academic, clinical and community medicine. SRMA is actively involved in the admission and recruitment of Chicano/Latino students and, together with other minority student organizations, strives to promote the awareness of minority health care and social issues within in the medical school community as well as the campus community at large.
SSA
US Social Security Administration
SSB
Stanford Student Biodesign
SSDI
Social Security Disability Insurance
A system of federally provided payments to eligible workers (and, in some cases, their families) when they are unable to continue working because of a disability. Benefits begin with the sixth full month of disability and continue until the individual is capable of substantial gainful activity.
SSF
Specialized Service Facility
Per A-21, a specialized service facility is one which involves the use of highly complex or specialized facilities, such as the Veterinary Service Center (VSC). The cost of such a service shall normally consist of both its direct costs and its allocable share of indirect costs. Stanford has further defined an SSF as meeting all three of the following criteria: 1) the service center must incur annual expense of at least a million dolars; 2) its busienss must materially affect Stanford's on-campus organized reserach cost rate (by greater than 1/10th of a rate point); and 3) its services must not be easily available from an outside vendor.
SSN
Social Security Number
A social security number is a unique number assigned to an individual used for the US social security program, as well as an identifier used by many other institutions and places. To receive a Social Security number, an individual must prove their age, identity, U.S. citizenship or lawful alien status.
SSP
Special Salary Processing (Form)
One would submit an SSP (Special Salary Processing Request) to the payroll office when a special check is needed prior to the next scheduled Payroll run. Such things might include terminations, layoff, bonuses, honorarium, etc.
SSRA
Social Science Research Assistant
Social Science Research Assistant
SSRP
Stanford Summer Research Program
STAP
Staff Training Assistance Program
The Staff Training Assistance Program (STAP) supports eligible Stanford employees by providing financial support for classes that meet the following conditions: 1) Training specific to the current job or 2) Training related to career development.
STAR
STAR
A department or division staff who handles the communication needs . Service new phone lines, changes, deletions and long distance code access.
STAT
immediately
Short for Immediately
STAT
Situation Triage & Assessment Team
A subset of Stanford's Emergency Management Team that coordinates the response to mid-level emergencies.
STD
Short Term Disability
A disability lasting less than 90 days.
STD
Standard Requisitions
Used for purchases costing more than $1,500. A Standard Requisition is simply a request that goes out to Procurement for the purchase of goods or services; Procurement places the actual order with the vendor.
STFM
Society of Teachers of Family Medicine
STRP
Staff Tuition Reimbursement Program
Employees may request STRP (Staff Tuition Reimbursement Program) support for courses that fulfill degree requirements at fully accredited institutions when the employee is admitted to an undergraduate or graduate degree program. Certificate programs are excluded. The employee's supervisor must approve a request for funds. The Staff Training Assistance Program (STAP) is still available and will continue to cover job-related or career development courses, workshops and seminars that are not related to fulfilling a degree requirement. STAP funds cannot be used to cover tuition, fees or books for courses being funded by the Staff Tuition Reimbursement Program.
STTR
Small Business Technology Transfer
Government-wide program that promotes technology transfer by helping investigators form partnerships between the private and public sectors.
SU
Stanford University
SU is short for Stanford University.
Su Emps
Stanford University Employees
Stanford University Employees
SU/VA
Stanford University/Veterans Administration
Stanford University/Veterans Administration - such as in SU/VA joint appointments.
SU-16
SU-16 Form
This form is required by Stanford Risk Management (Workers' Compensation Division) for OSHA reporting and to stop benefit payments. Please submit when the employee has lost one or more full days of work or had restricted work activity due to a work-related injury or illness. This form will be submitted to Risk Management; a copy will be sent to the submitter's electronic mail address.
SU-18
SU18 - Patent and Copyright Agreement Form (note: used at Stanford University)
SU-18A
SU-18A - Patent and Copyright Agreement for Personnel at Stanford Who Have a Prior Existing and Conflicting Intellectual Property Agreement with Another Employer
SU-21
SU-21 is a form for stipend payment to foreign nationals. example: Award a fellowship to a postdoctoral fellow, visiting fellow, or non-matriculated student; Award a prize to a registered student; Reimburse a post-doc or fellow for travel which is not a business expense
Su-32
This tax form is used to establish the deductions and allowances for federal and state taxes.
