PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

BOOKS & BOOK CHAPTERS

Book Chapters

Khan S, Shah N, Parikh N, Palaniappan L. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in South Asian Americans. Biopsychosocial Approaches to Understanding Health in South Asian Americans. New York, NY, US: Springer Science + Business Media.

Bregendahl M, Orlando L, Palaniappan L. Chapter 3: Family History, Health Risk Assessment, and Predictive Genomic Testing. Ginsburg G, Willard H, and David S, eds. Genomic and Personalized Medicine: Volume 3. In press.

Holland AT, Palaniappan LP. Chapter 16: Cardiovascular Health. In: Yoo GJ, Le MN, Oda AY, eds. Handbook of Asian American Health. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company; 2012:215-230.

Holland AT, Palaniappan LP. Chapter 24: Unique challenges in the management of cardiovascular disease in Asian Americans. In: Saha SA, ed. Current Advances in Cardiovascular Risk: Volume 2. Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, WA: Nova Science Publishers; 2012.

Books

Aurora, M, Patel, N, Rao, G, Palaniappan, L. Go Back to Brown: Reevaluating the Asian Indian Diet. North Charleston, South Carolina: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 2016.

2017

Echeverria SE, Mustafa M, Pentakota SR, Kim S, Hastings KG, Amadi C, Palaniappan L. Social and clinically-relevant cardiovascular risk factors in Asian Americans adults: NHANES 2011–2014. Preventive Medicine. 2017 Jun 30;99:222-7.

Gany F, Palaniappan L, Prasad L, Acharya S, Leng J. South Asian Health. From Research to Practice and Policy: An Overview. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2017 Mar 11:1-4.

Benjamin EJ, Blaha MJ, Chiuve SE, Cushman M, Das SR, Deo R, de Ferranti SD, Floyd J, Fornage M, Gillespie C, Isasi CR, Jiménez MC, Jordan LC, Judd SE, Lackland D, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth L, Liu S, Longenecker CT, Mackey RH, Matsushita K, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino ME, Nasir K, Neumar RW, Palaniappan L, Pandey DK, Thiagarajan RR, Reeves MJ, Ritchey M, Rodriguez CJ, Roth GA, Rosamond WD, Sasson C, Towfighi A, Tsao CW, Turner MB, Virani SS, Voeks JH, Willey JZ, Wilkins JT, Wu JH, Alger HM, Wong SS, Muntner P; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2017 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017 Mar 7;135(10):e146-603.

Rodriguez F, Hastings KG, Boothroyd DB, Echeverria S, Lopez L, Cullen M, Harrington RA, Palaniappan LP. Disaggregation of Cause-Specific Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Among Hispanic Subgroups. Jama cardiology. 2017 Mar 1;2(3):240-7.

2016

Battie CA, Borja-Hart N, Ancheta IB, Flores R, Rao G, Palaniappan L. Comparison of body mass index, waist circumference, and waist to height ratio in the prediction of hypertension and diabetes mellitus: Filipino-American women cardiovascular study. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2016 Dec 31;4:608-13.

Kung A, Hastings KG, Kapphahn KI, Wang EJ, Cullen MR, Ivey SL, Palaniappan LP, Chung S. Cross-national comparisons of increasing suicidal mortality rates for Koreans in the Republic of Korea and Korean Americans in the USA, 2003–2012. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. 2016 Nov:1-2.

Hastings KG, Eggleston K, Boothroyd D, Kapphahn KI, Cullen MR, Barry M, Palaniappan LP. Mortality outcomes for Chinese and Japanese immigrants in the USA and countries of origin (Hong Kong, Japan): a comparative analysis using national mortality records from 2003 to 2011. BMJ Open. 2016 Oct 1;6(10):e012201.

Block G, Azar KMJ, Romanelli RJ, Block TJ, Palaniappan LP, Dolginsky M, & Block CH. (2016, September 19). Improving diet, activity and wellness in adults at risk of diabetes: randomized controlled trial. Nutrition & Diabetes. The Author(s). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2016.42

Osmundson SS, Zhao BS, Kunz L, Wang E, Popat R, Nimbal VC, Palaniappan LP. First Trimester Hemoglobin A1c Prediction of Gestational Diabetes. Am J Perinatol. 2016 Apr 27. [Epub ahead of print]

Pu J, Romanelli R, Zhao B, Azar KM, Hastings KG, Nimbal V, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Dyslipidemia in special ethnic populations. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2016 Mar;45(1):206-16. Reprint.

Chung S, Johns N, Zhao B, Romanelli R, Pu J, Palaniappan LP, Luft H. Clocks Moving at Different Speeds: Cultural Variation in the Satisfaction With Wait Time for Outpatient CareMedical Care. 2016 Mar;54(3):269-76.

Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, Arnett DK, Blaha MJ, Cushman M, Das SR, de Ferranti S, Després JP, Fullerton HJ, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Isasi CR, Jiménez MC, Judd SE, Kissela BM, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Liu S, Mackey RH, Magid DJ, McGuire DK, Mohler ER 3rd, Moy CS, Muntner P, Mussolino ME, Nasir K, Neumar RW, Nichol G, Palaniappan L, Pandey DK, Reeves MJ, Rodriguez CJ, Rosamond W, Sorlie PD, Stein J, Towfighi A, Turan TN, Virani SS, Woo D, Yeh RW, Turner MB; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2016 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016 Jan 26;133(4).

Delaney SK, Hultner ML, Jacob HJ, Ledbetter DH, McCarthy JJ, Ball M, Beckman KB, Belmont JW, Bloss CS, Christman MF, Cosgrove A, Damiani SA, Danis T, Delledonne M, Dougherty MJ, Dudley JT, Faucett WA, Friedman JR, Haase DH, Hays TS, Heilsberg S, Huber J, Kaminsky L, Ledbetter N, Lee WH, Levin E, Libiger O, Linderman M, Love RL, Magnus DC, Martland A, McClure SL, Megill SE, Messier H, Nussbaum RL, Palaniappan L, Patay BA, Popovich BW, Quackenbush JF, Savant MJ, Su MM, Terry SF, Tucker S, Wong WT, Green RC. Toward clinical genomics in everyday medicine: perspectives and recommendationsExpert Rev Mol Diagn. 2016 Jan 25. [Epub ahead of print]

2015

Akeroyd JM, Chan WJ, Kamal AK, Palaniappan L, Virani SS. Adherence to cardiovascular medications in the South Asian population: A systematic review of current evidence and future directions.  World J Cardiology. 2015 Dec 26;7(12):938-47.

Natesan A, Nimbal VC, Ivey SL, Wang EJ, Madsen KA, Palaniappan LP. Engaging South Asian women with type 2 diabetes in a culturally relevant exercise intervention: a randomized controlled trial. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2015 Oct 28;3(1).

Block G, Azar KM, Romanelli RJ, Block TJ, Hopkins D, Carpenter HA, Dolginsky MS, Hudes ML, Palaniappan LP, Block CH. Diabetes Prevention and Weight Loss with a Fully Automated Behavioral Intervention by Email, Web, and Mobile Phone: A Randomized Controlled Trial Among Persons with PrediabetesJ Med Internet Res. 2015 Oct 23;17(10).

Pu J, Zhao B, Wang EJ, Nimbal V, Osmundson S, Kunz L, Popat RA, Chung S, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in gestational diabetes prevalence and contribution of common risk factors. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2015 Jul 22. PMID: 26201385.

Azar KM, Chung S, Wang EJ, Zhao B, Linde RB, Lederer J, Palaniappan LP. Impact of education on weight in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: every little bit helps. PloS One. 2015 Jun 8; 10(6): e0129348. PMID: 26052698.

Pu J, Romanelli R, Zhao B, Azar KM, Hastings KG, Nimbal V, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Dyslipidemia in special ethnic populations. Cardiol Clin. 2015 May; 33(2): 325-33. PMID: 25939303.

Hastings KG, Jose PO, Kapphahn KI, Frank AT, Goldstein BA, Thompson CA, Eggleston K, Cullen MR, Palaniappan LP. Leading causes of death among Asian American subgroups (2003-2011). Plos One. 2015 Apr 27; 10(4):e0124341. PMID: 25915940.

Romanelli RJ, Chung S, Pu J, Nimbal V, Zhao B, Palaniappan LComparative effectiveness of early versus delayed metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetesDiabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015 Apr;108(1):170-8. PMID: 25661984.

Azar KM, Aurora M, Wang EJ, Muzaffar A, Pressman A, Palaniappan LPVirtual small groups for weight management: an innovative delivery mechanism for evidence-based lifestyle interventions among obese menTransl Behav Med. 2015 Mar;5(1):37-44. PMID: 25729451.

Chung S, Zhao B, Lauderdale D, Linde R, Stafford R, Palaniappan L. Initiation of treatment for incident diabetes: evidence from the electronic health records in an ambulatory care setting. Prim Care Diabetes. 2015 Feb;9(1):23-30.  PMID: 24810147.

Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, Arnett DK, Blaha MJ, Cushman M, de Ferranti, S, Després JP, Fullerton HJ, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Judd SE, Kissela BM, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Liu S, Mackey RH, Matchar DB, McGuire DK, Mohler ER3rd, Moy CS, Muntner P, Mussolino ME, Nasir K, Neumar RW, Nichol G, Palaniappan L, Pandey DK, Reeves MJ, Rodriguez CJ, Sorlie PD, Stein J, Towfighi A, Turan TN, Virani SS, Willey JZ, Woo D, Yeh RW, Turner MB; Heart disease and stroke statistics--2015 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Jan 27;131(4):e29-322. PMID: 25520374.

Block G, Azar KM, Block TJ, Romanelli RJ, Carpenter H, Hopkins D, Palaniappan L, Block CH. A fully automated diabetes prevention program, ALIVE-PD: Program design and randomized controlled trial period. JMIR Research Protocols. 2015 Jan 21;4(1):e3. PMID: 25608692.

Chung S, Lesser LI, Lauderdale DS, John NE, Palaniappan LP, Luft HS. Medicare annual preventive care visits: use increased among fee-for-service patients, but many do not participate. Health Affairs (Millwood). 2015 Jan 1;34(1): 11-20. PMID: 25561639.

2014

Jose PO, Frank AT, Kapphahn KI, Goldstein BA, Eggleston K, Hastings KG, Cullen MR, Palaniappan LP. Cardiovascular disease mortality in Asian Americans. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014 Dec 16;64(23): 2486-94. PMID: 22500233.

Thompson CA, Gomez SL, Chan A, Chan JK, McClellan SR, Chung S, Olson C, Nimbal V, Palaniappan LP. Patient and provider characteristics associated with colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer screening among Asian Americans. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 2014 Nov; 23(11):2208-17. PMID: 25368396.

Zhao B, Jose PO, Pu J, Chung S, Ancheta IB, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control for outpatients in Northern California 2010-2012. American Journal of Hypertension. 2014 Oct 28. PMID: 25352230.

Chung S, Azar K, Baek M, Lauderdale DS, Palaniappan LP. Reconsidering the age thresholds for Type 2 Diabetes Screenings in the US. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2014 Oct; 47(4): 375-381. PMID: 25131213.

Pallegadda RR, Wang EJ, Palaniappan LP, Gupta PK, Koenig CJ. How does culture influence preventive service utilization among Asian Indians living in the United States? A qualitative study. International Journal of Qualitative Research in Services, 2014; 1(3):232-247.

Rodriguez CJ, Allison M, Daviglus ML, Isasi CR, Keller C, Leira EC, Palaniappan LP, Pina IL, Ramirez SM, Rodriguez B, Sims M. Status of cardiovascular disease and stroke in Hispanics/Latinos in the United States: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2014 Aug 12; 130(7):593-625. PMID: 25098323.

Chung S, Zhao B, Lauderdale D, Linde R, Stafford R, Palaniappan L. Initiation of treatment for incident diabetes: Evidence from the electronic health records in an ambulatory care setting. Primary Care Diabetes. 2014 May 5; pii:S1751- 9918(14)00049-7.  PMID:  24810147.

Carnethon MR, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Palaniappan L. The obesity paradox in diabetes. Current Cardiology Reports. 2014;16(2):446. PMID: 24408674.

Frank AT, Zhao B, Jose PO, Azar KM, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/Ethnic differences in dyslipidemia patternsCirculation. 2014; 129(5):570-9. PMID: 24192801.

2013

Azar KM, Lesser LI, Laing BY, Stephens J, Aurora MS, Burke LE, Palaniappan LP. Mobile applications for weight management: theory-based content analysis.  American  Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2013;45(5):583-9. PMID: 24139771.

ASPREE Investigator Group. Study Design of Aspirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE): a randomized, controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials.  2013;36(2):555-64. PMID: 24113028.

Choi SE, Liu M, Palaniappan LP, Wang EJ, Wong ND. Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications. 2013;27(5):429-35. PMID: 23743139.

Shobana S, Krishnaswamy K, Sudha V, Malleshi NG, Anjana RM, Palaniappan L, Mohan V. Finger Millet (Ragi, Eleusine coracana L.): a review of its nutritional properties, processing, and plausible health benefits. Advances in Food & Nutrition Research. 2013;69:1-39. PMID: 23522794.

Azar KM, Chen E, Holland AT, Palaniappan LP. Festival foods in the immigrant diet. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2013;15(5):953-60. PMID: 22968231.

Holland AT, Zhao B, Wong EC, Choi SE, Wong ND, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in control of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes patients in an insured, ambulatory care population. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications. 2013;27(1):34-40. PMID: 23062328.

