Rotations are based on the major specialty areas of cardiothoracic surgery and are set up in blocks of three months. In all rotations, residents will cover:
- preoperative assessment through the history and physical examination
- assessment of the patient for suitability of operative treatment
- intraoperative steps that are essential for safe and effective operative treatment
- postoperative care that is safe, effective, and cost-effective in achieving the best possible patient outcome
The location for rotations is at the Stanford University Hospital and Clinics, Palo Alto Veterans Administration Health Care System, and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital.
Adult Cardiac Surgery
For this rotation, the continuum of care is related to the typical problems of adult cardiac surgery, including coronary artery disease, valvular disease, thoracic aortic pathology, heart and lung transplantation, mechanical assist devices, and other types of congenital and acquired cardiovascular disease.
Pediatric Cardiac Surgery
For this rotation, the continuum of care is related to the typical problems of pediatric cardiac surgery, including cyanotic lesions, defects of the septa, developmental defects, volume overload defects, obstructive defects, rhythm abnormalities, and pulmonary developmental problems.
For this rotation, the continuum of care is related to typical problems of thoracic surgery, including diseases of the chest wall, pleura, mediastinum, diaphragm, lungs, tracheobronchial tree, and esophagus.
Detailed 6-Year Rotation Plan and Optional Academic Enrichment Rotation
Interventional Radiology (at Stanford): residents function as a interventional radiology fellow in diagnostic and interventional procedures, gaining wire skill sets necessary for percutaneous interventions
EP/Pacemakers (at Stanford): residents function as an electrophysiology fellow, instructed in diagnosis, medical, and interventional treatment of arrhythmias; residents will learn indications and insertion technique for pacemaker and AICD devices
Academic Enrichment: scholarly research in basic science investigation, clinical or clinical outcomes research, clinical rotations at other institutions, or advanced degrees in business, basic science, education, law, or public health.
Interventional Cardiology (at Stanford): residents will function as a cardiology fellow, performing diagnostic catheterizations and interventions, gaining skill sets necessary for percutaneous interventions