SU-42
SU-42 Form
The Stanford University Proposal Routing Form (SU-42) is the tool Stanford uses to collect the information it needs to submit a sponsored project proposal. It is also the form used to document the necessary approvals of the proposal
SUFIN Account Detail
Stanford University Financial
File that contains budget, income and expense transactions processed through the accounting systems in the last closed month
SUGERC
Stanford University Geriatric Education Resource Center
SUH
Stanford University Hospital
Stanford University Hospital
SUMC
Stanford Univeisty ia a world renowned academic medical center in Palo Alto, California. It enjoys a national and international reputation for outstanding achievements in patient care, teaching and research.
SUMMA
Stanford University Minority Medical Alliance
Stanford University Minority Medical Alliance (SUMMA) provides a forum for minority medical groups to discuss medical and health issues.
SUMMIT
SUMMIT is a center in the School of Medicine dedicated to putting Stanford University at the forefront of medical and life-sciences education through the innovative use of information technology. SUMMIT achieves this through research and curricular project development; working in partnership with faculty, students and research groups.
SUNet
Stanford University Network
The computer network at Stanford.
SUNet ID
Stanford University Network Identification
The passport for entry into Stanford's computer network. It's a name selected when you first set up a computer account -- most likely on the Leland system -- at Stanford. It’s used with a password to verify your authority to access computers and services on the Stanford University Network.
SuPad
Stanford University Personal Administarative Desktop
The Stanford University Personal Administrative Desktop (SUPAD) becomes the "start page" of choice for users of administrative applications. It also includes an action folder, a customizable listing of administrative links, and custom links where you can add your own links to web pages.
SUPD
Postdoctoral Students (SUPD) is a new organization which represents the interests of the postodoctoral community at Stanford.
SWIM
Stanford Women in Medicine
Stanford Women in Medicine (SWIM) is sponsored by the Stanford Medical Students Association, the Program for Women in Medicine, and the Office of Student Affairs. SWIM is a student group that organizes and funds activities that focus on women in medicine and the medical sciences
SWOT
strength, weakness, opportunity and threats
short for: strength, weakness, opportunity and threats
T&C
Terms and Conditions
Terms and Conditions
T&M
Time and Materials
A revenue accrual and billing method that calculates revenue and billings as the sum of the amounts from each individual expenditure item.
T&R
Travel and Reimbursement
Travel and Reimbursement
T32
T32 Institutional National Research Service Awards (NRSA)
T32 Institutional National Research Service Awards fund academic institutions for training predoctoral and postdoctoral candidates.
TA
Teaching Assistant
Teaching assistant help with instruction of other students. Some of the duties may include grading, leading review sessions, holding office hours, leading trips, writing exams, generating course web sites, to other asssignments assigned by the TA supervisor. In return the TA usually receives some type of monetary compensation.
TAL
Tuitiion Allowance (Oracle Term)
Tuitition Allowance (Oracle Term)
TAR
Treatment Authorization Request
This is the request the provider puts into MediCal to ensure that a certain medical procedure will be covered under the beneficiaries''s MediCal coverage. This is usually a form that is completed by the provider and Medical and is given a TAR number once the request is approved.
TCD
Tax Compliance Department
Stanford's Tax Compliance Department (TCD) is the department charged with continuously monitoring and facilitating compliance with tax laws and regulations.
TDA
Tax Deferred Annuity
The Stanford Tax-Deferred Annuity (TDA) Plan is a defined contribution plan in which before tax contributions are invested in investment funds you select.
TDC
Total Direct Costs
Total Direct Costs -Consists of all direct costs of a project.
TECU
Teaching Effort Course Units
TECU allocations are currently directed to the primary department of the course director
TEMP
Temporary
an employee working for less than 6 months, any hours/week. Temporary employees are not eligible for benefits.