Bhalla V, Zhao B, Azar KM, Wang EJ, Choi S, Wong EC, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/Ethnic Differences in the prevalence of proteinuric and nonproteinuric diabetic kidney disease. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(5):1215-21. PMID: 23238659.

Pearson TA, Palaniappan LP, Artinian NT et al on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention. American Heart Association Guide for Improving Cardiovascular Health at the Community Level, 2013 update: a scientific statement for public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and health policy makers. Circulation. 2013;127(16):1730-53. PMID:23519758.

2012

Banerjee D, Chung S, Wong EC, Wang EJ, Stafford RS, Palaniappan LP. Underdiagnosis of hypertension using electronic health records. American Journal of Hypertension. 2012;25(1):97-102. PMID: 22031453.

Azar KM, Moreno MR, Wong EC, Shin JJ, Soto C, Palaniappan LP. Accuracy of data entry of patient race/ethnicity/ancestry and preferred spoken language in an ambulatory care setting. Health Services Research. 2012;47:228-40. PMID: 22092342.

Koenig CJ, Dutta MJ, Kandula N, Palaniappan L. “All of those things we don’t eat”: a culture-centered approach to dietary health meanings for Asian Indians living in the United States. Health Communication. 2012;27(8)818-28. PMID: 22364189.

Baker FC, Sassoon SA, Kahan T, Palaniappan L, Nicholas CL, Trinder J, Colrain IM. Perceived poor sleep quality in the absence of polysomnographic sleep disturbance in women with severe premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Sleep Research. 2012;21(5):535-45. PMID: 22417163.

Goyal D, Wang EJ, Shen J, Wong EC, Palaniappan LP. Clinically identified postpartum depression in Asian American mothers. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, Neonatal Nursing. 2012;41(3):408-16. PMID: 22536783.

Holland AT, Palaniappan LP. Problems with the collection and interpretation of Asian-American health data: omission, aggregation, and extrapolation. Annals of Epidemiology. 2012;22(6):397-405. PMID: 22625997.

2011

Palaniappan LP, Maxwell AE, Crespi CM, Wong EC, Shin J, Wang EJ. Population colorectal cancer screening estimates: comparing self-report to electronic health record data in California. International Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2011;4(1). PMID: 21857818.

Wang EJ, Wong EC, Dixit AA, Fortmann SP, Linde RB, Palaniappan LP. Type 2 diabetes: identifying high risk Asian American subgroups in a clinical population. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2011;93(2):248-254. PMID: 21665315.

Dixit AA, Azar KMJ, Gardner CD, Palaniappan LP. Incorporation of whole, ancient grains into a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Nutrition Reviews. 2011;69(8):479-488. PMID: 21790614.

Banerjee D, Wong EC, Shin J, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial and ethnic variation in lipoprotein(a) levels among Asian Indian and Chinese patients. Journal of Lipids. 2011;(2011)Article ID 291954, 6 pages. PMID: 21660301.

Palaniappan LP, Wong EC, Shin JJ, Fortmann SP, Lauderdale DS. Asian Americans have greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome despite lower body mass index. International Journal of Obesity. 2011;35(3):393-400. PMID: 20680014.

Holland AT, Wong EC, Lauderdale DS, Palaniappan LP. Spectrum of cardiovascular diseases in Asian American racial/ethnic subgroups. Annals of Epidemiology. 2011;21(8):608-14. PMID: 21737048.

Palaniappan LP, Muzaffar AL, Wang EJ, Wong EC, Orchard TJ. Shared medical appointments: promoting weight loss in a clinical setting. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2011;24(3):326-328. PMID: 21551406.

2010

Palaniappan LP, Araneta MR, Assimes TL, Barrett-Connor EL, Carnethon MR, Criqui MH, Fung GL, Narayan KM, Patel H, Taylor-Piliae RE, Wilson PW, Wong ND. Call to action: cardiovascular disease in Asian Americans: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010;122(12):1242-1252. PMID: 20733105.

Chung S, Palaniappan LP, Trujillo L, Rubin H, Luft H. Effect of physician-specific pay-for-performance incentives in a large group practice. American Journal of Managed Care. 2010;16(2):e35. PMID: 20148608.

Wong EC, Palaniappan LP, Lauderdale DS. Using name lists to infer Asian racial/ethnic subgroups in the healthcare setting. Medical Care. 2010 June;48(6):540-546. PMID: 20421828.

Chung S, Palaniappan LP, Rubin H, Wong E, Luft H. Does the frequency of payment matter? –Experience from a randomized trial. Health Services Research. 2010 April;45(2):553-564. PMID: 20059568.

