Ibrutinib in Preventing Acute Leukemia in Patients After Reduced-Intensity Conditioning and Stem Cell Transplant

This phase II trial studies how well ibrutinib works in preventing acute leukemia in patients after reduced-intensity conditioning and stem cell transplant. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.

Lead Sponsor:

Andrew Rezvani

Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Stanford Investigator(s):

Intervention(s):

  • Drug: Ibrutinib
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis

Phase:

Phase 2

Eligibility


Inclusion Criteria:

   - INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT)

   - Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute biphenotypic leukemia, or acute
   lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); CML transformed to blast crisis is eligible

   - Planned allogeneic HCT using fludarabine phosphate (FLU)/melphalan hydrochloride (MEL)
   or FLU/busulfan (BU) conditioning

   - Planned graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisting of tacrolimus
   (TAC)/methotrexate (MTX) or TAC/sirolimus (SRL)

   - Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical sibling donor, HLA matched unrelated donor, or
   donor mismatched at 1 HLA allele or antigen

   - Less than or equal to 5% blasts on bone marrow examination within 60 days of starting
   conditioning

   - Age >= 18 years and =< 70 years

   - Able to give informed consent

   - Subjects will be eligible if their planned conditioning regimen for allogeneic HCT
   consists of one of the two following standard reduced intensity conditioning regimens:

      - FLU/MEL: fludarabine phosphate (fludarabine) 120 to 180 mg/m^2; melphalan
      hydrochloride (melphalan) =< 150 mg/m^2

      - FLU/BU: fludarabine 120 to 180 mg/m^2; busulfan =< 8 mg/kg orally or =< 6.4 mg/kg
      intravenously

   - Subjects will be eligible if their planned post grafting immunosuppression consists of
   one of the two following regimens:

      - TAC/MTX: tacrolimus (oral or intravenous) and intravenous methotrexate
      administered according to institutional standard practice.

      - TAC/SRL: tacrolimus (oral or intravenous) and oral sirolimus, administered
      according to institutional standards of care

   - INCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION)

   - Age >= 18 years

   - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2

   - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 0.75 x 10^9/L

   - Platelet count > 50 x 10^9/L

   - Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL without transfusion or growth factor support for at least 7 days
   prior to screening (with the exception of pegylated granulocyte-colony stimulating
   factor [G-CSF] and darbopoietin, which require at least 14 days of abstinence prior to
   screening)

   - Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x
   upper limit of normal

   - Estimated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min via Cockroft-Gault formula

   - Bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (unless elevated bilirubin is due to
   Gilbert's syndrome or of non-hepatic origin)

   - Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin
   time (PTT) (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) =< 1.5 x upper limit of
   normal

   - Female subjects who are of non-reproductive potential (ie, post-menopausal by history
   - no menses for >= 1 year; OR history of hysterectomy; OR history of bilateral tubal
   ligation; OR history of bilateral oophorectomy); female subjects of childbearing
   potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon screening

   - Male and female subjects who agree to use both a highly effective method of birth
   control (eg, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine
   devices [IUDs], sexual abstinence, or sterilized partner) and a barrier method (eg,
   condoms, vaginal ring, sponge, etc) during the period of therapy and for 30 days after
   the last dose of study drug for females and 90 days after the last dose of the study
   drug for males

   - Between day +60 and day +90 after allogeneic HCT

Exclusion Criteria:

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Active involvement of the central
   nervous system with malignancy (previous central nervous system [CNS] involvement is
   allowed if clearance of CNS disease has been documented prior to enrollment)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Pregnant or breastfeeding

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Karnofsky performance status < 60%

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Active leukemia (> 5% leukemic
   blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Non-hematologic malignancy with a
   life expectancy of < 5 years

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Known history of human
   immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus
   (HBV) infection; subjects who are positive for hepatitis B core antibody or hepatitis
   B surface antigen must have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result before
   enrollment; those who are PCR positive will be excluded

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Known bleeding disorders (eg, von
   Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): History of other malignancies,
   except:

      - Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present
      for >= 3 years before the first dose of study drug and felt to be at low risk for
      recurrence by treating physician

      - Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence
      of disease Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Active and uncontrolled acute
   GVHD grades III or IV

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Use of secondary therapy for
   acute GVHD at any time (defined as any systemic therapy intended to treat acute GVHD
   besides corticosteroids)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Requirement for
   anticoagulation with warfarin or other vitamin K antagonists (concomitant use of other
   anticoagulants is permitted)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Relapsed leukemia (> 5%
   leukemic blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow after allogeneic HCT)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Karnofsky performance status <
   60%

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Chemotherapy =< 21 days prior
   to first administration of study treatment and/or monoclonal antibody =< 6 weeks prior
   to first administration of study treatment

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Vaccinated with live,
   attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Currently active, clinically
   significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or class 3 or 4
   congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional
   Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute
   coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to randomization

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): History of stroke or
   intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to screening

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Any life threatening illness,
   medical condition, or organ system dysfunction that, in the investigator's opinion,
   could compromise the subject's safety or put the study outcomes at undue risk

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Major surgery within 4 weeks
   of first dose of study drug

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Any uncontrolled active
   systemic infection

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unresolved toxicities from
   prior anti cancer therapy, defined as having not resolved to Common Terminology
   Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE, version 4), grade =< 1, or to the levels dictated
   in the inclusion/exclusion criteria with the exception of alopecia

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unable to swallow capsules or
   malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or
   resection of the stomach or small bowel, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease or
   ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel obstruction

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Requires treatment with a
   strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4/5 inhibitor

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unwilling or unable to
   participate in all required study evaluations and procedures

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unable to understand the
   purpose and risks of the study and to provide a signed and dated informed consent form
   (ICF) and authorization to use protected health information (in accordance with
   national and local subject privacy regulations)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Currently active, clinically
   significant hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B or C)

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Lactating or pregnant

   - EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Uncontrolled cardiac
   arrhythmias

Ages Eligible for Study

18 Years - 70 Years

Genders Eligible for Study

All

Now accepting new patients

Contact Information

Stanford University
School of Medicine
300 Pasteur Drive
Stanford, CA 94305
Physician Referrals
650-723-0822
Recruiting

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