TGP
Tuition Grant Program - As announced at the Faculty Senate on December 3, 1998, Faculty and Staff on the payroll by September 1, 1999 will be grand fathered into the prior TGP which provides up to 50% of Stanford tuition for dependent children. Faculty and Staff hired after September 1, 1999 will be eligible for the new TGP providing a maximum benefit of up to $4,000 annually, per dependent child, for up to four years of undergraduate education at Stanford University.
THOMAS
Legislative information on the Internet and the gateway to the US Code and Code of Federal Regulations. Acts of Congress, the Congressional Record and committee information.
TITLE 22
Title 22 is a unique body of law regulating health facilities, home health agencies, clinics and referral agencies in California.
TLS
Teaching and Learning Services is a collaborative effort of staff from the Office of Medical Education, Learning Technologies, SUMMIT, and Lane Medical Library to provide coordinated support services to course and clerkship directors. TLS is the key point of contact for course and clerkship directors to receive assistance with course design, classroom needs, use of the web, and use of new technologies in teaching. Goals and priorities are developed in consultation with a TLS Advisory Group.
TN
The TN Visa type is for: The category "Professionals Under the North American Free Trade Agreement" is available only to citizens of Mexico and Canada. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a citizen of a NAFTA country may work in a professional occupation in another NAFTA country provided that 1) the profession is on the NAFTA list, 2) the alien possesses the specific criteria for that profession, 3) the prospective position requires someone in that professional capacity and 4) the alien is going to work for a U.S. employer. The spouse and unmarried, minor children of the principal alien are entitled to the derivative status, but they are unable to accept employment in the United States. Aliens entering under this classification are considered non-immigrants.
TN Visa
The TN Visa type is for: The category "Professionals Under the North American Free Trade Agreement" is available only to citizens of Mexico and Canada. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a citizen of a NAFTA country may work in a professional occupation in another NAFTA country provided that 1) the profession is on the NAFTA list, 2) the alien possesses the specific criteria for that profession, 3) the prospective position requires someone in that professional capacity and 4) the alien is going to work for a U.S. employer. The spouse and unmarried, minor children of the principal alien are entitled to the derivative status, but they are unable to accept employment in the United States. Aliens entering under this classification are considered non-immigrants.
TOEFL
Test of English as a Foreign Language
Test of English as a Foreign Language, required of graduate school applicants whose native language is not English.
TPA
Third Party Administrator
An entity that processes health care claims and performs related business functions for a health plan.
TQM
Total Quality Management
Total Quality Management is a structured system for satisfying internal and external customers and suppliers by integrating the business environment, continuous improvement, and breakthroughs with development, improvement, and maintenance cycles while changing organizational culture.
TRA
The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 provides students and their families with several new tax benefits related to paying higher education costs. IRS Publication 970: Tax Benefits for Higher Education explains the important tax advantages that the new legislation made available in 1998. Since individual circumstances may vary, students should consult a professional tax advisor for assistance in interpreting the publication and determining the applicability of each benefit. (1) the Hope Tax Credit, which provides up to $1500.00 credit for out-of-pocket tuition and fee expenses paid by the student or his/her parents for each of the first two years of post-secondary education; (2) the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit, which provides up to $1000.00 credit for tuition and fee expenses paid by the student or his/her parents for college or graduate level course work beyond the first two years of post-secondary education; and (3) the Student Loan Interest Deduction, which allows a taxpayer to reduce the amount of his/her income that is subject to tax by up to $2500.00 for student loan interest paid in tax year 2002
TRAM
TRAM is a service initially developed by the Texas Research Administrators Group (TRAM). It contains a search engine for locating funding opportunities from many different agencies. The funding information is updated daily. TRAM also contains a set ofgrant application forms collected from various sources, as well as standard agreements for subcontracts, non-disclosures, licenses, and links to other servers related to research funding and administration.
TRIBAL-Y
TRIBAL-Y Report (Stanford)
Detail of all clinic expenses.