Narayan KM, Aviles-Santa L, Oza-Frank R, Pandey M, Curb JD, McNeely M, Araneta MR, Palaniappan LP, Rajpathak S, Barrett-Connor E. Heterogeneity in cardio-metabolic risk in Asian Americans in the U.S.: opportunities for research. Journal of American College of Cardiology. 2010;55:966-973. PMID: 20202512.

Palaniappan LP, Mukherjea A, Holland A, Ivey SL. Leading causes of mortality of Asian Indians in California. Ethnicity and Disease.  2010;20(1):53-57. PMID: 20178183.

2009 and prior

Palaniappan LP, Wong EC, Shin J, Moreno MR, Otero-Sabogal R. Collecting patient race/ethnicity and primary language data in ambulatory care settings: a case study in methodology. Health Services Research. 2009;44(5):1750-1761. PMID: 19555396.

Kwan AC, Abbasi F, Lamendola C, McLaughlin TL, Reaven GM, Palaniappan LP. Clinical experience with a relatively low carbohydrate, calorie-restricted diet improves insulin sensitivity and associated metabolic abnormalities in overweight, insulin resistant South Asian Indian women. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008;17(4):669-671. PMID: 19114407.

Martin M, Palaniappan LP, Kwan AC, Reaven GM, Reaven PD. Ethnic differences in the relationship between adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in South Asian and Caucasian women. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(4):798-801. PMID: 18202246.

Palaniappan LP, Kwan AC, Abbasi F, Lamendola C, McLaughlin TL, Reaven GM. Lipoprotein abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance in South Asian Indian women. Metabolism. 2007;56(7):899-904. PMID: 17570249.

Palaniappan L, Carnethon MR, Wang Y, Hanley AJ, Fortmann SP, Haffner SM, Wagenknecht L. Predictors of the incident metabolic syndrome in adults: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care. 2004;27(3):788-793. PMID: 14988303.

Kinder LS, Carnethon MR, Palaniappan LP, King AC, Fortmann SP. Depression and metabolic syndrome in young adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2004;66(3):316-322. PMID: 15184689.

Park Y, Zhu S, Palaniappan L, Heshka S, Carnethon M, Heymsfield S. The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2003;163(4):427-436. PMID: 12588201.

Simons LA, Simons J, Friedlander Y, McCallum J, Palaniappan L. Risk functions for prediction of cardiovascular disease in the Australian elderly: The Dubbo Study. Medical Journal of Australia. 2003;178(3):113-116. PMID: 12558481.

Wrone L, Carnethon M, Palaniappan L, Fortmann S. Association of dietary protein intake and microalbuminuria in healthy adults: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2003;41(3):580- 587. PMID: 12612981.

Palaniappan L, Carnethon M, Fortmann S. Association between microalbuminuria and the metabolic syndrome: NHANES III. American Journal of Hypertension. 2003;16(11):952-958. PMID: 14573334.

Carnethon M, Fortmann S, Palaniappan L, Duncan B, Schmidt M, Chambless L. Risk Factors for Progression to Incident Hyperinsulinemia: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987-1998. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2003;158(11):1058-1067. PMID: 14630601.

Palaniappan L, Anthony MN, Elliott M, Gaucherie D, Rubenfire M. Cardiovascular risk factors in ethnic minority women aged < or =30 years. American Journal of Cardiology. 2002;89(5):524-529. PMID: 11867035.

Palaniappan L, Carnethon M, Fortmann S. Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin. Diabetes Care. 2002;25(8):1351-1357. PMID: 12145234.

Carnethon M, Palaniappan L, Burchfield C, Brancati F, Fortmann S. Serum insulin, obesity, and the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in black and white adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, 1987–1998. Diabetes Care. 2002;25(8):1358-1364. PMID: 12145235.

Palaniappan L, Simons LA, Simons J, Friedlander Y, McCallum J. Comparison of usefulness of systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures and pulse pressure as predictors of cardiovascular death in patients >60 years of age (The Dubbo Study). American Journal of Cardiology. 2002;90(12):1398-1401. PMID: 12480056.

Rao G, Powell-Wiley TM, Ancheta I, Hairston K, Kirley K, Lear SA, North KE, Palaniappan L, Rosal MC. Identification of obesity and cardiovascular risk in ethnically and racially diverse populations: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Jul 6. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 26149446.

Ozturk IC, Wei WL, Palaniappan L, Rubenfire M, Killeen AA. Analysis of CYP21 coding polymorphisms in three ethnic populations: further evidence of nonamplifying CYP21 alleles among Whites. Molecular Diagnostics. 2000;5(1):47-52. PMID: 10837089.