TRICARE
set of standard performance measures that can give you information about the quality of a health plan. You can find out about the quality of care, access, cost, and other measures to compare managed care plans. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) collects HEDIS data for Medicare plans.
TriNET
Paire's Co-Employer
TRIP
Stanford's Travel Reservations on the Internet Program (TRIP) provides an easy-to-use interface and a direct line to the Apollo real-time travel reservation system via the internet. This is the same system used by over a third of the world's travel agents.
TRP
Tangible Research Property
Promotes the prompt and open exchange of tangible items produced in the course of Stanford research projects with scientific colleagues outside the investigator's immediate laboratory. Tangible Research Property (TRP) includes such items as: biological materials, engineering drawings, computer software, integrated circuit chips, computer databases, prototype devices, circuit diagrams, equipment and associated research data.
TRVU
Total Relative Value Unit
The Work Relative Value Unit (WRVU) accompanies a CPT code to provide a weighted value to measure the provider’s time, complexity, and expertise required to perform a medical service. The WRVU is added to the overhead and malpractice RVU totals to create the Total Relative Value Unit (TRVU) to assign a weighted value to measure the time, space, staff, expenses, etc., required to provide a medical service.
TSI
TSI is vital to Stanford University Medical Center. The software is actually Sunrise Decision Support© developed by Eclipsys Corporation. This software is the premier decision support software for health care. With it we are able to: Produce budgets based on actual utilization, Flex the budget, reflecting actual business conditions, Analyze productivity across the organization, Review and analyze reimbursement, Cost health care practices, and Analyze medical practices at the patient level.
U01
U01 Research Projects Cooperative Agreements (NIH)
U01 Research Projects Cooperative Agreements -- set up an assistance relationship between NIH and the award recipient for projects similar to grants in which NIH acts as a partner in the research effort.
U19
U19 Research Programs Cooperative Agreements
NIH U19 Research Programs Cooperative Agreements support multiple projects directed toward a theme or program goal requiring a multidisciplinary and often long-term approach. An example of a U19 funded grant at Stanford is CCIS: Center for Clinical Immunology at Stanford.
UA
Urinalysis
This is examination of a freshly urinated sample of urine. Various tests are performed on the urine and is examined under the microscope.
UBH
United Behavioral Health
United Behavioral Health is a mental health and substance abuse provider for Stanford.
UCP
UCP is a source of information on cerebral palsy and is a pivotal advocate for the rights of persons with any disability
UCR
Usual, Customary and Reasonable
Charges for health care services in a geographical area that are consistent with the charges of identical or similar providers in the same geographic area.
UCSF
UCSF has a graduate program in the health and professional studies. UCSF is one of the campuses of the University of California campuses.
UDW
University Data Warehouse
The University Data Warehouse is a collection of data extracted from a variety of operational databases such as SUFIN (financial data), SPIDERS (sponsored projects data), NSI (student data), SUFED (space data), FAAS (faculty data) and CHRIS (human resources data). The information from each of these operational systems is stored together in one relational database.
UHC
Founded in 1984, the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) is an alliance of the clinical enterprises of 87 academic health centers. While focusing on the clinical mission, UHC is mindful of and supports the research and education missions. As an idea-generating and information-disseminating enterprise, UHC helps members pool resources, create economies of scale, improve clinical and operating efficiencies, and influence the direction and delivery of health care.
UHID
unique health identifier
unique health identifier
UNOS
UNOS is a non-profit, scientific, and educational organization* that administers the nation's only Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN), established by the U.S. Congress in 1984. Through the OPTN, we: collect and manage data about every transplant event occurring in the United States facilitate the organ matching and placement process using UNOS-developed data technology and our fully-staffed, 24-hour Organ Center bring together medical professionals, transplant recipients, and donor families to develop organ transplantation policy.
UPA
Univeristy Property Administration
Central department at Stanford University responsible for property administration. All sponsor and audit reporting is done through this office. UPA is the department liaison with property auditors and provides guidance to departments, faculty, and staff regarding issues related to property administration.
UPIN
Unique Physician Identification Number
Unique Physician Identification number for Medicare and follows the provider for their career.
UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply
These units protect equipment from power surges and provide a short-term power supply to allow you to shut down equipment properly after an outage.
UR
Utilization Review
Programs designed to reduce unnecessary medical services, both inpatient and outpatient. Utilization reviews may be prospective, retrospective, concurrent, or in relation to discharge planning.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
Address of a Web Page - www.stanford.edu for example.
USAID
USAID is an independent federal government agency that receives overall foreign policy guidance from the Secretary of State.
USC
United States Code
USDA
USDA is the US Department of Agriculture. In particular to Stanford School of Medicine: Principal Investigators must be aware that PHS and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) have specific requirements when animal use takes place off of the Stanford campus as a consequence of a subgrant or subcontract (including antibody production).
USDOJ
United States Department of Justice
USGS
The USGS, a bureau of the Department of the Interior, provides reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life. They provide information on such things as earthquakes.
USIA
An independent foreign affairs agency supporting U.S. foreign policy and national interests abroad, USIA conducts international educational and cultural exchanges, broadcasting, and information programs. The USIA is the official government agency monitoring the issuance of J-1 visas. The USIA requires that all J-1 visa holders have insurance to cover the costs of Repatriation and Evacuation.
USMLE
The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE™) is sponsored by the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) of the United States, Inc., and the National Board of Medical Examiners® (NBME®). Results of the USMLE are reported to medical licensing authorities in the United States and its territories for use in granting the initial license to practice medicine. The three Steps of the USMLE assess a physician's ability to apply knowledge, concepts, and principles that are important in health and disease and that constitute the basis of safe and effective patient care.
USN
United States Navy
USNWR
US News and World Report
US News and World Report -A major news magazine. In particular to the Stanford School of Medicine it is amagazine that yearly gives a rating/ranking of United States Medical Schools.
USP
University Safety Partners
The University Safety Partners (USP) is a group of appointed representatives who are responsible for the administration of Stanford University's health and safety program within their respective School/VP units to preserve and protect the University's physical and human resources.
USPA
United States Postal Service
USW
United Stanford Workers
USW is a collective bargaining unit that represents some of the Stanford employees.
UTL
University Tenure Line
University Tenure Line - This is a full time faculty position that accrues tenure, and University Academic Council membership. Primary emphasis is on scholarship, but teaching and clinical care (in clinical departments) are also important. Ranks are Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor, with tenure usually conferred at the Associate Professor rank.
VA
Veterans Affairs (VA) was established on March 15, 1989. It succeeded the Veterans Administration and has responsibility for providing federal benefits to veterans and their dependents. Stanford School of Medicine works with the Palo Alto VA Hospital in their programs.
VA HCS
Veterans Administration Health Care System
Veterans Administration Health Care System
VA R&D
The Office of Research and Development aspires to lead the Veterans Health Administration in providing unequaled health care value to veterans.
VACO
Veterans Administration Central Office
Veterans Administration Central Office -The VA Central Office (VACO), located in Washington, D.C., directs the activities of the various VA regional offices (ROs) around the country, as well as the VA medical centers. The VACO provides the regional offices and medical centers with the standard rules and procedures they are required to follow when handling claims. The VACO consists primarily of the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Other departments in the VACO include the National Cemetery system, the Office of the General Counsel, and the Office of the Inspector General.
VAH
Veteran Administration Hospital
Veteran Administration Hospital
VAHQ
Veterans Administration Headquarters
Veterans Administration Headquarters - Note: VA Headquarters (VAHQ) will continue to make resource allocation decisions based on enrollment statistics.
VAMC
Veteran Administration Medical Center
Veteran Administration Medical Center
VAPA
Veterans Administration Palo Alto
Veterans Administration Palo Alto
VAPA
Veterans Administration Palo Alto
Veterans Administration Palo Alto
VAPA R&D
Home : About Us : The mission of the Palo Alto Institute for Research and Education, Inc. (PAIRE) is to facilitate research and education activities conducted at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System. The range of research activities is broad and includes special emphasis on biomedical, health services, rehabilitation engineering, mental health and geriatric research endeavors.
VAPAHCS
The VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) is a major tertiary referral center with three hospital-based divisions serving the VA Sierra Pacific Network (VISN 21). The Palo Alto Division (PAD) is home to one of the most sophisticated tertiary care centers in the Veterans Health Administration VHA). All acute care, acute inpatient psychiatry, spinal cord injured, rehabilitation medicine, blind rehabilitation and hospice services are located at PAD. The Menlo Park Division (MPD), located seven miles to the North, provides both inpatient and outpatient comprehensive domiciliary care, mental health, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and long-term geriatric care. The Livermore Division (LVD), located forty miles East of Palo Alto, provides sub-acute and geriatric inpatient services as well as primary, subspecialty and ancillary outpatient services.
VAT
Value Added Tax
A consumption tax which is levied at each stage of production based on the value added to the product at that stage.
VBA
The mission of the Veterans Benefits Administration, in partnership with the Veterans Health Administration and the National Cemetery Administration, is to provide benefits and services to the veterans and their families in a responsive, timely and compassionate manner in recognition of their service to the Nation.
VCF
Voluntary Clinical Faculty
Old name - now replaced by Affiliated Clinician/Educators - for more information see CE - Clinician Educator.
VDI
Voluntary Disability Insurance
Voluntary Disability Insurance is the benefit program for disabled Stanford employees. An employee has the option of rejecting VDI and signing up for the California State Disability Program (SDI).
VEOA
Veterans Employment Opportunities Act
VERA
Veterans Equitable Resource Allocation
VERA is a formula for the allocation of for the allocation of funds appropriated to the Department of Veterans Affairs for medical care to different geographic regions of the Nation, and for other purposes.
VHA
Veteran Health Administration
VIREC
The VA Information Resource Center (VIReC) was established in July 1998 as a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Service Resource Center. VIReC was established to support researchers who use databases and informatics by providing an infrastructure of database and informatics experts, customer service, expert advice, information products, and Web technology to VA researchers and others.
VISN
Veterans Integrated Service Network
The VA medical system is organized into 22 geographic networks known as VISNs. Each VISN contains two or more VAHCSs (VA health care systems) as well as outpatient clinics.VAPAHCS operates the largest health care system in VISN 21 with eight facilities.
VISTA
Veterans Health Information Systems and Technology Architecture
VISTA is the primary repository of clinical, administrative/financial, and infrastructure data in VA. It consists of computer systems at each VA medical center and the national network that links them. Within each VISTA implementation is a large number of separate 'modules' or 'packages' designed to store data on a particular subject and to produce management reports.
VMWC
Vera Moulton Wall Center (Stanford)
The Vera Moulton Wall Center for Pulmonary Vascular Disease at Stanford provides comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for adults and children with all forms of pulmonary vascular disease focusing on pulmonary hypertension. The Wall Center will also support and expand research collaboration between the Schools of Medicine and Engineering.
VPS
Volume Performance Standard
A system authorized by Congress for paying for Medicare physicians's services, intended to control volume.
VPUE
Vice Provost Undergraduate Education (Stanford)
VQE
VISA Qualifying Examination
Visa Qualifying Examination. Foreign Medical Students must pass the test to participate in clinical activities in the United States (example: Stanford.)
VRA
Veterans Readjustment Appointment
VSC
The Veterinary Service Center is responsible for the procurement of laboratory animals, providing housing and care of laboratory animals, providing and maintaining certain facilities for animal research such as surgery suites, overseeing transportation of laboratory animals onto or off of the Stanford campus or from site to site on the campus, and providing veterinary services for laboratory animals and veterinary consultation for investigators.
VSO
Veteran Service Organization
Veteran Service Organization
VSO
Veteran Service Organizations - The web link will take one to a page on the Palo Alto VA with a listing of Veteran Service Organizations.
VSS
Veteran Satisfaction Survey
A non-VA benchmark survey tool used by the non profit Picker Institute for Patient Centered Patient Care that measures problem rates related to standardized dimensions of care. Performance measure dimensions of care are: Patient Education, Visit Coordination and Pharmacy Wait Times. By Sep 30, 2001, the average number of Veterans Health Service Standard (VHSS) problems reported per patient for the patient education, visit coordination and pharmacy categories will decrease.
W-2
W-2 Form
A tax form prepared by an employer and given to an employee to be filed with his/her 1040 form, listing wages earned during that year, federal and state taxes withheld, and Social Security tax information.
W4
W4-Form
Employee Withholding Allowance Certificate
W-4
A tax form prepared by an employee for an employer indicating the employee's exemptions and Social Security number, and enabling the employer to determine the amount of taxes to be withheld for the employee.
W-7
This form is used by individuals who are NOT U.S. citizens, nationals, or permanent residents. The form is used to obtain a US taxpayer identification number.
W-8Ben
This form is used to provide Stanford with a person's Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification. For use by individuals who are NOT U.S. citizens, nationals, or permanent residents.
W-9
W-9 is an application for an IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.
WCI
Stanford University's Western Conference in Immunology (WCI) is organized by graduate student volunteers, and provides an opportunity for young scientists from the academic environment and the biotechnology industry to get together and exchange ideas.
WDA
The Wilson's Disease Association (WDA) is an international, all-volunteer organization serving patients, families, and friends. Wilson's Disease is a genetic disorder that causes excessive copper accumulation in the liver or brain. It affects about one in thirty thousand people worldwide.
WebFocus
WebFocus
WebFocus is a relational database that warehouses all clinical activity for providers.
WHCM
WHCM is a Boston Massachusetts based organization providing a forum for professional women to meet peers, network, share information, and stay informed on issues affecting the health care field. Its members are managers in settings and organizations spanning the wide range of the health care industry: acute care hospitals, ambulatory and non-acute service providers, health plans and insurance, long term care and assisted living, pharmaceutical companies, and business, marketing, and legal consulting firms, etc.
WHI
The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) is a major 15-year research program to address the most common causes of death, disability and poor quality of life in postmenopausal women -- cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. In July 2002, the investigators stopped the estrogen-plus-progestin study after finding that the associated health risks outweighed the benefits. The researchers are continuing to analyze and report on data from this trial while they complete other WHI studies.
Whitaker
Supports research and education in biomedical education (also a source of grant money.)
WHO
The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO is governed by 192 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The Health Assembly is composed of representatives from WHO's Member States. The main tasks of the World Health Assembly are to approve the WHO programme and the budget for the following biennium and to decide major policy questions.
WKKF
The W.K. Kellogg Foundation is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to apply knowledge to solve the problems of people. The foundation funds grants.
WNV
West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus
WOC
Without Compensation
Without Compensation
Workflow
Workflow - Oracle
In Oracle, Workflow is the automated process of sending the transaction to the correct person(s) for notification and approval. It answers the question “Where are transactions sent?”
Worklist
Worklist (Oracle)
The automated process of sending the transaction to the correct person(s) for notification and approval. Also the name of a self service application in Oracle
WRVU
Work Relative Value Unit
Work Relative Value Unit. A means to determine equal value to a wide variety of clinical procedures and tests. The Work Relative Value Unit (WRVU) accompanies a CPT code to provide a weighted value to measure the provider’s time, complexity, and expertise required to perform a medical service. The WRVU is added to the overhead and malpractice RVU totals to create the Total Relative Value Unit (TRVU) to assign a weighted value to measure the time, space, staff, expenses, etc., required to provide a medical service. The Department of Medicine focuses primarily on the WRVU as this is the most relevant data for the providers.
WWW
World Wide Web
All the resources and users on the Internet that are using HTTP protocols. Also called the Web and WWW.
YAE
Years of Applicable Experience
usually used in regards to Job descriptions on how many years of applicable experience an ideal candidate should have.
YTD
Year To Date
year to date (from the beginning of the year to the present date).

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